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  • Rob Sargent | Environment New Jersey Research and Policy Center
    public interest campaigns He is currently the Energy Program Director for Environment America and oversees policy and strategy development for energy and global warming campaigns throughout the U S and in our nation s capitol He has been involved as a policy advisor and strategist in numerous successful campaigns to promote state Renewable Energy Standards the adoption of the California Clean Cars programs in the states energy efficiency measures and

    Original URL path: http://www.environmentnewjerseycenter.org/staff/njc/rob-sargent (2016-05-01)
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  • America’s Dirtiest Power Plants | Environment New Jersey Research and Policy Center
    the most significant sources of global warming pollution in the world In 2012 U S power plants produced more than 6 percent of global warming emissions worldwide more than any other industrialized nation except China The 50 dirtiest power plants produced nearly 2 percent of the world s carbon dioxide emissions See Table ES 1 U S power plants produced nearly as much carbon dioxide pollution in 2012 as was produced cumulatively that year in all of South America Canada and Mexico See Figure ES 1 Table ES 1 The Dirtiest U S Power Plants Produce Globally Significant Amounts of Carbon Dioxide CO2 Pollution Figure ES 1 In 2012 U S Power Plants Produced Nearly as Much CO2 Pollution as Canada Mexico and All Countries in South America Combined A small handful of the dirtiest coal plants produce a massive and disproportionate share of the nation s global warming pollution In 2012 power plants produced about 40 percent of all U S emissions of carbon dioxide the leading pollutant driving global warming See Table ES 1 The 50 dirtiest U S power plants produced 30 percent of all power sector carbon dioxide emissions in 2012 while producing only 15 percent of the nation s electricity The dirtiest power plants tend to be older plants fueled by coal Coal fired power plants produced about 74 percent of all power plant pollution in 2012 despite producing only 37 percent of the nation s electricity See Figure ES 2 Figure ES 2 Share of Total U S CO2 Emissions Produced by Power Plants and U S Power Sector Emissions by Fuel Type 2012 Figure ES 3 Dirty Power Plants Make an Outsized Contribution to U S Carbon Dioxide Pollution Million Metric Tons MMT 2012 New pollution standards for U S power plants announced by the Environmental Protection Agency in June 2014 will result in important reductions in carbon emissions on the global scale By 2030 the U S EPA s proposed Clean Power Plan will cut 550 million metric tons of carbon pollution from power plants each year roughly equivalent to the amount emitted in 2012 by the entire nation of Canada the world s eighth largest emitter of carbon dioxide When finalized the Clean Power Plan would be the largest step the United States has ever taken to cut global warming pollution However the United States must do more to prevent the worst impacts of global warming The United States should cut overall emissions of global warming pollution by at least 80 percent below 2005 levels by 2050 This will require action at all levels of government The U S EPA should strengthen finalize and implement the Clean Power Plan EPA should strengthen the Clean Power Plan by tapping the potential for renewable energy and energy efficiency to cut carbon pollution deeper and faster achieving a 35 to 40 percent cut in power sector emissions below 2005 levels by 2020 and fully meeting President Obama s climate commitment to the international community

    Original URL path: http://www.environmentnewjerseycenter.org/reports/njc/america%E2%80%99s-dirtiest-power-plants (2016-05-01)
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  • Driving Cleaner | Environment New Jersey Research and Policy Center
    term lung damage Air pollution from cars light trucks and larger vehicles causes an estimated 53 000 early deaths each year Electric vehicles are far less polluting than conventional cars and trucks An electric vehicle produces less global warming pollution per mile than the average new gasoline vehicle even when emissions from vehicle production and electricity generation are included Electric vehicles will become even less polluting over time The cleaner we make our electricity system by adding more wind solar and other pollution free energy sources the less global warming pollution electric vehicles will produce On the other hand the more that oil companies rely on Canadian tar sands and other hard to reach oil deposits the dirtier conventional cars and trucks will get Rapid growth in electric vehicle penetration is critical The California Air Resources Board estimates that if the state is to achieve the emission reductions needed to avoid the worst impacts of global warming electric vehicles and other zero emission vehicles would need to account for 100 percent of new vehicle sales by 2040 Increasing the number of electric vehicles on the road would reduce global warming pollution Ten states California Connecticut Maryland Massachusetts Maine New Jersey New York Oregon Rhode Island and Vermont require auto manufacturers to sell electric vehicles in compliance with the Zero Emission Vehicle program This law will put more than 3 5 million zero emission vehicles on the road in these states by 2025 Even in a scenario with limited growth in renewable energy this would prevent 4 7 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent pollution per year compared with conventional cars That is equal to the annual emissions of almost 1 million of today s vehicles If every state adopted the Zero Emission Vehicle program more than 13 million electric vehicles would be on the road by 2025 This would prevent 14 5 million metric tons of carbon dioxideequivalent pollution in 2025 compared with conventional cars equal to removing 3 million of today s vehicles from the road or saving 1 6 billion gallons of gasoline Health threatening toxic pollution concentrated around urban roadways would also decline Electric vehicles could reduce global warming pollution even further with increased generation of electricity from clean renewable sources of energy Increasing the renewable share of the nation s electricity mix to 25 percent by 2025 would result in 26 percent greater emission reductions than a scenario of slow renewable energy growth With 25 percent renewable energy and a nationwide commitment to zero emission vehicles America could cut global warming pollution by 18 2 million metric tons of carbon dioxideequivalent the equivalent of saving more than 2 billion gallons of gasoline per year or the annual emissions from 3 8 million of today s cars and trucks Deploying electric vehicles may also facilitate increasing penetration of renewable electricity into the electricity system By connecting their batteries to the grid when parked electric vehicles may make it possible to capture excess clean electricity when production

    Original URL path: http://www.environmentnewjerseycenter.org/reports/nje/driving-cleaner (2016-05-01)
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  • Wasting Our Waterways | Environment New Jersey Research and Policy Center
    Contact About Us Our Research Results News Report Protect the Jersey Shore Wasting Our Waterways Toxic Industrial Pollution and Restoring the Promise of the Clean Water Act Released by Environment New Jersey Research Policy Center Release date Thursday June 19 2014 Read News Release Download Report PDF Get our RSS feed Archives Blog News Releases Reports Resources Results Homepage About Us Contact Us Donate Our research Privacy Environment New Jersey

    Original URL path: http://www.environmentnewjerseycenter.org/reports/nje/wasting-our-waterways (2016-05-01)
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  • Wind Power for a Cleaner America | Environment New Jersey Research and Policy Center
    2012 or as much electricity as is used each year in Georgia See Figure ES 1 Figure ES 1 Growth in Electricity Generated by Wind Power i Wind energy was the largest source of new electricity capacity added to the grid in 2012 Nine states now have enough wind turbines to supply 12 percent or more of their annual electricity needs in an average year with Iowa South Dakota and Kansas now possessing enough wind turbines to supply more than 20 percent of their annual electricity needs By displacing dirty electricity from fossil fuel fired power plants wind energy saves water and reduces pollution In 2012 wind energy helped the United States Avoid 84 7 million metric tons of carbon dioxide pollution or as much pollution as is produced by more than 17 million of today s passenger vehicles in a year Fossil fuel fired power plants are the nation s largest source of carbon dioxide pollution the leading global warming pollutant In the United States warmer temperatures caused by global warming have already increased the frequency and severity of heat waves and heavy downpours resulting in more intense wildfires floods droughts and tropical storms and hurricanes Save enough water to supply the annual domestic water needs of more than a million people Power plants use water for cooling reducing the amount of water available for irrigation wildlife recreation or domestic use More water is withdrawn from U S lakes rivers streams and aquifers for the purpose of cooling power plants than for any other purpose Avoid 79 600 tons of nitrogen oxide NOX and 98 400 tons of sulfur dioxide emissions Nitrogen oxides are a key ingredient of smog which contributes to asthma and other respiratory problems power plants are responsible for about 15 percent of the nation s total nitrogen oxide NOX pollution each year Power plants also produce about 60 percent of all sulfur dioxide pollution which contributes to acid rain Finally coal fired power plants emit heavy metals such as mercury a potent neurotoxicant that can cause developmental and neurological disorders in babies and children Nearly two thirds of all airborne mercury pollution in the United States in 2010 came from the smokestacks of coal fired power plants If America were to continue to add onshore wind capacity at the rate it did from 2007 to 2012 and take the first steps toward development of its massive potential for offshore wind by 2018 wind energy will be delivering the following benefits Averting a total of 157 million metric tons of carbon dioxide pollution annually or more carbon dioxide than was produced by Georgia Michigan or New York in 2011 Saving enough water to supply the annual domestic water needs of 2 1 million people roughly as many people as live in the city of Houston and more than live in Philadelphia Phoenix or San Diego Averting more than 121 000 tons of smog forming nitrogen oxide pollution and 194 000 tons of sulfur dioxide pollution each

    Original URL path: http://www.environmentnewjerseycenter.org/reports/nje/wind-power-cleaner-america-0 (2016-05-01)
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  • Fracking by the Numbers | Environment New Jersey Research and Policy Center
    250 billion gallons of water since 2005 See Table ES 2 While most industrial uses of water return it to the water cycle for further use fracking converts clean water into toxic wastewater much of which must then be permanently disposed of taking billions of gallons out of the water supply annually Farmers are particularly impacted by fracking water use as they compete with the deep pocketed oil and gas industry for water especially in drought stricken regions of the country Table ES 2 Water Used for Fracking Selected States State Total Water Used since 2005 billion gallons Arkansas 26 Colorado 26 New Mexico 1 3 North Dakota 12 Ohio 1 4 Pennsylvania 30 Texas 110 West Virginia 17 Chemical use Fracking uses a wide range of chemicals many of them toxic Operators have hauled more than 2 billion gallons of chemicals to thousands of fracking sites around the country In addition to other health threats many of these chemicals have the potential to cause cancer These toxics can enter drinking water supplies from leaks and spills through well blowouts and through the failure of disposal wells receiving fracking wastewater Air pollution Fracking related activities release thousands of tons of health threatening air pollution Nationally fracking released 450 000 tons of pollutants into the air that can have immediate health impacts Air pollution from fracking contributes to the formation of ozone smog which reduces lung function among healthy people triggers asthma attacks and has been linked to increases in school absences hospital visits and premature death Other air pollutants from fracking and the fossil fuel fired machinery used in fracking have been linked to cancer and other serious health effects Global warming pollution Fracking produces significant volumes of global warming pollution Methane which is a global warming pollutant 25 times more powerful than carbon dioxide is released at multiple steps during fracking including during hydraulic fracturing and well completion and in the processing and transport of gas to end users Global warming emissions from completion of fracking wells since 2005 total an estimated 100 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent Damage to our natural heritage Well pads new access roads pipelines and other infrastructure turn forests and rural landscapes into industrial zones Infrastructure to support fracking has damaged 360 000 acres of land for drilling sites roads and pipelines since 2005 Forests and farmland have been replaced by well pads roads pipelines and other gas infrastructure resulting in the loss of wildlife habitat and fragmentation of remaining wild areas In Colorado fracking has already damaged 57 000 acres of land equal to one third of the acreage in the state s park system The oil and gas industry is seeking to bring fracking into our national forests around several of our national parks and in watersheds that supply drinking water to millions of Americans Fracking has additional impacts not quantified here including contamination of residential water wells by fracking fluids and methane leaks vehicle and workplace accidents earthquakes and

    Original URL path: http://www.environmentnewjerseycenter.org/reports/njc/fracking-numbers (2016-05-01)
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  • Fracking by the Numbers | Environment New Jersey Research and Policy Center
    used at least 250 billion gallons of water since 2005 See Table ES 2 While most industrial uses of water return it to the water cycle for further use fracking converts clean water into toxic wastewater much of which must then be permanently disposed of taking billions of gallons out of the water supply annually Farmers are particularly impacted by fracking water use as they compete with the deep pocketed oil and gas industry for water especially in drought stricken regions of the country Table ES 2 Water Used for Fracking Selected States State Total Water Used since 2005 billion gallons Arkansas 26 Colorado 26 New Mexico 1 3 North Dakota 12 Ohio 1 4 Pennsylvania 30 Texas 110 West Virginia 17 Chemical use Fracking uses a wide range of chemicals many of them toxic Operators have hauled more than 2 billion gallons of chemicals to thousands of fracking sites around the country In addition to other health threats many of these chemicals have the potential to cause cancer These toxics can enter drinking water supplies from leaks and spills through well blowouts and through the failure of disposal wells receiving fracking wastewater Air pollution Fracking related activities release thousands of tons of health threatening air pollution Nationally fracking released 450 000 tons of pollutants into the air that can have immediate health impacts Air pollution from fracking contributes to the formation of ozone smog which reduces lung function among healthy people triggers asthma attacks and has been linked to increases in school absences hospital visits and premature death Other air pollutants from fracking and the fossil fuel fired machinery used in fracking have been linked to cancer and other serious health effects Global warming pollution Fracking produces significant volumes of global warming pollution Methane which is a global warming pollutant 25 times more powerful than carbon dioxide is released at multiple steps during fracking including during hydraulic fracturing and well completion and in the processing and transport of gas to end users Global warming emissions from completion of fracking wells since 2005 total an estimated 100 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent Damage to our natural heritage Well pads new access roads pipelines and other infrastructure turn forests and rural landscapes into industrial zones Infrastructure to support fracking has damaged 360 000 acres of land for drilling sites roads and pipelines since 2005 Forests and farmland have been replaced by well pads roads pipelines and other gas infrastructure resulting in the loss of wildlife habitat and fragmentation of remaining wild areas In Colorado fracking has already damaged 57 000 acres of land equal to one third of the acreage in the state s park system The oil and gas industry is seeking to bring fracking into our national forests around several of our national parks and in watersheds that supply drinking water to millions of Americans Fracking has additional impacts not quantified here including contamination of residential water wells by fracking fluids and methane leaks vehicle and workplace

    Original URL path: http://www.environmentnewjerseycenter.org/reports/njc/fracking-numbers-0 (2016-05-01)
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  • Lighting the Way: What We Can Learn from America's Top 12 Solar States | Environment New Jersey Research and Policy Center
    Solar energy benefits consumers by reducing the need for expensive investments in long distance transmission lines Solar energy can lower electricity costs by providing power at times of peak demand Solar energy costs are falling rapidly The cost of installed solar energy systems fell by 27 percent during 2012 on top of a 20 percent decline between the beginning of 2010 and the end of 2011 Solar energy creates local clean energy jobs that can t be outsourced More than 119 000 people currently work in America s solar energy industry most of them in jobs such as installation that are located in close proximity to the places where solar panels are installed Solar energy is on the rise especially in states that have adopted strong public policies to encourage solar power The amount of solar photovoltaic capacity in the United States has increased more than tenfold in the last six years See Figure ES 1 America s solar energy revolution is being led by 12 states which have the highest per capita solar electricity capacity in the nation These 12 states Arizona Nevada Hawaii New Jersey New Mexico California Delaware Colorado Vermont Massachusetts North Carolina and Maryland account for 28 percent of the U S population and 21 percent of U S electricity consumption but 85 percent of total U S solar electricity capacity and 87 percent of the solar photovoltaic capacity installed in 2012 See Figure ES 2 and Table ES 1 America s leading solar states have adopted strong policies to encourage homeowners and businesses to go solar Among the top dozen states 11 of the 12 have strong net metering policies In nearly all of these states consumers are compensated at the full retail rate for the excess electricity they supply to the grid Net metering ensures that consumers receive reliable and fair compensation for the excess electricity they provide to the grid 10 of the 12 have strong statewide interconnection policies Good interconnection policies reduce the time and hassle required for individuals and companies to connect solar energy systems to the grid 11 of the 12 have renewable electricity standards that set minimum requirements for the share of a utility s electricity that must come from renewable sources and 9 of them have solar carve outs that set specific targets for solar or other forms of clean distributed electricity The vast majority of the states allow for creative financing options such as third party power purchase agreements and property assessed clean energy PACE financing States in the Dazzling Dozen are far more likely to have each of these key solar policies in place than other states reinforcing the conclusion of U S Department of Energy research linking the presence of key solar policies to increases in solar energy deployment Strong public policies at every level of government can help unlock America s potential for clean solar energy To achieve America s full solar potential Local governments should adopt policies guaranteeing homeowners and businesses the right

    Original URL path: http://www.environmentnewjerseycenter.org/reports/nje/lighting-way-what-we-can-learn-americas-top-12-solar-states (2016-05-01)
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