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    World Economic Forum March 2009 The document underlines that good education fundamentals and high levels of technological readiness and innovation are essential engines of growth needed to overcome the current economic crisis Image credits World Economic Forum Cover page of the report Brought out by the World Economic Forum in cooperation with INSEAD the report is the eighth in the series It provides a deep insight into best practices and policies in networked readiness and competitiveness focusing on specific country case studies In the report Denmark and Sweden leads in the ranks of information technology followed by United States thus confirming it s pre eminence in networked readiness in the current times of economic slowdown Singapore 4 Switzerland 5 and the other Nordic countries together with the Netherlands and Canada complete the top The countries selected for best practices this year are Egypt Korea Rep Korea and Brazil as an outsourcing destination general ICT strategy to promote national competitiveness and the use of e government services and ICT to alleviate economic and social problems Under the theme Mobility in a Networked World the report places a particular focus on the relationship and interrelations between mobility and ICT Mobile telephony takes

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/feature/bridging-growth-in-times-of-crisis/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    of which came from developing and emerging economies m2Work which stands for mobile microwork aims to expand microwork to the 5 billion mobile phones in the developing world Currently millions of people supplement their income through microwork small digital tasks they can perform online Bhalinge convinced the high level jury of World Bank Nokia UKaid and other private sector representatives of the development impact novelty and feasibility of his Smart Rickshaw Network to take home the US 20 000 grand prize His tool would crowd source maps at a very low cost in developing nations by employing fleets of rickshaw drivers to feed live traffic updates into a subscription service Bhalinge and the five other finalists all received business coaching during the finals The other finalists ideas touched on environmental conservation access to health care and education and social publishing The diversity of ideas submitted demonstrates that we are beginning to tap into the potential of combining access to technology in the developing world with innovative ideas to help solve critical development issues It was inspiring to see the participants creativity and passion for effecting change said Stephanie von Friedeburg the World Bank Group s Chief Information Officer and chair of the jury Second place went to Armenia s Alexander Shakaryan whose MicroForester app would aid reforestation projects Nadia Millington and Luis Rosenthal got an honorable mention for 3MD Mobile Diagnostics which would allow paraskilled technicians to perform disease diagnosis tasks on patients digitized scans Research by infoDev has highlighted the potential of microwork Studies by the ICT industry project tell that mobile data traffic in developing countries will grow by 80 per year based on improved devices and networks For co organizer Nokia m2Work underlined the power and job creation potential of mobile innovations All six finalists tell the

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/2018smart-rickshaw2019-mobile-app-wins-innovation-prize/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    house Until solar cellphones were introduced charging a phone in remote areas off the electricity grid entailed a bone jarring journey to the nearest town where the phone battery could be charged at kiosks run on generators for relatively hefty fees The journey might take all day and the battery charge fee might cost more than that day s lost wages Market Penetration There are more than 3 billion people using mobile phones around the world and most of the next billion users will come from emerging markets particularly in the countrysides of these markets There is a significant opportunity within developing markets where there is limited access to grid electricity said Windsor Holden principal analyst at telecoms research firm Juniper Research The makers of solar cellphones such as Nokia Samsung and ZTE see the rural poor in these emerging markets as their main customer base rather than carbon conscious consumers in the West People s need to communicate is so high It s running miles ahead of the power grids expansions says Anne Larilahti head of environmentally sustainable business at network equipment maker Nokia Siemens Networks Across the ocean in India s remote Orissa state farmers living off the power grid are generating electricity with solar power which is making inroads in rural India and Bangladesh For them solar powered cellphones are a natural extension The potential in rural India for cellphone makers and operators is huge Consider this India had nearly 500 million wireless users and some 10 million new users are signing up each month That doesn t count the millions in India s remote villages where electricity is rare or non existent Tapping this new market as well as earning green points is attracting mobile phone companies such as South Korea s Samsung which released its first solar powered phone model Solar Guru in India in June We contact doctors for health related advice We seek information on weather from local official We speak to local agriculture officials and discuss with them problem related to crops said Indian farmer Jhasketan Pradhan Solar phones are not new The top phone maker Nokia sold a model a dozen years ago but with technology development their usability and prices are starting to reach masses About an hour of solar charging offers around 5 10 minutes of talk time Selling at around 60 Samsung Solar Guru features FM radio MP3 ring tones embedded games and a torch light If demand for such phones really takes off it is a risk for Nokia who likely cannot watch for long from aside as its market share in India and in Africa is 60 70 percent Big Opportunity With proper positioning and pricing solar powered cellphones could reach about two billion people across the globe who have no access to electricity Aside from the commercial opportunities there are very real economic benefits Nowadays farmers use mobile phones to know about the market situation so that the middlemen cannot exploit them and this is

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/comments/solar-mobiles-speeding-up-cellphone-revolution/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    EK duniya anEK awaaz Climate Change Action Appropriate Technology Choice OneWorld South Asia Info Use of solar power units is the way to go This opinion piece by Godfrey Chitalu talks about adapting to solar power in Zambian towns and villages which lacks access to conventional electricity Related topics regions ICTs Africa Solar Mobiles Solar mobiles speeding up cellphone revolution Penetration of solar mobiles in remote regions has not only

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/search?Subject%3Alist=Solar (2016-02-17)
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    to narrow the broadband gap Information Economy Report 2009 Publisher United Nations Conference on Trade and Development 2009 The document points out that limited access to broadband Internet is crippling the spread of information and communication technologies ICTs in the developing world and widening the already significant digital divide Image credits SciDev Much of the developing world is falling behind with broadband access Bandwidth availability is low and the cost of broadband Internet is high in many developing countries Prices can reach more than US 1 000 per month in countries such as Burkina Faso and Kazakhstan Australia a country with little more than 20 million residents has more broadband users than the whole of the African continent This broadband gap deprives developing country businesses of economic development opportunities such as call centres and offshore offices Broadband access is almost a must for companies with international branches said Ahmed Ali a software engineer at computing giant IBM s Egypt branch While major companies such as his use a satellite Internet connection smaller companies that provide offshore services for businesses in other regions need a fast communication channel If broadband is not sufficient then it will be a problem for them and may hinder progress of their work he says But the mobile phone market is booming in the developing world despite the economic crisis the report found Mobile phone penetration reached 100 in countries such as Bahrain South Africa and Qatar Growth in mobile use increased more than eightfold in less than ten years Mobiles are becoming the preferred mode of communication over landlines and are increasingly fulfilling ICT needs We now see three and four mobile service providers opening up in these countries to fill demand For many people it is becoming an important tool for business as well

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/feature/addressing-the-digital-divide/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    brand name Fruiléma creating a web platform to market their goods The consortium offers mangoes and other fruit for export through its website and uses ICTs to collect information and follow the whole production chain ensuring traceability for its buyers Market Information Systems MIS which provide details of prices and stocks in given markets have been around for several decades The first generation became popular with development organisations in the late 1980s and 1990s to fill the gap after the collapse of state controlled marketing systems More recently ICTs have started to revolutionise the way some farmers sell their products Many of the systems use the versatile and popular mobile phone as a simple and low cost means of relaying information via SMS to users in the field In Senegal the Xam Marsé service launched by Manobi provides information on the prices and availability of fruit vegetables meat and poultry at all the country s markets InfoPrix in Benin offers market prices of the 25 most important staple foods via SMS In South Africa the Makuleke Project has set up a virtual trading facility installed on mobile phones so that farmers can sell their produce direct Using market intelligence High tech market information systems vary greatly Some give basic information on the price of a given product while other more ambitious ones offer details of availability names and contacts of traders quantities traded stocks and even market trends and price forecasts Second generation MIS that use ICTs are generally based at least partly on private capital as opposed to public funds They also tend to be wider in scope and scale than their pre high tech predecessors covering far more products and a larger geographical area In Benin Burkina Faso Côte d Ivoire Guinea Niger Nigeria Mali Senegal and Togo the RESIMAO WAMIS NET network supplies the latest information on 400 rural and urban agricultural commodity markets via the Internet radio print e mail and SMS The Smallholder Enterprise and Marketing Programme SHEMP offers a cross border SMS market information service for farmers in Zambia and the Katanga province of the Democratic Republic of Congo Image credits Spore Smart marketing The most successful systems are those offering two way communication rather than the simple delivery of information enabling farmers to sell products direct Also important is the teaching component Market information is only useful if farmers know how to use it The Linking Local Learners LLL initiative links all those involved in the supply chain farmers buyers transpor ters traders and retailers and it encourages them to learn from each other Uganda s Rural Information System which uses ICTs to distribute information on agricultural commodity markets has developed a Train the Trainer system so that farmers can make the best use of the service In Northern Ghana the Eastern Corridor Agricultural Market Information Centre uses mobile phones to transmit market information to 24 community based farmers cooperatives The leaders organise meetings with their members to interpret market prices for the

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/spotlight/smart-marketing/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    These prices are gathered each day by the National Agricultural Marketing Development Corporation A number of other apps in the mFisheries suite address other key concerns especially safety at sea These include a compass GPS tracking and an SOS alert In an emergency the SOS Alert sends pre defined e mails and text messages to a number of prescribed recipients and automatically initiates a call to the Trinidad and Tobago coastguard The GPS logging and retrieval app includes a position tracking system which periodically updates a web server with the fishing boat s location coordinates including the date and time of retrieval in the event that a fisherman is thought to be lost at sea This tracking is triggered when the cell phone is detected as having left the geofence defined as the boundary of Trinidad The mFisheries suite also has a multimedia first aid training app which reinforces key points from training modules delivered in more traditional training sessions by the Caribbean Fisheries Training and Development Institute Audio instructions are combined with text and images to describe what to do in an emergency The training tips app delivers audio podcasts on themes such as emergency boat maintenance fishing methods the handling of fish preparations for going to sea the rules of the road at sea and survival at sea The camera tool helps in the reporting of incidents such as nets being damaged by ploughing vessels Other third party apps such as TideApp and WeatherBug are freely available and are bundled with the mFisheries suite Efficiencies During a field trial the project offered 50 water resistant and scratch resistant Android smartphones to the fishing communities at a subsidised rate Along with this they received a complimentary mobile data service After eight months 86 of the participants were using mFisheries regularly Significantly more than 80 of the trial sample indicated that the apps could save at least a quarter of the time it takes to conduct their work Of this group almost 60 felt that at least half of the time it takes to fish could be saved using these tools making their operations more efficient The apps have also provided better links to buyers with 78 of users saying they rely more on market prices than they did before they used mFisheries with almost all using the Prices app to get an idea of fish market pricing before buying or selling fish and for setting their own wholesale and retail prices Having been exposed to mFisheries nine out of ten people from the trial group are now confident that smartphones installed with the right mix of apps can be used to improve their fisheries related work Most fishers sell their catch to buyers who buy from them at the shore travelling quickly to meet the boats in their vans These mobile vendors resell to large regional markets fixed location vendors wholesale purchasers and directly to consumers The vendors market access relies heavily on existing relationships with particular buyers such

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/spotlight/mobile-apps-boost-trinidad-and-tobago-fish-market/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    Asia Info Making Money Mobile in Haiti 30 March 2012 An initiative of the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation and USAID to support mobile based financial services in Haiti highlights the potential of low cost cellular technology to serve the poor The Bill Melinda Gates Foundation and the U S Agency for International Development USAID in 2010 launched a USD 10 million incentive fund to jumpstart financial services by mobile phone

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/spotlight/making-money-mobile-in-haiti/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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