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  • Humanitarian Overview Looks Ahead to 2016 | Charity & Security Network
    had to flee their homes due to conflict and violence The crisis in Syria perhaps the most profound conflict worldwide is in its fifth year During 2015 more than 830 000 refugees and migrants fled to Europe approximately half of them from Syria Despite the security concerns and access issues in volatile areas around the world almost 6 million people received monthly food assistance and 4 4 million people received and other assistance and shelter support in 2015 In addition more than 9 million people received medical care and more than 5 million children benefited from education support Looking ahead to 2016 humanitarian needs are expected to grow especially in the midst of the El niño weather patterns These needs will require 20 1 billion in funding to serve 87 6 million people in 37 countries the report states Currently about 60 million people are displaced around the world and more than a quarter of these displacements are due to the conflicts in Iraq South Sudan and Syria The report goes on to outline how urgent needs can be met despite funding shortfalls such as leveraging diverse funding sources and using the right mix of finance instruments for each situation It also discusses the latest trend in cash assistance Finally the report features a description of the new Financial Tracking Service platform beta It will utilize interactive maps as well as at a glance data and information The new website can be accessed at ftsbeta unocha org The full Humanitarian Overview report can be found here Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/Humanitarian_Overview_2016 (2016-02-16)
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  • Paper: International Humanitarian Law Primary Means of Protecting Civilians | Charity & Security Network
    protection of civilians in armed conflict under international humanitarian law and by the use of force under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations It demonstrates that while the Security Council has increasingly authorized the use of force to protect civilians in armed conflict international humanitarian law remains the principal means of protecting civilians in armed conflict The author Keiichiro Okimoto is a member of the Office of Legal Affairs for the United Nations Secretariat and is formerly a delegate and legal adviser to the Delegations of the International Committee of the Red Cross ICRC in Iraq Israel and the Occupied Territories the Philippines and Rwanda Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN Joins More Than 50 Orgs in Raising Concerns About UN s Work on Preventing Violent Extremism February 8 2016 New Budget Language Intended to Rein In Partner Vetting System

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/studies/IHL_Primary_Means_Protecting_Civilians (2016-02-16)
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  • UN/USAID Report Finds Inadequate Aid Contributed to Higher-than-Estimated Deaths in Somalia Famine | Charity & Security Network
    Shabab a group on the U S terrorist list in famine affected areas made legal restrictions an issue for aid groups Between October 2010 and April 2012 the study estimated that 258 000 excess deaths occurred in southern and central Somalia of which 52 133 000 among children under 5 years old p 8 That represents over 17 percent of children under the age of five The positive impact of humanitarian response can have is noted in the improvements in food security in Somalia in 2012 In addition to better rains and crops the study said improve access to parts of Somalia i e Mogadishu and the scale up of relief wherever access was possible including by a variety of non traditional donors and actors is likely to have made a considerable difference Indeed our model suggests strongly that humanitarian assistance was a critical modulator of the effects of food insecurity p 54 The release of the report comes nearly a month after the U S announced that its sanctions on Somalia would continue with no easing of restrictions of humanitarian assistance to the country Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/studies/UN_USAID_Inadequite_Aid_Contributes_Higher_Death_Toll_Somalia (2016-02-16)
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  • CRS Study: Syria Overview of the Humanitarian Response | Charity & Security Network
    given more than 1 billion for humanitarian aid in Syria and the Obama administration has asked for 200 million more in the FY14 budget The UN has raised only 47 percent of its emergency appeals seeking 4 4 billion for humanitarian needs The report said U S policy is guided by concerns about humanitarian access and protection within Syria the large refugee flows out of the country that strain the resources of neighboring countries and could negatively impact the overall stability of the region and an already escalating and protracted humanitarian emergency On the issue of branding the report notes that Many Members of Congress have demonstrated an interest in the labeling or branding of U S humanitarian aid delivered to Syria so that recipients are aware of its American origins This issue is complicated in the Syria context Very little U S assistance is currently being branded The U S government is trying to balance the desire to maintain visibility as a contributor of humanitarian assistance with concerns for the security of aid recipients and implementing partners who could become possible targets of attacks Finding appropriate ways for the United States to leverage its political objectives without politicizing humanitarian aid remains a significant challenge There has been some debate about whether the United States is receiving adequate political benefit from its humanitarian assistance efforts Anecdotal evidence from field reports and implementing partners suggests that many Syrians who may be receiving U S assistance remain unaware of its origins or assume it is from a foreign government other than the United States In response some Members of Congress and observers have argued that the United States should begin to more aggressively brand U S aid to enhance local perceptions that the people of the United States stand in solidarity with

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/studies/CRS_Report_Syria_Aug_2013 (2016-02-16)
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  • Study: Hanging By a Thread- The Ongoing Threat to Somalia's Remittance Lifeline | Charity & Security Network
    terrorist listed groups in Somalia and a strict regulatory environment several principle banks have closed their accounts with MTOs that serve Somalia essentially curtailing the flow of remittances sent by family members to help Somalians overseas In response to public pressure and collective campaigns the U S government has taken modest steps to help the Somali remittance system but it is startlingly unprepared to manage the potential fallout of account closures In Australia and the United Kingdom the response has also be slow This report notes that failure to uphold the remittance system could result in black market and illegal money transfer systems that would increase the lack of accountability for transfer operators It suggests practical steps that governments and actors within the international community should take to sustain the Somali money transfer system as well as the long term solutions required to establish viable financial institutions within Somalia The report is a follow up to the 2013 report Keeping the Lifeline Open Remittances and Markets in Somalia Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/Study/Somali_Remittance_Closures (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    Humanitarian Action Counterterrorism Laws Impede Delivery of Medical Care in Armed Conflict Date September 9 2015 Medical care for wounded combatants is compromised by counterterrorism laws and policies according to a new report from the Harvard Law School Program on International Law and Armed Conflict Medical Care in Armed Conflict International Humanitarian Law and State Responses to Terrorism Read more about Counterterrorism Laws Impede Delivery of Medical Care in Armed Conflict When Talking Women Peace and Security Let s Talk U S Laws that Get in the Way Date August 24 2015 Author Andrea Hall Your village was just attacked by an armed extremist group You husband decides to take up arms to fight the terrorists and is ultimately killed You re left with three young children your elderly mother and no income You can t grow food because you can t get water You can t get water because the road to the river is blocked by the armed extremists who still threaten your village They ve started going after the widows demanding to be fed and housed by them under threat of rape or even death Read more about When Talking Women Peace and Security Let s Talk U S Laws that Get in the Way UN Humanitarian Chief Warns of Chilling Impact Created by Counterterror Measures in Syria Date July 3 2014 UN Humanitarian Chief Valerie Amos criticized counterterrorism laws that create a chilling impact on humanitarian organizations working in places like Syria In a July 1 BBC 4 radio segment Amos argued that overboard restrictions in the name of countering terror are exacerbating the crisis Our humanitarian response has been slowed down in some areas and stopped altogether and ultimately people will die said Amos Read more about UN Humanitarian Chief Warns of Chilling Impact Created by Counterterror Measures in Syria New Study Somalia s Remittance Lifeline Hanging By a Thread Date February 23 2015 Adeso the Global Center on Cooperative Security and Oxfam released Hanging by a Thread The Ongoing Threat to Somalia s R emittance Lifeline which details how bank account closures impact many Somalians who depend on remittances from friends and family abroad in order to fulfill basic survival needs and invest in small businesses Remittances are handled by Money Transfer Operations MTOs who rely on banks to transfer the funds to Somalia Due to the poor financial regulation the presence of terroris t listed groups in Somalia and a strict regulatory environment several principle banks have closed their accounts with MTOs that serve Somalia essentially curtailing the flow of remittances sent by family members to help Somalians overseas In response to public pressure and collective campaigns the U S government has taken modest steps to help the Somali remittance system but it is startlingly unprepared to manage the potential fallout of account closures This report notes that failure to uphold the remittance system could result in black market and illegal money transfer systems that would increase the lack of accountability for transfer

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/Humanitarian%20Access?type=All&page=1 (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    an improvement over previous years but remain far from acceptable 50 000 children are severely malnourished 1 1 million are displaced and only 30 of the population has access to clean drinking water Despite these troubling numbers only 12 of Somalia s humanitarian funding needs have been met this year a shortfall of 822 million Without additional funding soon there is a very real risk that people still in need will not be reached and those already helped will fall back into crisis Read more about Risk of Relapse in Somalia Risk of Relapse in Somalia Date May 20 2014 An Oxfam report warns that Somalia is in a severe crisis which without an influx of aid may end up becoming even worse in the coming months The current conditions in Somalia are an improvement over previous years but remain far from acceptable 50 000 children are severely malnourished 1 1 million are displaced and only 30 of the population has access to clean drinking water Despite these troubling numbers only 12 of Somalia s humanitarian funding needs have been met this year a shortfall of 822 million Without additional funding soon there is a very real risk that people still in need will not be reached and those already helped will fall back into crisis Read more about Risk of Relapse in Somalia New Portal for Humanitarian Negotiation Resources Date May 1 2014 The Humanitarian Negotiations Information Portal collects the latest scholarship and news about humanitarian negotiations The content is populated by expert practitioners to help share information for the purposes of i ensuring the provision of humanitarian assistance and protection to vulnerable populations ii preserving humanitarian space and iii promoting better respect for international law The portal s resource database contains articles reports and case studies on humanitarian engagement It also contains analysis from sector experts on emerging trends Users can also submit their own content to the database The portal is hosted by Conflict Dynamics International More information on their work in humanitarian negotiations can be found here Read more about New Portal for Humanitarian Negotiation Resources New Portal for Humanitarian Negotiation Resources Date May 1 2014 The Humanitarian Negotiations Information Portal collects the latest scholarship and news about humanitarian negotiations The content is populated by expert practitioners to help share information for the purposes of i ensuring the provision of humanitarian assistance and protection to vulnerable populations ii preserving humanitarian space and iii promoting better respect for international law The portal s resource database contains articles reports and case studies on humanitarian engagement It also contains analysis from sector experts on emerging trends Users can also submit their own content to the database The portal is hosted by Conflict Dynamics International More information on their work in humanitarian negotiations can be found here Read more about New Portal for Humanitarian Negotiation Resources Stand WithSyria Global Vigil for Syria 2014 Date March 11 2014 A global vigil to bring attention to the humanitarian crisis in Syria will

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/Humanitarian%20Access?type=All&page=2 (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    can provide is a pause to allow the humanitarians to get in and provide that emergency relief WFP s Syria Country Director Matthew Hollingworth said Read more about Aiding Syria UN USAID Report Somalia Famine Death Toll Higher Than Estimated Inadequate Aid Among Factors Date May 6 2013 A drastic reduction in humanitarian assistance widespread conflict and drought combined to make the 2011 famine in Somalia the most deadly in the past 25 years a May 2013 study finds Commissioned by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization FAO and the United States Agency for International Development s USAID Famine Early Warning Systems Network FEWSnet the study estimates that between October 2010 and April 201 Read more about UN USAID Report Somalia Famine Death Toll Higher Than Estimated Inadequate Aid Among Factors Humanitarian Access to Syrians Must be Respected by Assad and the U S Date October 31 2013 Author Nathaniel J Turner An Oct 25 2013 Op Ed from Secretary of State John Kerry calls the systematic denial of medical assistance food supplies and other humanitarian aid to the Syrian people an intolerable act Kerry s piece comes in response to the unabated denial of humanitarian access perpetrated by the Assad government and exacerbated by the patchwork of opposition groups also blocking and diverting aid Read more about Humanitarian Access to Syrians Must be Respected by Assad and the U S Foreign aid agencies seek access to Pakistan quake victims Thomson Reuters Foundation Date October 14 2013 Author Thomson Reuters Foundation From Nita Bahlla Thomson Reuters Foundation Oct 9 2013 Read more about Foreign aid agencies seek access to Pakistan quake victims Thomson Reuters Foundation UN Officials and NGO Leader Urge Changes to Counterterrorism Measures that Harm Humanitarian Action Date September 26 2013 Speakers at the Sept Read more about UN Officials and NGO Leader Urge Changes to Counterterrorism Measures that Harm Humanitarian Action S Korean NGOs start shipping humanitarian aid to N Korea Global Post Date September 11 2013 Author Global Post Read more about S Korean NGOs start shipping humanitarian aid to N Korea Global Post Addressing the Potential Impact of Legal Restrictions on Organizations Providing Humanitarian Assistance in Syria Date September 10 2013 Author Kay Guinane With public attention now intensely focused on the conflict in Syria and the potential impact of U S government action military or otherwise the time is ripe to look at the impact of U S legal restrictions on humanitarian organizations Over the past year the difficulties for humanitarian organizations NGOs attempting to aid civilians in the conflict in Syria have been well documented Calls for unimpeded access have been heard from the U S Dept Read more about Addressing the Potential Impact of Legal Restrictions on Organizations Providing Humanitarian Assistance in Syria Syria Crisis Calls for All Sides to Protect Civilians Date September 3 2013 With the spectre of an international intervention looming in Syria the International Committee of the Red Cross ICRC issued a statement saying the suffering of

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/Humanitarian%20Access?type=All&page=3 (2016-02-16)
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