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  • Nomads in the Mongol Autonomous Region Bogda Shan Range of the Tien Shan Mountains June 1997 Winter House Mongol Family Tien Shan Pasture Mongols Moving Mongols Racing All photographs were

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/china_1998/China4.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Kangjiashimenzi Petroglyphs in Xinjiang, Western China
    to the Kangjiashimenzi petroglyph sitelocated in Xinjiang China in August of 1991 and again in May and June of 1997 These anthropomorphic rock carvings are unique in style and content The costume elements depicted link Xinjiang with the whole of Central Asia 1 Background One manner in which prehistoric populations expressed and preserved special activities and belief systems was by carving and painting on stone outcroppings In Eurasia many thousands of petroglyphs were carved most likely by Indo Iranians Bronze Age sedentary populations of the second millennium BC and Early Iron Age nomads from the first millennium BC From at least 2000 BC these peoples inhabited steppes and intermountain valleys as far east as central Mongolia Their carvings are found in southern Siberia and Central Asia Kazakhstan and Kyrgryzstan In Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang China early populations relating to those of Central Asia carved petroglyphs on rock outcroppings which also date to the second and first millennia BC Petroglyphs carved by Early Iron Age peoples along the Karakorum Highway leading into northern India are closely related to those of the Altay Mountains and southern Kazakhstan Generative and regenerative forces of nature propagating birthing and life maintaining have always been a

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/hutubi_petroglyphs/h.petroglyph.article.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Horses Page 1
    2 Page 3 Page 4 01 Golden Horses southern Kazakstan 02 Ritual horse and shaman petroglyphs southern Kazakstan other petroglyph photographs also available 03 Horses in Bayan Ulgii Aimag western Mongolia 04 Milking horses in Bayan Ulgii western Mongolia 05

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Horses_Ethnographic/Horses1.TN.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Nomads CSEN Kazaks in living in Kazahstan Russia Western China and Mongolia Music Making 92 k Bazaar 92 k Kazaks in Mongolia 124 k Herder 80 k Horseman 96 k Kazak in China 84 k Woman 84 k Elderly Man

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Kazakhs/kaz.illus.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Mongol Nomads
    World by Jeannine Davis Kimball Ph D Zinat Press ISBN 1 885979 02 0 A photo album in full color of the Derbet and Oriat Mongol nomads living in the Altai Mountains of Western Mongolia with explanatory texts revealing the everyday life and some of their cultic beliefs of today and illustrations of ancient Early Nomad and Turkic ritual sites 66 pages 67 photographs mostly full page 4 maps soft

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Pubs_Sales_Reviews/Mongols_of_the_Altai/Mongol%20Nomads%20Index.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Eurasian Nomads CSEN Bashkorts in Bashkortostan formerly Bashkiria a Russian autonomous region in the Ural Mountains Bazaar in Uchali Women Vendors Folk Dancers 136 k 132 k 108 k Nomads 92 k Cultic Deer 80 k Photographs in Bashkortostan by

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Ufa/ufa.ill.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Mongol Naadam Text and Thumbnails
    horses race for 10 miles 16 kilometers and seven year olds for 17 miles 30 kilometrs The race is conducted on the open grasslands with no set track or course Children from the ages of 5 to 13 are chosen as jockeys since this guarantees that the race tests the horses skill and not the riders The small size of the jockeys also increases the horses endurance Even still jockeys train for months before Nadaam and the horses are given a special diet The winning jockey is praised with the title tumny ekh or leader of ten thousand and the five winning horses are talked about and revered in poetry and music The losing two year old horse is also alloted special attention by being serenaded with a song Music is very important before the race too as the audience sings traditional songs and the the jockeys sing a pre race song called a gingo Eating and drinking is the other sport during the Nadaam festival The horse races are held in the steppes behind these people who stop to drink tea and arak fermented mares milk Cold meat pancakes called khuurshuur ice cream bread and fruits are other popular festival foods ARCHERY The sport of archery originated around the 11th century during the time of Khanate warfare Contestants dress in traditional costumes and use a be nt bo w constructed of horn bark and wood The arrows made from willow branches and vulture feathers are shot at round leather targets with grey yellow or red rings Men must stand 75 meters and women 60 meters from the target Judges standing near the targets assess each shot with a cry called a uukhai and a raised hand The winning archer or mergen is the one who hits the targets the

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Mongol.Nadaam/Mongol.text.html (2016-02-09)
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  • and other Mongolians Woman Archer Horse Racing Bazaar 104 k 104 k 84 k Monks and Prayers and in Procession 128 k 128 k Wrestlers Monks Woman and Child 112 k 128 k 120 k Mongol Warrior Wrestlers 92 k

    Original URL path: http://www.csen.org/Mongols/mong.illus.html (2016-02-09)
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