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  • New Report for Funders: Challenging the Closing Civil Society Space | Charity & Security Network
    valued relationship between private funders and business enterprises Countering the impact of counter terrorism policies Sustainable Development Goals SDGs with particular focus on Goals 16 and 17 which emphasize strengthening the global public private and civil society partnerships available and to engage with initiatives such as the SDG Philanthropy Platform International Norm setting to protect and promote international and regional institutions from becoming hijacked by authoritarian governments Counter narratives to diversify information and opinion around civil society s mission and values so as to counteract the growing fear and mistrust Diplomatic response to make a cohesive effort across governments international institutions private philanthropy and civil society Developing resilience to find short term and long term strategies specific to different regions so as to provide a more targeted response to the problem In particular the session focused on countering the impact of counter terrorism policies Lever 2 which highlighted a growing concern for the negative effect that Financial Access Task Force FATF recommendations can have on civil society The report criticizes FATF for not upholding transparency and accountability standards with one participant condemning the organization for the structured abuse of the NGO sector The session identified key next steps which include educating FATF officials advocating for a risk based approach rather than catch all over broad legislation establishing transparent rules to guide NGO participation and increasing engagement with national governments that claim that they simply don t hear concerns from domestic civil society actors about counter terrorism measures and it is therefore just an elite concern Ariadne IHRFG and EFC hope that this report and its workshop can promote collaboration between civil society actors and bring these groups one step closer to presenting cohesive tangible strategies to minimize the shrinking space The report declares This is long term work We will

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/Funders_Challenger_Closing_Civil_Society_Space (2016-02-16)
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  • Risk Management Toolkit Assists Humanitarian Orgs with Counterterrorism Measures | Charity & Security Network
    humanitarian actors must be careful of both the criminal and contractual risks presented by counterterrorism measures The toolkit looks at a variety of approaches including codes of conduct due diligence human resource and anti diversion policies as well as monitoring and evaluation procedures The first part of the toolkit summarizes the counterterrorism policy environment and includes an overview of the relationship between counterterrorism measures and IHL UN Security Council UNSC resolutions related to counterterrorism and a sample of counterterrorism laws introduced by some member states The second part outlines donor counterterrorism clauses and discusses specifics of these that should be examined closely by humanitarian organizations The third part of the toolkit looks at risk management and mitigation Finally the last section outlines ideas and methods for a risk management framework based on the methods tools and procedures used by various humanitarian organizations It also covers enterprise risk management ERM and monitoring and evaluation M E The toolkit is available here Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/NRC_Risk_Management_Toolkit (2016-02-16)
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  • Bank De-risking Represents Market Failure, Report Says | Charity & Security Network
    It adds that de risking actually contributes to increased vulnerability by pushing high risk clients into smaller financial institutions that may lack adequate AML CFT capacity or even out of the formal financial sector all together Regulatory authorities have been unable to keep up with market trends in this area the report explains At the same time a lack of accountability and leadership to address de risking together with ambiguous regulatory frameworks and a lack of data means that no one has taken responsibility for addressing the problem Bank de risking also has public relations repercussions the report notes as banks are seen as cutting off crucial funds to vulnerable populations Many financial institutions have opted to exit relationships deemed high risk including money service businesses foreign embassies international charities and correspondent banks Closures of these clients accounts also affect the populations these sectors serve Charities operating in conflict and other sensitive environments rely on all of these channels to move much needed resources internationally the report states Part of the problem the report explains is that regulatory schemes designed to offer flexibility are also ambiguous and subjective The fact that large fines have been imposed for noncompliance only adds to the risk aversion The report recommends that regulatory authorities gather data on de risking produce guidance to provide clarity on AML CFT requirements and assume a leadership role in stakeholder convenings among other items Financial institutions should review and revise their Know Your Customer policies and procedures to better mitigate and manage risk Banking customers including nonprofits should identify core vulnerabilities provide continued staff trainings on AML CT standards including the flagging of suspicious transactions and focus on front end de risking by conducting enhanced assessment prior to client onboarding Read the full report here Issues Humanitarian Access Material

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/Derisking_Report_Market_Failure (2016-02-16)
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  • Global Terrorism Index 2015 | Charity & Security Network
    in countries without any ongoing conflict and any form of political terror according to the report In 2014 most deaths from terrorism occurred in just three countries Syria Iraq and Nigeria In fact Nigeria saw the largest increase in terrorist deaths ever recorded by any country last year an increase of more than 300 percent to 7 512 fatalities Boko Haram which operates mainly in Nigeria has become the deadliest terrorist group in the world with 6 644 deaths attributed to the group 6 073 deaths were attributed to ISIL Nigeria has also seen the rise of a second terrorist group the Fulani militants who killed 1 229 people in 2014 compared to 63 deaths in 2013 Foreign Fighters Foreign fighters continue to flow into Iraq and Syria Since 2011 an estimated 25 000 to 30 000 fighters from 100 different countries traveled to those two countries The report adds that approximately 7 000 new recruits arrived in Iraq and Syria in the first half of 2015 About half of all foreign fighters are from Middle East and North African countries 21 percent are from Europe Drivers of Violent Extremism When analyzing the factors correlating to terrorism different factors were found to be statistically significant depending on the country s wealth In the richer OECD countries socioeconomic factors such as youth unemployment confidence in the press belief in democracy drug crime and attitudes towards immigration are the most statistically significant factors correlating with terrorism This corresponds with many of the underlying drivers of radicalization and lone wolf terrorism the report notes In non OECD countries a history of armed conflict ongoing conflict within the country corruption and a weak business environment are more strongly correlated with terrorism the report found Factors common to both groups of countries include lower respect

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/Global_Terrorism_Index_2015 (2016-02-16)
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  • Report Highlights Conflict Between Counterterrorism Laws and Humanitarian Action | Charity & Security Network
    humanitarian organizations restrictions on travel or greater government scrutiny of national and regional aid organization staff They can also create chilling effect on humanitarian action meaning that aid organizations may decide not engage in life saving work for fear that they will violate counterterrorism laws The report looks at looks at the many obligations of states trying to stem the threat of foreign terrorist fighters FTF and how states have met these requirements One year after the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 2178 2014 which defines foreign terrorist fighters this report looks at how some states have implemented the FTF related obligations imposed by Resolution 2178 It then looks at whether those same states are supporting or not actively curtailing humanitarian aid and assistance especially in relation to conflicts involving FTFs and other terrorists The majority of the states surveyed for the report have not created protections for humanitarian action such as exemption clauses in their counterterrorism laws This is particularly poignant if we remember that Resolution 2178 is one of the few to call for counterterrorism actions consistent with international humanitarian law the report states Read the full report here Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/Report_CT_Laws_Conflict_Humanitarian_Action (2016-02-16)
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  • Resources | Charity & Security Network
    states have an obligation under international law to both protect the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association and to promote those rights Read more about Sectoral Equity UN Special Rapporteur Finds Disparities in Laws for Businesses Associations Counterterrorism Laws Impede Delivery of Medical Care in Armed Conflict Date September 9 2015 Medical care for wounded combatants is compromised by counterterrorism laws and policies according to a new report from the Harvard Law School Program on International Law and Armed Conflict Medical Care in Armed Conflict International Humanitarian Law and State Responses to Terrorism Read more about Counterterrorism Laws Impede Delivery of Medical Care in Armed Conflict Report The Impact of FATF Recommendation 8 on Civil Society in Europe and Asia Date August 20 2015 Foreign policy concerns regarding an enabling environment for civil society organizations CSOs are frequently contradicted by the actions that states demand in the name of counter terrorism according to an August 2015 report by Statewatch and the Human Security Collective Countering terrorism or constraining civil society Read more about Report The Impact of FATF Recommendation 8 on Civil Society in Europe and Asia Report How Civil Society Engagement can help the UN Peacebuilding s Architecture Meet its Purpose Date August 7 2015 In April 2015 the Quaker United Nations Group and the Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict released a report titled How Civil Society Engagement can help the UN Peacebuilding s Architecture Meet its Purpose In addition to reviewing the UN s Peacebuilding Architecture PBA the report explains how civil society is a vital link to the UN peacebuilding efforts as it helps the UN better understand the people and communities they serve Read more about Report How Civil Society Engagement can help the UN Peacebuilding s Architecture Meet its Purpose CSN Essay on FATF in State of Civil Society Report 2015 Date July 20 2015 An essay on FATF by the Charity Security Network s Kay Guinane is among the 27 guest contributions commissioned by CIVICUS for its State of Civil Society Report 2015 focus on civil society resourcing Read more about CSN Essay on FATF in State of Civil Society Report 2015 Report 2015 Global Peace Index Date June 24 2015 On June 17 2015 the Institute for Economics Peace released the 2015 Global Peace Index a study highlighting trends of peace and violence around the world It ranks independent states based on several qualitative and qualitative indicators as well as assesses global peace by the degree of safety and security in society the scale of domestic and international conflict and the extent of militarization Read more about Report 2015 Global Peace Index Study Building Peace in Permanent War Terrorist Listing and Conflict Transformation Date June 17 2015 There is a growing consensus that laws prohibiting support to listed entities have contributed to a shrinking space for those seeking to establish the conditions conducive to peace This is the conclusion of a groundbreaking March 2015 report by the

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/resources?type=studies_analysis&tid=All&page=1 (2016-02-16)
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  • Resources | Charity & Security Network
    organizations which aim to provide relief to the most vulnerable in high risk conflict zones struggle to effectively carrying out their tasks due to government and donor country counterterrorism efforts Read more about New Study UK Humanitarian Aid in the Age of Counterterrorism Perceptions and Reality Study Hanging By a Thread The Ongoing Threat to Somalia s Remittance Lifeline Date February 23 2015 On Feb 19 2015 Adeso the Global Center on Cooperative Security and Oxfam released Hanging by a Thread The Ongoing Threat to Somalia s Remittance Lifeline which details how bank account closures impact many Somalians who depend on remittances in order to fulfill basic survival needs and invest in small businesses Remittances are handled by Money Transfer Operations MTOs who rely on banks to transfer the funds internationally Read more about Study Hanging By a Thread The Ongoing Threat to Somalia s Remittance Lifeline Study Communications technology and humanitarian delivery challenges and opportunities for security risk management Date November 21 2014 European Interagency Security Forum published Communications technology and humanitarian delivery challenges and opportunities for security risk management in October 2014 Here is their summary Read more about Study Communications technology and humanitarian delivery challenges and opportunities for security risk management UN Releases Report on the Impact of Multilateral Organizations on Civil Society Freedoms Citing FATF Date October 17 2014 The UN has released the report of Maina Kiai the Special Rapporteur on freedoms of peaceful assembly and of assocation that addresses concerns about the exercise of the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association in the context of multilateral organizations generally defined as groups made of up of three or more countries Read more about UN Releases Report on the Impact of Multilateral Organizations on Civil Society Freedoms Citing FATF Human Rights Watch and ACLU Report Shows Impact of Mass Surveillance on Journalists and Lawyers Date July 31 2014 A July report by Human Rights Watch and the ACLU finds that mass surveillance programs used by the U S violate the rights of journalists and lawyers and create a chilling impact on their work With Liberty to Monitor All How Large Scale U S Read more about Human Rights Watch and ACLU Report Shows Impact of Mass Surveillance on Journalists and Lawyers Report Terrorist Listing Delisting Process Unconstitutional Needs Reforms Date July 24 2014 In July the Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights of the San Francisco Bay Area LCCR published a report on the violations of due process rights in Treasury Dept s terrorist designation and delisting process The report covers the problems caused by the process the legal framework that has allowed Treasury to violate due process rights and the legal problems that must be addressed to correct the system Read more about Report Terrorist Listing Delisting Process Unconstitutional Needs Reforms Report The OFAC List Due process challenges in designation and delisting by LCCR of SF Bay Area Date July 18 2014 A July 2014 report by the Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/resources?type=studies_analysis&tid=All&page=2 (2016-02-16)
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  • Resources | Charity & Security Network
    of humanitarian action It finds that humanitarian action has seen massive changes resulting in a need for increase security for organizations working in conflict areas For example there are now many more parties involved including governments private sect Read more about Study The Future of Humanitarian Security in Fragile Contexts by EISF Study Examines Anti Diversion Policies of Humanitarian Organizations Date June 5 2014 The Harvard Law School Brookings Project on Law and Security published a May 2014 study outlining the procedures humanitarian groups use to ensure their aid is not diverted to unintended recipients Read more about Study Examines Anti Diversion Policies of Humanitarian Organizations Study Examines Counterterrorism Clauses in Grants Date May 22 2014 The Harvard Law School Brookings Project on Law and Security published a May 2014 An Analysis of Contemporary Counterterrorism related Clauses in Humanitarian Grant and Partnership Agreement Contracts that takes an in depth look at donor imposed counterterrorism obligations on humanitarian organizations Read more about Study Examines Counterterrorism Clauses in Grants Report Protect and Expand Space for Civil Society Date March 13 2014 Reform repressive laws that harm civil society says a March 2014 report from the Act Alliance and CIDSE The report cites a growing trend of governments passing laws and regulations that impair civil society groups ability to assemble carry out programs and operate without fear Civil society must have space to speak out to educate and mobilize in short to ensure that everyone gets a say in the way their country is run said the report Read more about Report Protect and Expand Space for Civil Society Report Restrictive Laws Are Cracking Down on Global Human Rights Defenders Date February 27 2014 The 2014 annual report from Front Line Defenders cites restrictive legislation as a major concern for global human rights defenders HRDs The report highlights many countries around the world that have used legal and regulatory measures to crack down on civil society and HRDs in particular They also found documented instances of at least 26 HRDs who were killed for their work promoting human rights According to the report Read more about Report Restrictive Laws Are Cracking Down on Global Human Rights Defenders Study FATF Doesn t Do Enough to Evaluate Effectiveness Monitor Potential Harms Date February 18 2014 A Jan 30 2014 study commissioned by the International Monetary Fund IMF found deficiencies in the evaluation process undertaken by the Financial Action Task Force FATF The FATF a global intergovernmental organization that recommends anti terrorist financing standards evaluates government s compliance with recommendations and publishes their ratings Read more about Study FATF Doesn t Do Enough to Evaluate Effectiveness Monitor Potential Harms Law Review Transformation of International Law Post 9 11 Date January 30 2014 The changes in how lawyers approach the use of international humanitarian law IHL and international human rights law IHRL in the post 9 11 landscape are discussed in a January 2014 law review Naz K Modirzadeh argues that folk international law a law like

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/resources?type=studies_analysis&tid=All&page=3 (2016-02-16)
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