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  • episcopal church
    Pax Christi Maine asks Pope Francis to renounce Doctrine of Discovery Bangor Daily News

    Original URL path: http://www.doctrineofdiscovery.org/pax%20christimain.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • Untitled Document
    refuse to receive their lord and resist and contradict him and we protest that the deaths and losses which shall accrue from this are your fault and not that of their highnesses or ours nor of these cavaliers who come with us Before we judge the papal edicts too harshly we need to know of the Anglican connection to this Doctrine of Discovery In 1496 King Henry VII granted a patent to John Cabot and his sons to possess all lands in the New World not previously discovered by Portugal or Spain It is known as the 1496 Royal Charter of the Church of England It reads in part And that the before mentioned John and his sons or their heirs and deputies may conquer occupy and possess whatsoever such towns castles cities and islands by them thus discovered that they may be able to conquer occupy and possess as our vassals and governors lieutenants and deputies therein acquiring for us the dominion title and jurisdiction of the same towns castles cities islands and mainlands so discovered One of the many ugly legacies of this Christian Doctrine of Discovery is it serves as the legal underpinning of Federal Indian Law Supreme Court Justice John Marshall used the concept in part as the legal reasoning for the 1823 Supreme Court decision Johnson v McIntosh The brilliant Native American scholar Steve Newcomb writes in FIVE HUNDRED YEARS OF INJUSTICE The Legacy of Fifteenth Century Religious Prejudice 1992 Writing for the unanimous court Chief Justice John Marshall observed that Christian European nations had assumed ultimate dominion over the lands of America during the Age of Discovery and that upon discovery the Indians had lost their rights to complete sovereignty as independent nations and only retained a right of occupancy in their lands In other words Indian nations were subject to the ultimate authority of the first nation of Christendom to claim possession of a given region of Indian lands As the United States expanded westward during the nineteenth century an ever increasing amount of Indian land was seized Treaties that temporarily ended hostilities over certain lands were routinely broken by the United States The end result was a reduction of the Indigenous population from an estimated 12 to 20 million at the time of European contact to 237 196 Indians in 1900 This may be the most horrific genocide in human history We have done some remembering together of the evil perpetrated against Indigenous people How do we recognize what to do to attempt to correct this injustice Our national church has recognized the need to reverse this history At the General Convention in 1985 our church passed a resolution that the National Committee on Indian Work be instructed by the 68th General Convention of the Episcopal Church to direct all agencies of the Church to advocate and support the honoring of all Indian treaty rights and the right to internal autonomy and self determination of Indian Nations and Tribes What can we

    Original URL path: http://www.doctrineofdiscovery.org/krallsermon101506.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • episcopalrepud
    Christian lands with the full blessing and sanction of the Church It continues to be invoked in only slightly modified form in court cases and in the many destructive policies of governments and other institutions of the modern nation state that lead to the colonizing dispossession of the lands of indigenous peoples and the disruption of their way of life and be it further Resolved that The Episcopal Church review its policies and programs with a view to exposing the historical reality and impact of the Doctrine of Discovery and eliminating its presence in its contemporary policies program and structures and further that this body directs the appropriate representatives of the House of Bishops and House of Deputies to inform all relevant governmental bodies in The United States of its action and suggest similar and equivalent review of historical and contemporary policies that contribute to the continuing colonization of Indigenous Peoples and further to write to Queen Elizabeth II the Supreme Governor of the Church of England requesting that her Majesty disavow and repudiate publicly the claimed validity of the Christian Doctrine of Discovery and be it further Resolved that each diocese within the Episcopal Church be encouraged to reflect

    Original URL path: http://www.doctrineofdiscovery.org/episcopalrepud.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • sermon barneveld
    most powerful religious leader of the world bless conquest and genocide in the name of God No justification exists for such actions decrees or thoughts Yet how could we as educated 21st Century people know little to nothing about this evil doctrine that provided the legal and religious justification for the European invasion of the Western Hemisphere and other places around the world I have a possible answer history Sure just like slavery or the legal and political disenfranchisement of women or the Japanese internment camps during World War II or witch hunts or the many other sinful actions of our predecessors this happened long ago Certainly no decent thinking Christian person in the year 2009 would assert that one people because of their religion could dispossess another people of their lands resources and freedom Before administering the salve of history and distant predecessors to our consciences I have another shock for you the Christian Doctrine of Discovery functions as the basis for US law as it pertains to the Indigenous People of this land The most important Indian related case ever decided by the US Supreme Court Johnson v M Intosh cites the Christian Doctrine of Discovery as justification for Congress plenary power over Indian Nations The brilliant Native American scholar Steve Newcomb writes in FIVE HUNDRED YEARS OF INJUSTICE The Legacy of Fifteenth Century Religious Prejudice 1992 Writing for the unanimous court Chief Justice John Marshall observed that Christian European nations had assumed ultimate dominion over the lands of America during the Age of Discovery and that upon discovery the Indians had lost their rights to complete sovereignty as independent nations and only retained a right of occupancy in their lands In other words Indian nations were subject to the ultimate authority of the first nation of Christendom to claim possession of a given region of Indian lands The precedent set by Johnson v M Intosh and the cases following it live with us today Though Federal Courts recognize some degree of sovereignty for the 500 plus Indian Nations found within the borders of the US Congress through its plenary power can remove portions or all of Tribal Governments powers at any time with the affected Indian Nation having little legal recourse Justice demands that we reject Congressional plenary power over Indian Nations replaced by relationships based on mutual benefit and respect for the sovereignty of each party How do we overturn something as deeply ingrained as the Christian Doctrine of Discovery resting on a US Supreme Court decision issued in 1823 What did African Americans do to overturn Plessy v Ferguson the 1896 US Supreme Court decision that permitted separate but equal facilities for black and white Americans First we must understand the Doctrine of Discovery and declare its illegitimacy in every forum we can Let s start with our Episcopal Church As I preach delegates to General Convention are considering Resolution D035 It states in part That the 76th General Convention repudiates and renounces the Doctrine

    Original URL path: http://www.doctrineofdiscovery.org/krallsermonbarneveld.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • krallsermon1009
    with Jesus Great Commandment to us You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind This is the greatest and first commandment And a second is like it You shall love your neighbor as yourself On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets Encouragingly our Church has recognized the reprehensible nature of the Doctrine of Discovery At our General Convention this past July the gathered delegates passed Resolution D035 titled Repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery Resolution D035 states the 76th General Convention repudiates and renounces the Doctrine of Discovery as fundamentally opposed to the Gospel of Jesus Christ and our understanding of the inherent rights that individuals and peoples have received from God and that this declaration be proclaimed among our churches and shared with the United Nations and all the nations and peoples located within the Episcopal Church s boundaries Resolution D035 also exhorts each diocese within the Episcopal Church be encouraged to reflect upon its own history in light of these actions and encourage all Episcopalians to seek a greater understanding of the Indigenous Peoples within the geo political boundaries claimed by the United States and other nation states located within the Episcopal Church s boundaries and to support those peoples in their ongoing efforts for their inherent sovereignty and fundamental human rights as peoples to be respected How should we as the people of St James respond to the adoption of Resolution D035 What can we do to seek a greater understanding of the Indigenous Peoples within our midst and to support those peoples in their ongoing efforts for their inherent sovereignty and fundamental human rights Though we should be concerned with all of the many Indigenous Peoples living across the world as we are called by Christ to love all human beings we as the people of St James within the Diocese of Maine can make the greatest difference with our neighbors the Wabanaki Our history with the Wabanaki contains many deplorable and unchristian actions But the Episcopal Diocese of Maine has also demonstrated genuine leadership among all the faith communities in Maine in terms of solidarity with and support for the Wabanaki Let me assure you that the Wabanaki need our political support Though I see ever increasing numbers of non Indian people who appreciate and value Wabanaki culture I also witness continued ignorance hatred and racism directed at the Wabanaki In a Bangor Daily News BDN story published this past Wednesday about the Aroostook Band of Micmacs acquiring 1 200 acres of land miah1620 commented Don t the Micmacs get enough handouts Another person commenting on a September 23 BDN story concerning the Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians receiving money for a domestic violence shelter wrote Why are we paying for their abuse prevention Its their problem not ours They are always blaming us When will this bias against us end Demsuk64 posted a comment September 3 in reaction

    Original URL path: http://www.doctrineofdiscovery.org/krallsermon102009.htm (2016-02-11)
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