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  • Terrorist Trial Report Card: 2001-2010 | Charity & Security Network
    do not require proof of intent that the material support go to illegal activities Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/studies/Terrorist_Trial_Report_Card (2016-02-16)
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  • UN Report Calls for Greater Review of All Counterterrorism Measures | Charity & Security Network
    with the principle of normalcy meaning they should not be beyond oversight and review In fact the report says if compelling reasons require the creation and enforcement of specific powers necessary to combat terrorism they should be recognized as a unique exception to customary legal constraint and be subject to sunset clauses and regular review by independent monitors Regular review and the use of sunset clauses are best practices helping to ensure that special powers relating to the countering of terrorism are effective and continue to be required and to help avoid the normalization or de facto permanent existence of extraordinary measures To help guide UN members the report offers 10 areas of best practices Each refers to the legal and institutional frameworks that promote and protect human rights and the rule of law in counter terrorism policy They include Consistency of counter terrorism law and practice with human rights and refugee law and humanitarian law Review and oversight of counter terrorism law and practice Speedy effective and enforceable remedies for persons whose human rights have been violated Minimum safeguards and basic due process rights before persons or entities are designated as terrorist entities In terms of reforming the existing designation and sanctions process for terrorist entities the report recommends The listed individual or entity be promptly informed of the listing its factual grounds and the consequences of such listing The right to apply for de listing or not face sanctions The right to a court review of the decision resulting from such application with due process rights applying to such review including the disclosure of the case against him and such rules concerning the burden of proof that are commensurate with the severity of the sanctions The right to make a fresh application for delisting or lifting of sanctions

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/UN_Report_Review_Counterterrorism_Measures%20 (2016-02-16)
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  • Report: FBI Investigative Powers: Unchecked and Too Broad | Charity & Security Network
    the Guidelines impact dispro portionately the freedom of expression and association of law abiding members of certain groups This percep tion risks undermining any otherwise beneficial aspects of the Guidelines by alienating the very communities whose cooperation is most essential Other chilling effects from the FBI s activities include questioning donors of certain charities and creating an atmosphere of suspicion among community members resulting in smaller participation in activities and canceled trips abroad to avoid appearing suspicious The Guidelines have been criticized widely by members of the Senate and civil liberty advocates The invasive investigative methods permitted by the Guidelines the report finds inhibit developing healthy police community relations that support counterterrorism strategies and creates a glut of unnecessary information Some perceive investigations under these Guidelines to impact dispro portionately the freedom of expression and association of law abiding members of certain groups This percep tion risks undermining any otherwise beneficial aspects of the Guidelines by alienating the very communities whose cooperation is most essential Moreover the sheer volume of information collected raises the concern that it will elude meaningful analysis Written by Emily Berman at the Brennan Center For Justice the report recommends some of the powers extended to the FBI be curtailed and checks on FBI powers either installed or reinstituted These checks would include changing internal procedures and regular external checks from Congress and the public The FBI has not made any public comments about the report Daveed Gartenstein Ross director of the Center for Terrorism Research at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies was critical of the report s findings He argues that FBI cases should be considered in context and that profiling based on race religion or ethnicity is sometimes necessary to help advance legitimate investigations Patterns of Misconduct FBI Intelligence Violations from 2001 2008

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/FBI_Powers_Unchecked_Too_broad (2016-02-16)
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  • Report: Policing Not Enough to Stop Homegrown Terrorists | Charity & Security Network
    most likely become violent Individuals arrested for and convicted the report finds do not fall into any pattern of age national origin economic class or favored style of clothing There is no identifiable profile According to the report the pathways to violent extremism in America remain largely misunderstood by law enforcement and the intelligence community Rather than identifying and addressing the underlying issues that motivate people to want to commit terrorist attacks U S counterterrorism officials focus on the factors e g participation on a jihadist websites that help transform a law abiding citizen into someone willing to commit acts of violence I t is very difficult to map with any degree of clarity or consistency who is most likely to take the step from radicalization to violence and when and why an individual may do so the report says To counter this threat the report recommends a comprehensive strategy that does not hinge on successfully stopping every individual instance of radicalization but on trying to minimize and manage risk at the macro level Instead of relying on operational approaches by law enforcement such as conducting covert surveillance operations the use of informants and racial profiling the report says a successful counterterrorism strategy would address the real or perceived feelings of exclusion and alienation on which violent extremism survives This does not mean we should sacrifice our vital strategic goals to avoid feeding into violent extremist narratives but rather a clear eyed realization that our actions and choices are not undertaken in a vacuum they can be critical factors helping contribute to the root level drivers of domestic radicalization or helping to provide a bulwark against them According to their website ASP is is a non profit bipartisan public policy and research organization dedicated to fostering knowledge and understanding of

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Report_Policing_Not_Enough_to_Stop_Homegrown_Terrorists (2016-02-16)
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  • Report: CRS on Combating Domestic Violent Extremism | Charity & Security Network
    factors It also quotes terrorism expert Brian Michael Jenkins of RAND saying There is no easily identifiable terrorist prone personality no single path to radicalization and terrorism Many people may share the same views and only a handful of the radicals will go further to become terrorists The report also describes the Al Capone approach of apprehending individuals possibly linked to terrorist activity on lesser non terrorism related crimes such as immigration violations as one of the more common tactics used by law enforcement This tactic combined with the use of informants and spies at protests activist group meetings and places of worship have contributed to an erosion of trust among some groups for law enforcement Civil rights and civil libertarian advocates have warned that these types of counter terrorism policies that discriminate against religious or political groups could actually be creating an ominous self fulfilling prophecy Another counterterrorism tool CRS cites is increased engagement and partnerships between law enforcement and American Muslim communities across the country A list of programs started by American Muslim organizations to counter extremism and an appendix listing federal state and local authorities efforts to work with American Muslim communities is contained in the report It describes how Muslim Americans have established several programs to better understand and reject violent extremism like the Muslim American Society s Straight Path Initiative which focuses on rooting out potential extremism The Muslim Public Affairs Council has produced an analysis of the different radicalization theories and outlined a strategy to improve this engagement policy and a background paper documenting 16 terrorist plots disrupted with Muslim community assistance nine of which involved homegrown jihadist cases This type of activity led Attorney General Eric Holder to say that members of the American Muslim community have provided critical assistance to law enforcement

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Report_CRS_Combating_Domestic_Violent_Extremism (2016-02-16)
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  • To Increase Peace, Tackle Corruption, Report States | Charity & Security Network
    result in large decreases in peace Examining Corruption According to the report corruption is commonly defined as the abuse of entrusted power for private gain and includes acts such as bribery fraud extortion embezzlement and kickbacks The most significant forms of corruption associated with falling levels of peace are within the police judiciary and government Increases in police and judicial corruption directly undermine the rule of law thereby increasing political instability which can lead to the collapse of those institutions which were designed to prevent violence and conflict the report states The report found 64 countries that could be considered at our near the tipping point of corruption The countries at or near the tipping point include authoritarian regimes hybrid regimes and flawed democracies The strongest democracies tend to be the most peaceful and the most corrupt There are no democracies below the tipping point Global Peace Index Pease was assessed in the report using the Global Peace Index GPI the world s main measure of national peacefulness It defines peace as the absence of violence or the fear of violence and measures three domains the extent to which countries are involved in ongoing domestic and international conflicts the level of societal safety and security and the extent to which a country is militarized Once a country moves through the tipping point the report explains eight internal indicators from the GPI deteriorate dramatically These indicators are political terror political instability violent crime violent demonstrations organized conflict access to small arms and light weapons the homicide rate and level of perceived criminality in society At the same time as countries transition out of the tipping point to lower levels of corruption they become more peaceful as shown by these indicators Countries with the largest deteriorations in peace over the last seven

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/resource/Peace_and_Corruption_Report (2016-02-16)
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  • Report: Injustices, Not Economics, Drive Youth Recruitment in Armed Groups | Charity & Security Network
    create positive outcomes for youth in conflict ridden areas However these programs must be tailored to address the sources of violence rather than the symptoms and implementing agencies must understand the local context spend time building trust and coordinate with other aid groups A holistic systems approach looks at the various worlds that youth move through family school work peers recreation and seeks to engage on each of these layers It is essential however that interventions be tailored to local context and drivers of conflict and developed with local youth Creating meaningful connections between groups has been shown to reduce support for political violence while simply increasing social connections only increases support for it The type of interactions rather than the quantity is key The academic literature on recruitment to political violence increasingly sees it as an interplay of push and pull factors Armed groups offer a way to escape or avenge the frustrations of society as well as purpose dignity and a sense of belonging Usually these groups are borne out of a weak venal or violent state Without meaningful reform of these governments creating meaningful opportunities for youth and improved security is only part of the solution Integral to this work is lengthening the timeline for successful outcomes along with flexibility deep local engagement and a tolerance for risk Aid programs employ few if any of these into their work The impulse to move fast thwarts thoughtful locally rooted programs the report states As civil society moves towards this new paradigm it is clear that there is much that is unknown The proper mix of programs exactly how to implement them and the appropriate timeline are just a few of the variables As groups chart their new course the development community must speak with one voice to address

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/node/1291 (2016-02-16)
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  • Report: Does CVE Work? | Charity & Security Network
    be evidence based The report reviews publicly available research on CVE to find lessons from past experience with government efforts to engage communities on countering terrorism It then analyzes how those evaluations have impacted the evolution of CVE The report finds that governments have begun to integrate knowledge from their initial forays into the CVE space and that CVE has become better focused on the risk of extremist behavior over time As such second wave CVE measures are focused on a series of refined initiatives at the community level alongside a stronger focus on individual level interventions They also are more likely to target those most at risk of committing extremist violence rather than those that may be sympathetic to extremist ideas a welcome development the report states At the same time these second wave programs present challenges and the report recommends that governments and nongovernmental organizations NGOs institutionalize evidentiary learning on CVE Read the full report here Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/Report_Does_CVE_Work (2016-02-16)
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