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  • Beiram Excavation Report 12
    excavated However their use or meaning is unknown A significant number of beads were excavated no 34 including about 40 white seed beads A variety of iron objects were found including several Mongol Period 12th century A D iron arrowhead no 35 rear updateable hand forged square iron nails and fragments of an iron cauldron The preponderance of the material other than the bone astragal sheep scapula and horse teeth

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Beiram%20Excavation%20Report/beiram_exc_rp12.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Feature 1 (C)
    Many artifacts had been placed in the wooden box The glazed ceramic pots seen here was later dated to shortly after 1645

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Beiram%20Excavation%20Report/feature_1C.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Feature 1 Artifacts
    top of the mound included clockwise a bronze ÒwhistlingÓ arrowhead with a hooked tang a Chinese coin not illustrated also dated to the Ching Dynasty when the Manchu had overrun the Altai Mountains cowry shells one whole and one fragment an inscription on wood a silver gilt hollow bead with an unidentifiable repousse design seed pods not illustrated and a carved wooden Òwheel Ó a copy of a petroglyph incised

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Beiram%20Excavation%20Report/feature1_art.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Beiram Excavation Report 13
    of humus the smelter functioned perhaps during Mongol times 12th century or possibly during the Manchu period The proximity of the smelter also may account for the many iron objects that were offerings in the Beiram mound We had a saying at Beiram ÒRegardless of what the weather is it will change in a couple of hours Ó This was true except for the wind storms in June which were

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Beiram%20Excavation%20Report/beiram_exc_rp13.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Carved Bone Artifact (Scrotum?)
    a scrotum and could have been carved as a cultic offering although the form is similar to bolos used by Eskimos A group of bolos each with a thong tied around the center groove are fastened together and thrown at

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Beiram%20Excavation%20Report/scrotum.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Cheekpiece and Other Artifacts
    wood carved votive artifacts were excavated including the cheekpiece bottom The conical shaped finial at the top was one of several such objects from the mound Its significance or use

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Beiram%20Excavation%20Report/Cheekpiece.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Beads
    blue glass bead and a carnelian bead in the center Other beads not illustrated include a group of about 40 small white glass seed beads a faceted carnelian bead a wood carved ÒbuttonÓ ca 2 5 cm in diameter More

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Beiram%20Excavation%20Report/Beads-3.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Iron Smelting Site
    smelting site on the side of a mountain about 2 kilometers downhill from Beiram As seen here the side of the hill had slipped in two places revealing iron slag ca 30 40 cm below the present ground level It

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Beiram%20Excavation%20Report/smelt_site.html (2016-02-09)
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