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  • Material Support Overview | Charity & Security Network
    Concern About Rights of Political Activists Civil Rights and Religious Groups Denounce TN Bill Targeting Sharia Groups Nationwide Conferences Spotlight Threats to Political Activism To Michael Mukasey Rudi Guliani Mike Ridge and Frances Townsend Welcome to Our World 2010 Brief Argues Material Support Should Require Knowledge of Terror Connection Court Hears Oral Arguments over PATRIOT Act Violations of First Amendment 2009 Initial Court Briefs in HLP Case Time To Update Executive Order 13224 House Committee Reigns in PATRIOT Act Provisions on Material Support Ninth Circuit Rules Penalizing Humanitarian Aid is Unconstitutional Resources Article Chilling Effect of the Material Support Statute on Humanitarian Aid IN DEPTH Material Support and NGO Access to Civilians in Need State Dept s Foreign Terrorist Organization List Solutions CSN s Principles to Guide New Policies VIDEO UN Ambassador Others Call for Reforms to Allow Peacebuilding and Humanitarian Aid READ Letter to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton calling on her to exempt conflict resolution programs and other activities aimed at ending violence from the ban on material support of terrorism signed by a bipartisan group of 18 organizations and 27 foreign policy and peacebuilding experts Proposed Secretary of State Exemption from Material Support Ban for Peacebuilding Activities Famine in Horn of Africa UN USAID Report Finds Inadequate Aid Contributed to High than Estimated Deaths in Somalia Famine Sen Leahy to DOJ Issue Guidance to Protect Humanitarian Activities State Dept Announces New Policy to Allow Famine Aid in Somalia Treasury Releases Limited Guidance U S Announces New Policy to Allow Famine Aid in Somalia Sen Leahy Letter to AG Holder and Sec State Clinton Concerns About Famine Relief Peacebuilding and the Material Support Law The President Must Address Life and Death Policy Matters in Somalia U S Anti terror Law Hinders Aid Efforts to Somalia Legal Roadblocks are

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/Material_Support_Overview2 (2016-02-16)
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  • Latest House Approps Report Calls on Treasury to Address Licensing Problems, Sanction Mass Atrocities | Charity & Security Network
    reminds Treasury that it was required to submit such a report by the FY14 omnibus appropriations bill and says no such recommendations have been submitted At an April 2014 hearing Rep Jose Serrano D NY told Treasury Secretary Jack Lew that the Department s initial response was inadequate The FY15 report also asks Treasury to use sanctions programs to prevent or respond to mass atrocities in four African countries The language states From House Report page 9 General Licenses for Humanitarian Assistance The fiscal year 2014 Omnibus required Treasury to submit recommendations for reducing the response times for applications to the Office of Foreign Assets Control for a General License from humanitarian nongovernmental organizations seeking to provide aid to famine victims in south central Somalia within 45 days of enactment While the Department has provided an initial letter the Committee has yet to receive the recommendations and directs the Department to submit them within 30 days The Committee recognizes the dramatic escalation of conflict in certain African states and supports the imposition of sanctions on those perpetrating some of the worst atrocities in the context of these conflicts Within the funds provided the Committee expects the Office of Financial Assets Control to increase sanctions development and enforcement related to conflict in Sudan South Sudan the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of Congo Such sanctions regimes reinforce U S national security priorities by working to prevent or respond to genocide and other mass atrocities Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/2015_Approps_Report_Treasury_License_Probelms (2016-02-16)
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  • Treasury Gives Unsatisfactory Response to Congressional Question on Aid License Delays | Charity & Security Network
    groups to get a license from Treasury before operating in areas controlled by terrorists In the case of Somalia most of the neediest civilians were located in areas controlled by al Shabaab a designated terrorist group During the hearing Secretary Lew argued that the issuance of licenses in Somalia has been a very challenging undertaking But he declined to give any specific timetable for a more thorough response the reporting requirement A May 2013 report from the UN and USAID noted that legal restrictions on aid were a contributing factor to the high death rate in the famine A review of the Somalia Famine Timeline demonstrates that Treasury had adequate advance warning of the famine indicating that the challenges Lew refers to were political not administrative or logistical License delays occur in other conflict zones as well One anonymous charity that provides education and psycho social support to children in the Palestinian territories waited two years to receive a response from Treasury on a license request Treasury declined to provide a license citing only a lack of foreign policy guidance from the U S Department of State as their reason Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Unsatisfactory_Response_Treasury_License_Delays (2016-02-16)
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  • The Overbroad and Imbalanced Approach to Prohibiting Material Support of Terrorism | Charity & Security Network
    kind of support to a designated terrorist group such as Hamas or Al Qaeda but also to so called undesignated terrorists any two or more individuals who take up arms or engage in violence Even freedom fighters supported by the U S government are technically terrorist groups under the INA The exemption announced last week allows limited transactions with these undesignated terrorists a move which has been widely applauded particularly as more than 2 3 million have fled the Syrian civil war But the exemption does not protect those who give the exact same kind of minimal and limited support to designated terrorist organizations If the government does not consider limited material support to be problematic why stop at undesignated groups The fact is this disparity is nothing new The U S has long held that any benefit no matter how tangential and regardless of intent to a terrorist group is too much Humanitarian aid and peacebuilding groups have long felt this sting Criminal law and economic sanctions law also prohibit material support to any designated terrorist and have no exemption for aid or conflict mediation programs During the famine in Somalia in 2011 aid groups had to pull out of areas controlled by a terrorist group rather than pay small tolls to them to be able to enter areas with starving civilians No civil society group is advocating for the U S government to permit wholesale funding arms trade or military training with terrorist groups Reducing the flow of funds and equipment to terrorists is an important goal However it should not be done at the expense of civilians fleeing conflict or in need of life saving assistance The current definition and application of material support of terrorism is so broad that it is stifling legitimate vital work It

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/blog/Overbroad_imbalanced_material_support (2016-02-16)
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  • Norwegian Refugee Council Head Urges Congress Pass Humanitarian Assistance Facilitation Act to Help Syrians | Charity & Security Network
    working in areas where terrorist groups control territory According to Egeland HAFA can help prevent the politicization of aid that can put humanitarians in danger Armed actors are suspicious says Egeland it is crucial that the U S government ensures that its funding is provided in a manner that both is and is perceived to be impartial Aid should be dispensed based on need alone and not on political considerations Aid that links aid workers to a particular side of the conflict is dangerous says Egeland HAFA allows legitimate aid groups to engage in minimal transactions with terrorists such as paying tolls or taxes if they are required to access needy civilians Without the protections of HAFA such transactions are tantamount to supporting terrorism despite the needs of civilians on the ground According to Egeland such protections help humanitarians to safely operate in these extremely dangerous contexts without the misperception of taking sides or compromising the needs of conflict affected populations In addition to HAFA Egeland urged swift action on other steps for Congress in the face of the current medieval siege tactics and deliberate starvation of hundreds of thousands These include continued pursuit of a political dialogue ensuring unimpeded aid delivery inside the country and assisting Syria s neighbors with the unprecedented number of refugees flowing into their borders Since the crisis began three years ago over 700 000 Syrians have been displaced across the Middle East and at least 146 000 men women and children have been killed In his 30 years as a humanitarian Egeland said he had never before seen the scale of suffering now present in Syria Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/NRC_Head_Call_Congress_Pass_HAFA (2016-02-16)
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  • Issues of Free Speech and Support of Terrorism Discussed in Petition to Supreme Court | Charity & Security Network
    actions rested entirely upon Mehanna s translation and dissemination of texts that he selected as expressive of his political or religious views This core First Amendment activity was not commissioned directed paid for by performed in concert with or presented to a foreign terrorist organization Mehanna s lawyers focused on the case Holder v Humanitarian Law Project HLP to argue thier client s rights were violated The HLP and a group of other organizations wished to engage in conflict resolution and human rights training with two designated terrorist organizations an action that was prohibited by the U S material support law The HLP challenged the law arguing that it violated its rights including those under the First Amendment The Court ruled in favor of the law saying that any coordinated advocacy with a terrorist organization could be criminalized However the Court left the door open for future challenges by arguing that non coordinated speech with a terrorist organization would be protected by the First Amendment The Court did not define what constituted coordinated versus non coordinated speech Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Mehanna_Petition_Supreme_Court (2016-02-16)
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  • Unsealed Documents in Material Support Investigation Show FBI Focus on Speech, Association | Charity & Security Network
    about how broadly the definition of material support would be applied to political solidarity efforts The investigation centered around whether there was support for the FARC in Colombia or the PFLP in Palestine both on the U S terrorist list The people whose homes were searched had participated in trips to Colombia or Palestine and raised money for unions or women s organizations that the documents claim are affiliated with the terrorist groups However these groups are not on the terrorist list maintained by the U S The Supreme Court ruling in Holder v Humanitarian Law Project said the First Amendment protects advocacy that supports a terrorist organization if it is not coordinated with it However the court did not define coordination The affidavit from the undercover agent who infiltrated the Freedom Road Socialist Organization quotes extensively perhaps selectively from conversations with group members both recorded and unrecorded This appears to be the sole evidence supporting the searches The Defending Dissent Foundation s analysis of the documents says the group was hard pressed to raise a few thousand dollars to send a delegation to Palestine and bring along a bit of extra money to contribute to the Palestinian Women s Union which is not designated as a terror organization In fact the document shows that the FBI couldn t find evidence of a crime after a full year of spying so they took matters into their own hands creating a crime and trying to ensnare the members of FRSO The list of items to be seized raises questions about how the FBI views First Amendment rights Both the Anti War Committee and Freedom Road Socialist Organization are legal organizations that are entitled to freedom of association assembly and expression But the search characterizes association with them as criminal authorizing seizure

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Unsealed_Documents_Material_Support_Midwest_Activists (2016-02-16)
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  • Former President Carter, Others Call on Secretary Kerry to Remove Barriers to Peacebuilding | Charity & Security Network
    on peacebuilding activities that are conducted with listed terrorist organizations See also Time to let peace builders do their job written by Thomas R Pickering and Amb Nancy Soderberg Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/node/1043 (2016-02-16)
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