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  • News | Charity & Security Network
    sworn in Secretary Timothy Geithner elected to retain Stuart Levey as Under Secretary of the Terrorism and Financial Intelligence OTFI office Read more about Head of Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Under Bush Remains at Treasury For Now House passes Bill Creating Right to Contest Placement on Watch Lists Date April 9 2009 On Feb 4 the U S House of Representatives passed H R 559 the Fair Accurate Secure and Timely Redress Act that would create a process for individuals placed on government watch lists to challenge their classification The bill is a response to overbroad and inaccurate lists that have denied many innocent Americans of basic benefits and rights including flying on commercial planes getting credit or jobs Read more about House passes Bill Creating Right to Contest Placement on Watch Lists Future Unclear for Pakistani Charity s Services after UN Listing as Terror Supporter Date April 9 2009 Two months after the December 2008 shut down of a Pakistani charity the fate of people served by hospitals schools and refugee camps in areas hard hit by an October 2008 earthquake is uncertain Read more about Future Unclear for Pakistani Charity s Services after UN Listing as Terror Supporter US Designation Causes British Bank Discontinuing Services to UK Approved Charity Date April 9 2009 Lloyds TSB one of London s most prominent banks was pressured into discontinuing financial services to Interpal a UK based nonprofit due to ongoing allegations in the UK and the United State s designation of the charity as a terrorist related organization Despite two investigations 1996 and 2003 finding no evidence of wrongdoing by the UK Charity Commissions which monitors and regulates UK based charities Interpal remains a target of sanctions for terror related financing Read more about US Designation Causes British Bank Discontinuing Services to UK Approved Charity Foreign Legal Challenges to Terrorist Designation Prove Successful Date April 9 2009 On Feb 17 2009 a Swedish court in Malmo acquitted the head of a charity of charges that he financed terrorism through a charitable group Khalid al Yousef the leader of al Aqsa Spannmal Grain Foundation faced a six year jail sentence if convicted It has also been reported that 150 000 in donations raised by the charity which had been frozen by the United States and Britain will be returned Read more about Foreign Legal Challenges to Terrorist Designation Prove Successful Key Treasury Department Positions Remain Vacant Holdovers Might Not Be Long term Appointees Date April 9 2009 In the last Charity and Security Network Newsletter we noted that the Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence in the Bush administration Stuart Levey was retained by Treasury officials While this raises concerns about the potential for developing sensible counter terrorism finance policies it might not be a long lasting situation Read more about Key Treasury Department Positions Remain Vacant Holdovers Might Not Be Long term Appointees Rising Attacks on Aid Workers Linked to Perception of Close Ties to Governments Date April

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/content_type/news?tid=All (2016-02-16)
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  • Judge Rejects DOJ's Claims of Secrecy in Wiretapping Case | Charity & Security Network
    agree and cannot agree Where there is disagreement each party is required to state their position These documents must be filed by May 8 In the order Judge Walker notes that this approach was used successfully in the District Court for the District of Columbia in the Guantanamo Bay detainee cases saying The United States has advanced no argument that would suggest a reason why the court s use of a protective order in instant matter modeled on those in use in the Guantanamo Bay would not adequately protect the classified information at issue here The Department of Justice has run out of pleas to the Circuit Court and Judge Vaughn says the United States should now comply with the court s orders Appeals Court Says Charity s Challenge to Warrentless Wiretapping Can Proceed provides background information on this case Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Judge_Rejects_Claims_Secrecy_Wiretapping (2016-02-16)
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  • Maryland Lawmakers Limit Covert Police Surveillance | Charity & Security Network
    targeted by covert surveillance included anti war protesters a group that advocated for domestic partner laws and an environmental nonprofit Eventually the Washington Post revealed that some of the names had been entered into federal databases The bill requires the state police to delete data on targets wrongly monitored in its operations The bill prohibits covert surveillance unless the chief makes a written finding in advance that the covert investigation is justified because it is based on a reasonable articulate suspicion that the person group or organization is planning or engaged in criminal activity The bill also requires the Maryland State Police to report to the both Judiciary Committees in the state s legislative body before 2010 about a provision that provides a chance for persons entered into the system under the suspicion of terrorism an opportunity to review and obtain copies of the relevant database entries and subsequently purge those entries when there is no credible evidence Immediately after the ACLU cast light on the undercover police surveillance in July of 2008 O Malley called for an independent review of the Maryland State Police surveillance activities from March 2005 to May 2006 Headed by the former Maryland Attorney General Stephen H Sachs the review was conducted with assistance from the Maryland Attorney General s Office and Maryland State Police Protecting the individual liberties of our Citizens is critical to preserving our Democracy and the public trust in our law enforcement agencies said O Malley The conclusions of the report found that the activists names were entered into databases including one that collects information on narcotic related offenses and is shared among several law enforcement groups in the greater Baltimore Washington D C area The review said that federal regulations require sharing intelligence through the system only if there is

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Maryland_Lawmakers_Limit_CovertP_Police_Surveillance%20 (2016-02-16)
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  • DHS Report on Rightwing Extremism Puts Napolitano on Defensive | Charity & Security Network
    calling for an investigation by DHS on fusion centers Despite the report s acknowledgment that there is a lack of evidence for a specific terrorist threat from these groups it does say that rightwing extremists could use several emergent issues such as the election of President Obama rumors of potential gun control legislation and the economic downturn as recruiting tools The report drew widespread criticism from Democrats and Republicans and from many veterans groups On April 15 House Minority Leader John Boehner R OH said To characterize men and women returning home after defending our country as potential terrorists is offensive and unacceptable U S Rep Bennie Thompson D MS the chairman of the House committee with oversight of DHS wrote a letter on April 14 to Napolitano In that letter he said This report appears to raise significant issues involving the privacy and civil liberties of many Americans including war veterans As I am certain you agree freedom of association and freedom of speech are guaranteed to all Americans whether a person s beliefs whatever their political orientation are extremist or not The Secretary s statement did not satisfy all of her critics According to The Bulletin the Thomas More Law Center TMLC an Ann Arbor Michigan based public interest law firm has filed a federal lawsuit against her The lawsuit filed on behalf of conservative radio talk show host Michael Savage the president of a pro life organization called the Center for Bio Ethical Reform Gregg Cunningham and an Iraqi War Marine veteran Kevin Murray claims that DHS policies violate their First and Fifth Amendment rights The DHS has not yet commented on the lawsuit Update On April 23 Napolitano announced plans to replace the current head of OIA Roger Mackin with Philip Mudd Mudd is a 24

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/DHS_Report_Rightwing_Extremism_Napolitano_Defensive (2016-02-16)
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  • Hearing Calls for Improved Intelligence Gathering Strategies That Protect Free Speech | Charity & Security Network
    Congress to take swift action to ensure that policy makers have the best information available to confront a stark set of 21st century national security challenges Echoing the call for protecting privacy Caroline Fredrickson Director of the Washington office of the American Civil Liberties Union told the Senators It would be an enormous mistake to ignore the lessons of past failure and abuse on a subject as critical as spying on the American people We don t have to choose between security and liberty In order to be effective intelligence activities need to be narrowly focused on real threats tightly regulated and closely monitored Frederickson went on to say Sweeping changes in surveillance practices have turned federal state and local law enforcement officers into de facto intelligence agents said Fredrickson These changes coupled with the failure to enforce existing regulations will inevitably lead to more abuses like those seen in Maryland When our government steadily increases its information sharing and spying capabilities without increasing our privacy protections proportionally abuse will always be inevitable Frederickson was also critical of the recently amended Attorney General Guidelines that allow a person s race or ethnic background to be used as a factor in opening an investigation The current Attorney General Guidelines give too much leeway for the FBI to engage in abusive investigations targeting First Amendment protected activity said Fredrickson A person s race religion or political beliefs do not constitute reasonable suspicion Congress must address these guidelines and make a clear statement that it will not approve racial profiling Markle Task Force member and former U S Sen Slade Gorton and Police Chief J Thomas Manger of Maryland s Montgomery County Police Department also spoke at the hearing Gorton called on government agencies to eliminate stovepiping and collaborate more He said Cultural

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Hearing_Improved_Intelligence_Gathering_Strategies (2016-02-16)
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  • Nonprofits' Comments Call for Withdrawal of Anti-Terror Financing Guidelines | Charity & Security Network
    government anti terrorism activities noting that a major persistent factor in the weakening of charitable giving in the Muslim community is the continuing perception whether accurate or not that government investigations are arbitrary capricious without basis in fact and perhaps politically motivated OMB Watch identified a host of reasons that the guidelines should be withdrawn The voluntary nature of the Guidelines is questionable given the broad powers Treasury has under the Patriot Act and Executive Order 13224 to seize and freeze charitable assets based on secret evidence and without meaningful recourse for affected charities Treasury s emphasis on broad information collection and reporting by charities and foundations indicates a lack of focus in its program to stop diversion of funds to terrorism The Guidelines continue to take a one size fits all approach There should be safe harbor procedures opportunities to cure problems and intermediate sanctions that allow charitable programs to continue to serve their intended beneficiaries The guidelines can make funders risk averse at the cost of programs that reach out to vulnerable populations and address the political and economic hardships at the root of terrorism The sections which address governance and transparency are outside the Office of Foreign Assets Control s OFAC area of expertise and are not relevant to the goal of preventing diversion of funds to terrorists The Guidelines are being used by other regulatory agencies in ways that conflict with their supposed voluntary nature The Working Group expressed further concerns Provisions that suggest charities are agents of government threaten the safety of humanitarian workers who may be targeted as a result of their perceived lack of independence from the government The proposed increase in vetting procedures suggest that charitable organizations run a gauntlet of information collection and reporting procedures that exceed due diligence practices which are routinely followed by organizations and which have to our knowledge proved adequate to prevent the unintentional diversion of assets to terrorist uses Treasury s inclusion of matters already covered by state or federal laws combined with the substantial civil and criminal penalties for violation of anti terrorist financing laws raise concern that the revised Guidelines will evolve into de facto legal requirements through incorporation into other federal programs despite the inclusion of the word voluntary in the title Nonprofits also argued that some of the due diligence suggestions in the guidelines are impossible to carry out as a result of government action Comments from Kinder USA a charity that provides aid to children in the Middle East point out that on site audits of grantees cannot be done because the Israeli government has denied visas to Kinder USA s board members and staff and a ppeals to the U S State Department and other government officials for assistance have been futile The American Civil Liberties Union ACLU in its comments challenges the guidelines heavy reliance on checking names of board members key employees recipients and others against its Treasury s Specially Designated Nationals SDN list as a means of

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/comments_Treasury_Guidelines_2006 (2016-02-16)
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  • Audit Says FBI's Watchlist Riddled With Errors | Charity & Security Network
    were out of date including one name that remained on the list for five years after his case was resolved and two persons who are dead The report also identified more than 50 000 records with no explanation of why they were on the list making it impossible to remove them The ACLU legislative director Caroline Fredrickson said the report strongly suggests that hundreds of thousands of people are being wrongly identified as terrorists The audit also highlighted the lengthy period for the FBI to add or modify a terrorist suspect s information Reviewing 216 FBI terror investigations the audit found that the FBI failed to put the names of 35 terrorism suspects on the list Overall 78 percent of preliminary watchlist investigations were not processed within the customary timeframe This postponement led to at least twelve terrorism suspects who may have traveled into or out of the U S during the time they were not included on the list according to the audit Others were added too slowly to meet the FBI s own standards an issue that can have significant consequences for public safety Inspector General Glenn Fine said in the report The 16 recommendations offered in the audit focus on improving the process by which names are added or removed from the watchlist including Determine an accurate amount of time for the watchlist nomination process Implement periodic refresher training on significant changes that occur in the nomination process and on the overall benefits of watchlists Develop a policy to review justifications for retaining or modifying watchlist names from closed investigations Monitor the timeliness of watchlist removal requests to help ensure that the records are deleted in a timely manner Policy Questions Raised The OIG report is limited to questions of the FBI s effectiveness in administering the watchlist system and does not address the wider policy questions raised The ACLU opened the door to a discussion about how watchlists are used in their press release responding to the report ACLU attorney Chris Calabrese said W e did not need this report to know there is a problem with the effectiveness of any terrorist watchlist that includes over a million names The effective use of data gathering involved in creating watchlists was addressed in a 2008 book from the National Research Council of the National Academy of Science In Protecting Individual Privacy in the Struggle Against Terrorists these experts said Modern data collection and analysis techniques have had remarkable success in solving information related problems in the commercial sector But such highly automated tools and techniques cannot be easily applied to the much more difficult problem of detecting and preempting a terrorist attack and success may not be possible at all Because the data being analyzed are primarily about ordinary law abiding citizens and businesses false positives can result in invasion of privacy Such intrusions raise valid concerns about the misuse and abuse of data p 2 Congress is responding to the situation On Feb 4 2009 the

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/FBI_Watchlist_Riddled_Errors (2016-02-16)
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  • Cohen Confirmed as Treasury Assistant Secretary of Terrorist Financing | Charity & Security Network
    to the Treasury Department and am confident that his wealth of experience in both the private and public sectors will enable him to make invaluable contributions to protecting the U S and international financial system from illicit finance Cohen s prior experience in the General Counsel s Office included working with policy makers to develop and implement the Department s anti money laundering and counterterrorist financing policies Cohen received a J D from Yale Law School in 1989 and a B A magna cum laude from Cornell University in 1985 Cohen s new responsibilities include formulating and coordinating the counterterrorist financing and anti money laundering efforts of the Treasury The Charity and Security Network has requested a meeting with him to discuss problems with Treasury s system for designating charities as supporters of terrorism and freezing millions of dollars earmarked for humanitarian aid Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Cohen_Confirmed_Treasury_Assistant_Secretary_Terrorist_Financing (2016-02-16)
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