archive-org.com » ORG » C » CHARITYANDSECURITY.ORG

Total: 1481

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Partner Vetting System: Summary and Analysis
    completion of the pilot must include recommendations for standardizing and streamlining vetting processes consideration of exemptions for humanitarian and democracy assistance analysis of privacy and data protection concerns a description of consultations with governmental and nongovernmental stakeholders affected by the pilot program and responses to concerns raised during these consultations Criticism Numerous NGOs oppose 4 the PVS pilot and have recommended that the Department of State and USAID consider alternative approaches to vetting its partners Is PVS a Solution in Search of a Problem Many NGOs who filed comments on the proposed pilot program 4 noted that there is no evidence that USAID funds have been diverted to terrorist organizations through NGOs Many aid groups describe PVS as a solution in search of a problem In fact the USAID Office of the Inspector General has reported that it did not identify any instances where terrorist organizations received USAID funds p 18 when exercising its oversight of programs in USAID s sensitive West Bank Gaza portfolio for 2006 and 2007 Nor has it reported finding such diversions elsewhere Before proposing PVS USAID had already taken action to prevent diversion of its funds to terrorists In March 2002 it began including a clause in grant agreements reminding grant applicants of the prohibition on transactions with terrorist organizations in Executive Order 13224 5 This bars transactions with organizations on a list of Specially Designated Global Terrorists SDGT 6 published by the Department of the Treasury s Office of Foreign Assets Control OFAC In December 2002 USAID began requiring all grantees to certify that funds do not assist terrorist activity and in November 2005 it issued a bulletin reminding USAID officers of their responsibility to check the SDGT list during the grant award process When introducing the PVS pilot USAID now said that these procedures are insufficient and that merely checking names against the OFAC master list and requiring self certification may not constitute adequate due diligence in certain situations Intelligence Gathering and Aid Worker Safety Perhaps the biggest concern surrounding PVS is that NGOs will be perceived as intelligence arms of the U S government increasing the security risk for partner employees and violating the neutrality of NGOs As such PVS can discourage international and local partners from working with U S NGOs and deter U S citizens and foreign nationals from working for U S funded programs The perception that grantees are acting as agents of the U S government undermines the basic principles of neutrality and trust upon which NGOs rely to preserve the safety of their staff in dangerous regions or in politically sensitive environments and could lead to retaliation against aid workers by terrorist organizations militias and foreign governments Rather than enhancing security requiring NGOs to collect and submit personal information to the U S government increases the risk of violence against aid workers InterAction the largest alliance of U S based humanitarian and international development NGOs has said that 7 PVS could lead communities to suspect complicity between intelligence and U S NGOs inflame conspiracy theories and shatter trust fostered between NOGs and local partners In 2012 the U S State Department admitted 8 there can be no guarantee that collecting this data will not create suspicion and hostility toward NGOs State cannot of course control the perceptions of other parties about U S government activities and must acknowledge the possibility of such a view however those organizations relying on U S government funding for their operations already face such suspicions among hostile parties This statement demonstrates a disturbing lack of understanding of the independent nature and more often than not dangerous working environment of NGOs by USAID Elizabeth Ferris a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution focusing on refugees and responses to humanitarian crises says systems like PVS compromise the principles that have enabled NGOs to provide life saving assistance to civilians in some of the world s most dangerous places T hese principles have come under increasing threat as policy makers try to use humanitarian assistance in support of the struggle against terrorists and insurgents she wrote on her blog 9 Rather than aid being seen as a response by the U S population to suffering people in need Ferris said 10 it will be increasingly seen as another tool of U S foreign policy Concerns with Government Lists The ACLU s comments on PVS said these databases raise serious due process concerns in light of the fact that the lists are error filled and unreliable with many false positives and there is no effective means for challenging the fact that one is on the list ACLU research has uncovered numerous instances 11 where people have been put into terrorism related databases because of activities supporting human rights the environment peace and other causes The U S government maintains many lists and databases all with different standards for listing people and how the information is intended to be used A match could mean someone has a relative or neighbor suspected of associating with a terrorist organization or they have a similar name as someone else on the list There are numerous reports of cases of mistaken identity or false positives on government watch lists One of the better known terrorist watch list errors includes the listing of the alias of Anthony Romero Antonio Romero the executive director of the ACLU on the OFAC listing in 2004 OMB Watch said Processing Delays and Undue Burden on Applicants For years NGOs have voiced concerns that State and USAID underestimate the bureaucratic red tape increase in costs and other burdens PVS will impose on their humanitarian and development activities around the world Although USAID will not require pre award vetting of urgent humanitarian assistance it has yet to offer details on how a determination of urgency will be determined PVS also will discourage small NGOs from applying for grants because they lack the necessary staff and resources to comply Save the Children a prominent international charity says that the

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/708 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Send by email | Charity & Security Network
    audio verification Home page Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN Joins More Than

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/printmail/708 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Nonprofits Tell State Dept., USAID Proposed Vetting System Harmful | Charity & Security Network
    who conducted the oversight of the initial PVS like vetting of programs in USAID s West Bank Gaza portfolio for 2006 and 2007 oversight activities during this period did not identify any instances where terrorist organizations received USAID funds p 18 Nor has it reported finding such diversions elsewhere Excerpts from comments filed with State and USAID opposing the implementation of PVS click on the name to see their entire submission InterAction We are concerned that the Partner Vetting System puts State Department and USAID personnel and officials and partner employees and local partners at even greater risk p 3 International Center for Not for Profit Law ICNL It remains our view that PVS as currently structured is a program without a realistic target that will place unreasonable burdens on those whom it requires to provide the intended information p 3 Save the Children PVS will require NGOs to institute potentially discriminatory practices against foreign individuals and partners p 3 Nora Lester Murad PVS is a prime example of misguided policies with impact categorically opposite to the stated objectives p 1 American Civil Liberties Union ACLU The ACLU continues to have fundamental concerns with aspects of the Partner Vetting System These concerns regard the lack of due process and transparency in the proposed screening the overbroad scope of the individuals whose information is to be collected and the privacy implications of collecting such highly personal confidential information and sharing it across agencies p 1 Zakat Foundation of America Systems such as PVS tend to create barriers to effective delivery of aid programs discourage small NGOs from applying for grants and alienate international partners all without effectively addressing national security concerns p 2 InterAction The collection and maintenance of the vast amounts of personal data required by the PVS requires organizations to develop secure data management systems and to hire additional staff to manage the data and process p 3 David A Steele Questions raised about the accuracy of the lists of terrorists which will be used to assess individuals included in any project proposal or implementation of any project activity The very fact that Nelson Mandela used to be on such a list is but one example of the questions that need to be raised There do not seem to be adequate definitions regarding who would be designated a terrorist what is the description of a key individual very broadly defined in the proposed text what constitutes derogatory information what exactly is defined as a threat to national security or what happens to information gathered on people who are not deemed to be terrorists Grant programs could actually be halted because names of innocent people appear on a list p 1 The Constitution Project While it may be appropriate for the government to investigate key players receiving government humanitarian aid to prevent the diversion of these resources to terrorist groups it is critical to incorporate adequate processes and controls to safeguard constitutional rights and values including due process and privacy

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Nonprofits_Tell_State_and_USAID_PVS_Harmful (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Department of State Responds to Comments on Partner Vetting System | Charity & Security Network
    partners will undermine the work of NGOs because it will create the perception that they are part of the broader government agenda This threatens impartiality increases the dangers faced by aid workers and undermine trust Foreign organizations may also become hesitant to work with U S groups that forward their personal information to the U S government State s Response Information collected will not be used to create a blacklist of barred individuals or organizations It will only be used to check for those who may already be on the SDN or other lists There can be no guarantee that collecting this data will not create suspicion and hostility toward NGOs however many groups hostile to U S interests already view U S NGOs with suspicion CSN Rebuttal Intelligence gathering on behalf of the U S government has the potential to cause an irreparable harm to the relationships between U S NGOs and their foreign partners The perception that U S groups are intelligence gathering sources for the U S government could put into jeopardy the trust building process that is central to NGO work as well as the basic principles of NGOs and their programs neutrality trust and independence This perceived impartiality increases the risk of violence against staff particularly in politically sensitive environments Ambiguity in the Program s Requirements NGO Comment It is impossible to judge the accuracy of the estimated burden on operations the PVS will have becausethe parameters of the pilot program have not yet been made public It remains unclear which key employees local partners and types of grants will require vetting State s Response The number of key employees may vary depending upon factors such as how much funding is sought While it is true that the exact manner by which State will assign a risk factor in its model has not been fully defined the use of such a model is a good faith attempt to limit the scope of our collections CSN Rebuttal Based on the few details that are publicly available several major NGOs have voiced concerns that the proposed PVS plan will divert scarce resources from humanitarian programs toward meeting its requirements Save the Children commented that The costs of complying with the proposed PVS requirements are significant and are often not covered as an allowable grant expense Proposed Program is Outside the Scope of Congressional Mandate NGO Comment Despite the Congressional mandate to operate a joint program State and USAID are developing separate forms for collecting information This will increase the administrative burden on NGOs Additionally in the materials provided to the public in September State and USAID presented expansion of the pilot program as a foregone conclusion stating that the expected outcome is the validation of the risk based model State s Response State and USAID are independent agencies with different institutional models requiring different information to be collected for vetting Neither State nor USAID is implementing PVS in a comprehensive fashion worldwide and the intended goal of

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/background/State_Response_to_PVS_Comments_Summary (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Resources | Charity & Security Network
    CSN has created an Index of Reports containing over 200 reports and studies on subjects ranging from international humanitarian law to the impacts of counterterrorism measures on charities Most of the entries contain hyperlinks to a PDF version of the report If you are interested in any entry that does not have a link please contact CSN Read more about Searchable Report Index Analysis Overview and List of Topics Date May 13 2013 The Charity Security Network has prepared analysis on a number of topics relevant to our members including Enabling Environment for Civil Society Partner Vetting System Material Support and Humanitarian Aid as well as discussion of U S Departments of Treasury and State policies Here you will find a list of topics and links Read more about Analysis Overview and List of Topics List of Experts Date June 2 2012 The Charity and Security Network provides a list of experts with policy legal and field experience on how national security laws impact nonprofits and the people they serve To invite them for press interviews conferences or other speaking events please contact us Read more about List of Experts Litigation Overview and List of Key Cases Date April 12 2012 This section provides overview and analysis of the major cases on counterterrorism law affecting humanitarian aid and peacebuilding organizations Here you will find a list of cases with links to summaries and analyses Read more about Litigation Overview and List of Key Cases Holder v Humanitarian Law Project Addressing the Impact of Material Support Laws on Peacebuilding Programs Date June 21 2010 On June 21 2010 a divided U S Supreme Court upheld a federal statute that bans support to designated terrorist organizations even when that support involves using international law to resolve disputes through nonviolent means In Holder v Humanitarian Law Project HLP the court ruled 6 3 that U S organizations and citizens teaching nonviolent methods of conflict resolution toward sanctioned terrorist groups could face criminal charges Read more about Holder v Humanitarian Law Project Addressing the Impact of Material Support Laws on Peacebuilding Programs De Risking and Financial Access Webinar Recording Now Available Event Date January 7 2016 Bank De risking and its Impact on Nonprofits Click here for the recording or use this link https www youtube com watch v qvOrf6oJXsE Speakers Read more about De Risking and Financial Access Webinar Recording Now Available World Check The Dangers of Privatizing Terrorist Lists Date February 11 2016 The last ten years has seen rapid growth of private companies that sell lists of people and organizations that are either on a government terrorist list or have been mentioned in news stories blogs and unverified online sources as having suspected ties to terrorists With the size and scope of these organizations concerns have been raised over the lack of accountability and redress for innocent people who find themselves on such lists This is particularly problematic in the context of charitable giving and program operation including financial access for

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/resources?type=All&tid=All (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Resources | Charity & Security Network
    the UN s efforts but many were created with little transparency and are routinely criticized for violating fundamental norms of due process and insufficiently respecting human rights Other tools like the UN Global Counter Terrorism Strategy call on all UN members to undertake measures against terrorism but to do so in accordance with the Charter of the UN and the relevant provisions of international law including international standards of human rights The purpose of this document is to provide basic information about the major pieces of the UN Counterterrorism framework including UN Security Council Resolutions and the UN Global Counter Terrorism Strategy Read more about UN Counterterrorism Framework Key Programs and Tools Study Finds Terrorist Listing Inhibits Peace Programs Date April 29 2013 An April 2013 study argues that the terrorist listing process in the U S European Union EU and United Kingdom UK limits the ability of peacebuilders to help mitigate and end violent conflicts around the world Listing Terrorists The Impact of Proscription on Third Party Efforts to Engage Armed Groups in Peace Processes A Practitioner s Perspective by Sophie Haspeslagh former Head of Policy at Conciliation Resources discusses how various terrorist listing program Read more about Study Finds Terrorist Listing Inhibits Peace Programs Need to Update Treasury s Terrorist Listing and Delisting Procedures Date April 26 2013 Read more about Need to Update Treasury s Terrorist Listing and Delisting Procedures Report Examines 15 Years of Data about Aid Worker Attacks Date April 11 2013 As aid organizations and their staff rush in to meet the needs of vulnerable populations in today s complex humanitarian environments the number of aid workers killed and injured has risen to unprecedented levels says an April 2013 report by Insecurity Insight After examining nearly 750 incidents deaths injuries and kidnappings affecting over 2 000 aid workers between 1996 and 2010 Operating In Insecurity says staff for humanitarian non governmental organizations NGOs bear the greatest share of these attacks This is largely because the places NGOs go to deliver assistance have increasingly become more dangerous whether its rural areas where aid workers are sometimes misperceived to be part of a broader governmental foreign policy objectives or in urban settings where the use of explosive devices do not distinguish between neutral humanitarian actors and military targets Although humanitarian assistance has helped to reduce the global death toll from conflict it is equally important to consider the negative effects for the frontline humanitarian aid workers who provide this assistance the report says Read more about Report Examines 15 Years of Data about Aid Worker Attacks DOJ Inspector General Report on FBI s Anti Terrorist Financing Efforts Date April 7 2013 In March 2013 the Department of Justice Inspector General IG released an audit of the Federal Bureau of Investigations FBI and the DOJ s National Security Division collaborative efforts to counter terrorist financing CFT Along with making an unsupported claim that terrorists commonly use donations to charities as a revenue source the audit touches on

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/resources?type=All&tid=All&page=9 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Resources | Charity & Security Network
    to humanitarian crises While this type of relationship tends to extend the reach of international non governmental organizations INGOS in the affected country especially in places where foreigners are unable to go it is often coupled with greater exposure and risk for the local partner groups A December 2012 report from the European Interagency Security Forum EISF explores how INGOS can improve the security situation for their local partners Security Management and Capacity Development International Agencies Working with Local Partners recommends that INGOs develop or use recognized standards like the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement s Code of Conduct to guide their security strategy Read more about Report Fostering Security For Local Aid Partners Report Attacks on Aid Workers on the Rise Date January 9 2013 Reversing a two year decline the number of major attacks against aid workers rose in 2011 according to December 2012 report from Humanitarian Outcomes In 2011 308 aid workers were killed kidnapped or wounded with most attacks occurring in many of the world s most dangerous hot spots Afghanistan Somalia South Sudan Pakistan and Sudan While the causes of these attacks are not always clear the report indicates that the spike in attacks on humanitarian workers is a symptom of state failure as well as a product of war To help keep staff and volunteers safe the report says aid groups must properly evaluate host countries conditions and capabilities to assist with aid operations understanding that where the capacity or political will for this is absent they are wholly responsible for their own security Read more about Report Attacks on Aid Workers on the Rise ODI Report Talking to The Other Side Date December 13 2012 Drawing on dozens of interviews with Taliban members a December 2012 report from the UK based Overseas Development Institute offers a glimpse of the perspectives of the Afghani Taliban on the humanitarian and development efforts in their country over the past decade The Taliban s complaints about foreign aid are not limited to its perceived associations with Western interests but also say that it has been largely ineffective in meeting the needs of the Afghani people Talking to the Other Side finds that while some Taliban members are willing to support openness towards aid organizations Afghanistan will continue to be one of the world s most complicated and dangerous places for aid workers Read more about ODI Report Talking to The Other Side Report Humanitarian Aid Sparks Longterm Benefits to Society Date December 13 2012 Humanitarian assistance not only benefits individuals or communities that receive it but could serve as a catalyst for more widespread improvements an October report from the Brookings Foundation says Along with improving the image of the donor country Impacts of Malaria Interventions and their Potential Additional Humanitarian Benefits in Sub Saharan Africa says strategic aid can help reduce sectarian violence and enhance support for free markets trade and democracy The report calls for further research in this area to explore whether

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/resources?type=All&tid=All&page=10 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Resources | Charity & Security Network
    American Muslim Charitable Donations outlines the statutes and executive orders that the government uses to target Muslim charitable organizations and identifies several adverse effects on the American Muslim community and their ability to meet their religious charitable obligations Read more about Paper Effect of Unchecked Executive Power on American Muslim Charitable Giving Report on Conflict Analysis Highlights Importance of Engaging with Local Actors Date October 31 2012 A report from the People s Peacemaking Perspectives project PPP underscores the importance of engaging with local actors such as civil society organizations government police and individuals to analyze conflicts The March 2012 report From Conflict Analysis to Peacebuilding Impact was compiled by Conciliation Resources and Saferworld for the EU Instrument for Stability The report states that conflict analysis is a key first step to any engagement in international conflict affected areas and that analyses must be used to formulate responses Read more about Report on Conflict Analysis Highlights Importance of Engaging with Local Actors Holy Land Foundation Case Summary Controversial Material Support of Terrorism Trial Results in Long Sentences for former Charity Officials Date October 9 2012 Holy Land Foundation for Relief and Development HLF was the largest Islamic charity in the U S until the Bush administration shut it down three months after 9 11 HLF had been legally operating for over a decade before its designation and closure in December 2001 Its former officials were convicted of providing material support for terrorism on retrial in November 2008 and received sentences ranging from 15 to 65 years Read more about Holy Land Foundation Case Summary Controversial Material Support of Terrorism Trial Results in Long Sentences for former Charity Officials Al Haramain v Treasury Successful Constitutional Challenge to Unlimited Treasury Power to Shut Down Charities Date October 1 2012 In June 2012 the U S Solicitor General decided not to file a request for Supreme Court review of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals decision in Al Haramain v Read more about Al Haramain v Treasury Successful Constitutional Challenge to Unlimited Treasury Power to Shut Down Charities Al Haramain v Bush Summary Trying to Hold the Executive Branch Responsible for Illegal Wiretapping Date October 1 2012 Al Haramain Islamic Foundation AHIF v Bush was filed in 2006 after attorneys for the charity found records of the warrantless wiretap in documents the government provided in other litigation involving the charity The case is the only legal challenge to Bush era illegal surveillance programs that had survived in court because AHIF and its lawyers were able to show they had been subjected to unwarranted surveillance by using public records and statements Read more about Al Haramain v Bush Summary Trying to Hold the Executive Branch Responsible for Illegal Wiretapping Book Anti Terrorist Finance Laws Do Not Add Up Date September 5 2012 Understanding Terrorist Finance finds that most anti terrorist financing laws and policies have had little impact on curbing fundraising efforts by global terrorist groups Written by Timothy Wittig an economist specializing in

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/resources?type=All&tid=All&page=11 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive



  •