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  • Direction: Forgiveness: A Legacy of the West Nickel Mines Amish School
    provides the final contrast to a situation for which no sense can ultimately be found But it is the Amish response of forgiveness offered only hours after the attack that becomes the focus for the rest of Ruth s book This response took not only the form of words but over the next days and weeks deeds including reaching out to the shooter s widow and family Each of Ruth s subsequent chapters uses explorations of scripture historical accounts the tradition of hymnody and practices of community as foundational to making sense of the meanings that might come from such events Along the way questions are asked that provide answers about the life and lifestyle of our Anabaptist cousins Where is the forgiveness in the practice of shunning and challenge us to examine our own faith and life How is it that Christians of any tradition can see such forgiveness as foreign Ruth presents a picture that helps the reader understand that what seems extraordinary to the outsider is woven into the fabric of what it means to be Amish such forgiveness is even reasonable in this light at least as reasonable he argues as vengeance seems to the dominant culture As for all groups such accounts provide insight into the complexity and inner logic of Amish culture an understanding that would be flawed if it portrayed the Amish as anything other than people who experience real pain and anger or forgiveness as something that comes easy or is exclusively theirs A fuller range of Amish life and culture is even more apparent in the exploration provided by Kraybill Nolt and Weaver Zercher in Amish Grace Here we also have a retelling of the story along with a broader and deeper examination of the shooting and subsequent responses and not only those of the Amish The reader of this volume is led through a more careful though not overly academic analysis of Amish ideas and practices where sociological psychological and theological perspectives on forgiveness are explored without ever straying far from their relevance to the tragic event Grace is divided into three parts of roughly equal size four if one counts an afterword that brings the story up to the date of the publishing deadline the usual acknowledgments and an appendix where one can find a discussion of the broader Anabaptist community and issues of Amish life about which there are typically questions e g the Ordnung Rumspringa use of technology and government relations Ruth s book also addresses such issues but at times seems to draw the reader away from the Nickel Mines account The Little Stories chapter that concludes Forgiveness almost goes too far in that direction before Ruth s short but pertinent closing Coda points the way back Kraybill and his co authors take the first five chapters to describe the Nickel Mines Amish and recount the shooting and its aftermath One notices differences between this account and Ruth s most of which are minor discrepancies while

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/37/1/forgiveness-legacy-of-west-nickel-mines.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Direction: Amish Grace: How Forgiveness Transcended Tragedy
    nice guy provides the final contrast to a situation for which no sense can ultimately be found But it is the Amish response of forgiveness offered only hours after the attack that becomes the focus for the rest of Ruth s book This response took not only the form of words but over the next days and weeks deeds including reaching out to the shooter s widow and family Each of Ruth s subsequent chapters uses explorations of scripture historical accounts the tradition of hymnody and practices of community as foundational to making sense of the meanings that might come from such events Along the way questions are asked that provide answers about the life and lifestyle of our Anabaptist cousins Where is the forgiveness in the practice of shunning and challenge us to examine our own faith and life How is it that Christians of any tradition can see such forgiveness as foreign Ruth presents a picture that helps the reader understand that what seems extraordinary to the outsider is woven into the fabric of what it means to be Amish such forgiveness is even reasonable in this light at least as reasonable he argues as vengeance seems to the dominant culture As for all groups such accounts provide insight into the complexity and inner logic of Amish culture an understanding that would be flawed if it portrayed the Amish as anything other than people who experience real pain and anger or forgiveness as something that comes easy or is exclusively theirs A fuller range of Amish life and culture is even more apparent in the exploration provided by Kraybill Nolt and Weaver Zercher in Amish Grace Here we also have a retelling of the story along with a broader and deeper examination of the shooting and subsequent responses and not only those of the Amish The reader of this volume is led through a more careful though not overly academic analysis of Amish ideas and practices where sociological psychological and theological perspectives on forgiveness are explored without ever straying far from their relevance to the tragic event Grace is divided into three parts of roughly equal size four if one counts an afterword that brings the story up to the date of the publishing deadline the usual acknowledgments and an appendix where one can find a discussion of the broader Anabaptist community and issues of Amish life about which there are typically questions e g the Ordnung Rumspringa use of technology and government relations Ruth s book also addresses such issues but at times seems to draw the reader away from the Nickel Mines account The Little Stories chapter that concludes Forgiveness almost goes too far in that direction before Ruth s short but pertinent closing Coda points the way back Kraybill and his co authors take the first five chapters to describe the Nickel Mines Amish and recount the shooting and its aftermath One notices differences between this account and Ruth s most of which are minor

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/37/1/amish-grace-how-forgiveness-transcended.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Direction: Can You Believe in God and Evolution? A Guide for the Perplexed
    encounter evolutionary science for the first time they typically consider a number of responses one after another They reject atheistic materialism and decide to continue in the faith Peters and Hewlett take this response for granted and do not attempt to justify it at length The book is aimed more at Christians who might be drawn toward creationism or intelligent design ID The authors recommend a thoughtful rejection of these views followed by an enthusiastic acceptance of theistic evolution Unfortunately their discussion of the interpretation of Genesis is almost an afterthought and seems sidetracked by theological speculation Creationism comes in at least three forms scientific creationism Henry and John Morris biblical creationism Ken Ham and progressive creationism Hugh Ross Peters and Hewlett express admiration for all of these attempts at resolution and for the sincere faith of the people involved but ultimately find them all inadequate scientifically and theologically They reject all forms of creationism on the basis of their naïve approach to biblical interpretation their embarrassing weakness in actual science and their unnecessary contribution to the misunderstanding of Christianity in the public arena ID is an intellectual movement that says that Darwin s natural selection is not an adequate explanation of biological organization an intelligent designer is also required Peters and Hewlett show that the science of ID consists almost entirely of criticisms of natural selection and does not lead to new findings As such it is not productive science ID also fails to establish the identity of the intelligent designer If she is within the natural world then she herself would require a designer who would also need a designer and so on ad infinitum If the designer is supernatural then she is beyond the reach of science by definition Theologically the idea of a highly interventionist Creator

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/37/1/can-you-believe-in-god-and-evolution.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Direction: Proclaiming the Scandal of the Cross: Contemporary Images of the Atonement
    express all that one may truly say about the saving significance of Jesus death 15 16 He has worked for a decade to recover the scandal of the cross by recognizing the diversity of atonement images used both in the New Testament and in the teaching and preaching of the church since the first century 14 This volume collects a series of essays that do a credible job of helping Baker to accomplish his goal of presenting a variety of interpretations of the salvific nature of the cross The book s great strength relates to the diversity of theological traditions western contexts and academic and pastoral viewpoints from which it draws Contributions from C S Lewis Richard Hays and other scholars integrate well with reflections from others involved in pastoral ministries where proclamation of the scandal of the cross most frequently occurs The voices include a chorus of Mennonites Anglicans Presbyte rians Methodists Community churches and others Baker draws upon insights from the United Kingdom United States Canada and New Zealand The book s strength also signals a weakness Aside from one contributor from Zimbabwe the book decidedly lacks non western views of the atonement To achieve its aim in the most pluralistic terms possible the book needed to draw more globally from contributors Baker understands the New Testament to contain five constellations of images drawn from the spheres of public life in the Greco Roman world and Palestine court of law justification commercial interactions redemption personal relations reconciliation of either individuals or groups worship sacrifice and the battleground the triumph over evil Since each is drawn from a different sphere of life each necessitates a different set of images to express its function The contributions in this volume present these spheres and images well A final strength of Proclaiming

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/37/1/proclaiming-scandal-of-cross.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Direction: To Give or Not to Give? Rethinking Dependency, Restoring Generosity, and Redefining Sustainability
    t we share For years I have felt the tension between these two concern for avoiding dependency and the obscene contrast between our wealth and their poverty John Rowell aims to ease the tension by calling for extravagant generosity and challenging the conventional wisdom on dependency It is not that Rowell denies that dependency has negative effects but he questions the remedy often proposed refusing financial support to indigenous ministries in poorer parts of the world He boldly shifts the focus from the receiver to the giver Paternalism creates dependency Dependency occurs when reciprocity and responsibility are ignored If the giver treats the receiver as a child who is causing the dependency Where does the problem lie Rowell urges that rather than seeking to avoid dependency we work to foster interdependency He argues that the chief problem is the strings that the wealthy attach to their gifts He asks Can we not learn to share with those less fortunate than ourselves without controlling their lives and ministries in the process 41 He calls us to step away from the ideal of self supporting ministries which is rooted in Western values of individualism autonomy and power and embrace a biblical ideal of covenantal relationships In one chapter Rowell gives an example of how he has had to do this in Bosnia In other chapters he shares principles and characteristics of this covenantal approach Rowell has great insights but the book as a whole does not match their excellence There is needless repetition and he gives different lists of principles without synthesizing or coordinating them He covers a number of corollary topics such as missionary lifestyle strategies for overcoming global poverty history of the three self paradigm and the U S welfare state Although in some cases like the latter two he

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/37/1/to-give-or-not-to-give-rethinking.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Direction: The Danzig Mennonite Church: Its Origin and History from 1569-1919
    expulsion Mennonites in Danzig lived as non citizens and foreigners without rights yet they were remarkably allowed to remain in the district Some even became wealthy and were granted permission to move from outside the city walls to residence within The dominant characteristic of Mennonites highlighted by Mannhardt was patience in suffering injustice an extension of the long held belief in the principle of nonresistance and nonretaliation As long as the Mennonites maintained both this position of nonresistance and refusal to swear an oath citizenship with its accompanying rights of inheritance buying and selling and full engagement in business was denied them It is curious that Mannhardt grouped Mennonites with other rebellious elements of society including Socinians Sacramentarians Arians and Quakers those who were reportedly injurious to society and deserving of banishment The Socinians and Arians in particular did not hold to the orthodox belief in the Trinity in stark contrast to Mennonites Other issues are surprisingly relevant The issue of a fixed salary for the pastor was negotiated in 1824 1825 In fact this novelty of a paid preacher was cause for the separation of the church s city branch from its rural branch The decision to call a pastor and offer a fixed salary was followed by the unexpected gift of a parsonage by the oldest member of the congregation a Madam Fluge aged eighty eight who felt that a preacher should not have to be bound by the necessity of other employment and should have the liberty of dedicating himself wholly to preaching teaching and pastoral work Mennonite Brethren in the United States were still struggling with this issue in the mid 1950s The issue of mixed marriages and mixed business dealings was also prominent in the church history as the Danzig church took a strict point

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/37/1/danzig-mennonite-church-its-origin-and.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Direction: The Dip--A Little Book That Teaches You When to Quit and When to Stick
    top worth something 10 He qualifies his term best through definition Best as in best for them right now based on what they believe and what they know And in the world as in their world the world they have access to 10 Without a reader internalizing the need to be the best the book becomes meaningless Godin does well in challenging readers to decide whether they are committed to being the best Godin defines the dip as The long slog between starting and mastery A long slog that s actually a shortcut because it gets you where you want to go faster than any other path The Dip is the combination of bureaucracy and busywork you must deal with 17 We have all experienced the dip at work or at home and it has discouraged everyone at some point in life We have felt like quitting when we are in this dip The most important point the author makes is that we need to recognize that this dip occurs and we must work through it because it is at this point that success happens We must remain cognizant of the difficulty of getting to the other side by embracing the challenge of the dip 24 Godin therefore encourages readers Use the dip as an opportunity to create something so extraordinary that people can t help but talk about it recommend it and yes choose it The next time you catch yourself being average when you feel like quitting realize that you have only two good choices Quit and be exceptional Average is for losers 44 He goes on to state that one s reputation is too valuable to squander on just being average 44 Godin discusses the strategic nature of quitting It is important to quit the right things

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/37/1/dip-little-book-that-teaches-you-when-to.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Direction: Current Research
    16 CMU Thinking through the Notion of Hell Christianity ca June 2007 http www christianity ca faith faith and thought 2007 06 001 html CMU When God s Justice and Goodness Collide Thinking through the Notion of Hell The Messenger 18 April 2007 4 6 CMU When God s Justice and Goodness Collide Thinking through the Notion of Hell Mennonite Brethren Herald January 2007 8 11 CMU Heidebrecht Doug Culture Clash What Do We Mean by Culture Mennonite Brethren Herald September 2007 8 9 BC Heidebrecht Doug and Gil Dueck Fault Lines in Evangelical Theology Direction 36 no 1 2007 20 30 BC Janzen Rod and Jean Janzen Paul Tschetter s Chicago Fire Hymn Mennonite Quarterly Review 81 April 2007 261 71 FPU Johnson Kevin Educating Contentment Koinonia January 2007 TC Johnston Marshall Response to Scott Key s The Tragedy of Slavery The Church s Response Pacific Journal 2 2007 23 27 FPU Jost Lynn On Writing and Using Confessions Mennonite Brethren Herald February 2007 33 34 MBBS Keengwe Jared and Longy O Anyanwu Instructional Integration of Computers to Improve Learning Student Perception and Technology Leverage Student Self Reports About Faculty Use of Computer Technology in the Classroom Proceedings of the Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education and Society for Information Technology and Education Conference San Antonio Texas 27 April 2007 1554 56 1557 60 TC Key Scott The Tragedy of Slavery The Church s Response Pacific Journal 2 2007 1 21 FPU Kostlevy William Abolitionism The Encyclopedia of Religious Revivals in America Ed Michael McClymond Westport CT Greenwood 2006 TC The Illusions of Perfectionism E Stanley Jones and Reinhold Niebuhr Wesleyan Theological Journal 42 Fall 2007 182 91 TC Kyle Richard The Bedrock Beliefs of the Christian Right Direction 36 no 1 2007 31 42 TC On Evangelicalism Recommended Reading Direction 36 no 1 2007 99 102 TC Matties Gordon God s Suffering A Challenge for Biblicists Vision A Journal for Church and Theology 8 no 2 2007 30 36 CMU Miller Douglas B Buzzing Bees and Saddle Burrs Taking a Closer Look at Wisdom in the Bible Christian Leader November 2007 13 15 TC Nickel Eleanor Love and Microphones Romantic Comedy Heroines as Public Speakers Journal of Popular Film and Television 34 2007 148 58 FPU Nisly Hope The Church and Women Power Participation and Language in Christian Institutions Pacific Journal 2 2007 57 69 FPU Rawls Richard Teaching and Teachers in the Early and Contemporary Church Direction 36 no 1 2007 93 98 FPU Rogalsky Tim Chaos Theory and Metaphysical In Determinism Proceedings of the Sixteenth Biennial Conference of the Association of Christians in the Mathematical Sciences Messiah College June 2007 CMU Schultz Brian Jesus as Archelaus in the Parable of the Pounds Lk 19 11 27 Novum Testamentum 49 no 2 2007 1 23 FPU Who lived at Qumran Biblical Archaeological Review 33 no 5 2007 58 59 FPU Snyder Anna and Neil Funk Unrau Indian Residential School Survivors and State ADR A Strategy

    Original URL path: http://www.directionjournal.org/37/1/current-research.html (2016-02-16)
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