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  • Two Capitol Hill Events Spotlight Partnership between Muslim Americans and Law Enforcement
    the hearings Los Angeles County Sheriff Lee Baca shared his experiences of working with mosque officials and challenged the notion that Muslim Americans are not cooperative with law enforcement I don t know what King is hearing or who he is hearing from Baca said If King has evidence of noncooperation he should bring it forward he added MPAC s Government and Policy Analyst Alejandro Beutal who has written a report 8 about Muslim American contributions to counterterrorism policy said he understands that the threat clearly exists but I also want to put it in perspective The threat exists but it is not a pandemic Beutel highlighted a February 2011 report 9 by the Triangle Center on Terrorism and Homeland Security a consortium between Duke University the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill and RTI International that found the number of Muslim Americans named as suspects or convicted of committing terrorist acts domestically or abroad fell from 47 in 2009 to 20 in 2010 Other speakers at the forum included National security expert Peter Bergen Roger Cressey former Director for Transnational Threats at the National Security Council NSC and professor at Georgetown University and Michael Downing Deputy Chief of the Counter Terrorism and Special Operations Bureau of Los Angeles Police Department A similar theme was emphasized at a Capitol Hill briefing hosted by the ADC on Feb 2 The event featured security and legal experts who said King s hearings are based on inaccurate and exaggerated information and are counterproductive to continued cooperation between the Muslim American community and law enforcement ADC s legal director Abed E Ayoub said 10 It is important that Rep King understand that the community has been cooperating with law enforcement for a number of years His proposed hearings are aimed at painting the Arab

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/494 (2016-02-16)
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  • Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR) Outlines Strategy for State Department and USAID
    how the United States will resolve situations where diplomacy and development will require different approaches and tradeoffs Samuel A Worthington the president of the largest alliance of American aid and development organizations InterAction shares this concern The risk is that the humanitarian response itself will be politicized Worthington wrote in a Huffington Post blog with diplomatic and counter terror imperatives trumping humanitarian principles which mandate that impartial response to vulnerability is the most important criterion for determining the nature and scope of the response InterAction has created a QDDR resource page 6 featuring in depth analysis of the review and its findings responses from NGOs and more The two year review assessed the roles of the State Department USAID and military in response to critical global trends impacting international affairs such as countering violent extremism conflict prevention and development work After consultations with hundreds of people in the U S government and around the world the QDDR recommends the State Department take a leadership role in responding to conflict driven emergencies and that USAID focus on food and health issues It also calls for bolstering civilian power which the review defines as non military government actors engaged in diplomatic and development activity around the world Even the world s finest military cannot defeat a virus stop climate change prevent the spread of violent extremism or make peace in the Middle East the QDDR says Much of the work that civilians do around the world is the work of prevention investing proactively in keeping Americans safe and prosperous it adds In addition to boosting the roles of civilian actors across the government the QDDR describes civil society organizations as indispensable partners force multipliers and agents of positive change in achieving the U S s diplomatic and developmental goals The QDDR says

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/481 (2016-02-16)
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  • Send by email | Charity & Security Network
    sensitive Switch to audio verification Home page Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/printmail/481 (2016-02-16)
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  • Hearing in House Raises Question of How to Counter Violent Messages on Extremist Websites
    a strong and coordinated approach to understanding how and why the internet is used by extremists before we can begin to design appropriate strategies for addressing these different factors emphasis added He said that while in some instances shutting down a website advocating violence may be justified we must be clear about the limitations of such strategies and we must also be realistic about what we can accomplish Shutting down websites will not completely eliminate the sentiments behind them The appeal of taking down such sites should also be weighed against all the potential unintended consequences including driving users to other sites and social media Boucek noted that On many levels the struggle against violent radical Islamist extremist is about ideas and unless we are active in meeting and challenging those ideas we have all but surrendered this vital space He called for further research to better understand the issue and develop a comprehensive approach Mansour Al Hadj of the Middle East Media Research Institute 6 MEMRI testified about his personal experiences growing up in the Sudan and Saudi Arabia and the exposure to many forms of extremist messages including tapes songs television shows and others He was turned away from extremism after reading an article by nonviolent activist Dr Khales Jalabi Based on his experience he said jihadi websites are very effective at recruiting Muslims to their cause In his current position as Director of Democratization in Arab Muslim World Project at MEMRI he is focusing on liberal voices and advocates of reform in the Arab and Muslim world including those speaking out against online jihad As part of this work he conducts research into extremist sites and coordinates a project to get Internet Service Providers ISPs to voluntarily remove these sites from their servers This lead to the Civil Action for a Jihad Free Internet Project which notifies ISPs about problem sites on their servers and encourages voluntary action Al Hadj discounted the value of intelligence to be gained from extremist website saying they are for ideological recruitment and provide no actionable intelligence He also noted that it is illegal for communications companies to provide services to designated terrorist organizations including Internet hosting services Prof Gregory MacNeal of the Pepperdine University School of Law 7 argued that more can be done under current law to counter extremist websites In his testimony he said Treasury can use its sanctions powers under economic embargo laws against terrorist websites preventing U S based ISPs from hosting them Noting that these sites could just relocate to overseas ISPs MacNeal said new legal tools are necessary to further counter the threat For example he suggested a new process whereby those foreign communications companies that provide material support to terrorist organizations may be designated as cyber supporters Such a designation would prevent US companies from conducting business with designated entities His overall strategy recommendation was to pursue a variety of methods of shutting down terrorist sites The written testimony from the ACLU 3 t

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/449 (2016-02-16)
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  • Clinton Calls for Addressing Root Causes of Terrorism at UN Summit
    human rights and good governance and the fight against terrorism In her remarks 2 before the UN Security Council meeting on threats to international peace and security Clinton called on other leaders to develop counterterrorism strategies that address security concerns but also target the root causes that lead to violent extremism Stopping people from becoming terrorists Clinton said requires addressing the political economic and social conditions that make people vulnerable to terrorist causes We have to provide an alternative view that is rooted in hope opportunity and possibility she added She also praised the UN for creating an ombudsperson position to receive petitions from individuals and groups seeking redress from being listed on the UN s al Qaida Taliban Sanctions List In response to member states hesitancy to enforce listing procedures that lacked basic due process procedures the ombudsperson position along with other changes to the listing process was established by UN Resolution 1904 Unlike the U S which offers little or no redress for the accused to respond to charges of supporting terrorism the ombudsperson would conduct a review of information and can intervene on behalf of individuals or entities placed on the designation list At the same summit the UN Security Council released a statement 3 describing commitments to development peace and security and human rights as interlinked and mutually reinforcing The resolution urges member states to promote the rule of law the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms good governance tolerance and inclusiveness to combat the conditions that contribute to the spread of terrorism The statement also reaffirms member states commitments and obligations under international human rights refugee and humanitarian law The statement included a reminder that terrorism will not be defeated by military force law enforcement measures and intelligence operations alone and called for supporting

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/444 (2016-02-16)
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  • Bipartisan Policy Center’s Terror Threat Report: U.S. Slow to Counter Domestic Recruitment by Terrorists
    the higher numbers of Americans attaching themselves to these groups According to the report international terrorist groups may have identified a significant vulnerability in America s national defense plans because the U S currently has no strategy to counter the type of threat posed by homegrown terrorists and other radicalized recruits A senior intelligence analyst told the report s authors There s no lead agency or person There are First Amendment issues we re cognizant of It s not a crime to radicalize only when it turns to violence There are groups of people looking at different aspects of counter radicalization But it has to be integrated across agencies across levels of government public private cooperation Despite 63 cases of terrorism related arrests and indictments of American citizens or residents in the U S and abroad since 2009 see the report s Appendix B the report says there remains no federal government agency or department specifically charged with identifying radicalization and interdicting the recruitment of U S citizens or residents for terrorism This vacuum of leadership and policy regarding countering homegrown recruitment is often filled by the Federal Bureau of Investigations FBI working in the context of a criminal or terrorism case The report questions if this should be the primary role of the FBI or if other national security agencies like the Department of Homeland Security or the National Counterterrorism Center should do so Many civil liberty advocates say the government including the FBI can and should play a role in community policing but focus on criminal behavior A December 2009 report 4 from the Muslim Public Affairs Council MPAC said law enforcement should allow Muslim communities to deal with the ideological and social components of radicalization It says Unlike intelligence led policing community policing s heavier reliance on

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/433 (2016-02-16)
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  • UN and Experts Call for Increased Role of Civil Society in Countering Terror
    as working in places that limit their political space to operate and the reluctance of states to engage civil society on national security matters remain obstacles to be overcome Additionally the sector representing a wide range of issues and opinions does not speak with a single voice and cannot be expected to agree on every issue or response Van Ginkel co authored a paper 7 with Fulco van Deventer and Lia van Broekhoven policy analysts at Cordaid 8 a Dutch development organization that analyzed the effectiveness of engagement between civil society and the implementation of the UN s anti terror strategy The paper outlines the roles civil society can have in effectively countering terrorism and recommended the UN create a process of engagement with civil society actors by the creation of political space safeguards and long term commitments on development and inclusiveness Speaking on the same panel Alistair Millar Director of the Center on Global Counterterrorism Cooperation 9 discussed the role and contributions of civil society to countering terrorism They included Addressing conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism Ensuring respect for human rights and the rule of law Raising awareness of victims popular counterterrorism measures and countering the terrorists narrative Preventing and combating terrorism Building states capacity to counter terrorism David Cortright Director of Policy Studies at the Kroc Institute for INternational Peace Studies 10 at Notre Dame and Chair of the Fourth Freedom Forum 11 said the nonprofit sector must become more involved in the decision making process because they are often adversely impacted by counterterrorism measures Cortright described many counterterrorism measures as overbroad saying they should focus exclusively on terrorists and not citizens In September 2006 the UN unanimously adopted the UN Global Counter Terrorism Strategy which adopted the view that long term efforts to address conditions

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/432 (2016-02-16)
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  • Send by email | Charity & Security Network
    sensitive Switch to audio verification Home page Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/printmail/432 (2016-02-16)
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