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    transcend borders many question the actual impact of these movements For instance does a Facebook group entitled One Million Strong to Alleviate Poverty actually help in eradicating global poverty In the case of Hum Sab Hain Dhaani are we really impacting militancy in Pakistan by wearing green one day Anthony Permal a Pakistani based in the UAE and a member of Future Leaders of Pakistan said he came up with the Dhaani movement after a friend s sister died in the recent International Islamic University bombing in Islamabad In the aftermath he noted there were two common feelings despair and disunity Permal felt he was tired of waiting for someone else to do something and decided to be that someone The mission of the movement is simple create hope to dispel the despair and create unity to prove to the perpetrators of such bombings that we as Pakistanis are united In a country where the median age is 20 8 years campaigns such as the Dhaani movement are significant because they capture and harness the passion of Pakistan s youth However given that the country s literacy rate is nearly 50 per cent and a much lower percentage of that number speak English and are computer literate the youth that are part of these movements may reflect the elite more than the majority of the country Nevertheless they are a small but increasingly vocal demographic a generation that stands to inherit Pakistan one day The transnational nature of these social networking sites also means that online movements can tap into a much wider audience allowing Pakistanis within the country and abroad to connect with one another and disseminate information quickly Interestingly the near anonymous nature of some tools particularly Twitter also allows for a more egalitarian exchange of ideas and

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/comments/fostering-a-broader-transnational-collective-identity/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    harness collective intelligence or the wisdom of crowds This approach is now so well accepted that Web 2 0 sites like Wikipedia Facebook Myspace Orkut YouTube Twitter and various other social networking and blogging sites are the most heavily trafficked websites today Participative yes but what are the risks The main anchor of Web 2 0 also constitutes its main risk namely trusting the user to generate the content User participation is facilitated by various technologies which are not necessarily entirely new They are better packaged to assist the architecture of participation Technologies like AJAX Asynchronous Java Script and XML can refresh only a portion of the screen rather than the entire screen This is done automatically rather than through user request RSS Really Simple Syndication notifies the user each time there is a website update While these technologies help to create an enhanced user experience and interactivity they may change over time Web 2 0 vulnerabilities are not necessarily related only to the technologies but are also due to the novel use of technology Information leakage constitutes a major risk which emanates from information sharing among multiple users and multiple systems through web services The borderline between personal and enterprise information is getting blurred on Web 2 0 sites Given the dependence on user contributed data integrity of information can be a major concern since malicious users can publish erroneous or misleading information and spread false information Insufficient authentication control is another issue since multiple users can change information however not all of them may use stringent security measures like strong and frequently updated passwords Cracking the admin password may lead to a compromise of the entire system This was demonstrated by the infamous Twitter hack Among the technological risks which get accentuated due to the participative nature of

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/comments/remove-the-risks-associated-with-new-technologies/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    she heard of circle2corner com and several other counselling websites that provided that much wanted anonymity So finally she found in the virtual world what she was searching for in the external material world solace Singh is not a one off case There are tens of thousands of hapless people seeking solutions to their personal and professional problems in the cyber world from websites like Circle2corner com We handle close to 3 000 queries over the web and 1 000 over SMS per day Circle2corner com a one year old online support group offers both free and paid counselling For advance services the site usually charges Rs 49 for one question The site claims that every month at least 67 of first time visitors come back with more queries The website sees around 5 5 million hits every month and 3 000 unique users per day We handle close to 3 000 queries over the web and 1 000 over SMS per day They are a mixture of relationship counselling stress work and career We have 60 to 80 counsellors who take 12 hours on the web and 4 6 hours on SMS to answer those queries says Amit Basu founder of Circle2corner com The portal now is in the process of offering counselling over voice and hopefully within a month or two will initiate the process adds Basu For most online counselling websites the demand for counselling is augmenting with the increase in the number of people accepting professional help as a fair option Also these sites provide the user the required discretion and anonymity Legal assistance Agrees Tarun Choudhury senior partner at Legal Service India LSI Set up in 2000 LSI is perhaps the earliest portal to provide legal services We have seen that 80 per cent of people prefer to connect through email Besides in India no one wants to visit a lawyer But we have seen that once they are comfortable with a lawyer they might then meet them says Choudhury LSI charges about Rs 1 200 for a query There are no additional charges in case of any follow on questions regarding the same issue Each query is replied within 48 hours Each lawyer pays a one time charge of Rs 3 600 to be on the directory of the site We have a huge number of queries from non resident Indians NRIs LSI has over 1 lakh active users and has at least 3 4 lakh unique visitors per day The highest number of queries are related to family issues like divorce adoption maintenance and others followed by tax related queries criminal law intellectual property and immigration We have a huge number of queries from non resident Indians NRIs Of the 1 000 queries that we get every day at least 200 300 are from NRIs While NRIs prefer to meet the lawyers Indian s like to use just the advisory option he says adding that LSI will soon allow lawyers to connect with

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/spotlight/clicking-problems-away/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    the medicines they need When an internet user clicked on one of the dots a popup bubble displayed reported stock outs in the region National Pill Check Week was carried out at the end of June in the four countries Locating medicines across regions Stock out victims members of the public who found that essential medicines they required were out of stock at a particular clinic texted their news to a mobile phone connected to a computer a system known as FrontlineSMS Further software implanted this information into a database known as Ushahidi which then placed a red dot on an online map The red dot grew as the number of stock out reports for the area increased When an internet user clicked on one of the dots a popup bubble displayed reported stock outs in the region Campaigners also did more systematic surveys of local hospitals By the end of the week a major shortage of essential medicines was revealed in more than 100 government hospitals and clinics in Kenya alone Integrated system for healthcare Usahidi is a common mapping software that has been used for many social purposes FrontlineSMS is software that turns a laptop and mobile phone into a central communications hub without the need for the Internet and is already being used in around 50 countries for activities directed at social change The coding system that we used would work well for campaigns in which large amounts of data are expected Combining the two was novel and crucial to its success was the use of the intermediary script which allowed the automatic transfer of information from mobile phone to map provided texters had used a simple code for their information If they had instead texted a casual phrase their information was input manually You could use

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/spotlight/new-technology-helps-track-drug-shortage-in-kenya/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    addicts they fit exactly with the profile of Second Life users that researchers indicated Maldives was the first to open an embassy on Second Life followed by Sweden and the Philippines That was also when the latest demographic statistics of active users by country were revealed Back then the top 10 countries with biggest numbers of active users were all in Europe and America with the tenth being Italy where 1 93 per cent of the actives users resided All the other countries in the world including the whole of Asia shared 15 per cent of the active users The company claimed to have 11 million users but didn t give the number of active users together with the above numbers Fortunately around the same time comScore a UK based market research firm estimated the number of active users to be around 1 3 million which corresponded well with the 10 per cent pattern meaning 10 per cent of total registered users of a social media web site are active And 1 93 per cent of 1 3 million makes 25 thousand That means among the 137 million internet users in China at that time 0 018 per cent were on Second Life at most Even in Singapore where 2 4 million residents were online only around one per cent were on Second Life again at most Market research firms have not bothered to come out with new reports on Second Life s user demographics China had 47 million bloggers that year according to official data and in Singapore Windows Live Space a blogging site alone had more than 340 thousand users So the numbers of Asian Second Life users were totally insignificant Those statistics are still the latest by now A few recent questions on Second Life s official

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/comments/second-life-bubble-burst/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    find each other The website called familylinks icrc org will change the way people go about getting back in touch with family members they ve been separated from said Olivier Dubois deputy head of the central tracing agency and protection division of the ICRC He said the website is user friendly and is a joint venture of Red Cross and Red Crescent societies What makes the new familylinks icrc org

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/kenya-red-cross-website-to-reunite-torn-families/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    Info India to usher in e passports soon 16 November 2012 India s external affairs ministry is all set to issue electronic passports which will have an electronic chip containing the personal information of the passport holder The External Affairs Ministry is all set to issue electronic Passports soon in the country Chief Passport Officer Muktesh K Pardeshi told this at a press conference in Hyderabad He said the new

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/india-to-usher-in-e-passports-soon/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    of Korea will be awarded 50 000 in prize money for work done in merging education with information and communications technology ICT the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO announced today According to a news release UNESCO s Director General Irina Bokova will present the two laureates Germany s Internet ABC Project and the Republic of Korea s InfollutionZERO with their 2011 UNESCO King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Prize at a ceremony on 20 November at the agency s headquarters in Paris The annual prize instituted in 2005 is funded by the Kingdom of Bahrain and is awarded to individuals institutions or non governmental organizations for their excellent ICT use in enhancing learning teaching and overall educational performance In this year s edition the winning projects were selected from a field of 51 entrants from 39 countries Responding to the set theme of Educating youth for responsible global digital citizenship both projects are being rewarded for their work in increasing young people s awareness of safe internet navigation and addressing the growing concerns surrounding online bullying and harassment Germany s Internet ABC Project provides young internet users with advertisement free access of more than one million web

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/internet-education-initiatives-win-unesco-prize/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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