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  • Introduction to Sigillography — Dumbarton Oaks
    thousands of seals preserved shed light on many aspects of the Byzantine world principally the structure of its civil military and ecclesiastical administrations the careers and locations of its officials and the responses to the ever changing fortunes of the empire over its millennial existence On a more immediate and engaging level however the inscriptions on the seals echo as their images reflect the beliefs and perspectives of people who but for the survival of their seals would be lost to history The seals often provide the key evidence needed to outline a career to chart the rise and decline of a family or to confirm the presence of an individual at a given place or time The invocations or prayers in which so many inscriptions are phrased combine with a remarkable range of iconography express personal piety in a devoutly religious society one in which all people from the sovereign to the lowliest subject entrusted their earthly welfare and hopes for salvation to a vividly conceived array of tutelary or intercessory powers And although the inscriptions and images on seals tend to conform to standard patterns unique compositions in the form of short poems or singular examples of images or scenes stand out as attempts to make an individual s seal truly distinctive and memorable To be of maximum utility to historians and art historians the seals require accurate transcription and decipherment Training in sigillography involves familiarization with the types of lettering and abbreviations used to put a great deal of information into a very small space The reading of seals is in most cases a fairly straightforward process but the state of preservation can pose problems as can the secure restoration of family names or toponyms often the most valuable information a seal conveys and maddeningly recorded in

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/resources/seals/introduction-to-sigillography-1 (2016-02-18)
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  • Search the Catalogue — Dumbarton Oaks
    Kadosia Kaisaropolis Kaloe Kama Kamachos Kamouliana Karabisianoi Karia Stauroupo lis Karpathos Kastoria Kathara Kea Kedronon Keltzene Keramos Kerasous Kerminitza Kibyrra Kibyrraiotai Kios Kitros Klaudioupolis Klimata Kokkinobaphos Koloneia Korone Korykos Kos Kotyaeion Kromna Kyme Kyzikos Lakedimonia Lampsakos Laodikeia Phrygia Laodikeia Syria Larissa Asia Minor Larissa Thessaly Latros Lazike Lemnos Leontopolis Leros Lesbos Mytilene Limne Liparis Island of Longobardia Loulon Loupadion Lydia Lykandos Lykia Macedonia Madyta Maiandros Makre Mamistra Mopsuestia Manzikert Mardaitai Matracha Medikion Melissa Melitene Mesembria Mesonakta Mesopotamia Messana Methone Methymna Miletos Mistheia Monembasia Morava Moreas Mount Athos Mount Ganos Mt Sinai Mt Thabor Mylasa Myra Nakoleia Naupaktos Neai Patrai Neapolis Karia Neapolis Pamphylia Neapolis Pisidia Neokaisareia Nesoi Nicaea Nikomedeia Nikopolis Nisos No Location Nossiai Noumerika Novgorod Nyssa Oinaion Olenos Opsikion Optimatoi Oreos Paipert Pakatiane Phrygia Palaiopolis Paltos Pamphylia Panidos Panion Panormos Pantanassa of St Glykeria Paphlagonia Paphos Paradounavon Parion Parnassos Paros Patras Pegai Peloponnesos Perbaina Pergamos Perge Philippoupolis Phokaia Phrygia Phyteia Piperatou Pisidia Podandos Poimanenon Polemonion Pompeioupolis Cilicia Pompeioupolis Paphlagonia Pontoherakleia Pontos Poroi Prainetos Preslav Presthlavitza Priene Prousias Proussa Psychron Pylai Pyrgion Raidestos Ras Rhizaion Rhodes Rhodopolis Rhyndakos Rodandos Russia Sagalassos Samos Island Samos Theme Samosata Sardeis Sardinia Sebaste Sebasteia Sebastopolis Sebastoupolis Seleukeia Selge Serbia Serres Servia Sicily Side Silandos Sindos Isindos Sinope Skopelos Skopia Skyros Smyrna Sora Paphlagonia Sosandra Sozopolis St Prokopios Steirion Stenon Stratonikeia Strobilos Stroumitza Strymon Synada Synaos Syracuse Taeion Taranta Taranto Taron Tarsos Tenos Tephrike The East The West Thebes Theodosioupolis Thessalonica Thrace Thrakesianoi Thrakesioi Tiberias Tiberioupolis Tios Tlos Tomis Tourkia Tourkoi Vardariotai Traianoupolis Tralles Trapobizye Trebizond Triaditza Troizen Tyana Tyre Vaasprakania Zebel Zichia 5 Extended search Metrical Metrical All False True Iconographic Iconographic All False True Theme Central Administration Ecclesiastical Administration Imperial Military Miscellaneous Monastic Patriarchal Provincial Administration Tokens and Tesserae 0 Language Arabic Greek Latin Syriac 0 Basic search Accession Number Accession Number all items in current results Owner Name or Institution Owner Name or Institution all items in current results Owner Title Anthypatos Apo eparchon Apo hypaton Archon Autokrator Caesar Decurion Despotes Dishypatos Hypatikos Hypatos Hypertimos Illoustrios Imperial kandidatos Imperial kensor Imperial koubikoularios Imperial mandator Imperial protospatharios Imperial silentiarios Imperial spatharios Imperial spatharokandida tos Imperial strator Imperial vestitor Kandidatos Kensor Koubikoularios Kouboukleisios Kouropalates Magistros Mystographos No Title Nobelissimos Ostiarios Patrikia Patrikios Praipositos Primikerios Proedros Protokensor Protoproedros Protosebastos Protospatharios Protosynkellos Protovestarches Protovestes Scholastikos Sebastophoros Sebastos Silentiarios Spatharios Spatharokandida tos Spatharokoubiko ularios Stratelates Strator Synkellos Vestarches Vestes Vestitor Zoste patrikia 5 Office A sabanis Abydetikos Abydikos Anagrapheus Apokrisiarios Archbishop Archdeacon Archegetes Archon Argyroprates Arkarios Artoklines Asekretis Augoustalios Basileus Basilikos Bishop Charistikarios Chartophylax Chartoularios Chartoularios of the archives Chartoularios of the dromos Chartoularios of the genikon logothesion Chartoularios of the Great Orphanotropheio n Chartoularios of the oxys dromos Chartoularios of the stratiotikon logothesion Chartularios of the schools Chrysepsetes Chrysoteles Cleric Deacon Dekanos Despotes Dioiketes Discussor Domestikos Domestikos ton Scholon Doux Droungarious Ek prosopou Emperor Empress Eparch Eparch of the City epi tes megales hetaireias epi ton deeseon epi ton oikeiakon epi tou Chrysotriklinou epi tou koitonos epi tou manglaviou Episkeptites Epoptes Exaktor Exarch Exisotes Exkoubitor General

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/resources/seals/byzantine-seals (2016-02-18)
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  • How to use the catalogue — Dumbarton Oaks
    to search using a combination of criteria In the top right corner of the search page you can click on More Filters which will load an expanded search page Results will be displayed as the title and accession number of the seal in the center of the page You can access individual seal records by clicking on the title and accession number Saving Your Seals To save a seal for later consultation click the Add to My Seals button located below the title of the seal and above the accession number This will save your seals to a separate list for 24 hours Once you have saved a seal the My Seals link will appear on the bottom of the left hand navigation menu The My Seals List and Comparison view Clicking on the my seals list opens the list of saved seals Once in the list view any two seals can be selected for comparison Click the box next to each seal then the Compare button at the bottom of the list This will open the comparison view where you will be able to see a shortened version of the entries for the two seals side by side To

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/resources/seals/how-to-use-this-catalogue (2016-02-18)
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  • Critical signs and abbreviations — Dumbarton Oaks
    by the engraver αβ superfluous letters that appear on the seal General Abbreviations ca circa DO Dumbarton Oaks ed s edited by edition s fig s figure s g gram s mm millimeter s no s number s p p page s pl s plate s vol s volume s Document Actions Print this Share Navigation Publications Online Resources Publications Byzantine Seals Online Catalogue Introduction to Sigillography Search the Catalogue

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/resources/seals/critical-signs-and-abbreviations (2016-02-18)
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  • Glossary — Dumbarton Oaks
    roundel with a channel receives the imprint of the boulloterion s dies Boulloterion plural boulloteria The pliers shaped instrument with which the Byzantines struck the lead blank disks in order to imprint the seal Channel A hollow channel that went through the blank lead disks a cord was threaded through it before the blank was struck with the boulloterion Medallion A round or oval frame containing the picture of Christ represented on the breast of some types of the Mother of God Office Term used her to indicate an actual administrative position Sigla The usual abbreviated form of names of a holy person such as Christ or the Mother of God Title Term used here to indicate a lifelong honorific title which the Byzantines called ἀξία διὰ βαρβείου Document Actions Print this Share Navigation Publications Online Resources Publications Byzantine Seals Online Catalogue Introduction to Sigillography Search the Catalogue How to use the catalogue Critical signs and abbreviations Glossary Online Exhibitions Contact Us Seals Bibliography Bliss Tyler Correspondence Middle East Garden Traditions Manuscripts in the Byzantine Collection Online Exhibitions Athena Ruby Inscription Font Typography at Dumbarton Oaks Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection 1703 32nd Street NW Washington DC 20007 Site

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/resources/seals/glossary (2016-02-18)
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  • Online Exhibitions — Dumbarton Oaks
    Thousand Years of Byzantine Imperial Seals For over a thousand years the Byzantine Emperor ruled as God s regent of earth The decisions of the individuals who sat on the throne had repercussions throughout the Byzantine world and far beyond Decrees letters judgments and commands left Constantinople every day signed by the emperor in red ink and secured with the imperial seal The designs of the imperial seals provide an insight into the minds and policies of the rulers whose image they bore they tell us not only how they wished to be viewed by the recipients of their letters but also how they viewed themselves Leaden Gospels This online exhibition presents those rare Byzantine lead seals depicting narrative scenes from the Gospels as well as those showing the authors of the New Testament Document Actions Print this Share Navigation Publications Online Resources Publications Byzantine Seals Online Catalogue Introduction to Sigillography Search the Catalogue How to use the catalogue Critical signs and abbreviations Glossary Online Exhibitions Contact Us Seals Bibliography Bliss Tyler Correspondence Middle East Garden Traditions Manuscripts in the Byzantine Collection Online Exhibitions Athena Ruby Inscription Font Typography at Dumbarton Oaks Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection 1703 32nd

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/resources/seals/online-exhibitions (2016-02-18)
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  • Contact Us — Dumbarton Oaks
    1703 32nd Street NW Washington DC 20007 Email seals doaks org Document Actions Print this Share Navigation Publications Online Resources Publications Byzantine Seals Online Catalogue Introduction to Sigillography Search the Catalogue How to use the catalogue Critical signs and abbreviations Glossary Online Exhibitions Contact Us Seals Bibliography Bliss Tyler Correspondence Middle East Garden Traditions Manuscripts in the Byzantine Collection Online Exhibitions Athena Ruby Inscription Font Typography at Dumbarton Oaks Dumbarton

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/resources/seals/contact-us (2016-02-18)
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  • Seals Bibliography — Dumbarton Oaks
    Νέα Ῥώμη Rivista di ricerche bizantinistiche 2 314 89 Bulgakova V 2004 Byzantinische Bleisiegel in Osteuropa Die Funde auf dem Territorium Altrußlands Harrassowitz Wiesbaden Cotsonis J and Nesbitt J 2004 An Eleventh Century Seal with a Representation of Patriarch Antony II Kauleas Byzantion 74 2 517 26 Evans H 2004 Byzantium Faith and Power 1261 1557 Yale University Press New Haven Metcalf DM 2004 Byzantine Lead Seals from Cyprus Cyprus Research Centre Nicosia Seibt W and Wassiliou A 2004 Die byzantinischen Bleisiegel in Österreich vol 2 Zentral und Provinzialverwaltung Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Vienna Jordanov I 2003 9 Corpus of Byzantine Seals from Bulgaria Agato Publishers Sofia Bulgurlu V and Ilası A 2003 Seals from the Museum of Afyon Turkey Studies in Byzantine Sigillography 8 131 49 Dagron G 2003 Emperor and Priest The Imperial Office in Byzantium Cambridge University Press Cambridge Nesbitt JW 2003 Alexander the Monk s Text of Helena s discovery of the Cross BHG 410 In Byzantine Authors Literary Activities and Preoccupations Text and Translations Dedicated to the Memory of Nicolas Oikonomides ed by J W Nesbitt Brill Leiden Boston chap 3 pp 23 39 Cheynet J 2002 Épiskeptitai et autres gestionnaires des biens publics d après les sceaux de l IFEB Studies in Byzantine Sigillography 7 Cheynet J 2002 La Pisidie entre Byzance et les Turcs seljoukides In Actes du Ier Congrès International sur Antioche de Pisidie ed by T Drew Bear M Taslialan and C M Thomas pp 447 57 Paris Cotsonis J 2002 The Virgin and Justinian on Seals of the Ekklesiekdikoi of Hagia Sophia Dumbarton Oaks Papers 56 41 55 Jordanov I 2002 Seals from the Village of Melnitsa District of Elkhovo Bulgaria Studies in Byzantine Sigillography 7 21 57 Cheynet J 2001 Sceaux de la collection Zacos Bibliothèque nationale

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/resources/seals/seals-bibliography (2016-02-18)
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