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  • Experts Describe Tensions Between U.S. Laws and Providing Humanitarian Assistance | Charity & Security Network
    zones Summarizing the different types of conflict Swift summarized what humanitarian assistance is permitted under each classification and where the protocols of the Conventions are either ignored or blurred by military actors Having been the defense counsel in the Supreme Court case Hamdan v Rumsfeld he shared his intimate knowledge of how the landmark case changed U S policies Swift s PowerPoint presentation is available here Jennifer Turner a human rights researcher at the ACLU shared her concerns about several U S anti financing counterterrorism laws and the findings from Blocking Faith Freezing Charity Chilling Muslim Charitable Giving in the War on Terrorism Financing The report provides a comprehensive overview of how counterterrorism laws and policies have infringed on the civil liberties and rights of American Muslim charitable groups and individuals The laws have been responsible for closing down charities with little or no chance of challenging the claims of terrorism and have had a chilling effect on donors who worry about financially supporting groups who might be targeted by the government for supporting terrorism Providing a human face to the charitable groups and people negatively impacted by harmful U S counterterrorism laws was the Chief Operating Officer of Life for Relief Development M ohammed Alomari He outlined a series of events that eventually resulted in the charity being shut down by the government having their assets and donations seized and its donors hassled and frightened by repeated government inquiries and contacts The charity is still operating and Alomari is hopeful that a different spirit from the current administration will protect the rights of American Muslims Jan Lane a Policy Advisor and Senior Fellow at the Homeland Security Policy Institute had previously served as Vice President of Public Policy and Strategic Partnerships for the American Red Cross She talked about

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Experts_Tensions_U.S._Laws_Providing_Humanitarian_Assistance (2016-02-16)
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  • Panel of Experts Explain How the Work of Charities Counters Terror
    and a culture of fear for civil society organizations After the event Amparo Sánchez was returning to Colombia to explore potential openings in negotiations between the government and FARC rebel forces This type of conflict resolution activity is illegal for her American NGO colleagues since the Patriot Act defines it as material support of terrorism Nashashibi the Director Palestinian Counseling Center and Lecturer at Bir Zeit University criticized CTMs which she believes leads to violence toward the Palestinians She explained how the political situation in the region complicates the impact of certain CTMs For example Nashashibi said the fact that many Palestinian civil society groups are borne out of political parties which have been labeled as terrorist groups creates barriers to neutral aid delivery In response to CTMs in the United States Rob Buchanan 9 of the Council on Foundations explained why U S NGOs have called for withdrawal of the Treasury Department s Anti Terrorist Financing Guidelines Guidelines Buchanan the Council s Managing Director of International Programs said the Guidelines are short sighted and divert the resources of charities from reducing hardships of those in need toward a seemingly endless request of paperwork and unnecessary oversight by the government He also criticized the Treasury Department for mistakenly believing legitimate charities are vulnerable to abuse by terrorists Offering a closer examination of Treasury s own behavior Buchanan said that out of the approximate 1 8 million charitable groups in the United States Treasury has moved against 7 of them to shut them down and only one was convicted on anti terrorism charges Evan Elliott 10 the Advocacy Coordinator at InterAction outlined USAID s proposed Partner Vetting System link to issue brief plan to require grantees to collect and submit highly detailed personal information on people in partner organizations to be checked against U S intelligence databases The proposal has been criticized by numerous advocacy and charitable organizations as unnecessary poorly designed and even dangerous to relief workers Elliott stated that the partner vetting system is a poorly designed CTM because it doesn t contribute to security and does not protect the work of those striving to protect human rights or defend development He also emphasized the lack of due process available under PVS to groups forced to turn over information to USAID He concluded that PVS which is slated to go in effect in early April 2009 needs to be discarded because it won t work and will undermine US development and human programs The event and guests were sponsored by the Charity and Security Network and Cordaid a Dutch aid and development organization Attachment Size 1 Doug Rutzen introduction 2 minutes mp3 11 1 5 MB 2 Alistair Miller 6 minutes mp3 12 5 05 MB 3 Olga Amparo Sanchez 11 minutes mp3 13 9 17 MB NGO leaders from Friend Not Foe event jpg 14 70 93 KB 4 Rana Nashashibi 9 minutes mp3 15 6 87 MB 5 Rob Buchanan 11 minutes mp3 16 9 15 MB

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/164 (2016-02-16)
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  • March 20, 2009 Panel Event- Friend Not Foe: How the Work of Charities Counters Terror | Charity & Security Network
    with security measures placing their specific experience in a larger framework of the impact on the work of NGOs A summary of the event Click here for a complete transcript including questions and answers of the entire event Click on the speaker s name to listen to their presentations Welcoming Remarks Douglas Rutzen President of the International Center for Not for Profit Law Overview of the report Friend not Foe Civil Society and the Struggle against Violent Extremism Alistair Millar Vice President Fourth Freedom Forum Speakers Rana Nashashibi Director Palestinian Counseling Center Olga Amparo Sánchez Director of Casa de La Mujer in Bogotá Colombia Rob Buchanan Managing Director International Programs Council on Foundations Evan Elliott Advocacy Coordinator InterAction Additional information about the panel s speakers Douglas Rutzen is President and CEO of the International Center for Not for Profit Law ICNL which has worked in over 100 countries on the legal framework for civil society and public participation Doug is also an adjunct professor at Georgetown University Law Center serves on the Advisory Group of Civil Society Watch and has worked on counter terrorism issues for over 20 years Alistair Millar is the Director of the Center on Global Counterterrorism Cooperation He has written numerous chapters articles and reports on international counterterrorism efforts sanctions regimes and nonproliferation He is author with Eric Rosand of Allied against Terrorism What s Needed to Strengthen Worldwide Commitment published by the Century Foundation in 2006 He has an MA from Leeds University and is a PhD candidate at the University of Bradford in the United Kingdom Olga Amparo Sánchez is Director of Casa de La Mujer in Bogotá Colombia Casa de la Mujer is part of the movement of the Ruta Pacifica of Women CLADEM and the Conflict Forum on Women and Armed Olga is presently heading the Technical Secretariat of the Feminist Latin American and Caribbean Network for A life without violence for women Rana Nashashibi is director of the Palestinian Counseling Center and Lecture in psychology at Bir Zeit University in the West Bank Was a lecturer in Developmental Psychology and Counseling at Al Quds University from 1992 1998 was awarded the Hubert Humphrey Fellowship and spent a year at the University of Washington in 1994 95 began lecturing in Counseling Theory and Practice at Birzeit University in 1996 served as a Consultant of the PA Ministries of Social Affairs and Education from 1997 since 2002 PhD candidate at the European Graduate School Switzerland has been involved in activities at the Tamer Institute for Community Development and the Palestinian Center for the Rehabilitation of Torture Victims Rob Buchanan is Managing Director of International Programs at the Council on Foundations in Arlington VA Rob s previous experience includes ten years with Oxfam America serving for five years as Program Director for the Horn of Africa and subsequently as the organization s Washington Representative Rob also worked on global environmental and international development issues for EarthAction In addition he served on the staffs of

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/background/Panel_Event_Friend_Not_Foe_How_Work_Charities_Counters_Terror (2016-02-16)
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  • Congressional Briefing: Effective Counterterrorism for a New Era
    New Era The briefing brought together a panel of experts in counterterrorism civil society and military to discuss strategies for reforming U S counterterrorism measures to be more cost effective and efficient Video of the event is below Click here for a Transcript of the event 2 Part 1 Part 2 Heather Hurlburt Executive Director of the National Security Network discussed the need for non kinetic forms of counterterrorism including peacebuilding and development programs Hurlburt stressed that these were vital ways to delegitimize terrorism and show would be terrorists that their methods would not get effective Both Cindy Huang Director of Policy for the Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations at the State Dept and Mahbouba Seraj Chairperson of the Board at Afghan Women s Network agreed with Hurlburt on the importance of civil society Seraj illustrated the benefit that civil society groups have had in her native Afghanistan Huang noted that local civil society partners were vital to the work being done by the U S government around the world Retired Colonel for U S Army Civil Affairs Christopher Holshek focused his comments on the importance of a whole of society approach to countering terrorism Holsheck contends that the

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/1004 (2016-02-16)
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  • Send by email | Charity & Security Network
    to audio verification Home page Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN Joins More

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/printmail/1004 (2016-02-16)
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  • Background: Material Support and the Need for NGO Access to Civilians in Need
    national security Our proposal would change the policy to allow nonviolent conflict resolution services such as peacebuilding programs and legal representation and humanitarian aid and when such aid is conducted in accordance with long accepted standards of charitable practice such as the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief and the P 2 rinciples of International Charity 2 1 is provided only to noncombatants in need with priority to the most vulnerable and when contact communications and logistical arrangements with a listed organization cannot reasonably be avoided Humanitarian aid means any of the following types of aid which are already protected under the Geneva Conventions Care of the wounded and sick including the provision of medical services and hospital stores Supplies essential to survival such as foodstuffs water clothing shelter and sanitation services including repair and restoration of infrastructure necessary for delivery Objects necessary for religious worship Facilitation of strictly personal communications between family members Goods and services for the maintenance and education of children under the age of 15 Communications regarding security and logistics necessary to provide any of the materials described in this subsection Under our proposal no license would be required for an organization to provide humanitarian aid but any organization providing such aid would be required to notify the Attorney General and Secretary of State that it is doing so Statutory Background Two federal laws and Executive Order EO 13224 bar anyone including charities and foundations from engaging in transactions with terrorist organizations This includes humanitarian aid conflict resolution programs and other nonviolent activities Providing material support to designated terrorist organizations is prohibited by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act AEDPA which was enacted in 1996 and later amended by the USA PATRIOT Act in 2001 and 2004 4 AEDPA authorizes the Secretary of State to designate foreign terrorist organizations 5 and makes it a crime for any person or organization to knowingly provide attempt or conspire to provide material support or resources to a designated entity regardless of the character or intent of the support provided 6 AEDPA defines material support or resources as any property tangible or intangible or service including currency or monetary instruments or financial securities financial services lodging training expert advice or assistance safe houses false documentation or identification communications equipment facilities weapons lethal substances explosives personnel 1 or more individuals who may be or include oneself and transportation 7 Each term within the definition is then further defined within the statute The only exceptions to material support or resources are for medical and religious materials which may be given to a foreign terrorist organization in unlimited amounts 8 Under ADEPA all support is presumed to further a designated organization s terrorist operations regardless of whether that support furthers its nonviolent operations The Secretary of State and Attorney General may approve exceptions for aid in the form of training personnel and expert advice or assistance where the Secretary determines that the

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/228 (2016-02-16)
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  • Send by email | Charity & Security Network
    sensitive Switch to audio verification Home page Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/printmail/228 (2016-02-16)
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  • Congressional Briefing: A Crisis in Humanitarian Access to Civilians
    I Panelist Presentations Part II Q A and Closing Remarks The event was moderated by William Burke White Deputy Dean and Professor of Law at the University of Pennsylvania Law School Mr Burke White previously served in the Obama Administration from 2009 2011 as Secretary of State Clinton s Policy Planning Staff where he advised on multilateral diplomacy and international institutions Featured Speakers Elizabeth Holland Associate with Foley Hoag LLP Prior to joining Foley Hoag Ms Holland was the Program Associate and Head of Curriculum Development with the Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research at Harvard University where she focused on international humanitarian law counterterrorism regulations and humanitarian assistance Jeremy Konyndyk Director of Policy and Advocacy for Mercy Corps Mr Konyndyk has worked in the relief and development field for over a decade engaging in post conflict recovery operations in Kosovo Guinea Sudan and Uganda Gerard McHugh Founder and President of Conflict Dynamics International For over a decade Mr McHugh has worked on international conflict resolution and humanitarian policy He founded Conflict Dynamics in 2004 to function as an independent organization to prevent conflict and alleviate suffering caused by conflict and other crises around the world Dr Ken Menkhaus

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/825 (2016-02-16)
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