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  • Gender and reducing consumption - NIKK
    the kinds of household appliances that their families purchase and use OECD reports indicate that women are responsible for 80 of daily household purchases Changing nutrition habits can also have a major role in reducing the consumption of energy and water Consuming vegetables greens and natural fish saves a significant amount of energy improves health and cuts household expenses The amount of energy needed to produce vegetable protein is eight times less than the energy needed to produce red meat On the energy consumption scale milk eggs poultry and pork are situated somewhere in between Women can also conserve energy and materials in schools hospitals pension homes in local regional and national administration in shops and in service professions all of which employ more women than men Public institutions and the acquisitions they make play an important role in the dissemination of environmentally friendly products and services Road transport Of the major emission sources in Europe emissions from vehicular traffic are growing fastest With better planning by increasing public transportation and investing in further development of cars and fuels we can achieve the improvements that are needed Women s participation in the planning and decision making processes for such measures should be increased since their attitudes toward these necessary measures are more positive than those of men To reduce climate change increase the participation of women The significance of gender should be acknowledged and utilized in teaching and education and must be part of every curriculum teacher training programme and the content of what is taught All facets of education as well as public education should be incorporated into this effort including child health care centres and preschools which can bring a longer term impact For more immediate results environment and gender must be incorporated into workplace training introduction to

    Original URL path: http://www.equalclimate.org/en/whats_being_done+/finland/Column+by+Aira+Kalela+about+gender+and+reducing+consumption.9UFRrSXp.ips (2016-02-09)
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  • Work on governmental level - NIKK
    enable them to participate in planning their own immediate environments and in the decision making on environmental policy Finland participates actively in international cooperation to find solutions for environmental challenges In UN cooperation the aim of such work is to establish a binding effective global climate treaty to limit the warming temperature to just two degrees Finland supports the common EU emission reduction targets as part of a comprehensive international climate treaty National efforts to mitigate climate change At the national level Finland is engaged in numerous measures to mitigate climate change and on many fronts environmental policies have been successful But environmental problems are often global increasingly challenging and in need of new types of solutions The importance of diverse research data in shaping environmental policy is becoming more critical and decision making must be more emphatically founded on well researched information Decisions that have an impact on the environment are also being made in other areas besides in the Ministry of the Environment s administrative mandate In other words the solutions and research related to environmental problems require broad national and international cooperation Climate and energy strategy Finland s long term climate and energy strategy was completed in November 2008 in the government s report to the parliament The strategy concerns climate and environmental policy measures through 2020 and referentially also through 2050 in substantial detail Earlier reports by the government on climate and energy policy were presented to the parliament in 2001 and 2005 The strategy describes the changes that have occurred in the international operating environment and outlines the government s energy and climate policies including proposals for key measures in order to achieve EU targets for the promotion of renewable energy more efficient energy use and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions Toward a low emissions Finland Government Foresight Report on Long term Climate and Energy Policy Finland s national climate objectives were outlined in the Government Foresight Report on Long term Climate and Energy Policy adopted on15 October 2009 which delineates long term policies up to the year 2050 and presents proposals for climate policy measures The report sets the goal of reducing Finland s climate emissions by at least 80 percent from the 1990 level by the year 2050 as part of international cooperation The report s policy guidelines direct the government s work also in the future during upcoming government terms The collective climate effort must also engage municipalities businesses organizations and individual citizens The implementation of the Foresight Report is monitored as part of the execution of the national climate and energy policy The saving nature for people strategy The preparatory work for the saving nature for people strategy is founded on the government programme during Prime Minister Jyrki Katainen s leadership According to the programme the current national strategy and action plan for biological diversity will be amended to adhere to new international objectives A climate panel to support political decision making Finland intends to establish a national climate panel to

    Original URL path: http://www.equalclimate.org/en/whats_being_done+/finland/work_on_governmental_level/ (2016-02-09)
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  • Work on governmental level - NIKK
    importance of gender and climate in UN negotiations regarding a new climate convention During COP15 in Copenhagen in 2009 Iceland s Minister for the Environment received a prize for the government s efforts around this issue The government s new action plan for gender equality 2011 2015 includes a project about gender and climate The project contains plans to raise citizens awareness about individual responsibilities and provides tools such as

    Original URL path: http://www.equalclimate.org/en/whats_being_done+/iceland/work_on_governmental_level/ (2016-02-09)
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  • Activities on a governmental level - NIKK
    and they take their starting point from the policies of the Norwegian government They are goal oriented and identify the results to be achieved at the national level One indicator is the Nature Index for Norway Norway works on behalf of a global ambitious and binding agreement to reduce the global average temperature by two degrees to the situation of pre industrial times Norway has agreed that global emissions should peak by 2015 at the latest and be reduced by 50 85 percent before 2050 to 2000 levels in accordance with the UN Climate Panel A well functioning global carbon exchange is needed to cover the investment needs that ensue from switching to a more climate friendly society CO2 charges and a quota system among others are the key tools of Norwegian climate policy They fix the price of emissions and make it more expensive to act in ways that are harmful to the environment About half of Norwegian emissions are to be covered by the quota system as of 2013 The Norwegian government has set energy use charges for vehicles so that the most climate friendly cars are now cheaper The government will also reduce traffic expansion and invest more on mass transit fuel efficient cars and alternative motor technologies At least 3 5 percent by volume of annual fuel sales for road traffic will consist of bio fuel Simultaneously improvements will be made in the possibilities for cycling and walking Other methods used by the Norwegian government include Starting to build a testing centre for isolating and storing carbon dioxide in Mongstad Initiating negotiations with industry to reduce emissions Increasing funding for climate research and research on renewable energy Establishing national guidelines for municipal climate and energy planning and coordinating land use and transportation planning The Klimaløftet the climate promise or How to act on CO2 is the Norwegian government s investment in climate related information aimed at citizens and addressing among other things national climate activities and advice about how individuals can contribute through more climate friendly lifestyles An official report about society s vulnerability and need for adaptation to the consequences of climate change concludes that Norway is in a good starting point in this work The report emphasizes that what is required for Norway in order to remain strong in the future is that the work to adapt begin now The report will be followed by a new account White Paper by the Norwegian government to parliament on Norwegian climate policy The Norwegian government s climate and forest initiative The government s climate and forest initiative was presented by Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg during COP 13 in Bali in 2007 Norway invests NOK 3 billion annually in measures to combat deforestation and the destruction of forests in developing countries as an essential measure in the fight against global warming The overarching goal of Norwegian foreign and development policy is to promote sustainable development and to combat poverty In the work to achieve the various goals

    Original URL path: http://www.equalclimate.org/en/whats_being_done+/norway/activities_on_a_governmental_level/ (2016-02-09)
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  • Activities on a municipal level - NIKK
    in municipalities Today KS s agenda includes ensuring a greater number of municipal workers the opportunity to work full time which directly impacts women because it is they who constitute most of the part time workforce Not only does full time employment provide better economic opportunities just as importantly it offers the security that comes with better working conditions improved opportunities for influencing one s work situation and higher pensions Many women work a double load and for a single mother it can be difficult to balance work and home National investment in creating more full time positions meant giving municipalities NOK 75 million to create better working methods At the same time KS is working to ensure that more women can seek out and remain in municipal employment A gender equal employer is an attractive one so are municipal workplaces following the rules on equality that exist Not entirely it has turned out Unfair wages distribution and less negotiating power continue to plague many women and the work to change the situation is progressing too slowly Therefore KS has stepped into its coordinating role and as in the Strong municipalities project offers support and tools for creating local equality action plans identifying what is lacking and what could be done better All municipalities must then report back on the measures they have taken a key factor since without follow up it is often difficult to keep going in the right direction As a power that brings others together KS has an enormous role in whatNorwaylooks like and with power comes responsibility That is why KS continues its work to ensure the correct order of prioritization The challenges related to climate and gender equality will continue and the same must be true of the work to create a robust future Norwaymay differ somewhat from the rest of us in the Nordic Region but we have a lot to learn from this country s vision and courage to address often de prioritized issues and through cooperation to affect change at the local level Norwegian municipalities bicycling toward environmental improvement Nedre Eiker and Lier are two Norwegian municipalities that emphasise the importance of environmentally friendly methods of transportation Nedre Eiker wants to decrease vehicle traffic Nedre Eiker in Norway s interior could certainly be seen as a rather typical and somewhat anonymous place But its municipal environmental motto is anything but unobtrusive Environment first Nedre Eiker has really grasped the meaning of integrating environmental thinking into people s daily lives And as stated in the municipal strategy protection of the environment is a basic pillar in the municipality s activities Early on there was a lot of ambition to significantly reduce vehicle traffic within the municipality road traffic was responsible for up to 59 of all emissions But in Nedre Eiker it isn t just that buses are taking over what used to be roads full of cars there are also plans to develop and make more efficient the system of interconnecting

    Original URL path: http://www.equalclimate.org/en/whats_being_done+/norway/activities_on_a_municipal_level/ (2016-02-09)
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  • Work on governmental level - NIKK
    with the goal of having a transport sector that is no longer dependent on fossil fuel promoting renewable energy and creating the conditions for further improvements in energy efficiency Beyond emissions targets for greenhouse gases up to 2020 the government has proposed goals and strategies to ensure that Half of Sweden s energy consumption by 2020 comes from renewable energy sources By 2030 Sweden will have a fleet of vehicles that do not run on fossil energy Sweden s net emissions of greenhouse gases reach zero by mid century Energy use is 20 percent more efficient by 2020 By 2020 the use of renewable energy is improved by 10 percent in the transport sector Sweden has shown that reductions in greenhouse gas emissions can be combined with economic growth From 1990 onward Sweden s emissions have declined by slightly more than 12 percent at the same time as its GDP has increased by slightly more than 50 percent 1990 2008 Total greenhouse gas emissions continue to decline As the world struggles to overhaul the way that it builds lives and uses transport Sweden is working as a trailblazer on this front At the same time as Swedish companies contribute to emissions reductions opportunities are emerging for developing Swedish trade and industry The climate challenge will serve as an economic lever for job creation exports and economic growth To secure Sweden s leadership position the government is prioritizing investment in a fleet of cars that are not reliant on fossil fuels in renewable energy and in environmental technologies Climate change and gender equality In the view of the Swedish government equality between women and men and between girls and boys is one of the preconditions for sustainable development In the area of climate change and gender equality Sweden has up to now had very few initiatives Annica Kronsell from Lund University has concluded in her pilot study that Swedish climate policy is gender blind She has studied the gender balance of various committees and groups that have produced background reports to the Swedish government s two propositions regarding climate and energy policy that were presented in March 2009 She has further analysed relevant texts regarding climate policy from a gender perspective In development work the issue does emerge quite often in the context of sustainable development which has to be founded on equality and women s increased power to influence Sweden wants to improve women s and men s access to water energy provisions education employment and health This improves particularly the lives of women and girls in developing countries because they are often responsible for securing water firewood and food provisions and therefore have less access to schooling health care and employment opportunities To promote sustainable agriculture there is a particular focus on the need for strengthening women s roles for example through ensuring the same access to technology and land that men have A key issue is to enhance women s opportunities to take part in decision making processes

    Original URL path: http://www.equalclimate.org/en/whats_being_done+/sweden/work_on_governmental_level/ (2016-02-09)
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  • Work on a municipal level - NIKK
    included but above all we must ask ourselves what kind of society we want to have both today and tomorrow Working for change means including both women and men in the process from ideas to implementation and this requires that women do not have to face an organizational glass ceiling but are able to assume the place we need them to assume It is therefore promising that SALAR has accepted the EU s CEMR Declaration and is in turn encouraging its members to adopt it In brief the Declaration means agreeing to guarantee that anti discrimination laws are observed fully and that gender equality policies are adhered to in practise at the local level To date 70 of SALAR s members have signed onto CEMR and the number will probably grow in the future SALAR has also worked with using incentives for climate adaptation primarily because municipalities can rarely alone bear the economic burden which creates a backlog in municipal work for the environment Norway as inspiration the climate billion Unfortunately only 25 percent of Swedish municipalities consider themselves capable of working on environmental questions and adaptation measures to a sufficient extent Inspired byNorway SALAR wants to introduce a climate billion an incentive for municipalities to carry out environmental solutions on the home front including greater energy efficiency and actively working to reduce carbon dioxide emissions SALAR is to supply the missing funds so that municipalities will no longer de prioritize environmental work In other words the incentive serves as both carrot and stick and may turn out to be an effective measure SALAR s programme for 2011 is ambitious but it is not at the national level that the real works is taking place it is in local communities and in everyday life A lot of work remains but SALAR has particularly in recent years shown that they see the problems and this insight will hopefully help all of Sweden reclaim its position as a pioneer in both environmental and gender equality work thereby inspiring and challenging neighbours to do the same Municipalities as pioneers in the north and south of Sweden Numerous Swedish municipalities are working hard to develop in a positive direction but two of them the municipality of Dorotea in Lapland and the municipality of Malmö in Skåne have taken active measures in recent years to become more equal environmentally smart communities Dorotea Sweden s most gender equal municipality The tiny municipality of Dorotea is a depopulated community with inhabitants whose average age is quite high But this has not prevented the community from being able to call itself Sweden s most equal municipality in terms of women s entrepreneurship Because this year Dorotea was ranked at the top by an index measuring gender equality in entrepreneurship Jämställt företagarindex looking at among other things the share of women among all entrepreneurs in the municipality and the share of women running a business in a male dominated field But Dorotea has been prioritizing gender equality and environmental

    Original URL path: http://www.equalclimate.org/en/whats_being_done+/sweden/work_on_a_municipal_level/ (2016-02-09)
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  • Activities on a municipal level - NIKK
    example in the construction of houses We have also invested in a district heating plant that operates on both wood chips and biogas manufactured out of whey from the ÅCA dairy But for me seeing environmental work from a gender perspective is something new The same is heard at ÅSUB Statistics and Research Åland which depicts the everyday lives of Ålanders in numbers and graphs Environmental statistics are about emissions and water stress which are not connected to gender All statistics that can be divided according to gender are also published by gender in order to improve equality between women and men But personally I have never made a connection between environment and gender says statistician Jonas Karlsson Statistics show gender differences Another issue of course is being able to use the gender statistics that do exist for further analysis out of an environmental perspective For example in ÅSUB s 2009 report on the cultural and free time habits of the inhabitants of Åland the gender differences are obvious Women are generally more active in their free time and more frequent participants in most types of events and courses But men spend more money on their free time activities 146 euros per month compared to women s 87 euros Men are more likely to have interests that require material equipment such as motor sports ice hockey sports fishing forest work and computers And whereas in 2009 more men than women 33 versus 9 percent respectively wanted decision makers to invest in a freeway for Åland the majority of women would have preferred a movie theatre and more cultural offerings This result can be compared to a Swedish Foreign Ministry report from 2007 indicating that the environmental footprint of men was significantly bigger than that of women A greater number of

    Original URL path: http://www.equalclimate.org/en/whats_being_done+/aland/activities_on_a_municipal_level/ (2016-02-09)
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