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  • Congressional Hearing: Egyptian Civil Society Under Fire | Charity & Security Network
    and activities of NGOs Among those testifying before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa were officials from organizations expelled by the Egyptian government and employees that were prosecuted convicted and face prison sentences if they return to Egypt An April 2013 UN report that found that laws such as Egypt s that restrict access to financial resources and the right to peaceful assembly are sometimes justified under the guise of counterterrorism measures and the Financial Action Task Force s rules on anti terror financing Statements by Kenneth Wollack President National Democratic Institute Joyce Barnathan President International Center for Journalists Charles W Dunne Director of Middle East and North Africa Programs Freedom House Lorne W Craner President of the International Republican Institute The committee also accepted written testimony from Barbara Metz a consultant training journalists who was also convicted Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/hearing_Egypt_NGO_Civilsociety (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    Philanthropy ICNL Journal Barriers to Cross Border Philanthropy Date March 31 2015 The March 2015 issue of the Journal of Not for Profit Law features an important article by Douglas Rutzen President and CEO of the International Center for Not for Profit Law In Aid Barriers and the Rise of Philanthropic Protectionism Rutzen provides a historic overview of the decline in operational space for civil society beginning in September 2001 The article categorizes and surveys the constaints on the inflow of philanthropic funds to an alarming number of countries These constraint categories are counterterrorism anti money laundering requirements for prior government approval for foreign contributions stigmatization of international funding rhought foreign agents legislation caps on international funding mandatory routing of funding through government controlled channels burdensome reporting requirements restrictions on activities supported by international funding restrictions on funding from certain donors or countries taxation on international funding These are often justified by arguments about state sovereignty transparency and accountability aid effectiveness and national security The article provides plenty of examples then reviews the international law framework meant to protect freedoms of assembly association and expression It concludes by noting the outcome of the debate on these issues will shape the future of civil society and global philanthropy in many countries for decades to come Read more about ICNL Journal Barriers to Cross Border Philanthropy Report Uncharitable Behavior and Banks That Drop Nonprofit Customers Date January 14 2015 A new study by UK financial expert Tom Keatinge examines the problems UK charities are experiencing with access to financial services for their international operations U S charities face the same kinds of barriers and a similar study is needed on the problems they face The Press Release from Demos which published the study said the report Reveals challenges NGOs face in securing and transferring funds due to the counter terrorism regulation fears of banks Calls on banks charities and government bodies to improve dialogue on resulting financial restrictions and impact on charitable activity Critical aid struggling to reach conflict zones such as Syria The full text of the study can be found here Read more about Report Uncharitable Behavior and Banks That Drop Nonprofit Customers Report Uncharitable Behavior and Banks That Drop Nonprofit Customers Date January 14 2015 A new study by UK financial expert Tom Keatinge examines the problems UK charities are experiencing with access to financial services for their international operations U S charities face the same kinds of barriers and a similar study is needed on the problems they face The Press Release from Demos which published the study said the report Reveals challenges NGOs face in securing and transferring funds due to the counter terrorism regulation fears of banks Calls on banks charities and government bodies to improve dialogue on resulting financial restrictions and impact on charitable activity Critical aid struggling to reach conflict zones such as Syria The full text of the study can be found here Read more about Report Uncharitable Behavior and Banks That Drop

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/Barriers%20to%20Charity?type=All&page=1 (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    Endowment for International Peace In Closing Space Democracy and Human Rights Support Under Fire the authors describe the scope causes and prospective future actions of disturbing trends in the global pushback against non governmental organizations NGOs And the onerous restrictions on aid and rights groups are not limited to authoritarian regimes but are being embraced by a growing number of democratic governments the report warns The report identifies several methods by which governments limit the abilities of these groups from meeting the needs of the people they serve through regulatory and funding restrictions harassment and the widespread targeting of international groups It further notes that unless there is a stronger persistent response to these restrictions at the international level these changes are likely to persist for the foreseeable future Read more about Report Global Pushback Against Civil Society On Rise Report Global Pushback Against Civil Society On Rise Date February 23 2014 Hostility toward external actors engaged in democracy and rights support has in some places reached shocking new heights is the troubling finding of a new report from the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace In Closing Space Democracy and Human Rights Support Under Fire the authors describe the scope causes and prospective future actions of disturbing trends in the global pushback against non governmental organizations NGOs And the onerous restrictions on aid and rights groups are not limited to authoritarian regimes but are being embraced by a growing number of democratic governments the report warns The report identifies several methods by which governments limit the abilities of these groups from meeting the needs of the people they serve through regulatory and funding restrictions harassment and the widespread targeting of international groups It further notes that unless there is a stronger persistent response to these restrictions at the international level these changes are likely to persist for the foreseeable future Read more about Report Global Pushback Against Civil Society On Rise Treasury to Send Recommendations on Licensing Process for NGOs to Congressional Committee Date February 19 2014 For the past several years several U S Read more about Treasury to Send Recommendations on Licensing Process for NGOs to Congressional Committee CSN Director Kay Guinane in Radio Interview on Counterterrorism Impact on Nonprofits Date January 31 2014 Director of the Charity Security Network Kay Guinane was featured on WPFW Pacifica Radio with David Rabin in Washington D C to discuss how U S law inhibits legitimate charitable work through overbroad counterterror laws After the Patriot Act passed the U S law put restrictions on what legitimate organizations can do Guinane said during the famine in Somalia in 2011 U S Read more about CSN Director Kay Guinane in Radio Interview on Counterterrorism Impact on Nonprofits Safeguarding Humanitarianism in Armed Conflict A Call for Reconciling International Legal Obligations and Counterterrorism Measures in the United States Date June 5 2012 A June 2012 report by the Charity Security Network Safeguarding Humanitarianism in Armed Conflict A Call for Reconciling International Legal Obligations and Counterterrorism

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/Barriers%20to%20Charity?type=All&page=2 (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    from effectively responding to emergencies This event is open to the public and will be webcast See Related Report Safeguarding Humanitarianism in Armed Conflict Read more about CSIS Event to Focus on Impact of Counterterrorism Measures on Principled Humanitarian Action CSIS Event to Focus on Impact of Counterterrorism Measures on Principled Humanitarian Action Date October 21 2013 The impact of counterterrorism measures on humanitarian action will be the focus of a Center for Strategic and International Studies CSIS event on Oct 28 Based on the findings of a joint report recently produced by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the Norwegian Refugee Council the event featuring the UN s Valerie Amos and InterAction s President Sam Worthington will examine how overbroad security measures restrict the ability of humanitarian groups from effectively responding to emergencies This event is open to the public and will be webcast See Related Report Safeguarding Humanitarianism in Armed Conflict Read more about CSIS Event to Focus on Impact of Counterterrorism Measures on Principled Humanitarian Action Barclays Somalia remittance accounts win stay of execution The Guardian Date September 11 2013 Read more about Barclays Somalia remittance accounts win stay of execution The Guardian The Creeping Politicization of Licenses for Humanitarian Aid Date October 31 2012 Author Kay Guinane A disturbing pattern is emerging in the licensing process the Department of Treasury uses to allow or block humanitarian aid to civilians in conflict zones controlled by terrorist groups or state sponsors of terrorism The maze of laws and regulations that govern such licenses lack any clear standards that incorporate humanitarian principles The result is a set of decisions that are inconsistent on humanitarian grounds and appear to be motivated by political or foreign policy considerations Read more about The Creeping Politicization of Licenses for Humanitarian Aid New Report Counterterrorism Laws Hurt Humanitarian Action Date July 23 2013 Counterterrorism measures like the Patriot Act are having a direct and adverse impact on humanitarian action and on how aid and aid workers are perceived according to a new study produced by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs OCHA and the Norwegian Refugee Council NRC The study examined CTMs in the U S European Union and several other countries and determined that they unduly restrict aid programs increase risks for aid workers limit funding sources and undermine partnerships with local NGOs Among the recommendations of the study are that counterterrorism policies should include exceptions for humanitarian action they should exclude minor transactions and other arrangements necessary for humanitarian access and countries should not promote policies that inhibit engagement and negotiation with armed groups to help deliver aid to civilians caught in harm s way Read more about New Report Counterterrorism Laws Hurt Humanitarian Action New Report Counterterrorism Laws Hurt Humanitarian Action Date July 23 2013 Counterterrorism measures like the Patriot Act are having a direct and adverse impact on humanitarian action and on how aid and aid workers are perceived according to a

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/Barriers%20to%20Charity?type=All&page=3 (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    banking system and plagued by drought and civil strife for almost 20 years The inability of nearly 70 000 Somalis that live in the state to send money home had drawn strong criticism from Sen Al Franken D MN and other Minnesota legislators At the end of December the state s 14 Somali money transfer shops were shut down after the last Minnesota bank to wire money to Somalia closed their accounts Read more about Sen Franken Supports Restoration of Money Transfers To Somalia Sen Franken Supports Restoration of Money Transfers To Somalia Date February 1 2012 A small number of Minneapolis area Somali money transfer shops have reopened amid heightened scrutiny from banks reports the Minnesota Star Tribune on Jan 25 2012 Though the amount transferable is limited to 500 the services are the only means many Somali Americans have available to send remittances to family living in Somalia a country lacking a functioning government or banking system and plagued by drought and civil strife for almost 20 years The inability of nearly 70 000 Somalis that live in the state to send money home had drawn strong criticism from Sen Al Franken D MN and other Minnesota legislators At the end of December the state s 14 Somali money transfer shops were shut down after the last Minnesota bank to wire money to Somalia closed their accounts Read more about Sen Franken Supports Restoration of Money Transfers To Somalia Inaction and Delayed Response to Famine Cost Thousands of Lives Date February 1 2012 Despite early warning signs many months in advance the international response toward the 2011 2012 famine in the Horn of Africa region has been inadequate to meet the needs of nearly 13 million people at risk says a January 2012 report from Oxfam and Save the Children A Dangerous Delay says the scale of death and suffering and the financial cost could have been reduced if warnings from 2010 had triggered an earlier more substantial response The report calls on governments donors the UN and NGOs to adopt different response strategies to future emergencies by managing the risks not the crisis This means orchestrating meaningful action partly based on information learned through early warning systems and tackling the root causes of vulnerability through long term development strategies Read more about Inaction and Delayed Response to Famine Cost Thousands of Lives Report Inaction and Delayed Response to Famine Cost Thousands of Lives Date January 19 2012 More than 13 million people are still affected by the crisis in the Horn of Africa Despite early warning signs many months in advance the international response has been insufficient says a new joint report from Oxfam and Save the Children A Dangerous Delay says the scale of death and suffering and the financial cost could have been reduced if warnings from 2010 had triggered an earlier more substantial response The report calls on governments donors the UN and NGOs to adopt different strategies to future emergencies by managing the

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/Barriers%20to%20Charity?type=All&page=4 (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    make it harder to Save Lives explains how sweeping counterterrorism measures CTMs and lack of clear guidance from the U S government over the past decade has restricted the work of aid groups overseas Read more about Report How U S Terrorism Restrictions Make It Harder to Save Lives Report from UK based ODI Humanitarian Action Harmed by Anti Terror Laws Date November 1 2011 Counter terrorism measures CTMs implemented during the last decade are having a chilling effect on humanitarian efforts says an October 2011 report from the UK based Overseas Development Institute ODI Counter terrorism and humanitarian action Tensions impact and ways forward finds many CTMs upset the timeliness and efficiency of humanitarian aid create administrative red tape that endangers the lives of aid workers and fosters an atmosphere of fear and confusion that prevent relief groups from operating in global hot spots Rigid and over zealous application of counter terrorism laws to humanitarian action in conflict not only limits its reach but undermines the independence and neutrality of humanitarian organizations the report said Read more about Report from UK based ODI Humanitarian Action Harmed by Anti Terror Laws Why Fight Terrorism with One Hand Tied Behind Our Back Date June 2 2011 Author Suraj K Sazawal It is estimated that an average of 15 000 to 20 000 people are killed or injured by landmines each year worldwide Initially it was hoped that an agreement banning the production sale stockpiling and use of landmines could be reached in the U N Conference on Disarmament a traditional forum for negotiation However frustrated by the international community s inability to conclude a truly comprehensive agreement a coalition of like minded states and non governmental organizations vowed to go it alone and pursue their own fast track diplomacy Read more about Why Fight Terrorism with One Hand Tied Behind Our Back Report Friend Not Foe Documents Negative Impacts of Counterterrorism Measures Calls on Civil Society to Defend Its Positive Role Date June 3 2011 Security policies designed to reduce violent extremism are more likely to succeed when civil society groups are included in the process says a May 2011 report from the Fourth Freedom Forum and the University of Notre Dame s Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies By advancing development human rights and the rule of law civil society groups address many of the root causes of violent armed conflict and set the stage for security and economic stability Friend Not Foe calls on policymakers to enable rather than obstruct these groups from carrying out their vital missions by eliminating harmful counterterrorism measures CTMs The report was commissioned by Cordaid the Dutch organziation with more than 90 years of experience and expertise in emergency aid and poverty eradication Read more about Report Friend Not Foe Documents Negative Impacts of Counterterrorism Measures Calls on Civil Society to Defend Its Positive Role The Impact of Counterterrorism Measures on Charities and Donors After 9 11 Date August 16 2010 There is increasing

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/Barriers%20to%20Charity?type=All&page=5 (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    the protection of human rights around the world Read more about UN Special Investigator Finds Its Counterterrorism Framework Chills Humanitarian Aid Heavy Sentences Handed out in Holy Land Trial Send Chilling Message to U S NGOs Date May 29 2009 On May 27 2009 U S District Judge Jorge Solis handed out sentences for five Arab Americans associated with Holy Land Foundation for Relief and Development HLF who had been convicted in November 2008 on charges ranging from supporting a terrorist organization to money laundering and tax fraud Two of the men Shukri Abu Baker and Ghassan Elashi were each sentenced to 65 years in a federal prison and the others each received between 15 and 20 years Read more about Heavy Sentences Handed out in Holy Land Trial Send Chilling Message to U S NGOs Heavy Sentences Handed out in Holy Land Trial Send Chilling Message to U S NGOs Date May 29 2009 On May 27 2009 U S District Judge Jorge Solis handed out sentences for five Arab Americans associated with Holy Land Foundation for Relief and Development HLF who had been convicted in November 2008 on charges ranging from supporting a terrorist organization to money laundering and tax fraud Two of the men Shukri Abu Baker and Ghassan Elashi were each sentenced to 65 years in a federal prison and the others each received between 15 and 20 years Read more about Heavy Sentences Handed out in Holy Land Trial Send Chilling Message to U S NGOs Conviction of Holy Land Foundation Raises Questions Concerns for Nonprofits Date November 25 2008 On Nov 24 2008 the two month retrial against the Holy Land Foundation for Relief and Development HLF and five of its leaders ended with guilty verdicts on charges of supporting Hamas which was designated as a terrorist organization in 1995 The convictions came even though the prosecution admitted that all funds went to local charities called zakat committees that are not on government watchlists Attorneys for the defendants said they would appeal Read more about Conviction of Holy Land Foundation Raises Questions Concerns for Nonprofits Conviction of Holy Land Foundation Raises Questions Concerns for Nonprofits Date November 25 2008 On Nov 24 2008 the two month retrial against the Holy Land Foundation for Relief and Development HLF and five of its leaders ended with guilty verdicts on charges of supporting Hamas which was designated as a terrorist organization in 1995 The convictions came even though the prosecution admitted that all funds went to local charities called zakat committees that are not on government watchlists Attorneys for the defendants said they would appeal Read more about Conviction of Holy Land Foundation Raises Questions Concerns for Nonprofits March 1 2010 Event Civil society Security and Aid Post 9 11 Challenges Tensions and Dilemmas Date February 12 2010 On March 1 2010 the Charity and Security Network held a reception and discussion based on a new book Civil Society Under Strain Counter Terrorism Policy Civil Society and

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/Barriers%20to%20Charity?type=All&page=6 (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    Discussion of Humanitarian Exemption to Material Support Prohibition Date November 9 2009 At the Nov 5 2009 debate on Patriot Act reauthorizations the House Judiciary Committee discussed an amendment proposed by Rep Read more about Summary of House Judiciary Committee Discussion of Humanitarian Exemption to Material Support Prohibition Lengthy Vetting Process Holding Up Top USAID Appointment Date July 17 2009 Secretary Clinton is frustrated over the slow vetting process of potential candidates for the USAID administrator Representative Howard Berman agrees Grassroots International is anticipating the eventual nomination of Paul Farmer for the head of USAID Read more about Lengthy Vetting Process Holding Up Top USAID Appointment Survey Finds Americans Adverse to Supporting Muslim Charities Date July 23 2009 An extensive July 2008 poll found that Americans are more in favor of the government financially supporting Christian or interfaith humanitarian aid groups rather than their Muslim counterparts The poll conducted by The Chicago Council on Global Affairs a nonpartisan group that analyzes foreign policy data showed that 70 percent of Americans oppose funding for Muslim organizations while Christian and interfaith charities both received Read more about Survey Finds Americans Adverse to Supporting Muslim Charities Diverse Group of Nonprofits Seek Meeting with Obama Administration on New Rules for Charities Date July 10 2009 On July 2 2009 the Charity and Security Network sent a letter to President Obama asking for meeting to to provide background information on how current national security rules create problems for all U S charities and to provide recommendations for change Read more about Diverse Group of Nonprofits Seek Meeting with Obama Administration on New Rules for Charities 300 000 Sri Lankans Urgently Need Aid Nonprofit Funds Seized by Government Date December 9 2008 Amnesty International AI is calling for urgent humanitarian aid for more than 300 000 people displaced by the ongoing conflict in the northern Wanni region of Sri Lanka Turmoil between the government and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam LTTE has left thousands of people in desperate need of shelter food and sanitation Read more about 300 000 Sri Lankans Urgently Need Aid Nonprofit Funds Seized by Government 300 000 Sri Lankans Urgently Need Aid Nonprofit Funds Seized by Government Date December 9 2008 Amnesty International AI is calling for urgent humanitarian aid for more than 300 000 people displaced by the ongoing conflict in the northern Wanni region of Sri Lanka Turmoil between the government and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam LTTE has left thousands of people in desperate need of shelter food and sanitation Read more about 300 000 Sri Lankans Urgently Need Aid Nonprofit Funds Seized by Government Expert Rulings Diminish Charitable Giving and Impact Date January 6 2009 Donors are growing increasingly weary as court decisions against charities have created an environment of suspicion for numerous Muslim charities The decrease in contributions will lead to smaller numbers of people receiving relief Verdicts such as the one delivered in the Holy Land Foundation trial have caused many Muslim charities to suffer decreases

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/Barriers%20to%20Charity?type=All&page=7 (2016-02-16)
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