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    West According to Dr V P Gupta from CSIR who created TKDL India would lose 2 000 new patents every year without such a digital library In the past patents have been granted by the European Patent Office EPO on the use of over 285 Indian medicinal plants such as papaya Indian long pepper kali tulsi pudina ginger aloe isabgol aaonla jira soybean tomato almond walnut and methi This is why India has now also signed a landmark agreement with the EPO Under the three year agreement which came into effect on February 3 TKDL s database would be available to the patent examiners at EPO 34 member states for establishing prior art in case of patent applications based on Indian systems of medicine ISM However TKDL s information will be restricted only for patent search and examination purposes EPO will not be able to disclose the information to a third party While India will help EPO with search assistance EPO will once every three months inform India about what information was used as citation from the TKDA According to CSIR DG Prof Samir Brahmchari on an average it takes five to seven years to oppose a granted patent internationally and costs Rs 1 3 crore Therefore the cost of protecting all ISM formulations in the absence of TKDL would be staggering and completely unaffordable Brahmchari said Ayush secretary S Jalaja added People will now think twice before even applying for such dubious patents Till now we have documented 81 000 Ayurveda 1 4 lakh Unani and 12 000 Siddha formulations TKDL has become a model for other countries wanting to defend their traditional knowledge from misappropriation South Africa African Regional Property Organisation Mongolia Nigeria Malaysia and Thailand have asked India to help them replicate TKDL Health secretary Naresh Dayal

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/india-logs-over-2-lakh-traditional-medical-formulations/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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    Resources Archive OneWorld websites and resources Governance Knowledge Centre Lifelines EK duniya anEK awaaz Climate Change Action Appropriate Technology Choice OneWorld South Asia Info keywords Related topics regions Human Rights Afghanistan Vocational Education India logs over 2 lakh traditional medical formulations In what is the world s first Traditional Knowledge Digital Library TKDL India has completed documenting over two lakh medical formulations of Ayurveda Related topics regions IPR Access to

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/search?Subject%3Alist=IPR (2016-02-17)
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    of CD4 cells is low explains Dr Williams During the course of infection the number of these cells gets less and less so you have to count them to see how advanced the HIV is The quest The machine was developed by PointCare a company based in the US that specialises in diagnostic equipment for the developing world It s an organisation with an impressive pedigree Petra Krauledat and her long time business partner Peter Hansen founded the company in 2003 having both already had long and successful careers in HIV research What people needed was a test that could be used in a little shack of a clinic transported to remote areas and that could withstand the heat Petra Krauledat PointCare br Peter invented the first automated CD4 test in the late 1970s and I led the group in 1982 in Germany that launched the first HIV screening test in Europe explains Dr Krauledat In the 1990s they were approached by former colleagues who asked them to turn their attention to developing a much needed cheap CD4 test for the developing world So we went to Southern Africa to talk to the medics actually working there she says What they found surprised them both People showed us tonnes of donated instruments just sat in storage The reagents or chemicals needed to run the tests had simply perished in the heat she relates So cheap wasn t people s biggest concern What they needed was a test that could be used in a little shack of a clinic transported to remote areas and that could withstand the high temperatures We ve fulfilled that quest Surviving the heat Dr Hansen invented a test that uses chemical reagent that can be freeze dried and stored in temperatures of over 40C CD4 screening tests use antibodies molecular tags that recognise and latch onto a chemical marker on the surface of the cell By attaching to the cells they act as flags distinguishing CD4 cells from other white blood cells But these antibodies need to be labelled so they can be detected by a machine Image credits BBC Before the outreach programme patients would walk to the hospital Traditionally antibodies are labelled using fluorescent markers but these fluorescent chemicals perish if they are not kept refrigerated So they re useless for a medical team operating from a temporary clinic in the heat of an African summer Dr Hansen developed a new label We use colloidal gold explains Dr Krauledat It s true nanotechnology extremely tiny gold particles attached to the anti CD4 antibody The gold bound antibodies are very heat stable they can be stored at over 42C for an entire year Immediate result Inside the PointCare machine the freeze dried gold labelled antibody is liquefied and combined with the blood sample and with a chemical accelerator that speeds up the attachment of the antibody to the cells How the accelerator works is a trade secret but it allows us to complete the test

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/mobile-technology-battles-hiv/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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    realm of youth engagement new media and social entrepreneurship There were five main categories in which the contestants competed and there were three winners from each category Austrian duo Andreas Jakl and Gerald Madlmayr won an award in the Fight Poverty Hunger Disease category Their project called Mobile Doctor is a mobile application that assists people in developing countries to instantly find nearby hospitals or medical assistance A winner in the education category Alternatives Finding New Possibilities for Youth is a Nepal based interactive website run by a group of young social entrepreneurs aiming to empower Nepalese youth to bring change to the country Its has so far put on training sessions in leadership tourism and media for the youth in rural areas In the category dedicated to empowering women Gholamzadeh Hamid Reza a 27 year old Iranian man came up with an online magazine titled Dokhtiran e Magazine on Women s Rights Iran has received much international criticism for its treatment of women the objective of the e magazine is to inform women of their basic rights and to critically discuss judicial cultural political and educational rules affecting their lives The US based smartphone application The Extraordinaries won an award in the cultural creation category for promoting the culture of volunteering Founded by Jacob Colker and Ben Rigby the crowd sourcing application allows smartphone users to spend a few minutes micro volunteering So far they have been able to help immigrants improve their English translate subtitles for human rights videos and help Cornell University collect data on urban birds In the going green category three Dutch youths were recognized for their online computer game called The Guardian of Eden The game is about a boy tasked with restoring the natural balance of the earth and aims to educate children

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/young-minds-changing-the-world/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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    medical care childhood benefits and other social security gains can find eIDs and similar applications very useful said Bill Nagel an e analyst from Forrester Research adding that this would make e governance more efficient and also enable private sector to lower its security and identity related costs Image credits FedICT An eID reader Most eID projects in European Union had been government led Major issues arising due to eIDs were related to security But Austria had successfully brought out solution by using sector specific identifiers which used different silos of information and so that only sector specific data could be accessed thus minimising correlation misuse However so far this had been economically unviable they said Pakistan Smart chain management Ali Arshad Hakeem chairman of National Database and Registration Authority NADRA that issued the 70 millionth ID card last month shared the success story of smart identity cards in Pakistan Pakistan deals with problems of social exclusion and terrorism like most South Asian countries Here NADRA employs smart chain management such as mobile registration vehicles and toolkits to reach out to the most excluded citizens in the country he said This process can also be seen as innovative and sustainable as it is integrated with other socio economic services such as banking health insurance income support and savings for Haj NADRA cards benefit pilgrims and can be used by citizens to deposit savings for their pilgrimage In this way the principal goal of NADRA is to efficiently connect every Pakistani to the services such as banking and insurance The last example could serve as a role model for other countries that wanted to build sustainable ICT solutions Hakeem informed Haj is a significant activity in Pakistan with 1 8 million people participating in this holy pilgrimage annually Established in 1999 NADRA today is the largest technology organisation in Pakistan with 10 000 employees in 400 offices spread across the country It comprises younger and tech savvy employees and has proven itself much more efficient than the erstwhile Registration Department NADRA has been entrusted with the responsibility of issuing drivers license national passports and ID cards It also deals in issuance of family registration children registration birth and death certificates NADRA has witnessed a growth in number of women registration that can be attributed to gender friendly approaches of NADRA such as women registrars Estonia Public Key Infrastructure Tarvi Martens from the e governance academy in Estonia said that his was a small country with a population of 4 4 million where most people were tech savvy Elaborating on the country s Public Key Infrastructure PKI which is now 12 years old he added that PKI system was an ideal example of Public Private Partnership PPPs where the country s government issued the forms and the private sector delivered the identity cards Estonia is also the first country to successfully implement Internet voting An advantage of e voting is that an unsure voter can cast a vote again and only the

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/using-icts-for-accelerated-service-delivery/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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    view everything from the Grand Canyon to a neighbour s backyard is now helping them glide through the depths of the ocean track a whale or compare reviews of their favorite dive locations The developers of Google Ocean built using visual satellite images sonar waves bounced off ships and data pooled from scientists and individuals say it could also help highlight the effects of climate change on the seas But three months after its launch the site has high resolution images of less than 5 of the sea much of it from around the United States and Japan where research facilities are collaborating closely with Google The site has time delay photos that show the melting polar ice caps Google s chief technology advocate Michael Jones said Friday on the final day of the World Ocean Conference in Indonesia Jones said the company is still recruiting teams to collect content that will improve nascent efforts to map the underwater world He urged governments scientists and divers to upload reviews photos and even video footage Those kinds of visualizations help people not just a fellow scientist but everyday people develop a certainty about the importance of changes that could affect their

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/google-ocean-shows-effects-of-climate-change/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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    in a faster manner and lower cost officials and reports said here on Tuesday Image credits Slashphone Money transfer through mobile It s going to revolutionise the remittance delivery system If introduced it will enable expatriate Bangladeshis to send their cash back home from any corner of the world the Financial Express newspaper quoted Expatriates Welfare and Overseas Employment Minister Mosharraf Hussain as saying He said the proposed system would make the transfer process faster and drastically cut down costs as Bangladesh became one of the world s top 10 remittance recipient nations in the developing world in 2008 Officials said under the system the recipient would get notified by SMS and then will punch the code he gets on his SMS into a specially enabled automated teller machine ATM to withdraw the cash Officials said the World Bank already agreed to support the planned remittance transfer process with initial financial and technical assistance while Bangladesh Bank said the country s top cellular phone operator Grameen Phone sought its permission for mobile phone based transfer Currently the global money transfer agencies charge in cases more than 20 on the remitted amounts as fees while Expatriate Welfare ministry officials said proposed

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/mobile-phone-based-money-transfer-soon-in-bangladesh/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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    a reliable source of power is rare APCNews Tell us a bit about your relationship with Aleutia SF We are primarily distributors of some Aleutia products primarily low power computing solar panels power packs etc and offer pre sales support as well as tailor made solutions for NGOs Image credits APC A user with the green pc We ve been offering the E2 for a couple of months now and have had a lot of interest and a few purchases without doing much advertising or marketing The uses vary from home users or people who don t need a huge amount of processing power and want a pleasantly silent PC to do general day to day work to charity fundraisers on a journey from London to Kazakhstan who need a rugged PC for the journey to act as a reliable GPS unit and even for a little entertainment Aleutia s main market is Africa where many of GreenNet s members have active projects The GreenNet Aleutia team offers NGOs and charities a specialised team that understands their requiremets GreenNet provides an expert IT team that can mock up draft setups for the E2 or the E3 or the Small Green PC that can be based in a UK office or rural internet cafe in Sierra Leone Image credits APC Green PC The E3 is the same size and has the same appearance as the E2 but has a faster processor 1 5GHz and a few other tweaks to make it a system that can deal with more demanding computing tasks We ll be offering the E3 sometime before Christmas Other than product development we work together in tailoring the best possible setup for remote internet cafe s For example we had an enquiry from someone who was looking to donate

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/comments/the-e2-a-green-computer-for-everyone/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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