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  • Witnesses at House Hearing Say Profiling Is Counterproductive to Law Enforcement Goals
    problem and is ineffective as a law enforcement tool Discriminatory policing practices divert valuable resources from legitimate investigations increase fear and suspicion within the Muslim community towards law enforcement and make individuals more reluctant to call the authorities when needed They also erode the trust between the community and law enforcement agencies jeopardizing a vital relationship needed to counter actual criminal activity Khera said It s not fair It s not safe It s not American said Singh Having worked on this issue with community groups and law enforcement for over ten years Deborah Ramirez Professor at Northeastern University Law School spoke about racial and religious profiling in the context of national security Profiling is neither a necessary nor effective component of a comprehensive law enforcement and or counterterrorism strategy It is a sloppy and lazy substitute for the kind of strategic and intelligent law enforcement that we need to keep our homeland safe 7 she said Rather than use profiling she said her research shows law enforcement officials are more successful in reducing crime when they build bridges with the community they are attempting to engage with and vice versa When law enforcement officers partner with these communities the communities are more likely to share information about any suspicious activity or unusual newcomers By working with law enforcement to make their communities immune from enemies within and enemies outside of their neighborhoods they can become a critical component of a national deterrence strategy This approach not only produces stronger community relationships it also results in a more effective counter terrorism strategy Other witnesses included Salt Lake City Police Chief Chris Burbank 8 and David A Harris 9 Professor at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law both of whom advocated against the use of profiling as an effective law

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/397 (2016-02-16)
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  • Flawed Theories on Violent Extremism Lead to Bad Policy
    NYPD study even contradicts its own conclusions by acknowledging that though their model is sequential progression through the stages is not and not all who start the process finish with different people stopping at different stages So the path is not a series of steps after all but rather a number of stones scattered in the woods that potential terrorists may or may not touch in no particular order on their way to becoming terrorists or not becoming terrorists Does that make sense Yet this path or funnel theory remains popular among some security experts and government officials because it is exactly what the government wants to believe that terrorists who are hard to find progress from a discernable pool of ideological radicals and activists who are easy to find and therefore much easier to target Why should the government look for hard to find terrorists when they can more easily target political or religious groups for surveillance screening or pretext arrest A simplistic theory justifies a simplistic approach and allows government to avoid doing the harder work of developing a more complex approach that might actually work This mentality drives the increase in law enforcement spying on political and religious groups The Maryland State Police surveillance and infiltration of non violent peace groups and anti death penalty activists is only one example of many 5 across the country Likewise the FBI s use of an ex convict to infiltrate a number of southern California mosques failed to identify or arrest any terrorists but managed to increase the community s resentment 6 toward the government One man was arrested on an immigration violation but he claims he was charged only after he declined to act as a spy for the government Often called the Al Capone strategy it is a scheme where the government charges a person with a relatively minor offense because they suspect the person is a threat but cannot prove any terrorism related activity Chicago crime boss Capone was indicted on tax charges The problem is that sometimes the lack of evidence that someone is a terrorist or a crime boss is simply due to the fact that they are not really a terrorist or crime boss In such cases an Al Capone strategy is nothing more than selective prosecution and when the government pursues such prosecutions based on an erroneous theory that all persons with particular political or religious beliefs are potential terrorists it leaves many in those communities feeling they are being treated unfairly Ironically this type of discrimination could lead to the moral outrage that Marc Sageman a terrorism expert and former CIA officer found 7 real terrorists report as a factor influencing their decision to turn toward violence Rather than merely predicting the future like the Minority Report s Precogs counter terrorism policies that discriminate against religious or political groups could actually be creating an ominous self fulfilling prophecy I am not saying there isn t a place for outreach and intervention with

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/348 (2016-02-16)
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  • State and Defense Officials To Senate: Military Alone Cannot Counter Violent Extremism
    work toward resolving the grievances that our enemies exploit We believe that engagement framed with mutual respect marginalizes violent extremists by contrasting our positive vision with the terrorists commitment to murder violence and destruction he said Though partnered with DoD Benjamin stressed the importance of determining which CVE efforts are best done by the military and which are best handled on the civilian side Benjamin said that host nations NGOs and local partners are often more effective for implementing CVE proposals than the U S government saying NGOs foundations public private partnerships and private businesses are some of the most capable and credible partners in local communities Another speaker Garry Reid 4 Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense described DoD CVE efforts as significant and highlighted their partnerships with other agencies including State Although we will continue to take immediate necessary actions to protect the United States from terrorist attacks our long term focus is to create conditions that promote development opportunities Reid said He acknowledged that in places some CVE operations are conducted the military lacks the depth of expertise to operate independently without organizations who better understand the people the culture and the social dynamics at the village district national and regional levels James J F Forest 5 Director of Terrorism Studies at West Point told the Committee that defending our nation is a task that falls to many elements including our military law enforcement agencies and civilian experts outside of the U S government He provided examples from Afghanistan and Djibouti where U S military compliment efforts of USAID NGOs and the international community by digging wells building schools and providing solutions to other local problems He described these soft power activities to improve education sanitation and good governance as having a lasting impact on diminishing the resonance

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/326 (2016-02-16)
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  • Polling Data: Americans View Humanitarian Aid As Tool to Counter Terror
    development aid favorably and seeing aid as a valuable tool in combating terrorism The following excerpts are from the polling data relating to aid and development work international laws and human rights US Public Opinion on Development and Humanitarian Aid Nearly half 49 percent of Americans polled said providing economic aid to raise living standards in countries where terrorists are recruited is the most appropriate way to fight terrorism Americans were more likely than Europeans to identify preventing breeding grounds for terrorism as a top reason for development aid When asked whether they had a favorable or unfavorable view of providing development assistance to poor countries 66 percent of Americans expressed a favorable view There is a broad U S consensus nearly 80 percent that developed countries have a moral responsibility to work to reduce hunger and severe poverty in poor countries A majority of Americans 64 percent believe that development assistance strengthens support for democratic institutions in developing countries Views on International Cooperation In every country polled including the U S support for a global system based on the rule of law international treaties and robust multilateral institutions was high including abiding by international law even when doing so

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/457 (2016-02-16)
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  • Obama Unveils Policy Directive on Development
    of economic growth It encourages reengagement with multilateral institutions and civil society to take advantage of what they do best The PPD has not been made public but a fact sheet released by the White House 3 says the focus of the directive is on 3 Developing broad based economic growth democratic governance game changing innovations and sustainable systems for meeting basic human needs Providing a model for the U S to be a more effective partner and to leverage our leadership on aid and development campaigns Utilizing development capabilities from all government agencies in support of the policy Other highlights from the White House Fact Sheet include Creating a U S Global Development Council featuring experts from civil society who will help shape and comment on U S development policies Rebuilding USAID as as the world s premier development agency including the development of robust policy budget planning and evaluation capabilities and streamlined operating methods and greater transparency Establishing a multi agency Development Strategy to be submitted to the President every four years Successful implementation of the PPD which is scheduled for FY 2012 looks promising due to the breadth of support it has already received InterAction the largest coalition of aid and development groups in the U S released an analysis 4 of the PPD and praised it as a step in the right direction The Director for Aid Effectiveness of Oxfam America Greg Adams said 5 it contains some incredibly profound changes to the way the U S pursues global development policy 4 Speaking at a roundtable discussion on Sept 28 Defense Secretary 6 Robert M Gates and Secretary of State 7 Hillary Rodham Clinton both applauded the PPD for its focus on using strategic development as part of the overall national security plan The way to

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/443 (2016-02-16)
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  • House Hearing Examines Government & Community Engagement Efforts To Disrupt Terror Plots
    enforcement and the community have proven multiple times is achievable Elibiary said The President and CEO of the Plano Texas based Freedom and Justice Foundation 4 cautioned against continuing the securitizing of the relationship between the two and called for a healthy division of labor Effective and constitutionally compliant countering violent extremism policy recognizes that there is a division of labor between the United States Government and the community Highlighting the strengths capabilities and limitations of both government and community groups he presented eight micro strategies that together would improve our country s counter terrorism architecture They are 1 Identify a U S Violent Radicalization Interdiction Framework 2 Improve Law Enforcement Information Sharing 3 Create an Interagency Strategic Communications Working Group 4 Develop State Level Law Enforcement Engagement Strategies 5 Install Effective DHS DOJ Redress Processes 6 Promote Social Delinquency Prevention Integration Programs 7 Include U S Congressional Engagement Information Sharing 8 Engage with the U S Public Media Academia etc Click here 2 to learn more about each of these micro strategies Margo Schlanger 5 Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties at the Department of Homeland Security DHS told the Committeee she believed the administration supported community engagement efforts saying frequent responsive and thoughtful engagement with diverse communities is an imperative of effective government Schlanger described several engagement activities with American Arab Muslim Sikh and South Asian Communities including roundtable events and youth engagement efforts Our engagement efforts build crucial channels of communication both educating us about the concerns of communities affected by DHS activities and giving those communities reliable information about policies and procedures They build trust by facilitating resolution of legitimate grievances She also described the partnership as one not based exclusively on terrorism Countering violent extremism is neither the principal reason we engage these communities

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/324 (2016-02-16)
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  • Report: Evaluating Countering Violent Extremism Programming
    reviews the conceptual and operational challenges facing evaluation of programs intended to prevent terrorism by improving the resilience of individuals and communities against the appeal of violent extremism Four case studies for evaluating the outcomes of such programs are presented Canada Denmark USAID in East Africa and the German civil society group Violence Prevention Network The report recommends creation of a compendium of existing evaluation practices and models a database

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/1133 (2016-02-16)
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  • Inspiring Stories of Six Women Countering Violent Extremism in Indonesia
    radical groups in the largest Muslim country of the world With their steadfast faith and rejection of violent and repressive ideology these women serve as a pillar of strength in combating violence in their communities and communicating values to young people that encompass human security Traditional Islam human rights activism and feminism need not be mutually exclusive the report says They can inspire and augment one another Inayah Rohmaniyah one of the women featured in the report is living proof of this Raised in a traditional Islamic boarding school as a child Rohmaniyah would later earn university degrees in Indonesia and the United States before becoming a professor and Islamic scholar able to lead women as well as men in prayer In the environment she comes from the report notes this is nothing short of a Copernican revolution In her work as an academic and activist Rohmaniyah responds to the emerging elements of fundamentalism in her country by preaching tolerance and openness and by serving as a role model for young women and girls A key part of her work includes expanding the conversation about a wide range of subjects including some considered taboo in many conservative communities across Indonesia

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/986 (2016-02-16)
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