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    Us Spotlight News Comments Resources Archive OneWorld websites and resources Governance Knowledge Centre Lifelines EK duniya anEK awaaz Climate Change Action Appropriate Technology Choice OneWorld South Asia Info Colombia receives tech boost in new deal Microsoft s research arm has signed an agreement with the Colombian government to boost the use of information technologies in science research in the hope of Related topics regions Partnerships Autonomous tech requires debate The coming age of lorries that drive themselves or robots that perform surgery is fraught with legal and ethical issues says a new report Related topics regions Innovations Weather station network to serve South Asia The Indian Meteorological Department will set up 50 stations across South Asia to monitor the carbon emissions by individual countries in the region Indian Related topics regions Information Solar mobile chargers benefit Ghana farmers Farm cooperatives are reaping huge benefits from the solar chargers for mobile phones provided by A Solar a Dutch company in Ghana Farmers are now able to Related topics regions Africa Green nanotech can reduce risks to poor nations Regulating nanotech is challenging says b Rajender Varma b but green chemistry could help developing countries leapfrog to cleaner healthier products Related topics

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/search?b_start:int=60&Subject:list=Science%20and%20Technology (2016-02-17)
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    continent in various sectors such as finance health and agriculture Mobile money and specifically the success story of M Pesa M mobile and Pesa is Swahili for money is the poster child of mobile innovation in the African financial services sector Ubiquitous mobile technology such as SMS has led to the financial inclusion of millions of Africans who would otherwise be termed as unbanked Two examples of innovative services stand out in the agricultural sector Esoko is a fast growing software company headquartered in Accra Ghana It focuses on improving agricultural processes through creating software for collecting analysing and sharing data related to agriculture A company in Kenya founded by three innovative women M Farm is using SMS technology to enable farmers to get current price information aggregate their needs and connect them with farm input suppliers enabling them to sell their produce collectively Many mHealth initiatives are being undertaken across the African continent For example students at Uganda s Makerere University came up with a mobile app for taking pregnancy scans The app called WinSenga records the sounds from the mother s belly and contains an analysis program that produces reports detailing the unborn baby s position age weight breathing pattern and heart rate Innovation hubs The numerous innovation hubs that have sprung up across the continent are nerve centres of innovation These spaces pioneered by Nairobi s Innovation Hub iHub are pooling together talented innovative young people and creating a supportive environment for innovation There are at least 35 tech hubs now in 13 countries across Africa These innovation hubs are instrumental at strengthening bottom of the pyramid companies often scrappy start ups that are in the pre seed funding stage with just a couple of people with an idea probably trying to come up with a prototype

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/comments/africas-innovative-engines/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    can be crippling Sophisticated drought monitoring systems exist on a macro level but they do not provide localised warnings The Kenyan Meteorological Department KMD in partnership with the Inter Governmental Authority on Development Climate Prediction and Application Centre ICPAC has developed and is now piloting a more localised early warning system to mitigate negative effects from drought The system utilises a custom Android phone application that sends weather data gathered from local level sensors in a Wireless Sensor Network WSN to a central database It also incorporates traditional knowledge about weather forecasting gathered from local communities via SMS Farmers can request drought forecasts from a customized agent based SMS facility that are then sent back to them in their local language at low cost The forecasts are modeled from a combination of traditional knowledge historical weather data collected by the WSN and current local conditions The system supports alerts for more extreme weather as well Information on both weather conditions and forecasts is also accessible through a web portal This early warning system overcomes multiple barriers to communicating accurate and timely weather information to rural farmers Previous forecasts were too broad to incorporate significant regional variation in conditions and alerts

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/spotlight/kenya-a-warning-system-to-mitigate-negative-effects-from-drought/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    prevent theft and leakages while offering more effective repairs and billing But these innovative efforts still face huge political and logistical challenges complicated by the risks linked to climate change experts say Here are five mobile strategies that are already helping people get better access to water and sanitation Supply Mapping Timely data on the state of water infrastructure is key to implementing a secure water supply Akvo FLOW Field Level Operations Watch is a mobile application that uses Android operated devices the internet and map reporting tools in Google Maps and Google Earth to collect analyse and report data for monitoring water supplies The system which has been used in 17 countries in Africa Asia Central America and South America since 2010 was developed by two non profit organisations Water For People which helps communities in developing countries access clean drinking water and Akvo which creates web and mobile software to improve the delivery of humanitarian aid In 2011 the Liberian government assisted by the World Bank used Akvo FLOW to map 10 000 water points in Liberia Smart Card tap system Lifelink developed by Denmark based Grundfos AS uses submersible borehole pumps powered by solar or wind power to deliver water to an elevated storage tank Gravity forces the water to flow into a tap unit in a small building which also serves as a payment facility Customers buy water credits that are stored on a smart card using mobile phone banking They insert the smart card into a slot at the tap unit to purchase water A percentage of the money goes towards service and maintenance Lifelink staff can monitor water pressure temperature and the amount of water tapped from anywhere in the world via the internet The company which provides the service in urban and rural communities says it has implemented drinking water supply systems for 100 000 people in Kenya and is expanding into other African countries and Asia Water management by SMS A mobile to web platform designed to regulate water management is improving water delivery in West Africa The mWater service used by 240 small public private piped water schemes in Senegal Mali Benin and Niger allows water service operators to share information with national authorities and financial institutions via mobile phone Text messages provide data about water production levels account balances and service disruptions mWater generates real time reports and also archives data to provide water scheme managers with monthly reports which can be emailed or downloaded Today more than 25 percent of rural and small town populations in western and central Africa are served by small piped water schemes a proportion that is expected to rise to 80 percent by 2015 according to the Manobi Development Foundation Smart Handpumps Experts estimate that a third of handpumps supplying water to some of the world s poorest people are broken at any given time according to Rob Hope a researcher at Britain s University of Oxford Mobile Water for Development MW4D programme Hope

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/spotlight/mobile-technology-boosts-water-security-for-the-poor/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    Info Thailand to launch e service to monitor water use 22 August 2012 Provincial Waterworks Authority of Thailand PWA will launch a new e service for water users to access real time water consumption expenses on the Government Cloud The PWA signed a MOU with the Electronic Government Agency EGA a G Cloud provider to launch the PWA s Water user Service Programme a web based service that would allow water users to access and calculate real time water consumption expenses This programme will provide sustainable benefit to the water users as well as they can continue to benefit from the further e services that the PWA will leverage in the near future said the EGA s President and CEO Dr Sak Segkhoonthod At the same time this solution will help the PWA to reduce its service cost he added Besides the PWA will also leverage shared data of citizen identification information provided by Provincial Administration Department PAD on the G Cloud centre The water consumption information will be linked directly with the user database in which it would allow the two sets of data to be transferred between them easily he explained and added that This flexibility and integration

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/thailand-to-launch-e-service-to-monitor-water-use/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    from University of Maryland recently set out to find the roles social media could play in tackling man made and natural disasters Given the increasingly important role social media play as sources of information during man made and natural disasters researchers from the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism or START at the University of Maryland recently set out to find what is known and yet to be determined about social media use in that context In the new literature review Social Media Use during Disasters the researchers provide detailed information about the public s use of social media both generally and during disasters and address what prompts the public to use social media during disasters as well as what deters such consumption The report also discusses factors that might lead to active versus passive social media use during disasters and summarizes the relatively modest research regarding how to evaluate the influence of social media and importantly segment active versus passive social media users during disasters The report ends with a discussion of areas warranting further research to contribute to this growing body of knowledge Scattered throughout the report are examples of social media consumption

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/identifying-the-role-of-social-media-during-disasters/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    by technology market researchers World Wide Worx and information analysts Fuseware The South African Social Media Landscape 2012 study released last month by World Wide Worx and Fuseware shows that the fastest growing age group among Facebook users in South Africa is the over 60s Reflection of Facebook going mainstream From August 2011 to August 2012 the number of over 60s on Facebook in South Africa grew by 44 compared to less than 30 for those aged 30 60 less than 20 for those aged 19 30 and less than 10 for teenagers the study found This is a reflection of Facebook going mainstream in South Africa World Wide Worx managing director Arthur Goldstuck said in a statement The younger segments are still far from saturation but we re not seeing the same heady pace of growth among the youth as before Crossing the urban rural divide Both Facebook and Twitter have crossed the South African urban rural divide according to the study The proportion of urban adults using Facebook is a little less than double rural users but rural users are now at the level where urban users were 18 months ago Twitter s urban penetration is a little more than double its rural penetration but the rural proportion has also caught up to where the urban proportion was 18 months ago Facebook Twitter numbers At the end of August 5 33 million South Africans were using Facebook on the Web 2 43 million were on Twitter and 9 35 million on Mxit However because Facebook does not measure mobile only usage among those who have registered via their cellphones the full extent of its penetration is significantly understated primary research by World Wide Worx shows that 6 8 million South Africans access Facebook on their phones South African

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/social-media-breaking-barriers-in-south-africa/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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    one million Tanzanians have so far given their views on the desired contents of the envisaged Constitution Nearly one million Tanzanians have so far given their views on the desired contents of the envisaged Constitution A further 50 000 people have aired their views through mobile phones and the social media The Chairman of the Constitution Review Commission Judge Joseph Warioba told journalists in Dar es Salaam that the number of participants at the Commission s meetings keeps increasing as days roll on The number of people who present their views to the Commission through mobile phones and the social media is increasing too He said that a total of 27 992 people have visited the Commission s Facebook page in the last third phase comparing to the 21 789 who visited the page in the second phase while 6 909 participants sent views through short message services SMS Only 77 people took part through mobile phone messages during the second phase The Commission has so far visited 24 regions Yesterday it started the fourth phase in Dar es Salaam Arusha Simiyu Geita Mara and Zanzibar Urban West regions The phase is slated to end on December 19 this year

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/tanzania-social-media-boosts-constitutional-review/?searchterm=None (2016-02-17)
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