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  • DO Channel
    Centre Lifelines EK duniya anEK awaaz Climate Change Action Appropriate Technology Choice OneWorld South Asia Info An e disaster management plan An administrative district in Maharashtra India has implemented an ICT based comprehensive and effective solution to respond to recurring disasters Related topics regions E Governance ESCAP and UNITAR for using geospatial information for disaster risk management Under the agreement both UN agencies will provide access to more effective use

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/search?b_start:int=30&Subject:list=Disaster%20Management (2016-02-17)
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  • DO Channel
    use of information and communications technology ICT tools and meteorological data to improve their ability to adapt to climate change induced hazards such as water stress and prolonged droughts Climate Change Adaptation and ICT CHAI a two year project launched in Kampala earlier this month 3 August will generate agricultural environmental management market and meteorological information for herdsmen in Uganda s cattle corridor The corridor a broad dryland area covering 84 000 square kilometres from southwest to northeast Uganda and home to 12 million people and about 60 per cent of the country s seven million cattle is one of the African areas hardest hit by climate change When there is a crisis like a prolonged drought herdsmen sell their animals as a coping strategy We will provide them with information to cope and make choices said Berhane Gebru director of programmes at the US based FHI360 Satellife a non profit development organisation helping to implement the project The US 600 000 project funded by Canada s International Development Research Centre IDRC will provide users with ICT tools to collect and disseminate information The data generated will be reliable timely accurate and appropriate for planning on water related climate risks

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/spotlight/ict-to-help-ugandan-farmers-cope-with-climate-change/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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  • DO Channel
    can ask for their products when they sell them thus increasing their profits Image Credits www freeimages co uk At a later stage the crop price information for farmers is expected to reach 3 5 million listeners throughout Bolivia Since late January 2010 the show is being aired through the network of the national radio station Radio Santa Cruz twice a day At first the radio broadcast would only focus on reading crop price information At a later stage there is also the possibility that the information will be integrated in an existing show that gives listeners the chance to ask questions too The information is expected to reach 3 5 million listeners throughout Bolivia Helping farmers to get a better price Juan Jose Saldias of Radio Santa Cruz says We want to broadcast this information on a national scale as this is more than just a thing that s nice to have This will really help farmers in their daily struggle to get a good price for their hard work The radio broadcast is being funded and supported by IICD for the start up period After April the departmental government will take over funding but IICD will still provide strategic and technical advice on the development of new information services for farmers Prices collected on a daily basis The price information broadcast is part of an IICD supported project in the department of Santa Cruz to create an agriculture information and communication system The project team collects price information in the most important wholesale markets on a daily basis The information is then diffused in different ways Firstly prices are updated on a daily basis on the web site sicsantacruz com In addition extension officers and farmer associations in all 16 provinces are trained to use the information to

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/radio-boosts-profits-for-farmers-in-bolivia/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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  • DO Channel
    why farmers mostly have five plots of land but due to the huge demand for quinoa which can be sold for a very high price they are inclined not to wait for the full five years even though by cutting corners in this way they run the risk of making their soil infertile for growing quinoa in the future To certificate the quinoa and also to show the exact areas where quinoa is growing and the plots of ground that are resting the Fundación AUTAPO extension workers go into the different areas talk to the local people and collect data such as How many people own the land How many acres of quinoa does a certain farmer possess and Which plots of land is he currently using CyberTracker The extension workers will be trained to operate a PDA that uses a version of the African Global Positioning System GPS field data collection system named CyberTracker In Africa the system is used by park rangers to monitor the numbers of wildlife in a specific area They type in how many animals they see and any other relevant data This is then linked automatically to the GPS so that it can show the exact area on the map which the ranger covered that day In Bolivia twelve extension workers will use this combination of PDA and software that enables them to go to quinoa growing areas in the southwest of Bolivia talk to farmers store the information about the questions they pose to the farmers and locations on their PDA and then take it back to their headquarters in La Paz to upload the data All the information that has been gathered can then be displayed on a map Over the next five years this should lead to a greater understanding of

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/using-pdas-in-bolivia-to-monitor-organic-crop-production/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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  • DO Channel
    Sierra Sur recognise that access to the internet alone is not enough Campesinos peasant farmers are not going to improve their livelihoods simply by sitting in front of a computer It is essential for complementary initiatives to be undertaken alongside these projects particularly because of the high rates of illiteracy in rural areas Andrade stressed Delivering computer literacy The administrator of the CIC in Pucyura Margot Huamán explained that when non literate community members take part in the computer courses offered as part of the project she first uses the computer to teach them to read and then moves on to basic computer skills Huamán who is both a teacher and computer technician is able to combine her two professions to teach both basic literacy and computer literacy I teach them the alphabet using the computer keyboard and then teach them to join the letters together to make words and then have them transcribe texts on the computer It s not easy but we re slowly making progress she said Sergio Toro the executive coordinator of the TICBolivia ICTBolivia Network stressed that initiatives like these must go beyond the use of a website The use of modern ICTs like computers and the internet has been linked with community radio stations In numerous rural areas of this neighbouring country the use of modern ICTs like computers and the internet has been linked with community radio stations the most widespread communications medium in these communities For example the internet is used to look up the latest market prices for farm products like soybeans corn and potatoes and the prices are broadcast over the radio to local farmers who are thus able to negotiate fairer prices when they sell their goods The TICBolivia Network founded in 1999 is a nationwide network of 24 organisations which include campesino and indigenous organisations government agencies and small business associations among others Capitalising local knowledge Toro emphasised the need to develop ICTs from the bottom up capitalising on local knowledge If demand is there the sustainability of these initiatives is guaranteed he said When President Evo Morales took office in Bolivia in 2006 his first public event was the delivery of a shipment of computers to his hometown of Orinoca in the southwestern province of Oruro As a teaching strategy the townspeople learned how to use multimedia computer tools to tell the story of Evo as the first indigenous president of Bolivia is normally referred to Toro explained For instance a natural sciences teacher worked with the townspeople to gather information related to his subject matter such as the crops that are grown and the animals that live around Evo s house In this way a wide range of local knowledge was compiled Using the same strategy teachers from other subject areas gathered knowledge and information in other fields from the same starting point Evo The TICBolivia Network also encompasses a governance programme which includes an initiative to encourage women to create their own blogs as a

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/news/rural-highland-communities-go-online-in-peru/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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  • DO Channel
    So one doesn t have to take recourse to RTI or other information gathering mechanism as information is proactively disclosed here Normally MIS is available only to implementing agencies and not those at the receiving end Whereas our system puts information in the public domain thereby removing mystery surrounding the government projects e Gov What are the other projects being handled by CGG R S Recently we did a budgeting project for the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation which involves the concept of P budgeting or pro poor budgeting P budgeting determines the proportion of budgetary allowance that has gone to the kitty of the poor e Gov Recently there were reports of a data operator allegedly caught siphoning nearly INR 2 crore from the Indiramma project How can such manipulations be avoided R S In order to avoid such manipulations you need to eventually migrate to proper security system and online financial transactions Without security enabled features the risk will always be there e Gov Tell us about the agriculture portal being developed by CGG R S The agriculture portal is an important initiative which would give farmers inputs from allied departments concerning agricultural practices The intention is to make it accessible to various stakeholders for their inputs The content may then be edited and put in understandable format A model kiosk will be set up in CGG in a month or so and we will test the pilot and then scale it up We are also developing a consortium comprising allied departments like fertilizer marketing seri culture fisheries etc research institutions like agricultural university and ICRISAT and so on e Gov Do you perceive e Governance as a step towards administrative reforms R S I would say you need to introduce technical reforms by changing your practices processes manual systems and then let the transformation stabilise Only then should you bring the e element It is not feasible to introduce technology and e Governance solutions and then scratch your head to say we made a mistake in this and that process The involvement of the top management in the programme formulation and analysis is very important as projects fail to create any impact in the absence of it e Gov Do we need a national or a state policy on e Governance first R S More than a state policy we need to have a national policy framework for e Governance We need to go into the process of administrative reforms The Second Administrative Reforms Commission has come up with a detailed set of recommendations We need to start with that as a basic building block and then create a policy around that and bring in ICT in terms of implementation The e Governance policy should be a sequel to the policy on governance reform We should bring governance reforms in focus first and then move on to executing e Governance to achieve those objectives The reforms need to be multi level and multi sectoral and at the core

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/comments/e-governance-should-be-a-sequel-to-administrative-reform/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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  • DO Channel
    infrastructure exists to permit the effective use of telecommunications Bridging the information gap An ICRIER study on the impact of mobile phones on farmers across several Indian districts highlights the key role played by mobiles in lowering transaction costs and raising the income levels of farmers by efficiently addressing their immediate agricultural information requirements Information asymmetries are a well documented source for inefficient functioning of markets farmers can bridge or alleviate the information gap at three major stages of the agricultural cultivation cycle by the use of mobile phones One while deciding the crop and choosing the best seed variety based on soil type of their land two deciding the month season of sowing and addressing plant protection issues during the growth of crop and three deciding where and at what price to sell the farm output Mobile phones enable farmers to access this information from a host of information providers such as scientists from seed and pesticide companies cooperative committee office bearers input dealers government agriculture extension officers market commission agents traders veterinary doctors and so on If such information is available when the farmers need it not only does it reduce transaction costs it also improves the returns farmers can get for their produce In the discussions with farmers they emphasised that timing of precise information is central to minimising wastage and therefore increasing efficiency Boosting agricultural systems The recent launch of mobile based agricultural information services in India such as IFFCO Kisan Sanchar Ltd and Reuters Market Light programme provided a reasonable method to test the above hypotheses UP Rajasthan and Maharashtra with sizeable subscriber base were surveyed during July and November 2008 In general farmers were confident of the utility of the mobile phone in reducing costs and enhancing earnings The biggest influence was reported from Maharashtra followed by Rajasthan and UP Maharashtra farmers took greater advantage of the mobile phone for their farming needs vis a vis farmers in UP and Rajasthan It should be highlighted that in our sample the Maharashtra farmers were better placed in terms of both social and infrastructure indicators They reported higher literacy levels economic well being and had better access to agricultural infrastructure facilities like irrigation and road transport than the other two states The study highlights the vital importance of complementary skills and other infrastructure to realise the full potential of better access to telecommunications There is no benefit in access to better information if it cannot be leveraged For example there is no use of farmers knowing the prices that their produce could be sold for in different markets if the roads are too poor for them to be able to transport the goods to those other markets At a time when the government agricultural extension services are unable to adequately fulfil their responsibility of providing information on scientific modern technology for farming to all the farmers due to resource constraints and the operative inefficiencies mobile phones along with the mobile enabled services present us with a

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/comments/mobiles-offer-a-glimmer-of-hope-to-farmers/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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  • DO Channel
    With these MP3 players the programme makers were able to make collect stories as recording and store the audio files for broadcast During the training the programme makers experimented with the MP3 players and discovered how to record a mobile phone call By placing the call on speaker phone and holding the MP3 player close to the speaker it is easy to record a phone interview for example which can be edited later and broadcast on air Since AFRRI stations in Malawi do not have cable or wireless connections to link mobile phones to the broadcast consoles this technique has become useful for interviewers who can now speak directly to experts in the capital and farmers in the field without having to travel to meet them in person Although mobile technology does not replace face to face interactions being able to record a phone interview with an expert enhances the meetings and brings the expert closer to the farmers The experience of Dzimwe Community Radio Station in Monkey Bay in eastern Malawi illustrates the advantages of using this type of technology Image credits ICT Update Talking back to radio The Dzimwe radio station was running a campaign to promote a new hybrid maize variety whose high yields would benefit maize farmers in the area As part of the campaign the station broadcast a programme discussing the disadvantages of growing this type of maize Many farmers for example preferred the taste of local maize varieties even though their yields were lower than that of the new hybrid variety Farmers who were already growing the new variety pointed out that highlighting its negative aspects could undermine the success of the campaign since many listeners would focus on the disadvantages rather than the benefits The station decided that one way to overcome this problem was to broadcast the views of an expert at the Ministry of Agriculture But arranging an interview proved difficult not only because of the long distance the reporter would have to travel to meet the specialist in the capital Lilongwe Protocol within the ministry and the specialist s busy schedule meant that he was not able to meet the reporter Instead the reporter called the specialist on his mobile phone and recorded the conversation The specialist responded to the farmers concerns highlighting the advantages of the new maize variety while also addressing its disadvantages Later when the station broadcast the interview the campaign regained some much needed credibility and the farmers received the balanced information they needed to decide whether to plant the hybrid maize Reaction AFRRI regularly receives feedback from farmers in all five countries Smallholders often ask for copies of programmes for neighbours who missed the initial broadcast or simply to be able to listen to them again in their own time Women in particular have asked for this kind of flexible programming since they can only listen to the radio at certain times of the day when they are not busy with family farming and other

    Original URL path: http://www.digitalopportunity.org/spotlight/talking-back-to-radio/?searchterm= (2016-02-17)
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