archive-org.com » ORG » D » DIRECTIONJOURNAL.ORG

Total: 1247

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Direction: Community Organization and Christian Leadership
    participant in a multi disciplinary team The community worker has a job of supporting strengths in others rather than developing dependency relationships He or she has the responsibility to move others toward strengthening self reliance and independence within the context of their limited resources FOUR BASIC STEPS A major question that is usually asked is How can I go about helping the community accomplish its goals and objectives Here are four basic steps Step 1 Start where people are Many times experts assume that the community is an empty vessel When they arrive in the community they feel it is their job to fill it with the knowledge the community should have In the health field for example we work sometimes as though the problems we are dealing with are unrecognized by the community We forget that the community has a diagnosis for the problem and they probably have had it for centuries Starting where people are makes it possible to detect the gap in knowledge and practices Step 2 Clarify the problem Help the community see how the different pieces of the puzzle fit together In a community where diarrhea is a prominent problem people might not recognize the relationship between the disease and the fact that rain water from the village runs into the place where people get their drinking water The community worker could help by pointing out the relationship The solution then could be found easily by the community itself Step 3 Determine goals objectives or direction The community worker helps the community decide what to do about the problem what steps to take has to identity resources from within and from the outside and how to allocate the resources Step 4 Help the community work towards its goals objectives or the solution to the problems The four steps described above depend heavily on the abilities and the characteristics of the community worker It is 91 obvious therefore that the satisfaction level of community members and community workers depend on a number of factors related to the worker s abilities The major one is the ability of the worker to be helpful in the situation understanding the time place and manner in which lie she is the initiator resource person leader enabler or participant Some people are called to work at the grass roots level in developing countries While working in these settings they may ask How can we help the community take an active part in what we are doing When I started to work in the area of public health in rural Zaire I was faced with the question of motivating village people to adopt some basic principles of hygiene It was to their advantage to dig latrines in order to avoid intestinal parasites I asked myself Why do people need to be told about building latrines I forgot the fact that for years building latrines was something that was imposed on the local population Many people had been fined and others jailed for

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/19/2/community-organization-and-christian.html (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Direction: Preachers Are Theologians
    says a pastor but surely it has an insignificant place in preaching Such a comment betrays a profound misunderstanding of proclamation If our theology cannot be preached and if we can t proclaim it in language that ordinary Christians can understand then we deserve the criticism of our brothers and sisters However if we offered our congregations more solid food we would be surprised at how eagerly people would respond It is unspeakably sad when a church member makes the observation When I go to church I feel like unscrewing my head and putting it under the pew Spurgeon s observations that one can always get the attention of an audience if one gives them something to attend to is still true In the words of Dorothy Sayers It is not true that dogma is hopelessly irrelevant to the life and thought of the average man What is true is that ministers of the Christian religion often assert that it is present it for consideration as though it were and in fact by their faulty exposition make it so 1973 23 Teaching and proclamation must not be separated Paul writes I was appointed a preacher a teacher of the Gentiles 97 1 Tim 2 7 James Denney of Scotland expressed the ideal when he said If evangelists were our theologians or theologians our evangelists we should at least be nearer the ideal church 1975 24 THE SERVANT ROLE OF THEOLOGY In stressing the importance of theology in our proclamation we are not thinking of the propagation of new fangled ideas We are concerned about feeding God s flock Using a parable of our Lord Klaus Bockmuhl of Regent College compares theologians to the different kinds of servants in the parable The one kind is forgetful of his absent master He eats and drinks and beats his fellow servants Some theologians says Bockmuhl also get drunk with foreign ideas and then beat God s children over the head with them There is however another kind of theologian lovable and learned who would not think of beating fellow Christians with his ideas But he doesn t feed them either For him theology is like art for art s sake and so theology is mistakenly considered totally irrelevant But to return to the parable there is also a servant of the absent master who gives his fellow servants their food at the proper time That is a true theologian 1976 45 46 An observation of C S Lewis may be apropos Jesus said to Peter Feed my sheep He did not say Make experiments on my rats nor teach my performing dog new tricks The duty of every preacher theologian is to feed God s people 1964 John Mackay writes Because of the current confusion in Christian circles a theology that is true to the changeless and sensitive to the changing is a major imperative as never before in history But such a theology must be instrumental in character Doctrine must not claim

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/19/2/preachers-are-theologians.html (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Direction: Church Identity: Blurred but Recoverable
    and has continued as an unbroken tradition up to the recent past Western democracies upon their emergence affirmed the Judaeo Christian tradition as their common foundation stone in matters of jurisprudence and ethics This tradition was embodied in the Canadian Charter of Rights and the U S Bill of Rights Because Christianity was the dominant religious expression those rights issued in a legalized Sabbath in a Christian oriented public education program viz prayers Bible readings Christmas programs and the display of Christian holiday symbols on public buildings But Christians no longer constitute a majority in our society Democratic government by its very nature must guarantee equal rights to the plurality of religious expressions Consequently Christianity must be denied its long preferred status and take its place alongside other religions in the free market of ideas 103 Secularism A secularist worldview gained ascendancy in western thinking with the Death of God movement in the late 1960 s Its growth has been fostered by all those forces in our society which increasingly shift focus away from the supernatural to the purely natural from personal dependence to independence and from church involvement to anonymity Secularism attracts persons who hold a strong belief assuring a prosperous future for human society Secularism more than other forces may pose the greatest threat to the Church maintaining its separate identity While pluralism leaves open an option for Christianity secularism does not It denies the supernatural the transcendent the spiritual It insures that the borders of reality contain only that which the human mind perceives as reality It closes all windows to other worlds As the price for assuring a future for human society it insists on a hegemony over all other ideologies The Humanist Manifesto II 1973 reads These are the times for men and women of good will to further the building of a peaceful and prosperous world We urge that parochial loyalties and inflexible moral and religious ideas be transcended We urge the recognition of the common humanity of all people We further urge the use of reason and compassion to produce the kind of world we want At the present juncture in history commitment to all humankind is the highest commitment of which we are capable it transcends the narrow allegiances of church state party class or race in moving toward a wider vision of human potentiality Humanism thus interpreted is a moral force that has time on its side 5 Author Robert Webber calls humanism the plague of the West He writes Humanists argue that the nature of the universe makes unacceptable any supernatural or cosmic basis for human values This viewpoint finds contemporary expression in the decline of moral absolutes and the emergence of moral relativity 6 Os Guinness describes secularization as the acid rain of the spirit atmospheric cancer of the mind and imagination Washed down shower by shower the deadliest destroyer of religious life the world has ever seen 7 RECOVERING RELEVANCE SOME OBSERVATIONS FROM THE PAST If the Church

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/19/2/church-identity-blurred-but-recoverable.html (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Direction: Bible Study Helps and Commentaries
    Interpretation A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching James L Mays gen ed Atlanta John Knox Positions on literary and historical matters are mildly critical aims toward the more theological LBI Library of Biblical Interpretation Grand Rapids Zondervan NICOT New International Commentary on the Old Testament R K Harrison gen ed Grand Rapids Eerdmans OTL Old Testament Library Ackroyd Peter Bernhard W Anderson James Barr James D Mays eds Louisville Westminster TOTC Tyndale O T Commentary Wiseman D A gen ed Downers Grove InterVarsity Good scholarship not overly technical 179 00 TNTC Tyndale N T Commentary Morris Leon gen ed Downers Grove InterVarsity 159 95 WBC Word Biblical Commentary Hubbard D A and G W Barker gen eds Waco Word 1984 Not consistently evangelical offers original translation with notes for the scholar separated from popularly written material COMMENTARIES OLD TESTAMENT Genesis Brueggemann Walter Genesis INT 1982 23 95 Roop Eugene Genesis BCBC 1987 TH CONS 17 95 Exodus Childs Brevard S The Book of Exodus OTL 1974 27 95 112 Leviticus Wenham Gordon J The Book of Leviticus NICOT 1979 24 95 Numbers Wenham Gordon J Numbers An Introduction and a Commentary TOTC 1981 14 95 cl 8 95 p Joshua Woudstra Marten H The Book of Joshua NICOT 1981 24 95 Judges Cundall Arthur E Judges and Ruth Judges TOTC 1968 14 95 cl 8 95 p Ruth Morris Leon Judges and Ruth Ruth TOTC 1968 14 95 cl 8 95 p Hubbard Robert L Jr The Book of Ruth NICOT 1988 26 95 Samuel Baldwin Joyce G 1 and 2 Samuel TOTC 1988 14 94 cl 8 95 p Anderson A A 2 Samuel WBC 1989 124 95 Kings Patterson R D and Hermann J Austel 1 2 Kings EBC 4 3300 32 95 Chronicles Braun Roddy 1 Chronicles WBC 1986 24 95 Dillard Ray 2 Chronicles WBC 1988 24 95 113 Ezra Nehemiah Fensham F Charles The Book of Ezra Neherniah NICOT 1982 19 95 Williamson H G M Ezra Nehemiah WBC 1985 24 95 Esther Baldwin Joyce G Esther TOTC 1984 14 95 cl 8 95 p Job Hartley John E The Book of Job NICOT 1988 27 95 Habel Norman C The Book of Job OTL 1985 39 95 Anderson Francis I Job TOTC 1976 14 95 cl 8 95 p Psalms Allen Leslie C Psalms 101 150 WBC 1983 24 95 Craigie Peter C Psalms 1 50 WBC 1983 24 95 Kidner Derek Psalms TOTC 1975 2 vols 14 95 cl 8 95 p Proverbs Kidner Derek Proverbs TOTC 1964 8 95 Alden Robert L Proverbs A Commentary on an Ancient Book of Timeless Advice Grand Rapids Baker 1989 8 95 Ecclesiastes Eaton Michael E Ecclesiastes TOTC 1983 14 95 cl 8 95 p Song of Solomon Carr G Lloyd The Song of Solomon TOTC 1984 14 95 cl 8 95 p Isaiah Oswalt John N The Book of Isaiah Chapters 1 39 NICOT 1986 29 95 114 Westermann Claus Isaiah 40 66 OTL

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/19/2/bible-study-helps-and-commentaries.html (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Direction: Current Research
    near contemporary with him yields the result that such criticism actually stems only from the period after the fall of Samaria 722 B C E This result helps to confirm the conclusion that Jeroboam maintained the ancient religious traditions of his subjects If he had innovated in significant ways 121 one could expect to find clear evidence of opposition by his contemporaries in the biblical record Having reached this conclusion the inquiry seeks an explanation for the origins of the Deuteronomistic historian s iconoclastic zeal It appears that Hosea s reproach against the tangible and sensible cult that had become the focus of Israelite piety may have provided the initial impetus MASTERS THESES Block Kevin The Grace of the Lord Jesus in the Apocalypse 125 pages Thiessen Evangeline Willms A Conceptual Model of Individual Maturation Within Community An Integrated Approach SENIOR SEMINAR ESSAYS Bergen Walter A Biblical Warrant For Counseling Proverbs 1 5 27 9 19 20 Blanchette Sonia God May I Have This Dance With You A Biblical and Ethical Approach to Dance in Worship in Today s Believers Church 1 Corinthians 6 12 20 Block John I Urgency and Style in Evangelism 1 Corinthians 9 19 23 Broome James The Spiritual Discipline of Fasting Matthew 6 16 18 Buhler Tim Covenant Connection and the Hermeneutics of Hebrews Hebrews 8 6 10 39 Buscio Mario Thou Shalt Not Make Unto Thee Any Graven Image Deuteronomy 4 15 19 5 7 10 Carlson Dwight A Personal Testimony is Effective Christian Evangelism John 4 27 42 122 Devens Robert The Ministry of the Divorced and Remarried 1 Timothy 3 and Titus 1 5 9 Enns Janet The Stranger in Our Midst A Faith Response to the Refugee Falk Steven R Conversion A Worldview Transformation John 4 4 42 Godard Trever Disciple

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/19/2/current-research.html (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Direction: Second Peter and Jude: An Expositional Commentary
    teaching the New Testament at Tabor College Hillsboro Kansas and Mennonite Brethren Biblical Seminary Fresno California Hiebert employs a typical commentary format A short section on introductory matters prefaces the commentary on each epistle Since many scholars approach Second Peter and Jude as pseudonymous epistles the authorship question dominates this discussion 20 of 25 pages for 2 Peter 10 of 20 pages for Jude The Church Fathers are enlisted to argue the epistles authenticity but the bottom line of the argument remains the epistles own claim to authorship Hiebert analyzes the biblical text in a running commentary The epistles are divided into sub units and then exegeted verse by verse At the beginning of each sub unit the American Standard Version 1909 text is provided Hiebert chose this text for its close adherence to the Greek text While the ASB may be one of the most literal translations available in English it is an obstacle to the busy pastor who likely uses the NIV The exegesis illuminates the text and provides stimulus for sermons Hiebert has provided a readable commentary which will benefit primarily pastors Although in general Hiebert s book is helpful the format remains its biggest drawback Most

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/19/2/second-peter-and-jude-expositional.html (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Direction: A Homeland for Strangers: An Introduction to Mennonites in Poland and Prussia
    Peter J Klassen under the auspices of the Center for Mennonite Brethren Studies in Fresno California has written an excellent introduction to the study of Mennonites in Poland and Prussia This slim volume should interest anyone and everyone who wishes a clearly written and well organized summation of this subject Valuable maps often conspicuously absent in brief introductions and outstanding photographs throughout this book illuminate the text and keep the interest of the reader Klassen begins with a concise explanation of the historical context of Mennonite settlement in Prussia He then describes each of the settlements in the Vistula Nogat Delta along the Vistula and those in areas which were later incorporated into the Soviet Union After a single page summation of the new hopes and new homes of Mennonites leaving Poland and Prussia Klassen finishes with a fascinating description of the cities and countryside of Poland today Appendices listing alphabetically the Mennonite settlements in Poland and Prussia the pertinent dates concerning the history of settlements and travel information for those wishing to visit modern day Poland round out this informative and attractive volume In his foreword the author promises that a more complete monograph based upon extensive archival sources

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/19/2/homeland-for-strangers-introduction-to.html (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Direction: A Life for a Life?
    involvement 126 with both victims and offenders He writes in a clear readable style for a wide general public The first half of the book addresses the emotional and Scriptural dimensions of the death penalty Redekop is at his best when measuring the tragedy inflicted by violence He shares stories which move the reader from abstract interest to thoughtful empathy His interpretations of key Scriptures however are unconvincing After noting that Mosaic law lists 29 separate capital offenses he dismisses them all by asserting many procedures made it virtually impossible to convict anyone page 48 Concerning another strong requirement for execution for idolaters he indicates Perhaps it was never intended to be taken literally page 19 Alert readers may also question his treatment of Genesis 9 6 and Romans 13 Part Two proposes a series of compassionate steps for responding to violent crime Here the author enables us to visualize creative redemptive alternatives to get tough politics Both victims and offenders are treated with respect A spirit of reconciliation attempts to overcome the degradation of brutality Certain problems remain unexamined When does love for potential victims require us to protect them from evildoers Never What follows when dialogue counseling and

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/19/2/life-for-life.html (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive



  •