archive-org.com » ORG » C » CHARITYANDSECURITY.ORG

Total: 1481

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Summary of Economic Sanctions Laws and Regulations Authorizing Treasury to Shut Down Charities
    states to include specially designated terrorists that threaten to undermine the Middle East peace process Section 1701 b of IEEPA says its powers may only be invoked to deal with an unusual and extraordinary threat with respect to which a national emergency has been declared for purposes of this chapter and may not be exercised for any other purpose emphasis added Section 1702 a authorizes the President to investigate regulate or prohibit a host of financial transactions with any foreign country or national thereof by means of regulations licenses instructions or other means Section 1702 b allows for investigation block during the pendency of an investigation regulate direct and compel nullify void prevent or prohibit any transactions relating to property held by the designated foreign country or national Note that these powers do not require freezing assets and would allow for alternative approaches that correct improper transactions or procedures in otherwise law abiding organizations IEEPA is the legal authority for Executive Order EO 13224 5 issued by President George W Bush on Sept 24 2001 EO 13224 declared a national emergency based on the 9 11 attacks and directed Treasury in consultation with the Attorney General and Secretary of State to designated SDGTs and take action to freeze all assets subject to U S jurisdiction Designation may be of a terrorist organization or if Treasury finds a group has Provided material support to an SDGT To be otherwise associated with an SDGT defined in subsequent regulations as owned or controlled by an SDGT or to act for or on behalf of it Section 10 of EO 13224 states that no prior notice of listing needs to be provided to U S organizations because of the targeted organization s ability to transfer funds or assets instantaneously which would render the blocking

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/213 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive


  • New Report for Funders: Challenging the Closing Civil Society Space
    a two day workshop Challenging the Closing Space for Civil Society organized by Ariadne IHRFG and EFC which took place in Berlin in June 2015 This event which included over 80 participants developed seven key topics or levers for improvement Economic interests to make the business case for civil society by utilizing the often under valued relationship between private funders and business enterprises Countering the impact of counter terrorism policies Sustainable Development Goals SDGs with particular focus on Goals 16 and 17 which emphasize strengthening the global public private and civil society partnerships available and to engage with initiatives such as the SDG Philanthropy Platform International Norm setting to protect and promote international and regional institutions from becoming hijacked by authoritarian governments Counter narratives to diversify information and opinion around civil society s mission and values so as to counteract the growing fear and mistrust Diplomatic response to make a cohesive effort across governments international institutions private philanthropy and civil society Developing resilience to find short term and long term strategies specific to different regions so as to provide a more targeted response to the problem In particular the session focused on countering the impact of counter terrorism policies Lever 2 which highlighted a growing concern for the negative effect that Financial Access Task Force FATF recommendations can have on civil society The report criticizes FATF for not upholding transparency and accountability standards with one participant condemning the organization for the structured abuse of the NGO sector The session identified key next steps which include educating FATF officials advocating for a risk based approach rather than catch all over broad legislation establishing transparent rules to guide NGO participation and increasing engagement with national governments that claim that they simply don t hear concerns from domestic civil society actors about counter

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/1387 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Risk Management Toolkit Assists Humanitarian Orgs with Counterterrorism Measures
    criminal and contractual risks presented by counterterrorism measures The toolkit looks at a variety of approaches including codes of conduct due diligence human resource and anti diversion policies as well as monitoring and evaluation procedures The first part of the toolkit summarizes the counterterrorism policy environment and includes an overview of the relationship between counterterrorism measures and IHL UN Security Council UNSC resolutions related to counterterrorism and a sample of

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/1379 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Bank De-risking Represents Market Failure, Report Says
    implications the report states It adds that de risking actually contributes to increased vulnerability by pushing high risk clients into smaller financial institutions that may lack adequate AML CFT capacity or even out of the formal financial sector all together Regulatory authorities have been unable to keep up with market trends in this area the report explains At the same time a lack of accountability and leadership to address de risking together with ambiguous regulatory frameworks and a lack of data means that no one has taken responsibility for addressing the problem Bank de risking also has public relations repercussions the report notes as banks are seen as cutting off crucial funds to vulnerable populations Many financial institutions have opted to exit relationships deemed high risk including money service businesses foreign embassies international charities and correspondent banks Closures of these clients accounts also affect the populations these sectors serve Charities operating in conflict and other sensitive environments rely on all of these channels to move much needed resources internationally the report states Part of the problem the report explains is that regulatory schemes designed to offer flexibility are also ambiguous and subjective The fact that large fines have been imposed

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/1372 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Send by email | Charity & Security Network
    to audio verification Home page Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN Joins More

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/printmail/1372 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Global Terrorism Index 2015
    terrorist attacks over the past 25 years happened where state sponsored violence was widespread and 88 percent occurred in countries involved in violent conflicts the Global Terrorism Index explains The link between these two factors and terrorism is so strong that less than 0 6 percent of all terrorist attacks have occurred in countries without any ongoing conflict and any form of political terror according to the report In 2014 most deaths from terrorism occurred in just three countries Syria Iraq and Nigeria In fact Nigeria saw the largest increase in terrorist deaths ever recorded by any country last year an increase of more than 300 percent to 7 512 fatalities Boko Haram which operates mainly in Nigeria has become the deadliest terrorist group in the world with 6 644 deaths attributed to the group 6 073 deaths were attributed to ISIL Nigeria has also seen the rise of a second terrorist group the Fulani militants who killed 1 229 people in 2014 compared to 63 deaths in 2013 Foreign Fighters Foreign fighters continue to flow into Iraq and Syria Since 2011 an estimated 25 000 to 30 000 fighters from 100 different countries traveled to those two countries The report adds that approximately 7 000 new recruits arrived in Iraq and Syria in the first half of 2015 About half of all foreign fighters are from Middle East and North African countries 21 percent are from Europe Drivers of Violent Extremism When analyzing the factors correlating to terrorism different factors were found to be statistically significant depending on the country s wealth In the richer OECD countries socioeconomic factors such as youth unemployment confidence in the press belief in democracy drug crime and attitudes towards immigration are the most statistically significant factors correlating with terrorism This corresponds with many

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/1369 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Report Highlights Conflict Between Counterterrorism Laws and Humanitarian Action
    Program on International Law and Armed Conflict Suppressing Foreign Terrorist Fighters and Supporting Principled Humanitarian Action A Provisional Framework for Analyzing State Practic e 2 The impacts of counterterrorism measures on humanitarian work is well documented And recently humanitarian actors have become increasingly aware of these impacts which can include heightened due diligence requirements on humanitarian organizations restrictions on travel or greater government scrutiny of national and regional aid organization staff They can also create chilling effect on humanitarian action meaning that aid organizations may decide not engage in life saving work for fear that they will violate counterterrorism laws The report looks at looks at the many obligations of states trying to stem the threat of foreign terrorist fighters FTF and how states have met these requirements One year after the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 2178 2014 which defines foreign terrorist fighters this report looks at how some states have implemented the FTF related obligations imposed by Resolution 2178 It then looks at whether those same states are supporting or not actively curtailing humanitarian aid and assistance especially in relation to conflicts involving FTFs and other terrorists The majority of the states surveyed for the report have

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/1356 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Resources | Charity & Security Network
    countering violent extremist propaganda Read more about CRS Report on White House s Strategy for Countering Violent Extremism Safeguarding Humanitarianism in Armed Conflict A Call for Reconciling International Legal Obligations and Counterterrorism Measures in the United States Date June 5 2012 A June 2012 report by the Charity Security Network Safeguarding Humanitarianism in Armed Conflict A Call for Reconciling International Legal Obligations and Counterterrorism Measures in the United States examines how the international humanitarian obligations of the U S conflict with domestic counterterrorism measures when applied to charities seeking to aid civilians in areas of armed conflict While the negative impact of these measures has been criticized as a matter of policy and subjected to Constitutional challenges significantly less attention has been paid to how they stack up against the international humanitarian obligations of the U S This report fills that gap Read the report online no download necessary or Download the Full Report 2 3 MB Download Executive Summary 0 6 MB After a review of U S counterterrorism laws impacting charities the report explains the legal framework of international humanitarian law IHL focusing on provisions that address civilian relief operations during situations of armed conflict It then analyses how current U S counterterrorism laws and enforcement policies particularly the broad prohibition on material support to terrorism do not adequately incorporate these provisions and are inconsistent with humanitarian principles and obligations CSN urges the U S to work with the nonprofit sector to better incorporate international humanitarian law principles and concepts into U S law and enforcement policy Read more about Safeguarding Humanitarianism in Armed Conflict A Call for Reconciling International Legal Obligations and Counterterrorism Measures in the United States Report Repressive Regimes Use Anti Terrorist Financing Measures to Suppress Civil Society Date May 30 2012 A February 2012 report from the Transnational Institute and Statewatch finds that the legal and regulatory measures the Financial Action Task Force FATF recommends are being used by governments to suppress nonprofits The FATF is an international consortium of 36 countries that sets anti terrorist financing and anti money laundering standards used by 180 countries Read more about Report Repressive Regimes Use Anti Terrorist Financing Measures to Suppress Civil Society Humanitarian Space A Review of Trends and Issues Date May 3 2012 The Overseas Development Institute s Humanitarian Policy Group released a report on April 30 2012 that challenges widespread assumptions within civil society that humanitarian space is shrinking After reviewing the history of humanitarian action and governments role in humanitarian crises from the Cold War to the present Humanitarian Space a review of trends and issues dives into the reality and complexity of the humanitarian endeavor and concludes that political and military sectors have ultimate responsibility for ensuring respect for humanitarian principles and that the humanitarian organizations role is to push them to fulfill their obligations To succeed the report says humanitarian organizations must think strategically and capitalize on existing political processes Read more about Humanitarian Space A Review of Trends and

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/resources?type=studies_analysis&tid=All&page=9 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive



  •