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    and in general have ordained that none unless with their sailors and ships and on payment of a certain tribute and with an express license previously obtained from the said king or infante should presume to sail to the said provinces or to trade in their ports or to fish in the sea although the king and infante have taken this action yet in time it might happen that persons of other kingdoms or nations led by envy malice or covetousness might presume contrary to the prohibition aforesaid without license and payment of such tribute to go to the said provinces and in the provinces harbors islands and sea so acquired to sail trade and fish and thereupon between King Alfonso and the infante who would by no means suffer themselves to be so trifled with in these things and the presumptuous persons aforesaid very many hatreds rancors dissensions wars and scandals to the highest offense of God and danger of souls probably might and would ensue We therefore weighing all and singular the premises with due meditation and noting that since we had formerly by other letters of ours granted among other things free and ample faculty to the aforesaid King Alfonso to invade search out capture vanquish and subdue all Saracens and pagans whatsoever and other enemies of Christ wheresoever placed and the kingdoms dukedoms principalities dominions possessions and all movable and immovable goods whatsoever held and possessed by them and to reduce their persons to perpetual slavery and to apply and appropriate to himself and his successors the kingdoms dukedoms counties principalities dominions possessions and goods and to convert them to his and their use and profit by having secured the said faculty the said King Alfonso or by his authority the aforesaid infante justly and lawfully has acquired and possessed and doth possess these islands lands harbors and seas and they do of right belong and pertain to the said King Alfonso and his successors nor without special license from King Alfonso and his successors themselves has any other even of the faithful of Christ been entitled hitherto nor is he by any means now entitled lawfully to meddle therewith in order that King Alfonso himself and his successors and the infante may be able the more zealously to pursue and may pursue this most pious and noble work and most worthy of perpetual remembrance which since the salvation of souls increase of the faith and overthrow of its enemies may be procured thereby we regard as a work wherein the glory of God and faith in Him and His commonwealth the Universal Church are concerned in proportion as they having been relieved of all the greater obstacles shall find themselves supported by us and by the Apostolic See with favors and graces we being very fully informed of all and singular the premises do motu proprio not at the instance of King Alfonso or the infante or on the petition of any other offered to us on their behalf in respect to this matter and after mature deliberation by apostolic authority and from certain knowledge in the fullness of apostolic power by the tenor of these presents decree and declare that the aforesaid letters of faculty the tenor whereof we wish to be considered as inserted word for word in these presents with all and singular the clauses therein contained are extended to Ceuta and to the aforesaid and all other acquisitions whatsoever even those acquired before the date of the said letters of faculty and to all those provinces islands harbors and seas whatsoever which hereafter in the name of the said King Alfonso and of his successors and of the infante in those parts and the adjoining and in the more distant and remote parts can be acquired from the hands of infidels or pagans and that they are comprehended under the said letters of faculty And by force of those and of the present letters of faculty the acquisitions already made and what hereafter shall happen to be acquired after they shall have been acquired we do by the tenor of these presents decree and declare have pertained and forever of right do belong and pertain to the aforesaid king and to his successors and to the infante and that the right of conquest which in the course of these letters we declare to be extended from the capes of Bojador and of Não as far as through all Guinea and beyond toward that southern shore has belonged and pertained and forever of right belongs and pertains to the said King Alfonso his successors and the infante and not to any others We also by the tenor of these presents decree and declare that King Alfonso and his successors and the infante aforesaid might and may now and henceforth freely and lawfully in these acquisitions and concerning them make any prohibitions statutes and decrees whatsoever even penal ones and with imposition of any tribute and dispose and ordain concerning them as concerning their own property and their other dominions And in order to confer a more effectual right and assurance we do by these presents forever give grant and appropriate to the aforesaid King Alfonso and his successors kings of the said kingdoms and to the infante the provinces islands harbors places and seas whatsoever how many soever and of what sort soever they shall be that have already been acquired and that shall hereafter come to be acquired and the right of conquest also from the capes of Bojador and of Não aforesaid Moreover since this is fitting in many ways for the perfecting of a work of this kind we allow that the aforesaid King Alfonso and his successors and the infante as also the persons to whom they or any one of them shall think that this work ought to be committed may according to the grant made to the said King John by Martin V of happy memory

    Original URL path: http://www.doctrineofdiscovery.org/pontifex.htm (2016-02-11)
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    be put together and built a fortress fairly equipped wherein he has stationed as garrison certain Christians companions of his who are to make search for other remote and unknown islands and mainlands In the islands and countries already discovered are found gold spices and very many other precious things of divers kinds and qualities Wherefore as becomes Catholic kings and princes after earnest consideration of all matters especially of the rise and spread of the Catholic faith as was the fashion of your ancestors kings of renowned memory you have purposed with the favor of divine clemency to bring under your sway the said mainlands and islands with their residents and inhabitants and to bring them to the Catholic faith Hence heartily commending in the Lord this your holy and praiseworthy purpose and desirous that it be duly accomplished and that the name of our Savior be carried into those regions we exhort you very earnestly in the Lord and by your reception of holy baptism whereby you are bound to our apostolic commands and by the bowels of the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ enjoin strictly that inasmuch as with eager zeal for the true faith you design to equip and despatch this expedition you purpose also as is your duty to lead the peoples dwelling in those islands and countries to embrace the Christian religion nor at any time let dangers or hardships deter you therefrom with the stout hope and trust in your hearts that Almighty God will further your undertakings And in order that you may enter upon so great an undertaking with greater readiness and heartiness endowed with the benefit of our apostolic favor we of our own accord not at your instance nor the request of anyone else in your regard but of our own sole largess and certain knowledge and out of the fullness of our apostolic power by the authority of Almighty God conferred upon us in blessed Peter and of the vicarship of Jesus Christ which we hold on earth do by tenor of these presents should any of said islands have been found by your envoys and captains give grant and assign to you and your heirs and successors kings of Castile and Leon forever together with all their dominions cities camps places and villages and all rights jurisdictions and appurtenances all islands and mainlands found and to be found discovered and to be discovered towards the west and south by drawing and establishing a line from the Arctic pole namely the north to the Antarctic pole namely the south no matter whether the said mainlands and islands are found and to be found in the direction of India or towards any other quarter the said line to be distant one hundred leagues towards the west and south from any of the islands commonly known as the Azores and Cape Verde With this proviso however that none of the islands and mainlands found and to be found discovered

    Original URL path: http://www.doctrineofdiscovery.org/inter%20caetera.htm (2016-02-11)
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    by the said King and Queen of Castile Aragon etc and who are experienced shall embark in the ships of the said King of Portugal and the Algarves in like manner certain of the said persons sent by the said King of Portugal shall embark in the ship or ships of the said King and Queen of Castile Aragon etc a like number in each case so that they may jointly study and examine to better advantage the sea courses winds and the degrees of the sun or of north latitude and lay out the leagues aforesaid in order that in determining the line and boundary all sent and empowered by both the said parties in the said vessels shall jointly concur These said vessels shall continue their course together to the said Cape Verde Islands from whence they shall lay a direct course to the west to the distance of the said three hundred and seventy degrees measured as the said persons shall agree and measured without prejudice to the said parties When this point is reached such point will constitute the place and mark for measuring degrees of the sun or of north latitude either by daily runs measured in leagues or in any other manner that shall mutually be deemed better This said line shall be drawn north and south as aforesaid from the said Arctic pole to the said Antarctic pole And when this line has been determined as abovesaid those sent by each of the aforesaid parties to whom each one of the said parties must delegate his own authority and power to determine the said mark and bound shall draw up a writing concerning it and affix thereto their signatures And when determined by the mutual consent of all of them this line shall be considered as a perpetual mark and bound in such wise that the said parties or either of them or their future successors shall be unable to deny it or erase or remove it at any time or in any manner whatsoever And should perchance the said line and bound from pole to pole as aforesaid intersect any island or mainland at the first point of such intersection of such island or mainland by the said line some kind of mark or tower shall be erected and a succession of similar marks shall be erected in a straight line from such mark or tower in a line identical with the above mentioned bound These marks shall separate those portions of such land belonging to each one of the said parties and the subjects of the said parties shall not dare on either side to enter the territory of the other by crossing the said mark or bound in such island or mainland 4 Item inasmuch as the said ships of the said King and Queen of Castile Leon Aragon etc sailing as before declared from their kingdoms and seigniories to their said possessions on the other side of the said line must cross the seas on this side of the line pertaining to the said King of Portugal it is therefore concerted and agreed that the said ships of the said King and Queen of Castile Leon Aragon etc shall at any time and without any hindrance sail in either direction freely securely and peacefully over the said seas of the said King of Portugal and within the said line And whenever their Highnesses and their successors wish to do so and deem it expedient their said ships may take their courses and routes direct from their kingdoms to any region within their line and bound to which they desire to despatch expeditions of discovery conquest and trade They shall take their courses direct to the desired region and for any purpose desired therein and shall not leave their course unless compelled to do so by contrary weather They shall do this provided that before crossing the said line they shall not seize or take possession of anything discovered in his said region by the said King of Portugal and should their said ships find anything before crossing the said line as aforesaid it shall belong to the said King of Portugal and their Highnesses shall order it surrendered immediately And since it is possible that the ships and subjects of the said King and Queen of Castile Leon etc or those acting in their name may discover before the twentieth day of this present month of June following the date of this treaty some islands and mainlands within the said line drawn straight from pole to pole that is to say inside the said three hundred and seventy leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands as aforesaid it is hereby agreed and determined in order to remove all doubt that all such islands and mainlands found and discovered in any manner whatsoever up to the said twentieth day of this said month of June although found by ships and subjects of the said King and Queen of Castile Aragon etc shall pertain to and remain forever in the possession of the said King of Portugal and the Algarves and of his successors and kingdoms provided that they lie within the first two hundred and fifty leagues of the said three hundred and seventy leagues reckoned west of the Cape Verde Islands to the above mentioned line in whatsoever part even to the said poles of the said two hundred and fifty leagues they may be found determining a boundary or straight line from pole to pole where the said two hundred and fifty leagues end Likewise all the islands and mainlands found and discovered up to the said twentieth day of this present month of June by the ships and subjects of the said King and Queen of Castile Aragon etc or in any other manner within the other one hundred and twenty leagues that still remain of the said three hundred and seventy leagues where the said bound

    Original URL path: http://www.doctrineofdiscovery.org/tordesillas.htm (2016-02-11)
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    coasts of the eastern western and northern sea under our banners flags and ensigns with five ships or vessels of whatsoever burden and quality they may be and with so many and such mariners and men as they may wish to take with them in the said ships at their own proper costs and charges to find discover and investigate whatsoever islands countries regions or provinces of heathens and infidels in whatsoever part of the world placed which before this time were unknown to all Christians We have also granted to them and to any of them and to the heirs and deputies of them and of any one of them and have given licence to set up our aforesaid banners and ensigns in any town city castle island or mainland whatsoever newly found by them And that the before mentioned John and his sons or their heirs and deputies may conquer occupy and possess whatsoever such towns castles cities and islands by them thus discovered that they may be able to conquer occupy and possess as our vassals and governors lieutenants and deputies therein acquiring for us the dominion title and jurisdiction of the same towns castles cities islands and mainlands so discovered in such a way nevertheless that of all the fruits profits emoluments commodities gains and revenues accruing from this voyage the said John and sons and their heirs and deputies shall be bound and under obligation for their every voyage as often as they shall arrive at our port of Bristol at which they are bound and holden only to arrive all necessary charges and expenses incurred by them having been deducted to pay to us either in goods or money the fifth part of the whole capital gained we giving and granting to them and

    Original URL path: http://www.doctrineofdiscovery.org/patent%20henry%20vii.htm (2016-02-11)
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    many kingdoms and many provinces since they could not all remain or sustain themselves in one place Of all these people God Our Lord chose one who was called Saint Peter to be the lord and the one who was to be superior to all the other people of the world whom all should obey He was to be the head of the entire human race wherever men might exist God gave him the world for his kingdom and jurisdiction God also permitted him to be and establish himself in any other part of the world to judge and govern all peoples whether Christian Moors Jew Gentiles or those of any other sects and beliefs that there might be He was called the Pope One of the past Popes who succeeded Saint Peter as Lord of the Earth gave these islands and Mainland s of the Ocean Sea the Atlantic Ocean to the said King and Queen and to their successors with everything that there is in them as is set forth in certain documents which were drawn up regarding this donation in the manner described which you may see if you so desire In consequence Their Highnesses are Kings and Lords of these islands and mainland by virtue of said donation Certain other isles and almost all the native peoples to whom this summons has been read have accepted Their Highnesses as such Kings and Lords and have served and serve them as their subjects as they should and must do with good will and without offering any resistance You are constrained and obliged to do the same as they Consequently as we best may we beseech and demand that you understand fully this that we have said to you and ponder it so that you may understand and

    Original URL path: http://www.doctrineofdiscovery.org/requerimiento.htm (2016-02-11)
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    Repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery

    Original URL path: http://www.doctrineofdiscovery.org/anglican%20main.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • episcopal church
    Church Religious Groups Ask Pope Francis to Stand with Indigenous People Letter to the Pope Passionists International 2013 Pax Christi Maine 2013 Press release sent out by The Loretto Community

    Original URL path: http://www.doctrineofdiscovery.org/catholic%20main.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • episcopal church
    People A Sermon Preached by John Dieffenbacher Krall at St James Episcopal Church Old Town Maine October 15 2006 A Sermon Preached by John Dieffenbacher Krall at St David s Episcopal Church Barneveld NY in the Central Diocese of NY

    Original URL path: http://www.doctrineofdiscovery.org/episcopalmain.htm (2016-02-11)
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