archive-org.com » ORG » C » CHARITYANDSECURITY.ORG

Total: 1481

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Panel of Experts Reviews Need for Action to Fulfill Obama's Cairo Commitment | Charity & Security Network
    Guidelines for U S Charities He called them counterproductive and ineffective He noted that leaders in the nonprofit sector have repeatedly called for their withdrawal and replacement with the Principles of International Charity a document published in 2005 by a group of experts from the charitable sector Ellen D Willmott Deputy General Counsel for Save the Children USA described the real world consequences from restrictive and punitive counterterrorism measures Willmott said by the material support laws force humanitarian workers in Gaza to limit who receives aid for basic essential items such as food clean water and educational materials to children She said this violates humanitarian principles of non discrimination As a result organizations like hers provide resources to a limited number of children in private schools but are unable to respond to the needs of children in public schools Stephen I Vladeck a law professor at American University Washington College of Law and nationally recognized expert on the role of the federal courts in the war on terrorism provided an analysis of several legal cases and ruling that impact the charitable work He explained how rulings in the KindHearts case that Fourth and Fifth Amendment rights of the charity were violated and the eventual decision from the Supreme Court case Holder v Humanitarian Law Project could favorably impact the work of charitable groups Sahar Aziz a civil rights attorney offered a series of model reforms for aligning counterterrorism measures with fundamental humanitarian principles Highlighted principles to guide reforms Aziz emphasized the importance of putting the humanitarian imperative first and that human rights and security laws can be complementary Kay Guinane Program Manager at the Charity and Security Network concluded the panel discussion by calling on the President and officials in his administration to adopt a big picture approach She said

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/CSNEvents/Experts_Reviews_Obamas_Cairo_Commitment (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Authors Highlight the Securitization of Aid and Restrictions on Nonprofits | Charity & Security Network
    shift in the allocation of aid funds overall which continue to be on education and health and not toward the reduction of poverty or addressing political grievances which often contribute to violent extremism The results of the merger between development strategy and security concerns are troubling to Lind The involvement of militaries delivering development aid has generated significant controversy surrounding the blurring of boundaries between military and civilian efforts jeopardizing the safety of aid workers According to Lind it was safer for aid agencies to operate in Afghanistan when the Taliban were ruling than it is currently Indeed 2008 was the most dangerous year ever for aid workers with more aid workers killed than UN peacekeepers Howell described the recent relationship between nonprofits and government as diminished In the 1990s nonprofits were praised by several governments for their vital role in overthrowing authoritarian regimes and establishing new democracies in Africa Latin America Europe and Asia But after 9 11 many governments growing concerns about the work and jurisdiction of nonprofits combined with expansive counterterrorism powers contributed to their reduction in scope and effectiveness Even under the Obama administration which has pledged to undo some of the damaging policies of the past administration Howell said that many counterterrorism measures CTMs are unlikely to be removed or replaced Despite some progress in removing certain elements of The War on Terror and greater resistance by some sections of civil society the counter terrorist legislation policies and practices introduced since 9 11 remain deeply entrenched Howell said These policies have had negative consequences for international development and for civil society actors Kay Guinane Program Manager of the Charity and Security Network who contributed the chapter on the U S began the discussion by mentioning positive developments including President Obama s speech in Cairo the

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Authors_Highlight_the_Securitization_Aid_Restrictions_Nonprofits (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Event Recap: A Briefing on What's at Stake in the Supreme Court Case Holder v. Humanitarian Law Project | Charity & Security Network
    and legislation He concluded his comments by clarifying that this case was not about charitable donations but rather about other types of material support that are non monetary that include assistance counseling and other types of conduct Following Vladeck Shayana Kadidal co counsel of the Humanitarian Law Project and a senior managing attorney at the Center for Constitutional Rights explained how the Humanitarian Law Project s works specialize in nonviolent conflict resolution and wanted to enter into discussion with a designated group about peacefully resolving its disputes carrying out human rights monitoring and bringing various human rights complaints to international bodies Kadidal also described a common but complex situation often encountered by nonprofits and aid agencies delivering humanitarian aid to people trapped in areas controlled by a designated group The LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam were basically the functioning government in the eastern parts of Sri Lanka these were areas heavily affected by the civil war but also devastated by the Boxing Day tsunami in 2004 As the functioning government it was very difficult to do material humanitarian aid without dealing with the LTTE in one way or another see Legal Roadblocks for U S Famine Relief to Somalia Creating Humanitarian Crisis for more examples of how the laws complicate humanitarian aid delivery The final speaker Lisa Schirch professor of peacebuilding at Eastern Mennonite University and director of the 3D Security Initiative characterized the material support statute as a deterrent on humanitarian operations around the world As an example Schirch described how her participation in a peacebuilding project in Afghanistan called the Afghanistan Pathways to Peace is complicated by the material support laws It s never clear to me when I m sitting with a large group of people in a room in Kabul who in the room may

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Event_Briefing_Whats_Stake_Supreme_Court_Case_Holder_Humanitarian_Law_Project (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Roundtable Discussion on Zakat Committees Highlights Problems with Anti-Terror Regime | Charity & Security Network
    communities These zakat committees were largely independent from government or political influence However the committees loose structure was formalized by the Jordanian government in the 1970s More recently they have evolved in a changing socio political context under Israeli occupation and successive Jordanian and Palestinian authority These changes in governance and structure have led to questions about their independence from political bias Benthall dismissed criticism from Mathew Levitt a senior fellow at the Washington Institute and a former Treasury official that alleges many zakat committees help groups such as Hamas to win the hearts and minds of the people or that they are used to recruit members Benthall believes it is a commonly made mistake to associate everything in the Palestinian states with support for Hamas In his 2008 report The Palestinian zakat committees 1993 2007 and their Contested Interpretations Benthall said There is a grave risk of attributing guilt by association This risk is compounded by the citation of highly biased press reports and intelligence web sites and sometimes by reliance on statements extracted from detainees under coercive interrogation Adding to what Benthall had said Millar explained how nonprofits have been the targets of heavy handed sanctions for whom and where they provide aid He blamed short sighted terrorism financing measures passed after 9 11 that were overly broad and lacked procedural safeguards subjecting nonprofits to unprecedented intimidation investigations and in some cases assets blocked without sufficient justification or notice Millar said ten Muslim charities in the U S have been shut down to these overbroad laws The work that nonprofits do addresses grievances provides vital aid and gives a voice to the marginalized around the world Citing lost opportunities Millar explained how the current counterterrorism regime squanders chances to utilize nonprofits as an ally against violent extremism Millar

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Roundtable_Discussion_Zakat_Committees (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • July 1, 2009 Panel Event- Dilemma for US NGOs: Counterterrorism Laws vs. the Humanitarian Imperative | Charity & Security Network
    Development a Michigan based American Muslim charity Mohammed has worked in the Information Technology field for 15 years and in the non profit sector for the last seven years During that time he has traveled extensively to Iraq and the Middle East since 2003 and seen first hand the humanitarian work in the field Jan Lane currently serves as Policy Advisor of the Homeland Security Policy Institute HSPI of the George Washington University following her tenure as Deputy Director from 2006 to February 2009 Prior to joining HSPI Jan was Vice President of Public Policy and Strategic Partnerships for the American Red Cross and led the organization s government relations efforts during some of its most challenging times including the response to September 11 th the 2005 Tsunami Hurricanes Katrina and Rita and the interaction with FDA and Congress regarding blood safety issues Brian Majewski is a founding partner and manager of strategic consulting at the Global Emergency Group He has 14 years of experience working in the international humanitarian sector on policy and programmatic issues From 2001 2008 Brian served as the Senior Director for International Policy and Relations managing issues and relationships with an emphasis on multilateral coordination international humanitarian law and programmatic policy and advocacy initiatives including emerging US anti terrorism laws Charles Swift is partner at Swift McDonald P S Charles retired from active service in the United States Navy on August 31 2007 as a Lieutenant Commander in the Judge Advocate General s Corps Prior to retirement Swift gained national attention when after being assigned as a defense counsel in the Office of the Chief Defense Counsel in the Department of Defense Office of Military Commissions and detailed to represent Salim Ahmed Hamdan he refused to attempt to persuade his client to plead guilty Instead

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/csnevents (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Panel of Experts Explain How the Work of Charities Counters Terror | Charity & Security Network
    Colombia to explore potential openings in negotiations between the government and FARC rebel forces This type of conflict resolution activity is illegal for her American NGO colleagues since the Patriot Act defines it as material support of terrorism Nashashibi the Director Palestinian Counseling Center and Lecturer at Bir Zeit University criticized CTMs which she believes leads to violence toward the Palestinians She explained how the political situation in the region complicates the impact of certain CTMs For example Nashashibi said the fact that many Palestinian civil society groups are borne out of political parties which have been labeled as terrorist groups creates barriers to neutral aid delivery In response to CTMs in the United States Rob Buchanan of the Council on Foundations explained why U S NGOs have called for withdrawal of the Treasury Department s Anti Terrorist Financing Guidelines Guidelines Buchanan the Council s Managing Director of International Programs said the Guidelines are short sighted and divert the resources of charities from reducing hardships of those in need toward a seemingly endless request of paperwork and unnecessary oversight by the government He also criticized the Treasury Department for mistakenly believing legitimate charities are vulnerable to abuse by terrorists Offering a closer examination of Treasury s own behavior Buchanan said that out of the approximate 1 8 million charitable groups in the United States Treasury has moved against 7 of them to shut them down and only one was convicted on anti terrorism charges Evan Elliott the Advocacy Coordinator at InterAction outlined USAID s proposed Partner Vetting System link to issue brief plan to require grantees to collect and submit highly detailed personal information on people in partner organizations to be checked against U S intelligence databases The proposal has been criticized by numerous advocacy and charitable organizations as unnecessary

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/March_panel_discussion_Friend_Not_Foe (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Congressional Briefing: Effective Counterterrorism for a New Era | Charity & Security Network
    Hurlburt Executive Director of the National Security Network discussed the need for non kinetic forms of counterterrorism including peacebuilding and development programs Hurlburt stressed that these were vital ways to delegitimize terrorism and show would be terrorists that their methods would not get effective Both Cindy Huang Director of Policy for the Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations at the State Dept and Mahbouba Seraj Chairperson of the Board at Afghan Women s Network agreed with Hurlburt on the importance of civil society Seraj illustrated the benefit that civil society groups have had in her native Afghanistan Huang noted that local civil society partners were vital to the work being done by the U S government around the world Retired Colonel for U S Army Civil Affairs Christopher Holshek focused his comments on the importance of a whole of society approach to countering terrorism Holsheck contends that the asymmetric warfare characterized by the current U S approach to counterterrorism is not an efficient use of military resources Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/CSNEvents/Congressional_Briefing_Effective_Counterterrorism_New_Era (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Background: Material Support and the Need for NGO Access to Civilians in Need | Charity & Security Network
    accepted standards of charitable practice such as the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief and the P rinciples of International Charity 1 is provided only to noncombatants in need with priority to the most vulnerable and when contact communications and logistical arrangements with a listed organization cannot reasonably be avoided Humanitarian aid means any of the following types of aid which are already protected under the Geneva Conventions Care of the wounded and sick including the provision of medical services and hospital stores Supplies essential to survival such as foodstuffs water clothing shelter and sanitation services including repair and restoration of infrastructure necessary for delivery Objects necessary for religious worship Facilitation of strictly personal communications between family members Goods and services for the maintenance and education of children under the age of 15 Communications regarding security and logistics necessary to provide any of the materials described in this subsection Under our proposal no license would be required for an organization to provide humanitarian aid but any organization providing such aid would be required to notify the Attorney General and Secretary of State that it is doing so Statutory Background Two federal laws and Executive Order EO 13224 bar anyone including charities and foundations from engaging in transactions with terrorist organizations This includes humanitarian aid conflict resolution programs and other nonviolent activities Providing material support to designated terrorist organizations is prohibited by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act AEDPA which was enacted in 1996 and later amended by the USA PATRIOT Act in 2001 and 2004 4 AEDPA authorizes the Secretary of State to designate foreign terrorist organizations 5 and makes it a crime for any person or organization to knowingly provide attempt or conspire to provide material support or resources to a designated entity regardless of the character or intent of the support provided 6 AEDPA defines material support or resources as any property tangible or intangible or service including currency or monetary instruments or financial securities financial services lodging training expert advice or assistance safe houses false documentation or identification communications equipment facilities weapons lethal substances explosives personnel 1 or more individuals who may be or include oneself and transportation 7 Each term within the definition is then further defined within the statute The only exceptions to material support or resources are for medical and religious materials which may be given to a foreign terrorist organization in unlimited amounts 8 Under ADEPA all support is presumed to further a designated organization s terrorist operations regardless of whether that support furthers its nonviolent operations The Secretary of State and Attorney General may approve exceptions for aid in the form of training personnel and expert advice or assistance where the Secretary determines that the aid may not be used to carry out terrorist activity exceptions are not permitted for humanitarian aid such as food water etc 9 1 i e https www icrc org eng resources documents article other code

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/analysis/material_support_law (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive



  •