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    English he cautioned This has obvious implications for those who can and cannot take advantage of this online world he added noting that about two thirds of English language sites are devoted to e commerce and that e commerce accounted for nearly 2 4 trillion in business worldwide in 2006 It literally pays to speak English He cited the crucial role played by the media not only in reporting on local and world events in multiple languages but with their educational services from quizzes to language instruction on their online sites Media companies are on the front line of developing new ways to translate the Internet into different languages real time translation of Internet chats is on the horizon thanks to better and faster translation tools and new technology is helping to add captions to videos automatically helping those who are hearing impaired as well as those who do not speak the language of the video he said Clearly the media through multilingual content and technology must continue to expand and encourage the exchange of ideas knowledge and culture as it always has he declared The United Nations is your strong ally in this movement The United Nations and my Department the Department of Public Information promotes multilingualism in the United Nations in cyberspace and in countries every day Akasaka cited the UN s own role in producing and disseminating multimedia news products and services in different languages its website available in all six official UN languages Arabic Chinese English French Russian and Spanish UN webcasts of meetings of the General Assembly and Security Council in English and the original language of the speaker UN Radio daily programming in the six official languages as well as in Kiswahili one of the fastest growing languages in the world and Portuguese The

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/comments/promote-multilingualism-in-cyberspace/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    cables that are currently being laid in the region he said But all these benefits will not be realised without a strong combination of entrepreneurship education policy and investment in regional networks Rwanda and Uganda are now linked through Kenya and are poised to take advantage of the digital express Infrastructure projects such as this have never been easy The region has a complex mix of countries including warring and failed states This has been complicated by costs A decade ago it cost over 5 000 3 000 to per one kilometre of standard fibre optic cable now it is just 300 There are some advantages to being a latecomer As a result the necessary infrastructure is beginning to be rolled out Rwanda and Uganda are now linked through Kenya and are poised to take advantage of the digital express But to do this fully their governments must be grander in their aims Much of the work has so far focused on adopting policies to attract outsourced businesses in basic areas such as data processing and call centres These developments are just a small proportion of what is possible Africa could benefit from this new infrastructure if it can focus on four critical areas lowering the cost of access to bandwidth expanding training opportunities in multimedia technology stimulating enterprise development and liberalizing the market for devices to access the net This last point will need careful attention African governments will be tempted to see the rise in demand for access devices as a source of tax revenue White elephants However such taxes will most likely dampen the prospects of benefiting from the fibre optic infrastructure Liberalising the market for access devices and removing all types of duty would serve as a major stimulus for the growth of new industries In addition governments should think twice before seeking to assemble conventional desktops and laptops locally If they do they will make the same mistakes that were made by countries hoping to assemble mobile handsets in the early days of the cell phone revolution Those factories will quickly become white elephants as the rest of the world goes mobile through new generations of access devices Instead governments should instead adopt policies that encourage the use of netbooks and the creation of cloud computing industries Under this new regime software and data will be stored on large scale servers leaving users to work from smaller less powerful computers Education However in order for these changes to take place the cost of bandwidth must decline Internet Service Providers ISPs are already offering more bandwidth for the same cost For example MTN Business in South Africa has cut the cost of bandwidth by up to 50 In east Africa the arrival of other cables over the coming months is expected to create competition that will help to keep down prices and provide the critical redundancy needed to maintain reliable access Governments could also help expand economic opportunities by underwriting the costs of access especially for

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/comments/africa-on-a-digital-ride/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    complicated If the Internet weren t built on open standards we might have found ourselves in a situation where you d need an IBM browser to look at the IBM website an HP browser to look at the HP site a Microsoft browser to view the Microsoft site and so on In fact it is the very openness of the standards on the internet which has led to its explosive growth and ubiquity In the Smart Grid space standards are also extremely important We need ensure that there is no vendor lock in i e if a utility has GE transformers they need to be free to buy their smart meters from any smart meter vendor not just GE for example One of the most successful of the open standards has been TCP IP the protocol used for communicating data across a packet switched network like the Internet or almost all home or company networks The next incarnation of TCP IP is called IPv6 The advantage IPv6 has is that it allows far more items to be networked than is currently possible and that will be vital if we are to start networking the appliances in our house so they can participate in the Smart Grid This is why companies like Cisco who have no history in the energy space are going to have a part to play in the roll out of Smart Grids Standards and interoperability are becoming really hot topics in the Smart Grid space at the minute Indeed Cisco have been talking up the importance of IPv6 for Smart Grids and creating ecosystems to facilitate the adoption of Internet Protocol IP based communications standards for smart grids This explains why standards and interoperability are becoming really hot topics in the Smart Grid space at the minute

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/comments/open-ict-standards-will-enable-smarter-ecosystems/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    to suffer a major digital divide despite efforts to boost Internet access for the population SciDev An Internet kiosk Internet use is increasing in Brazil but many have no access Statistics released by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics IBGE this month 11 December show that although the country has made great strides in increasing Internet access in recent years 65 of Brazilians aged over 10 years do not have Internet access The data come from a nationwide survey of 155 000 households across Brazil conducted in 2008 The survey revealed an acute digital divide within the country For example in southeastern Brazil around 40 of people access the Internet whereas in poorer northeastern Brazil only 25 do And access to the Internet by students is particularly poor at 60 it is lower than some of its neighbours on the continent including Argentina Chile Colombia and Uruguay according to Cimar Azeredo who managed the survey at IGBE A third of respondents said they didn t use the Internet because they were not interested in doing so while just under a third said they did not know how to use it and a similar proportion said they did not have access to a computer According to the IBGE results younger people and people who have spent more years at school access the Internet more often The amount of money a family earns is also an important factor Brazil has a history of inequalities Azeredo told SciDev Net and this will take some time to solve But the country has made some gains A survey in 2005 found that almost 80 of people had no Internet access meaning access has increased by around three quarters in the last four years The new data also reveal that broadband connections in Brazil have

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/brazil-faces-acute-digital-divide/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    their livelihood through agriculture The Indian Government is planning a spoken web service that will prove to be a boon for farmers living in far flung areas The spoken web service is basically an interactive medium for the farming community Farmers across the country will have their agriculture and weather related queries answered quickly through the service The international IT giant IBM has been approached by The Ministry of Earth Sciences to design a dedicated Agromet Agriculture Meteorological service for farmers Recently IBM had launched a similar service for connecting farmers to the Amul Diary The ministry already provides SMS and an Integrated Voice Response System IVRS service to farmers giving them farming information weather and climatic details to help them meet agricultural targets The need for spoken web service was felt as it is easier to provide information through an interactive mode Shailesh Nayak Secretary in the Ministry said Through SMS and IVRS service farmers only get updates but through spoken web service they can ask questions and get answers for their queries related to agriculture In a spoken web service people can speak and interact with web information through voice Farmers can dial a toll free number and

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/india-to-launch-spoken-web-services-for-farmers/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    online platform meant for farmers where they can share their problems and solutions to every day activities It already has 10 thousand users Created 4 months ago by Mariano Torrubiano a 31 years old from Argentina Sojabook already has more than 10 thousand users of which 15 are Brazilians but there are also users from Uruguay Chile Colombia China and India At Sojabook people from the rural area can share

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/an-innovative-rural-facebook-connecting-farmers-globally/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    region and its people Singapore A website designed as a global hub for the South Asian diaspora including non resident Indians and foreign nationals of Indian origin was activated here on Wednesday Singapore President S R Nathan ceremonially struck a dholak an Indian concert drum three times to propel this South Asian Link into cyberspace It was at Nathan s initiative that the Institute of South Asian Studies ISAS here developed the website as the first move towards positioning Singapore as the launch pad for establishing connectivity among the South Asians outside their ancestral or native lands ISAS chairman Gopinath Pillai and director Tan Tai Yong said a newsletter would be started in January Pillai said the Link was being programmed to serve an estimated 30 million strong South Asian diaspora The project was a sequel to the publication in 2006 of an Encyclopaedia of Indian Diaspora under the auspices of the National University of Singapore India holds promise The launching of the Link followed a daylong international conference on South Asia Beyond the Global Financial Crisis Delivering the keynote address Singapore s Law Minister and Second Minister for Home Affairs K Shanmugam said India holds a lot of promise for savvy investors There is little doubt about India s growth trajectory There are however threats to this picture a well armed well trained Maoist insurgency in the northeast which has spread to the east terrorist threats throughout the country These and other threats could cloud the economic picture But on the whole the sense is that India will make steady progress India holds a lot of promise for savvy investors Chairman of South Asia Foundation India Mani Shankar Aiyar said in the inaugural address that the rise of naxal Maoist terrorism amounting almost to insurgency is an early warning

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/website-to-serve-south-asian-diaspora/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    impossible for the low income population to access the internet A broadband connection in big cities like La Paz costs 20 dollars whereas the minimum wage in the country is less than 100 dollars a month Well into the twenty first century San Ignacio de Moxos still didn t even have broadband service Basic services in poor countries are usually limited to big cities leaving a major part of the rural population without these benefits This finding compelled CIPCA and a group of institutional stakeholders from San Ignacio de Moxos to draft a project in 2004 to improve internet connectivity in their locality With funding from Christian Aid a London based organisation fighting against poverty the project was launched in 2006 with the installation of a satellite internet connection and a wireless network The aim was to benefit not only the participating institutions CIPCA the Centre for the ethnic and Moxos people of Beni the municipal Mayor s office the parish of Moxos the health post the education office Radio San Ignacio the library and music school among others but also to facilitate the local population s access to internet some 22 000 inhabitants When we started installing the network the people were amazed at our running around and our adventures up towers and over roofs What is it A new radio A new channel In fact it was something new internet After a few weeks the people became familiar with information technologies and it was no longer just institutions using it but also young people and children men and women who had left electronic anonymity behind them and were entering the web for the first time in their lives Freddy Bohorquez CIPCA representative in San Ignacio told APC A starting point In March 2006 the locality already had internet At the same time a private network for local development was set up connecting the institutions participating in the project at a low cost for the region Furthermore two centres for public access to internet were installed at a quarter of the cost charged before their implementation Bohorquez admits that no quantitative measures to determine the impact of the project are available yet but that the improvement in quality and speed of the institutions work is remarkable The health facility uses internet to consult with other hospitals the storing and marketing centre uses it to contact buyers and the Mayor s office uses it to access public administration services The population can now access information that was previously unavailable not only by going to the public access centres but also by listening to the Moxos radios that broadcast content they download from internet Encouraged by the initiative s success CIPCA submitted this project as a model to other municipalities in the country and to the national government Universal access and the right of access to internet services are presented as a challenge by the national government This opens up a forum to submit the proposal for the connectivity of San

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/spotlight/rural-bolivia-connects-up-via-the-net/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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