archive-org.com » ORG » C » CHARITYANDSECURITY.ORG

Total: 1481

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR) Outlines Strategy for State Department and USAID | Charity & Security Network
    organizations InterAction shares this concern The risk is that the humanitarian response itself will be politicized Worthington wrote in a Huffington Post blog with diplomatic and counter terror imperatives trumping humanitarian principles which mandate that impartial response to vulnerability is the most important criterion for determining the nature and scope of the response InterAction has created a QDDR resource page featuring in depth analysis of the review and its findings responses from NGOs and more The two year review assessed the roles of the State Department USAID and military in response to critical global trends impacting international affairs such as countering violent extremism conflict prevention and development work After consultations with hundreds of people in the U S government and around the world the QDDR recommends the State Department take a leadership role in responding to conflict driven emergencies and that USAID focus on food and health issues It also calls for bolstering civilian power which the review defines as non military government actors engaged in diplomatic and development activity around the world Even the world s finest military cannot defeat a virus stop climate change prevent the spread of violent extremism or make peace in the Middle East the QDDR says Much of the work that civilians do around the world is the work of prevention investing proactively in keeping Americans safe and prosperous it adds In addition to boosting the roles of civilian actors across the government the QDDR describes civil society organizations as indispensable partners force multipliers and agents of positive change in achieving the U S s diplomatic and developmental goals The QDDR says Non state actors bring considerable political and financial resources to bear on collective challenges They mobilize populations within and across states to promote growth fundamental human values and effective democratic government Civil

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Quadrennial_Diplomacy_and_Development_Review_%28QDDR%29_Outlines_Strategy_for_State_Department_USAID (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Hearing in House Raises Question of How to Counter Violent Messages on Extremist Websites | Charity & Security Network
    for addressing these different factors emphasis added He said that while in some instances shutting down a website advocating violence may be justified we must be clear about the limitations of such strategies and we must also be realistic about what we can accomplish Shutting down websites will not completely eliminate the sentiments behind them The appeal of taking down such sites should also be weighed against all the potential unintended consequences including driving users to other sites and social media Boucek noted that On many levels the struggle against violent radical Islamist extremist is about ideas and unless we are active in meeting and challenging those ideas we have all but surrendered this vital space He called for further research to better understand the issue and develop a comprehensive approach Mansour Al Hadj of the Middle East Media Research Institute MEMRI testified about his personal experiences growing up in the Sudan and Saudi Arabia and the exposure to many forms of extremist messages including tapes songs television shows and others He was turned away from extremism after reading an article by nonviolent activist Dr Khales Jalabi Based on his experience he said jihadi websites are very effective at recruiting Muslims to their cause In his current position as Director of Democratization in Arab Muslim World Project at MEMRI he is focusing on liberal voices and advocates of reform in the Arab and Muslim world including those speaking out against online jihad As part of this work he conducts research into extremist sites and coordinates a project to get Internet Service Providers ISPs to voluntarily remove these sites from their servers This lead to the Civil Action for a Jihad Free Internet Project which notifies ISPs about problem sites on their servers and encourages voluntary action Al Hadj discounted the value of intelligence to be gained from extremist website saying they are for ideological recruitment and provide no actionable intelligence He also noted that it is illegal for communications companies to provide services to designated terrorist organizations including Internet hosting services Prof Gregory MacNeal of the Pepperdine University School of Law argued that more can be done under current law to counter extremist websites In his testimony he said Treasury can use its sanctions powers under economic embargo laws against terrorist websites preventing U S based ISPs from hosting them Noting that these sites could just relocate to overseas ISPs MacNeal said new legal tools are necessary to further counter the threat For example he suggested a new process whereby those foreign communications companies that provide material support to terrorist organizations may be designated as cyber supporters Such a designation would prevent US companies from conducting business with designated entities His overall strategy recommendation was to pursue a variety of methods of shutting down terrorist sites The written testimony from the ACLU t ook the opposite approach opposing removal of websites based on their content Instead they said If you find that our enemies are using the Internet to recruit

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/house_hearing_extremist_websites (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Clinton Calls for Addressing Root Causes of Terrorism at UN Summit | Charity & Security Network
    but also target the root causes that lead to violent extremism Stopping people from becoming terrorists Clinton said requires addressing the political economic and social conditions that make people vulnerable to terrorist causes We have to provide an alternative view that is rooted in hope opportunity and possibility she added She also praised the UN for creating an ombudsperson position to receive petitions from individuals and groups seeking redress from being listed on the UN s al Qaida Taliban Sanctions List In response to member states hesitancy to enforce listing procedures that lacked basic due process procedures the ombudsperson position along with other changes to the listing process was established by UN Resolution 1904 Unlike the U S which offers little or no redress for the accused to respond to charges of supporting terrorism the ombudsperson would conduct a review of information and can intervene on behalf of individuals or entities placed on the designation list At the same summit the UN Security Council released a statement describing commitments to development peace and security and human rights as interlinked and mutually reinforcing The resolution urges member states to promote the rule of law the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms good governance tolerance and inclusiveness to combat the conditions that contribute to the spread of terrorism The statement also reaffirms member states commitments and obligations under international human rights refugee and humanitarian law The statement included a reminder that terrorism will not be defeated by military force law enforcement measures and intelligence operations alone and called for supporting measures that strengthen efforts for the successful prevention and peaceful resolution of prolonged conflicts This declaration is in stark contrast to a U S law banning the teaching of nonviolent methods of conflict resolution to sanctioned terrorist groups upheld by U

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Clinton_Calls_Addressing_Root_Causes_Terrorism_UN_Summit (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Bipartisan Policy Center’s Terror Threat Report: U.S. Slow to Counter Domestic Recruitment by Terrorists | Charity & Security Network
    posed by homegrown terrorists and other radicalized recruits A senior intelligence analyst told the report s authors There s no lead agency or person There are First Amendment issues we re cognizant of It s not a crime to radicalize only when it turns to violence There are groups of people looking at different aspects of counter radicalization But it has to be integrated across agencies across levels of government public private cooperation Despite 63 cases of terrorism related arrests and indictments of American citizens or residents in the U S and abroad since 2009 see the report s Appendix B the report says there remains no federal government agency or department specifically charged with identifying radicalization and interdicting the recruitment of U S citizens or residents for terrorism This vacuum of leadership and policy regarding countering homegrown recruitment is often filled by the Federal Bureau of Investigations FBI working in the context of a criminal or terrorism case The report questions if this should be the primary role of the FBI or if other national security agencies like the Department of Homeland Security or the National Counterterrorism Center should do so Many civil liberty advocates say the government including the FBI can and should play a role in community policing but focus on criminal behavior A December 2009 report from the Muslim Public Affairs Council MPAC said law enforcement should allow Muslim communities to deal with the ideological and social components of radicalization It says Unlike intelligence led policing community policing s heavier reliance on community partnerships reduces negative impact on both community police relations and democratic values This separation of responsibilities prevents law enforcement from creating an atmosphere in the communities that can lead to radicalization The terror threat assessment also highlighted the need for all Americans and

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/New_Terror_Threat_Report_US_Slow_to_Counter_Domestic_Recruitment_by_Terrorists%20 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • UN and Experts Call for Increased Role of Civil Society in Countering Terror | Charity & Security Network
    society groups such as working in places that limit their political space to operate and the reluctance of states to engage civil society on national security matters remain obstacles to be overcome Additionally the sector representing a wide range of issues and opinions does not speak with a single voice and cannot be expected to agree on every issue or response Van Ginkel co authored a paper with Fulco van Deventer and Lia van Broekhoven policy analysts at Cordaid a Dutch development organization that analyzed the effectiveness of engagement between civil society and the implementation of the UN s anti terror strategy The paper outlines the roles civil society can have in effectively countering terrorism and recommended the UN create a process of engagement with civil society actors by the creation of political space safeguards and long term commitments on development and inclusiveness Speaking on the same panel Alistair Millar Director of the Center on Global Counterterrorism Cooperation discussed the role and contributions of civil society to countering terrorism They included Addressing conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism Ensuring respect for human rights and the rule of law Raising awareness of victims popular counterterrorism measures and countering the terrorists narrative Preventing and combating terrorism Building states capacity to counter terrorism David Cortright Director of Policy Studies at the Kroc Institute for INternational Peace Studies at Notre Dame and Chair of the Fourth Freedom Forum said the nonprofit sector must become more involved in the decision making process because they are often adversely impacted by counterterrorism measures Cortright described many counterterrorism measures as overbroad saying they should focus exclusively on terrorists and not citizens In September 2006 the UN unanimously adopted the UN Global Counter Terrorism Strategy which adopted the view that long term efforts to address conditions conducive to

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/UN_and_Experts_Call_for_Increased_Role_of_Civil_Society_in_Countering_Terror (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Witnesses at House Hearing Say Profiling Is Counterproductive to Law Enforcement Goals | Charity & Security Network
    and suspicion within the Muslim community towards law enforcement and make individuals more reluctant to call the authorities when needed They also erode the trust between the community and law enforcement agencies jeopardizing a vital relationship needed to counter actual criminal activity Khera said It s not fair It s not safe It s not American said Singh Having worked on this issue with community groups and law enforcement for over ten years Deborah Ramirez Professor at Northeastern University Law School spoke about racial and religious profiling in the context of national security Profiling is neither a necessary nor effective component of a comprehensive law enforcement and or counterterrorism strategy It is a sloppy and lazy substitute for the kind of strategic and intelligent law enforcement that we need to keep our homeland safe she said Rather than use profiling she said her research shows law enforcement officials are more successful in reducing crime when they build bridges with the community they are attempting to engage with and vice versa When law enforcement officers partner with these communities the communities are more likely to share information about any suspicious activity or unusual newcomers By working with law enforcement to make their communities immune from enemies within and enemies outside of their neighborhoods they can become a critical component of a national deterrence strategy This approach not only produces stronger community relationships it also results in a more effective counter terrorism strategy Other witnesses included Salt Lake City Police Chief Chris Burbank and David A Harris Professor at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law both of whom advocated against the use of profiling as an effective law enforcement tool Support for reintroducing and passing ERPA was also recommended If enacted ERPA would institute an enforcement mechanism to ensure that anti

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Profiling_Is_Counterproductive_to_Law_Enforcement_Goals (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Flawed Theories on Violent Extremism Lead to Bad Policy | Charity & Security Network
    acknowledging that though their model is sequential progression through the stages is not and not all who start the process finish with different people stopping at different stages So the path is not a series of steps after all but rather a number of stones scattered in the woods that potential terrorists may or may not touch in no particular order on their way to becoming terrorists or not becoming terrorists Does that make sense Yet this path or funnel theory remains popular among some security experts and government officials because it is exactly what the government wants to believe that terrorists who are hard to find progress from a discernable pool of ideological radicals and activists who are easy to find and therefore much easier to target Why should the government look for hard to find terrorists when they can more easily target political or religious groups for surveillance screening or pretext arrest A simplistic theory justifies a simplistic approach and allows government to avoid doing the harder work of developing a more complex approach that might actually work This mentality drives the increase in law enforcement spying on political and religious groups The Maryland State Police surveillance and infiltration of non violent peace groups and anti death penalty activists is only one example of many across the country Likewise the FBI s use of an ex convict to infiltrate a number of southern California mosques failed to identify or arrest any terrorists but managed to increase the community s resentment toward the government One man was arrested on an immigration violation but he claims he was charged only after he declined to act as a spy for the government Often called the Al Capone strategy it is a scheme where the government charges a person with a relatively minor offense because they suspect the person is a threat but cannot prove any terrorism related activity Chicago crime boss Capone was indicted on tax charges The problem is that sometimes the lack of evidence that someone is a terrorist or a crime boss is simply due to the fact that they are not really a terrorist or crime boss In such cases an Al Capone strategy is nothing more than selective prosecution and when the government pursues such prosecutions based on an erroneous theory that all persons with particular political or religious beliefs are potential terrorists it leaves many in those communities feeling they are being treated unfairly Ironically this type of discrimination could lead to the moral outrage that Marc Sageman a terrorism expert and former CIA officer found real terrorists report as a factor influencing their decision to turn toward violence Rather than merely predicting the future like the Minority Report s Precogs counter terrorism policies that discriminate against religious or political groups could actually be creating an ominous self fulfilling prophecy I am not saying there isn t a place for outreach and intervention with wayward youth or increasing education to counter extremist messaging that suggests

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/blog/Flawed_Theories_Run_Amok_for_Identifying_Homegrown_Terrorists%20 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • State and Defense Officials To Senate: Military Alone Cannot Counter Violent Extremism | Charity & Security Network
    that engagement framed with mutual respect marginalizes violent extremists by contrasting our positive vision with the terrorists commitment to murder violence and destruction he said Though partnered with DoD Benjamin stressed the importance of determining which CVE efforts are best done by the military and which are best handled on the civilian side Benjamin said that host nations NGOs and local partners are often more effective for implementing CVE proposals than the U S government saying NGOs foundations public private partnerships and private businesses are some of the most capable and credible partners in local communities Another speaker Garry Reid Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense described DoD CVE efforts as significant and highlighted their partnerships with other agencies including State Although we will continue to take immediate necessary actions to protect the United States from terrorist attacks our long term focus is to create conditions that promote development opportunities Reid said He acknowledged that in places some CVE operations are conducted the military lacks the depth of expertise to operate independently without organizations who better understand the people the culture and the social dynamics at the village district national and regional levels James J F Forest Director of Terrorism Studies at West Point told the Committee that defending our nation is a task that falls to many elements including our military law enforcement agencies and civilian experts outside of the U S government He provided examples from Afghanistan and Djibouti where U S military compliment efforts of USAID NGOs and the international community by digging wells building schools and providing solutions to other local problems He described these soft power activities to improve education sanitation and good governance as having a lasting impact on diminishing the resonance of anti U S sentiment spread by violent extremists Other speakers at the

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/State_and_Defense_To_Senate_Military_Alone_Cannot_Counter_Violent_Extremism%20 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive



  •