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  • Chicago Herpetological Society
    areas with limited distribution along the eastern borders of the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers portions of northwestern Illinois and sections of both Kankakee and Iroquois Counties Species more commonly found west of the Mississippi River are abundant here including six lined racerunners ornate box turtles bull snakes and western hognose snakes Racers and eastern hognose snakes are also common here The Illinois chorus frog and Illinois mud turtle are endemic subspecies peculiar to these habitats Salamanders are rare in sand prairies and Fowler s toad outnumbers the American toad here the reverse being true throughout the rest of the state The Northeastern Mesic Forest in the northeastern corner of the state along Lake Michigan contains a rich variety of northern and eastern species Spotted salamanders wood frogs eastern milksnakes redbelly snakes and queen snakes are typical of this habitat The blue spotted salamander four toed salamander spotted turtle and Chicago garter snake a disputed subspecies of the eastern garter snake are unique to this area within the state The Western Division consists of patches of forest interspersed with prairie in the western part of the state It contains relatively fewer herps and those species found here are common elsewhere in the state as well Representative species include northern cricket frogs striped chorus frogs northern leopard frogs green frogs eastern garter snakes and eastern milksnakes Smith 1961 subdivides the southern part of the state into the Southern Division Shawnee Hills Wabash Border and Austroriparian Divisions For our purposes these may be lumped together Southern Illinois contains rocky bluffs and outcrops forest thicket and river bottoms Many southern species of herpetofauna extend into the southern third of the state Common species found here include the marbled northern slimy longtail and smallmouth salamanders spring peeper gray treefrog and Fowler s toad fence lizard and both five lined and broad headed skinks eastern box turtle and the copperhead black rat snake smooth earth snake rough green snake midland water snake plainbelly water snake and red milksnake Species common to the Gulf Coast of the United States whose ranges extend into southernmost Illinois include the mole salamander green treefrog bird voiced treefrog eastern spadefoot cooter alligator snapping turtle mud snake Mississippi green water snake scarlet snake and cottonmouth The Upper Mississippi Border is characterized by the presence of the green frog northern water snake ringneck snake black rat snake and eastern garter snake Distinctive species include the longtail salamander worm snake and pickerel frog The Lower Mississippi Border south of Saint Louis contains many of the same species found in both the Upper Mississippi Border and Shawnee Hills In addition several species enter the state here from the west and are found nowhere else These include the eastern narrowmouth toad coachwhip snake Great Plains rat corn snake and flathead snake Several species of reptiles although they may be common elsewhere are protected in the state of Illinois because their range barely enters the state and thus the local populations are vulnerable These include the spotted

    Original URL path: http://www.chicagoherp.org/index.php?link=herpetofil (2016-02-01)
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  • Chicago Herpetological Society
    affected species by zoological botanical or educational or for scientific purposes only Rules for the issuance and maintenance of permits shall be promulgated by the Department after consultation with and written approval of the Board You may write to this address for an application Endangered Species Program Manager Division of Natural Heritage Illinois Department of Natural Resources 524 S Second Street Springfield IL 62701 1787 The Illinois Endangered Species Protection Board web site may be accessed here http www dnr state il us espb index htm This site has more information on obtaining permits The major Illinois statute that pertains to capturing amphibians and reptiles is AUGUST 3 1998 17 ILL ADM CODE CH I SEC 880 TITLE 17 CONSERVATION CHAPTER I DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES SUBCHAPTER b FISH AND WILDLIFE PART 880 THE TAKING OF REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS The act is pretty clearly written Some of what it states is that you need a valid sport fishing license to capture any frog or turtle details legitimate methods of capture limits daily catch to eight of each species for reptiles and amphibians and sixteen of each species for possession limits though captive born animals can be possessed in greater quantities for up to ninety days stipulates that you will restore the habitat to as near the original condition as possible has a season for taking bullfrogs and prohibits collecting in the LaRue Pine Hills Otter Pond Research Natural Area The complete act AUTHORITY Implementing and authorized by Sections 5 10 30 10 35 10 60 10 115 20 5 and 20 90 of the Fish and Aquatic Life Code 515 ILCS 5 10 30 10 35 10 60 10 115 20 5 and 20 90 and the Aquaculture Development Act 20 ILCS 215 1 et seq and P A 86 1453 effective December 12 1991 SOURCE Adopted at 16 Ill Reg 109 effective December 20 1991 recodified by changing the agency name from Department of Conservation to Department of Natural Resources at 20 Ill Reg 9389 amended at 22 Ill Reg 14852 effective August 3 1998 Section 880 10 Prohibition of Commercial Use It is unlawful to take possess buy sell offer to buy or sell or barter any reptile amphibian or their eggs or parts taken from the wild in Illinois for commercial purposes unless otherwise authorized by statute Section 880 20 Methods of Taking and Capture a Only those persons who hold a valid sport fishing license or a valid Sportsmen s Combination License may take or attempt to take turtles and or frogs 515 ILCS 5 20 5 b Turtles may be taken only by hand hook and line or landing net For the purposes of this Part a landing net is defined as a hand held net with no greater than 1 5 inch bar measurement netting an opening of not greater than 5 feet in diameter and a handle c Bullfrogs may be taken only between June 15 and August 31 both dates inclusive Bullfrogs may be taken only by hook and line gig pitchfork spear bow and arrow hand or landing net d No person shall take bullfrogs by commercial fishing devices including dip nets hoop nets traps or seines or by the use of firearms airguns or gas guns e No person shall take or possess any species of reptile or amphibian listed as endangered or threatened in Illinois 17 Ill Adm Code 1010 except as provided by 17 Ill Adm Code 1070 f All other species of reptiles and amphibians may be captured by any device or method which is not designed or intended to bring about the death or serious injury of the animals captured This shall not restrict the use of legally taken reptiles or amphibians as bait by anglers g Any captured reptiles or amphibians which are not to be retained in the possession of the captor shall be immediately released at the site of capture Source Amended at 22 Ill Reg 14852 effective August 3 1998 Section 880 30 Daily Catch and Possession Limits The daily catch limit for reptiles is eight 8 of each species and for amphibians is eight 8 of each species The possession limit for reptiles is sixteen 16 of each species and for amphibians is sixteen 16 of each species Section 880 40 Captive Born Reptiles and Amphibians Captive born offspring of a legally held reptile or amphibian not intended for commercial purposes is exempt from the possession limits of Section 880 30 for a period of ninety 90 days Section 880 50 Protection of Habitat Habitat features which are disturbed in the course of a search for reptiles and amphibians shall be returned to as near their original position and condition as possible e g overturned stones and logs shall be restored to their original locations Section 880 60 Areas Closed to the Taking of Reptiles and Amphibians Unless otherwise allowed by statute or administrative rule the taking of reptiles and amphibians is prohibited in the following areas the LaRue Pine Hills Otter Pond Research Natural Area in Union County The closed area shall include the Research Natural Area as designated by the U S Forest Service and the right of way of Forest Road 345 from the intersection of Forest Road 345 with Forest Road 236 to the intersection of Forest Road 345 with the Missouri Pacific railroad tracks Source Added at 22 Ill Reg 14852 effective August 3 1998 Section 880 70 Additional Protective Regulations Except as otherwise allowed by statute or administrative rule taking or possession of the following species of reptiles and amphibians is prohibited copperbelly watersnake Nerodia erythrogaster neglecta in Edwards Gallatin Hamilton Hardin Johnson Lawrence Massac Pope Pulaski Richland Saline Wabash Wayne and White counties Source Added at 22 Ill Reg 14852 effective August 3 1998 This statute may be accessed here http dnr state il us legal adopted 880 pdf Just in case you feel the government is always restricting your actions the law states that if you are legally collecting it s against the law for someone to interfere with you under HUNTER INTERFERENCE PROHIBITION 720 ILCS 125 2 from Ch 61 par 302 Sec 2 Any person who performs any of the following is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor a Wilfully obstructs or interferes with the lawful taking of wild animals by another person with the specific intent to prevent that lawful taking The complete act can be accessed here http www ilga gov legislation il Anyone who keeps herps in captivity needs to be familiar with the Illinois Dangerous Animals Act 720 ILCS 585 This is perhaps the most confusing piece of legislation pertaining herps in Illinois This link will take you to the complete act http www ilga gov legislation ilcs ilcs3 asp ActID This act defines a dangerous animal and essentially prohibits individuals from keeping them The definition includes any poisonous or life threatening reptile Note that amphibians aren t mentioned and seem to get a free pass so you needn t worry about your amphiumas or giant salamanders 720 ILCS 585 0 1 from Ch 8 par 240 Sec 0 1 As used in this Act unless the context otherwise requires Dangerous animal means a lion tiger leopard ocelot jaguar cheetah margay mountain lion lynx bobcat jaguarundi wolf or coyote or any poisonous or life threatening reptile 720 ILCS 585 1 from Ch 8 par 241 Sec 1 No person shall have a right of property in keep harbor care for act as custodian of or maintain in his possession any dangerous animal except at a properly maintained zoological park federally licensed exhibit circus scientific or educational institution research laboratory veterinary hospital hound running area or animal refuge in an escape proof enclosure Source P A 95 196 eff 1 1 08 Note that while the feds have regulations for obtaining an exhibitor s license it does NOT apply to reptiles or amphibians A federal exhibitor s license does not exempt a herp exhibitor from the Illinois statute The pertinent definition under the federal statute is Code of Federal Regulations Title 9 Animals and Animal Products Part 1 Definiton of Terms Sec 1 1 Definitions Animal means any live or dead dog cat nonhuman primate guinea pig hamster rabbit or any other warmblooded animal which is being used or is intended for use for research teaching testing experimentation or exhibition purposes or as a pet This term excludes birds rats of the genus Rattus and mice of the genus Mus bred for use in research horses not used for research purposes and other farm animals such as but not limited to livestock or poultry used or intended for use as food or fiber or livestock or poultry used or intended for use for improving animal nutrition breeding management or production efficiency or for improving the quality of food or fiber With respect to a dog the term means all dogs including those used for hunting security or breeding purposes Accessed here http ecfr gpoaccess gov cgi t text text idx type sim And the licensing paragraph is Title 9 Animal and Animal Products Part 2 Regulations Subpart A Licensing 2 1 Requirements and application a 1 Any person operating or intending to operate as a dealer exhibitor or operator of an auction sale except persons who are exempted from the licensing requirements under paragraph a 3 of this section must have a valid license A person must be 18 years of age or older to obtain a license A person seeking a license shall apply on a form which will be furnished by the AC Regional Director in the State in which that person operates or intends to operate The applicant shall provide the information requested on the application form including a valid mailing address through which the licensee or applicant can be reached at all times and a valid premises address where animals animal facilities equipment and records may be inspected for compliance The applicant shall file the completed application form with the AC Regional Director Accessed here http ecfr gpoaccess gov cgi t text text idx idno 9 region DIV1 So what about big snakes The Illinois Supreme Court made a ruling on this in 1995 in State v Fabing The best summary of this case that I can find was written by Harold W Hannah JD former professor of Agriculture and Veterinary Law at University of Illinois and published in the Southern Illinois University Law Journal in the summer of 2000 The title of the article was Survey of Illinois Law Liability for Animal Inflicted Injury This paragraph sums up the Supreme Court s decision XII STATUTORY PROHIBITION ON KEEPING NAMED WILD ANIMALS At common law there was never a one bite theory as a defense to liability for injury by a wild animal One who kept such animals was presumed to know that if given an opportunity the animals would injure persons or other animals Obviously some wild animals are more dangerous and threatening than others Recognizing this the Illinois legislature in 1969 amended in 1986 enacted the Illinois Dangerous Animals Act Dangerous animals are defined as lion tiger leopard ocelot jaguar cheetah margay mountain lion lynx bobcat jaguarundi bear hyena wolf or coyote or any poisonous or life threatening reptile The Act applies to owners and those who have custody or control over these wild animals Persons cannot have a property right in such animals and they are prohibited from keeping maintaining or having possession of such But there are some exceptions as the rule does not apply to a properly maintained zoological park federally licensed exhibits circus scientific or educational institutions research laboratory veterinary hospital or animal refuge in an escape proof enclosure The fact that a person has attempted to domesticate the dangerous animal is no defense The Illinois Supreme Court has had some difficulty in interpreting this section of the Act due to the addition of life threatening in the definition of reptiles one is prohibited from owning In People v Fabing the defendants maintained that the wording of the statute was unconstitutionally vague The Illinois Supreme Court did not agree It recognized that this addition to the Act was necessary because there are non poisonous reptiles capable of injuring or killing persons The court had no difficulty in determining that two fifteen foot Burmese pythons owned by the defendant could injure or kill a person But a question was raised about a seven foot boa constrictor This concerned the court because boa constrictors as a species can be life threatening but an individual snake seven feet long is not so regarded The State argued that the Department of Agriculture in enforcing provisions of the Animal Control Act had promulgated regulations stating that a six foot boa constrictor was life threatening The court held that this regulation of the Department of Agriculture did not apply to the Dangerous Animal Act As stated earlier under the Animal Control Act the determination of a dog as vicious or dangerous cannot be breed specific but in this case the Illinois Supreme Court held that life threatening reptiles can be species specific Yet it agreed that if a member of the species is too small to be life threatening then there should be no prohibition against its ownership This departure from species specific apparently applies only to size and ability but not to temperament as the court said it was not an acceptable defense to show that the reptile capable of injuring a person had a docile temperament The court also recognized that alligators are life threatening but it didn t say anything about the size of the alligator Perhaps there is a difference between biting and constricting The court agreed however that with respect to alligators the Dangerous Animals Act is not unconstitutionally vague But apparently the court did not believe that the law was unconstitutionally vague in a determination of when a constricting snake would become life threatening when the reptile reached some length between seven and fifteen feet Although wildlife people are not afraid of baby alligators the court did not hold that maturity of an animal had anything to do with their being defined as life threatening The complete article can be found here http www animallaw info articles arus24silulj693 htm I ll try to have the decision available online soon As you can see the Supreme Court s decision didn t entirely clarify the situation Title 8 of the Agriculture and Animals Administrative Code is pretty clear that no licensee in Illinois may sell a snake six feet or longer under Section 25 110 Animals Prohibited from Sale b Licensees shall not offer for sale those animals the ownership of which would constitute a violation of Section 1 of the Illinois Dangerous Animals Act 720 ILCS 585 1 These include the following animals and any hybrids thereof lion tiger leopard ocelot jaguar cheetah margay mountain lion lynx bobcat jaguarundi civet serval hyena bear wolf or coyote or any poisonous or life threatening reptile A life threatening reptile is any member of the crocodilian family or any constricting snake six feet or over in length such as boa python and anaconda This does not include any canine or feline breeds registered by the American Kennel Club the United Kennel Club the Cat Fancier s Association or the International Cat Association The complete code may be accessed here TITLE 8 AGRICULTURE AND ANIMALS http www ilga gov commission jcar admincode 008 008parts html And the particular section here Title 8 Chapter I subchapter b part 25 Animal Welfare Act Section 25 110 Animals Prohibited from Sale http www ilga gov commission jcar admincode 008 008000250001100R html If you re going into business you may want to look at these rules PROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONS 225 ILCS 605 2 Animal Welfare Act from Ch 8 par 302 Sec 2 Definitions As used in this Act unless the context otherwise requires Pet shop operator means any person who sells offers to sell exchange or offers for adoption with or without charge or donation dogs cats birds fish reptiles or other animals customarily obtained as pets in this State However a person who sells only such animals that he has produced and raised shall not be considered a pet shop operator under this Act and a veterinary hospital or clinic operated by a veterinarian or veterinarians licensed under the Veterinary Medicine and Surgery Practice Act of 2004 shall not be considered a pet shop operator under this Act 225 ILCS 605 3 from Ch 8 par 303 Sec 3 a Except as provided in subsection b of this Section no person shall engage in business as a pet shop operator dog dealer kennel operator cattery operator or operate a guard dog service an animal control facility or animal shelter or any combination thereof in this State without a license therefor issued by the Department 225 ILCS 605 18 1 Sec 18 1 Sale or gift of reptiles and other animals a A pet shop shall not sell a reptile offer a reptile for sale or offer a reptile as a gift or promotional consideration unless a notice regarding safe reptile handling practices that meets the requirements in subsection b is i prominently displayed at each location in the pet shop where reptiles are displayed housed or held and ii distributed to the purchaser or recipient b The notice regarding safe reptile handling practices shall be one of the following 1 a notice provided at no charge by the Illinois Department of Public Health or 2 a notice that has the dimensions of at least 8 5 inches by 11 inches that uses fonts that are clearly visible and readily draw attention to the notice and that contains all of the following statements A As with many other animals reptiles carry salmonella bacteria which can make people sick Safe reptile handling steps should be taken to

    Original URL path: http://www.chicagoherp.org/index.php?link=ilherplaws (2016-02-01)
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  • Chicago Herpetological Society
    Species List Next Jefferson Salamander Ambystoma jeffersonianum Illinois Natural History Survey Range Map Events Calendar General Meetings Speakers Board Meetings ReptileFest Features CHS Bulletin Herps of Illinois Member Articles Mailing List Info Membership Bylaws Grants CHS Position Paper Contacts Adoptions

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  • Chicago Herpetological Society
    List Next Blue Spotted Salamander Ambystoma laterale Illinois Natural History Survey Range Map Events Calendar General Meetings Speakers Board Meetings ReptileFest Features CHS Bulletin Herps of Illinois Member Articles Mailing List Info Membership Bylaws Grants CHS Position Paper Contacts Adoptions

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  • Chicago Herpetological Society
    Species List Next Spotted Salamander Ambystoma maculatum Illinois Natural History Survey Range Map Events Calendar General Meetings Speakers Board Meetings ReptileFest Features CHS Bulletin Herps of Illinois Member Articles Mailing List Info Membership Bylaws Grants CHS Position Paper Contacts Adoptions

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  • Chicago Herpetological Society
    Species List Next Marbled Salamander Ambystoma opacum Illinois Natural History Survey Range Map Events Calendar General Meetings Speakers Board Meetings ReptileFest Features CHS Bulletin Herps of Illinois Member Articles Mailing List Info Membership Bylaws Grants CHS Position Paper Contacts Adoptions

    Original URL path: http://www.chicagoherp.org/index.php?link=species&row=3 (2016-02-01)
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  • Chicago Herpetological Society
    List Next Silvery Salamander Ambystoma platineum Endangered Illinois Natural History Survey Range Map Events Calendar General Meetings Speakers Board Meetings ReptileFest Features CHS Bulletin Herps of Illinois Member Articles Mailing List Info Membership Bylaws Grants CHS Position Paper Contacts Adoptions

    Original URL path: http://www.chicagoherp.org/index.php?link=species&row=4 (2016-02-01)
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  • Chicago Herpetological Society
    Species List Next Mole Salamander Ambystoma talpoideum Illinois Natural History Survey Range Map Events Calendar General Meetings Speakers Board Meetings ReptileFest Features CHS Bulletin Herps of Illinois Member Articles Mailing List Info Membership Bylaws Grants CHS Position Paper Contacts Adoptions

    Original URL path: http://www.chicagoherp.org/index.php?link=species&row=5 (2016-02-01)
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