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  • About Dumbarton Oaks Park — Dumbarton Oaks
    naturalistic woodland Farrand planted an undergrowth of flowers like azaleas mountain laurel and rhododendrons that proved difficult to keep up even during the Bliss years Farrand designed a circular walk through the wilderness of the park which began at the stone bridge and followed the water to the rustic Stream Arbor The stream was dammed up at eighteen points to create still pools and minor falls along the path For the most part the design in the valley followed the natural topography of the park Compared to the terraced garden rooms near the Bliss residence Farrand s designs in Dumbarton Oaks Park enhanced rather than modified the wild landscape However even with so little necessary upkeep the National Park Service found it difficult to maintain the deliberate plantings and design aesthetic present in the Park in 1940 The Great Depression had only recently ended and the nation was at war with Hitler and gardens received very little funding A few informally designed garden areas were lost after the National Park Service took control of the park including the Hazel Walk and Wall Garden Beatrix Farrand first suggested the Hazel Walk in her initial 1922 letter to Mildred Bliss A tree lined path leading away from Fairview Hill into Dumbarton Oaks Park became the realization of that idea The Wall Garden featured heathers ferns and blueberries at the base of a low stone retaining wall north of Fairview Hill By 1946 neither garden design existed Farrand s parkland was left to the elements until community efforts in the 1990s began a push to return the pathway stream and original structures to their original design The Dumbarton Oaks Park Conservancy created in 2010 now carries out these conservation and restoration projects A number of Bliss era structures remain in Dumbarton Oaks Park

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/library-archives/garden-archives/drawings-and-photographs-by-garden-area/dumbarton-oaks-park/about-dumbarton-oaks-park (2016-02-18)
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  • Drawings — Dumbarton Oaks
    Archives Garden Archives Drawings and Photographs by Garden Area Dumbarton Oaks Park Drawings Archive Navigation Garden Archives Home Contents Index Search Refine Help Drawings Info Drawings Come back later Document Actions Print this Share Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection 1703 32nd Street NW Washington DC 20007 Site Map Web Accessibility Contact Us Visit Us Staff Directory Employment Rights and Reproductions Staff Login Newsletter Webmail Service Desk 2014 Dumbarton Oaks

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/library-archives/garden-archives/drawings-and-photographs-by-garden-area/dumbarton-oaks-park/drawings (2016-02-18)
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  • Historic Photographs — Dumbarton Oaks
    Garden Archives Drawings and Photographs by Garden Area Dumbarton Oaks Park Historic Photographs Archive Navigation Garden Archives Home Contents Index Search Refine Help Historic Photographs Info Historic Photographs Come back later Document Actions Print this Share Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection 1703 32nd Street NW Washington DC 20007 Site Map Web Accessibility Contact Us Visit Us Staff Directory Employment Rights and Reproductions Staff Login Newsletter Webmail Service Desk 2014

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/library-archives/garden-archives/drawings-and-photographs-by-garden-area/dumbarton-oaks-park/historic-photographs (2016-02-18)
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  • About the East Lawn — Dumbarton Oaks
    To frame the open lawn Farrand planned perimeter plantings chosen for their size and proportion with an emphasis on a natural effect The trees shrubs and vines that she placed along the verge of the East Lawn lengthened perspective when viewed from the house The plantings along the R street wall also served as a screen between the road and the estate This thick screen of greenery sometimes called the Wilderness heavily features evergreens to provide privacy year round Among the trees in this screen the Japanese maple and the sprawling Katsura tree serve as visual focal points and add consistency to the design of the East Lawn over the years these trees have been in place since before Robert and Mildred Bliss purchased Dumbarton Oaks The major design feature of this garden area has always been the simplicity of the large open lawn However a few smaller areas of unique design appear within the greater garden area of the East Lawn Some of these plantings like the Terrior Column and Enclosure are now considered separate spaces Others like the Wilderness have blended into the overall design and lost their distinct name Cockylocky Cocky Locky and the Gothic Garden are

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/library-archives/garden-archives/drawings-and-photographs-by-garden-area/east-lawn/about-the-east-lawn (2016-02-18)
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  • Drawings — Dumbarton Oaks
    Index Search Refine Help Drawings Info Drawings East Lawn planting plan with plant list 1960 East Lawn area planting plan with plant list 1952 1974 Bronze finial for Gothic Garden fountain Full size detail of Gothic fountain Planting plan for Cocky locky with plant list 1952 1974 Document Actions Print this Share Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection 1703 32nd Street NW Washington DC 20007 Site Map Web Accessibility Contact

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/library-archives/garden-archives/drawings-and-photographs-by-garden-area/east-lawn/drawings (2016-02-18)
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  • About the Ellipse — Dumbarton Oaks
    a greater boxwood lined enclosure that included the Box Walk Both Box Walk and Ellipse were planted in the mid 1920s and remained unchanged until a short while after Dumbarton Oaks transitioned to Harvard In 1944 Beatrix Farrand and Mildred Bliss began discussing the need to replace the boxwood hedges which were showing signs of age In order to reduce the amount of garden maintenance required Farrand suggested in the Plant Book that the hedge be replaced with a high stone wall of a somewhat cream colored cast designed with restraint and simplicity with columns at the east and west and a colonnade on the north overlooking the Clifton hillside Ruth Havey even drew plans for the proposed wall and Mildred Bliss considered them but the construction never took place The Ellipse finally underwent transformation in 1958 under the guidance of Alden Hopkins consulting landscape architect from 1956 to 1959 Hopkins replaced the struggling boxwood with a double row of formal clipped hornbeams which formed an aerial hedge 16 feet tall and 15 feet across The trunks of the hornbeams were visible under the classically trimmed aerial hedge in the French style In the center of the Ellipse Hopkins retained Farrand s original fountain He replaced the walkways with a paving of Pennsylvania bluestone and gravel panels More change with Hopkins successor Ralph Griswold In 1960 Griswold tore out the old fountain and replaced it with a fish scale metal fountain in a very modern design not quite in keeping with the atmosphere of the overall garden That same year he supplemented Hopkins circle of hornbeams with two low interior perimeter walls The walls were decorated with carved stone finials and lead fountain masks designed and cast by Don Turano Dissatisfied with the walls Mildred Bliss ordered them torn out

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/library-archives/garden-archives/drawings-and-photographs-by-garden-area/ellipse/about-the-ellipse (2016-02-18)
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  • Drawings — Dumbarton Oaks
    plant list 1960 Ellipse planting plan with legend 1959 Ellipse and Vista planting plan with plant list 1960 Ellipse pools and overlook plan and details Ellipse pools and overlook details 1 Ellipse pools and overlook details 2 Hedge line for Box Garden Topographic map of Box Walk and Ellipse Ellipse planting layout Box Garden at The Oaks Document Actions Print this Share Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection 1703 32nd

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/library-archives/garden-archives/drawings-and-photographs-by-garden-area/ellipse/drawings (2016-02-18)
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  • Historic Photographs — Dumbarton Oaks
    Navigation Garden Archives Home Contents Index Search Refine Help Historic Photographs Info Historic Photographs Ellipse measurement of fountain height Ellipse central pool before Provençal fountain Ellipse metal fountain with walls and moat Ellipse with Provençal fountain wide view Ellipse detail of Provençal fountain Document Actions Print this Share Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection 1703 32nd Street NW Washington DC 20007 Site Map Web Accessibility Contact Us Visit Us Staff

    Original URL path: http://www.doaks.org/library-archives/garden-archives/drawings-and-photographs-by-garden-area/ellipse/historic-photographs (2016-02-18)
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