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  • David Risstrom Thinking Environment: Climate Protection
    targets of any Australian city and is on path to achieve them TARGET DATE June 2003 PROGRESS Achieved DESCRIPTION Human induced greenhouse gas emissions are increasing the temperature of the atmosphere which is causing climate change By analogy to human health a very small increase in atmosphere temperature can have significant and uncertain consequences for the normal operation of the Earth s climatic systems An Australian Government report released on 10 December 2003 concluded that Australia is vulnerable to changes in temperature and precipitation projected for the next 50 to 100 years because it already has extensive arid and semi arid areas relatively high rainfall variability from year to year and existing pressures on water supply in many areas In addition vulnerability arises due to high fire risk Australian ecosystems sensitive to climate change and invasion by exotic animal and plant species introduced by human activity Australia also has a high concentration of population in coastal areas an economy strongly dependent on world commodity prices tourism dependent on the health of the Great Barrier Reef and other fragile ecosystems and economically and socially disadvantaged groups of people Impacts of climate change will be complex and to some degree uncertain but increased foresight would enable us to optimise the future through planned adaptation and mitigation Mitigation can reduce the ultimate extent of climate change and its impacts but is a global problem requiring co operative global solutions Adaptation is essential to cope with unavoidable climate changes and in this country is essentially a task to be performed by Australians for Australians in each local situation Melbourne City Council has become a world leader in its commitment to reduce its own greenhouse gas emissions and those of its community by working with the International Council for Local Environment Initiatives ICLEI to set the most ambitious greenhouse gas reduction targets of any Australian local government They are to achieve a 30 reduction by 2010 from 1996 levels for Council operations and 20 for the Community The Council has also committed to Zero Net Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 2020 through a another Green Achievement described on this website and viewable by clicking on the underlined title While I was Chair of the Environment Community and Cultural Development Committee Melbourne set the most ambitious Greenhouse Gas reduction targets of any Australian Council Melbourne was the first Council to achieve the final Milestone 5 of the ICLEI Cities for Climate Protection Campaign The City of Melbourne was awarded a 2002 World Environment Day Award for the Best Specific Environmental Initiative in the Local Government Category United Nations The MCC media release following describes the award and Melbourne s achievement Council Wins Environment Award Melbourne City Council this week won an award for its world leading commitment and work towards stabilising climate change presented by the United Nations Association of Australia The World Environment Day Award for Best Specific Environmental Initiative in the Local Government Category was accepted by the Chair of the Environment Community and Cultural

    Original URL path: http://www.davidrisstrom.org/100GreenAchievements/100GA-ClimateProtection.html (2016-04-29)
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  • David Risstrom Thinking Environment: Growing Green
    choices in our plantings Melbourne City Council has adopted a 50 year plan to use more native plants in a way that would transform the city s gardens and street plantings In time the cost of tending European style gardens in a city with increasing demands on limited water resources is likely to force the issue The environmental value of native plants is cited as another benefit but Cr David Risstrom s call to start work on making Melbourne Australian is the city not Australian is a reminder that there are other debates to be had Melbourne s gardens may hark back to another place and time but they are a defining feature Hastily remaking some gardens Treasury Gardens is slated to become wholly indigenous would change the city s character in a way that many people could not easily accept This is not simply a matter of aesthetic tastes Anyone who strolls through a city park on a sunny day will see how many people value a green lawn under shady trees And as part of our Victorian heritage parks such as the Fitzroy Gardens clearly merit preservation along with the finest buildings of that era Yet we accept that architecture changes and so should horticulture The city has in many ways changed more than its great gardens since these were established in the mid 1800s As a result our idea of a public garden is based on the 19th century sensibilities that led in the first place to the importation of plants animals and attitudes from another continent What we tend to see as appropriate is an old horticultural vision that imitated mother England s grand estate gardens which both drew from and influenced English landscape art When European artists first came to Australia they struggled to appreciate the landscape and vegetation to modern eyes their depictions are bizarrely Europeanised Today few of us have any difficulty accepting the beauty of the landscape and Australian artistic renderings of it but this transformation of attitudes took place over generations It is to the council s credit that it is looking ahead to managing the transformation of the city s green areas in a gradual and one hopes consultative manner The creation of natural green spaces such as the popular Studley and Yarra Bend parks can help persuade the public but this will not happen overnight or by education if this turns out to be a euphemism for bureaucratic edicts The difficulties are illustrated by the debate over replacing the ageing poplars of Peel Street North Melbourne and what of the city s elm avenues which rank among the world s finest remaining examples Only a balanced and patient approach over many years if need be will win public support FURTHER INFORMATION The final 50 year plan was put before Council in February 2003 for adoption Further information on Growing Green can be found on the Melbourne City council website at www melbourne vic gov au The final Growing Green

    Original URL path: http://www.davidrisstrom.org/100GreenAchievements/100GA-GrowingGreen.html (2016-04-29)
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  • David Risstrom Thinking Environment: Zero Net Greenhouse Emissions by 2020
    which society has to defend itself against are those resulting not from the thunderbolts of the gods or the blind chance of an inscrutable nature but from human decisions McDonell 1993 Risk Management And The Precautionary Principle Coping With Decisions There is now widespread scientific agreement that modern societies are producing more greenhouse gases than the atmosphere can accommodate resulting in changes in global climate There is also a growing realisation that uncertainty about the extent and effect of human induced global climate change is no longer a justification for inaction Having completed a science honours degree in climate change on election to Melbourne City Council in 1999 I felt it was important to catalyse practical and substantial action While Chairperson of Melbourne City Council s Environment Committee as part of its membership of ICLEI s Cities for Climate Protection Campaign Council set targets for 30 reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by 2010 and was on target to achieve them This at the same time as the Federal Government maintains that Australia s Kyoto protocol target of an 8 increase is too difficult to achieve Despite having set the most ambitious greenhouse gas reduction targets of any local government in Australia to its credit Melbourne City Council decided to achieve more and to look beyond its own boundaries to effect change With the support of Melbourne City Council I presented a proposal for a Zero Net Emissions Strategy to the APEC Sustainable Cities Energy Working Group in Canberra in 2000 and to a further APEC meeting in Wuhan China in January 2002 for political endorsement As far as I am aware the Zero Net Emissions Strategy was the first and only environmental project of its kind endorsed by the group Three strategies underpin the action plan to achieve zero net greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 1 Leading edge design by using the natural cycle of rebuilding and refurbishing to achieve a 50 reduction in energy use by commercial and residential building stock 2 Greening the power supply by stimulating demand for renewable energy and energy efficient power such as combined cycle coal gasification and fuel cells as well as encouraging cogeneration and embedded energy supply particularly in industrial applications The aim is to increase the use of renewable energy to 45 of projected demand by 2020 and achieve a 50 reduction in emissions from non renewable resources 3 Carbon sequestration by investment in carbon sequestration to offset remaining emissions and by stimulating investment in regions of Victoria that are linked to the City s economic viability environmental impact and social equity 50 of the City of Melbourne s corporate emissions are to be offset by sequestration by 2010 The major initiatives of the strategy include Privately financed world class green buildings catalysed by the City of Melbourne from the growing consumer and developer interest in green buildings A centre for Greenhouse Expertise and Technology to ensure access to leading edge design and innovation Active marketing of a green productivity profile

    Original URL path: http://www.davidrisstrom.org/100GreenAchievements/100GA-ZeroNetGreenhouseGas.html (2016-04-29)
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  • David Risstrom Thinking Environment: Earth Charter
    animals fertile soils pure waters and clean air The global environment with its finite resources is a common concern of all peoples The protection of Earth s vitality diversity and beauty is a sacred trust THE GLOBAL SITUATION The dominant patterns of production and consumption are causing environmental devastation the depletion of resources and a massive extinction of species Communities are being undermined The benefits of development are not shared equitably and the gap between rich and poor is widening Injustice poverty ignorance and violent conflict are widespread and the cause of great suffering An unprecedented rise in human population has overburdened ecological and social systems The foundations of global security are threatened These trends are perilous but not inevitable THE CHALLENGES AHEAD The choice is ours form a global partnership to care for Earth and one another or risk the destruction of ourselves and the diversity of life Fundamental changes are needed in our values institutions and ways of living We must realise that when basic needs have been met human development is primarily about being more not having more We have the knowledge and technology to provide for all and to reduce our impacts on the environment The emergence of a global civil society is creating new opportunities to build a democratic and humane world Our environmental economic political social and spiritual challenges are interconnected and together we can forge inclusive solutions UNIVERSAL RESPONSIBILITY To realise these aspirations we must decide to live with a sense of universal responsibility identifying ourselves with the whole Earth community as well as our local communities We are at once citizens of different nations and of one world in which the local and global are linked Everyone shares responsibility for the present and future well being of the human family and the larger living world The spirit of human solidarity and kinship with all life is strengthened when we live with reverence for the mystery of being gratitude for the gift of life and humility regarding the human place in nature We urgently need a shared vision of basic values to provide an ethical foundation for the emerging world community Therefore together in hope we affirm the following interdependent principles for a sustainable way of life as a common standard by which the conduct of all individuals organisations businesses governments and transnational institutions is to be guided and assessed PRINCIPLES I RESPECT AND CARE FOR THE COMMUNITY OF LIFE 1 Respect Earth and life in all its diversity a Recognise that all beings are interdependent and every form of life has value regardless of its worth to human beings b Affirm faith in the inherent dignity of all human beings and in the intellectual artistic ethical and spiritual potential of humanity 2 Care for the community of life with understanding compassion and love a Accept that with the right to own manage and use natural resources comes the duty to prevent environmental harm and to protect the rights of people b Affirm that with increased freedom knowledge and power comes increased responsibility to promote the common good 3 Build democratic societies that are just participatory sustainable and peaceful a Ensure that communities at all levels guarantee human rights and fundamental freedoms and provide everyone an opportunity to realise his or her full potential b Promote social and economic justice enabling all to achieve a secure and meaningful livelihood that is ecologically responsible 4 Secure Earth s bounty and beauty for present and future generations a Recognise that the freedom of action of each generation is qualified by the needs of future generations b Transmit to future generations values traditions and institutions that support the long term flourishing of Earth s human and ecological communities In order to fulfil these four broad commitments it is necessary to II ECOLOGICAL INTEGRITY 5 Protect and restore the integrity of Earth s ecological systems with special concern for biological diversity and the natural processes that sustain life a Adopt at all levels sustainable development plans and regulations that make environmental conservation and rehabilitation integral to all development initiatives b Establish and safeguard viable nature and biosphere reserves including wild lands and marine areas to protect Earth s life support systems maintain biodiversity and preserve our natural heritage c Promote the recovery of endangered species and ecosystems d Control and eradicate non native or genetically modified organisms harmful to native species and the environment and prevent introduction of such harmful organisms e Manage the use of renewable resources such as water soil forest products and marine life in ways that do not exceed rates of regeneration and that protect the health of ecosystems f Manage the extraction and use of non renewable resources such as minerals and fossil fuels in ways that minimise depletion and cause no serious environmental damage 6 Prevent harm as the best method of environmental protection and when knowledge is limited apply a precautionary approach a Take action to avoid the possibility of serious or irreversible environmental harm even when scientific knowledge is incomplete or inconclusive b Place the burden of proof on those who argue that a proposed activity will not cause significant harm and make the responsible parties liable for environmental harm c Ensure that decision making addresses the cumulative long term indirect long distance and global consequences of human activities d Prevent pollution of any part of the environment and allow no build up of radioactive toxic or other hazardous substances e Avoid military activities damaging to the environment 7 Adopt patterns of production consumption and reproduction that safeguard Earth s regenerative capacities human rights and community well being a Reduce reuse and recycle the materials used in production and consumption systems and ensure that residual waste can be assimilated by ecological systems b Act with restraint and efficiency when using energy and rely increasingly on renewable energy sources such as solar and wind c Promote the development adoption and equitable transfer of environmentally sound technologies d Internalise the full

    Original URL path: http://www.davidrisstrom.org/100GreenAchievements/100GA-EarthCharter.html (2016-04-29)
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  • David Risstrom Thinking Environment: Lending Library
    Sep 06 Apr Jun 06 Jan Mar 06 Rosa and Dave s News Views Oct Dec 05 Jul Sep 05 Apr Jun 05 Jan Mar 05 Rosa and Dave s News Views Oct Dec 2004 Jul Sep 2004 Apr Jun 2004 Jan Mar 2004 Rosa and Dave s News Views Oct Dec 2003 Jul Sep 2003 Apr Jun 2003 Jan Mar 2003 Rosa and Dave s News Views 2002 Through Green Coloured Glasses 2003 2002 David Risstrom s Community Involvement 2004 2001 2001 1999 Pre 1999 Did Cr Risstrom Deliver on His Promises for 2001 2004 1999 2001 Victorian Local Government Elections 2008 2005 2004 100 GREEN ACHIEVEMENTS ESTABLISH AN INNER CITY LENDING LIBRARY Achievement Target Date Description Progress Further Information ACHIEVEMENT The City of Melbourne hosts an Inner City Lending Library TARGET DATE December 2003 PROGRESS Achieved DESCRIPTION Residents and visitors to the City of Melbourne have limited day time access to a lending library The State Library of Victoria in Swanston Walk provides an excellent reference collection but no pubic provision for borrowing I saw a real need for the city to be a source of ideas thinking and reading not just retailing As a Director of the Yarra Regional Library Board I took the view that a central city lending library was necessary to fill the gap in this need A great deal of work was done in the background which ultimately resulted in a paper being put to Council for endorsement Cr Joanna pace became very involved and took this issue on as a cause After discussions with a number of prospective organisations the Council For Adult Education Building in Flinders Lane was chosen The Council has made a financial contribution to establishing the Library The State Government after initially making a commitment refused to honour

    Original URL path: http://www.davidrisstrom.org/100GreenAchievements/100GA-LendingLibrary.html (2016-04-29)
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  • David Risstrom Thinking Environment: Applying Ethics
    Jan Mar 2003 Rosa and Dave s News Views 2002 Through Green Coloured Glasses 2003 2002 David Risstrom s Community Involvement 2004 2001 2001 1999 Pre 1999 Did Cr Risstrom Deliver on His Promises for 2001 2004 1999 2001 Victorian Local Government Elections 2008 2005 2004 100 GREEN ACHIEVEMENTS APPLYING ETHICS Achievement Target Date Description Progress Further Information ACHIEVEMENT Decisions I make pass a test of being the right thing to do TARGET DATE Today PROGRESS Ongoing Since being elected I have graduated as a Vincent Fairfax Fellow through the St James Ethics Centre completing an 18 month Ethics and Leadership course as a requirement for qualification I have proposed that Melbourne City Council adopt an ethics program that allows voluntary participating of staff and in the future expands to include a program for public participation by residents DESCRIPTION I was selected for and completed an 18 month Vincent Fairfax Ethics Fellowship through the St James Ethics Centre between 2000 and 2002 The Fellowship involved ten weeks away from Melbourne including 10 days on a remote mine site in Northern Australia Chatham house discussions in Canberra analysing ethics issues setting my own ethics question in South East Asia participating in an Ethics Conference in Bangkok and participating in residential sessions in Melbourne My ethics question involved travelling independently in Burma for three weeks to consider the question of Whether all it takes for evil to triumph is for good people to do nothing My conclusion is that sometimes this is true but usually responsibility is dispersed more widely among individuals their society and the situations they are in While applying ethics for me is a case by case situation I try as often as practical to make decisions by reducing them to the question of Is it the right thing

    Original URL path: http://www.davidrisstrom.org/100GreenAchievements/100GA-ApplyingEthics.html (2016-04-29)
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  • David Risstrom Thinking Environment: Sustainable Living Fair in Melbourne
    and Dave s News Views Oct Dec 2003 Jul Sep 2003 Apr Jun 2003 Jan Mar 2003 Rosa and Dave s News Views 2002 Through Green Coloured Glasses 2003 2002 David Risstrom s Community Involvement 2004 2001 2001 1999 Pre 1999 Did Cr Risstrom Deliver on His Promises for 2001 2004 1999 2001 Victorian Local Government Elections 2008 2005 2004 100 GREEN ACHIEVEMENTS BRINGING THE SUSTAINABLE LIVING FAIR TO MELBOURNE Achievement Target Date Description Progress Further Information ACHIEVEMENT To have the Sustainable Living Fair brought to the City of Melbourne so that more people understand what they can do to improve our environment TARGET DATE September 2001 PROGRESS Achieved DESCRIPTION The Sustainable Living Fair is a public event promoting and displaying organisations businesses and ideas promoting environmental sustainability I went to the Sustainable Living Fair when it was held at Hanging Rock Kyneton in 1999 It occurred to me that the ideas promoted in the Fair would be a great benefit to the people of the City of Melbourne I suggested to the organisers that they consider moving the Sustainable Living Fair to somewhere within the City of Melbourne The people within the organisation and its volunteers did a great deal of work to make this possible and made applications to the City of Melbourne for financial assistance to hold the fair in Melbourne The first Sustainable Living Fair in Melbourne in 2001 was to be held in Birrarung Marr but due to late completion of the park area was held in Alexandra Gardens The Fair was a great success despite some challenging Melbourne weather coming to the Fair on the final day The 2003 Sustainable Living Fair was held on 21 22 and 23 February 2003 It was be the first major event using Federation Square The organisation for

    Original URL path: http://www.davidrisstrom.org/100GreenAchievements/100GA-SustLivFairInMelb.html (2016-04-29)
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  • David Risstrom Thinking Environment: Discounted MET Tickets for MCC Staff
    Risstrom News Views Oct Dec 06 Jul Sep 06 Apr Jun 06 Jan Mar 06 Rosa and Dave s News Views Oct Dec 05 Jul Sep 05 Apr Jun 05 Jan Mar 05 Rosa and Dave s News Views Oct Dec 2004 Jul Sep 2004 Apr Jun 2004 Jan Mar 2004 Rosa and Dave s News Views Oct Dec 2003 Jul Sep 2003 Apr Jun 2003 Jan Mar 2003 Rosa and Dave s News Views 2002 Through Green Coloured Glasses 2003 2002 David Risstrom s Community Involvement 2004 2001 2001 1999 Pre 1999 Did Cr Risstrom Deliver on His Promises for 2001 2004 1999 2001 Victorian Local Government Elections 2008 2005 2004 100 GREEN ACHIEVEMENTS MONTHLY 6 MONTHLY OR YEARLY MET TICKETS AT 10 DISCOUNT FOR STAFF Achievement Target Date Description Progress Further Information ACHIEVEMENT To introduce discounted MET public transport tickets for Melbourne City Council TARGET DATE December 2001 PROGRESS Achieved DESCRIPTION This is a scheme whereby staff can elect to purchase MET tickets through payroll deduction The tickets are provided to staff at a 10 discount by the public transport operators and paid for up front by the City of Melbourne The City of Melbourne is then reimbursed through regular payroll deductions from the staff member Multi modal tickets for any zone combination are available I negotiated the 10 discount for the City of Melbourne for 2002 which has been subsequently been re offered This scheme is known as the Commuter Club Over 100 staff and one councillor any guesses as to who have joined the scheme and can be seen smiling on public transport coming to work as their trains trams and buses increasingly enjoy priority journeys into the city FURTHER INFORMATION I will post information on if and how your organisation can join the Commuter Club

    Original URL path: http://www.davidrisstrom.org/100GreenAchievements/100GA-DiscMETTicketStaff.html (2016-04-29)
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