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  • whale_watching

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    Original URL path: /explore/whale_watching.htm (2016-02-13)


  • Salmon Fish Facts 2006
    any trapping or trucking program nor have any artificial propagation programs been established to maximize survival of those fish ordinarily spawning and rearing in the wild As a result the restrictions fishermen are under to get fish back to the river have been met with futility since the parasite is being allowed to kill most of the fish in river 5 No action has been taken to improve flows or water quality An improved flow regime for the river is not mandated until 2010 by the National Marine Fisheries Service under its 2002 Biological Opinion BiOp for Endangered Species Act ESA listed Klamath River coho salmon Klamath River chinook are not listed under the ESA NMFS however is demanding immediate restrictions on fishing even though no improvement in river flow will be forthcoming until 2010 under their plan Neither state nor federal water authorities have yet to deal with the toxic water discharges from the lower four Klamath dams owned and operated by PacifiCorp 6 The Klamath floor is an optimum production not a fish survival goal The Klamath floor of 35 000 natural spawning fall run chinook is a number determined by scientists required to gain the maximum production of salmon over time under normal conditions in the Klamath It is not a minimum number needed for survival of the fish which would be far less Indeed in many of the years when the floor was not reached e g 1992 the returning spawners of that year produced some of the largest runs ever indicating conditions in the river are as important if not more important for future production then merely the total number of returning spawners 7 Klamath chinook salmon are not listed as threatened or endangered Klamath River fall run chinook on which much of the management of ocean fisheries is based as well as fishing regulations for the Klamath and Trinity rivers are neither threatened nor endangered or otherwise listed under the state and or federal Endangered Species Acts ESA Klamath River coho salmon are listed under the ESA and there is no fishing on those stocks Both chinook and coho however are affected by conditions in the river the parasite and the other affects of low flows warm water and poor water quality Fishing or no fishing unless intervention is taken to deal with the parasite and improvements made in the river e g increased flows removal of the lower four Klamath dams Klamath chinook assuredly will end up listed under the ESA Fishing is simply the government s red herring to divert attention from the significant adverse impacts facing salmon in the Klamath Basin 8 The total Klamath contribution to the ocean fishery is less than five percent In 2005 between 40 to 50 fish salmon from other river systems were caught by the commercial fishing fleet for every one Klamath origin salmon caught The commercial fishing fleet has worked hard to avoid the take of any Klamath fish which included restrictions in 2005

    Original URL path: http://www.farallones.org/take_action/SalmonFishFacts2006.php (2016-02-13)
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  • Farallones Marine Sanctuary Association :: E-Newsletter :: October 2005 :: Article 1
    to happen It can become almost comically challenging for all sides Tell us about your earliest memory of a beach or coastal experience When I was in the 6th grade my father told me that he would buy me a sailboat if I got straight As in school for the entire year Well I got that sailboat Though it was little more than a rowboat with a sail and centerboard I loved it My dog and I spent most weekends sailing in Florida racing porpoises and dolphins and just being happy out on the water With what aspect of the Farallones are you most fascinated Which would you like to learn more about The white sharks are incredibly fascinating They re skinny when they arrive in the fall and they leave at the end of the season fat and happy By protecting the islands and the wildlife such as the elephant seals a favorite of white sharks we have effectively made the islands a smorgasbord for them Sharks have been around for millions of years and are so important to the oceans ecosystems I m also trying to learn more about birds I m surrounded by professional ornithologists and I m just getting past Hey there s a duck If you had to rate the jobs you ve held by the view from your office where on the list would this one fall Number one Definitely Describe the most interesting sights you ve gleaned from your office window Cormorants terns gulls so many birds I love watching the red tailed hawk that perches on top of our garage and swoops down on rats and gophers Last month we saw a gray whale in the bay just off our dock It was amazing I m sure he was thinking Wow it

    Original URL path: http://www.farallones.org/e_newsletter/issue_01/article_1.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • Farallones Marine Sanctuary Association :: E-Newsletter :: October 2005 :: Article 3
    chance over the many credentialed scientists and park rangers who d also applied But Molly was determined so she phoned the next day and asked what else they could do to convince the volunteer supervisor to choose them The next day she received a call and was offered one of the coveted spots along with her teammate and father Bob Begging works she playfully reminds me After the completion of nearly 80 hours of course and field work training the team was ready to select a beach They chose reigning monitoring duties at Ocean Beach South 310 Bob and Molly have been overseeing their part of Ocean Beach for nearly ten years and they ve seen a lot in that time In fact Bob grew up right here in the Sunset District back when it ended at 25th St where he attended school in an old ranch house He used to walk out to Ocean Beach after school through the abundant land and trees that are now paved over with roads and buildings out to the beach s edge armed with the surfboard he crafted in woodshop class He even used to surf a bit with former Banzai Pipeline legend Fred Van Dyke But in those days he tells me We didn t have wetsuits or leashes I got ice cream ears all the time The pair describe their beach as somewhat mellow in comparison to other beaches especially those up in Marin near Point Reyes Initially Molly lobbied her dad to try and get a more exciting beach with a wider array of wildlife But she now admits that their sliver of Ocean Beach was the absolute best choice since Bob lives fairly close and visits there often and not only for scheduled monitoring This has allowed them to be consistent one of the most important aspects of the Beach Watch Program Prior to volunteering as a Beach Watch monitor Molly worked in advertising and lived in Japan for several years She now resides in Berkeley with her two young children one being a newborn infant and had they chosen a more active beach further north in Marin it would be difficult for her to get up there on a regular basis So it all worked out for the best they tell me When asked about the most interesting or unusual thing they ve ever found on their beach Bob answers without hesitation A dead sea lion It was bigger than an SUV They don t see too many dead pinnipeds around Ocean Beach but he sure remembers this one He also mentions that some of the other volunteers up north near the dairy ranches at Point Reyes have found dead cows washed up on their beaches Molly discusses some of the most common live animals she observes plenty of seagulls and dogs She s also had to speak with the janitor at the San Francisco Zoo about the little footprints she s seen dotting the beach Apparently the

    Original URL path: http://www.farallones.org/e_newsletter/issue_01/article_3.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • Farallones Marine Sanctuary Association :: E-Newsletter :: November 2005 :: Global Warming
    it s important to document it and understand what s causing it More disturbingly researchers have reported a sharp increase in dead birds washing up on the shores of California Oregon and Washington Along Monterey Bay there are four times as many dead birds such as Cassin s auklets common murres and Brandt s cormorants than in most years said Hannah Nevins a marine scientist at Moss Landing Marine Laboratories Basically they re not finding enough food and they use up the energy that s stored in their muscles liver and body fat Nevins said It s a level of mortality that s significantly above our long term average over the last seven years On the Oregon and Washington coasts volunteers found one dead Brandt s cormorant every 1 3 kilometers compared with every 50 kilometers in most years and logged a six fold increase in common murre mortality Parrish said The bottom has fallen out of the coastal food chain and there s just not enough food out there Parrish said We re seeing these stress signals The birds are delaying breeding they re abandoning their colonies and they re washing up on beaches They re basically dying They re way stressed out Fish appear to be feeling the effects too NOAA surveys show a 20 percent to 30 percent drop in juvenile salmon off the coasts of Oregon Washington and British Columbia this June and July compared with the average count over the previous six years And researchers counted the lowest number of juvenile rockfish in more than 20 years of monitoring in Central and Northern California fewer than 100 caught between San Luis Obispo and Fort Bragg this year compared with several thousand last year said National Marine Fisheries Service biologist Keith Sakuma This year was the worst year ever because the rockfish depend on the upwelling Sakuma said The warming ocean temperatures are positive proof that climate change is happening Warmer ocean waters put the entire marine food chain in jeopardy plankton depend on cold waters to bloom and other marine life depend on plankton for food While global warming can seem to be an insurmountable problem there is something you can do about it Global warming is caused by emission of fossil fuels and the average citizen can make a difference by making educated choices We should all strive to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that cause global warming What can you do to combat global warming Basically it all boils down to this Don t use as much of the stuff that creates greenhouse gases Take shorter showers to use less hot water Make sure your car is properly tuned up This allows it to run more efficiently and generate fewer harmful gases Walk or ride a bike when you can Driving your car generates more greenhouse gases than almost anything else you do Cars burn fossil fuel so smaller more fuel efficient cars emit less CO 2 particularly hybrid

    Original URL path: http://www.farallones.org/e_newsletter/issue_02/Globalwarming.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • Farallones Marine Sanctuary Association :: News :: Shannon's Boat Blog
    David Starr Jordan CSCAPE is an effort by NOAA to understand the abundance and distribution of marine mammals off our coast As the BeachWatch Coordinator for FMSA Shannon has had years of training identifying seabirds and marine mammals She is looking forward to her time ahead spotting and identifying living creatures out in the pelagic wilderness Excitedly Shannon explained to us before heading out that she ll have two roles aboard the boat Foremost she works as an Independent Observer This is a important role used technically to determine margin of error always critical in survey work In laymen s terms she ll be counting all the animals that everyone else misses The researchers will be relying on her sharp eye and experience with the critters of the Gulf of the Farallones Additionally when they near large pods she ll be scurrying into a small Zodiac boat to get close up on the action take photos to help ID specific individuals from past studies and collect blubber samples Definitely not her typical day in the office November 21st absolutely gorgeous sunny and hot Thanksgiving suddenly it turned into Animal Kingdom November 27th anything that was not lashed down crashed to

    Original URL path: http://www.farallones.org/news/shannonsboatblog.php (2016-02-13)
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  • Farallones Marine Sanctuary Association :: E-Newsletter :: November 2005 :: Beachwatch class of 2005
    retail education chemistry and geology Volunteers traveled from as far away as Sonoma and Santa Cruz counties to participate in Beach Watch and some had waited two years for this unique opportunity Camaraderie quickly developed among the classmates as they delved into the intense training Classroom and field sessions focused on learning survey protocols and the intimidating task of learning to identify the diverse wildlife of the central California coast The volunteers took it all in stride trying to absorb as much information as possible from the instructors and guest lecturers While the six week commitment did not leave much personal time for many the end of the training was bittersweet The excitement of learning about the marine environment was enhanced by sharing the experience with new friends In one volunteer s words Beach Watch established a certain level of excellence that was impossible not to acknowledge This training period was enjoyable informative and not to be forgotten Beach Watch is a long term shoreline monitoring program of the Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary and the Farallones Marine Sanctuary Association Beach Watch engages citizen scientists in the collection of data on beaches from Bodega Head in Sonoma County

    Original URL path: http://www.farallones.org/e_newsletter/issue_02/Beachwatchclassof2005.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • Troubled Waters
    weighted massive steel tubes dropped over the side of petroleum survey ships to gather seafloor sediments used to chemically ground truth the accompanying seismic airgun survey data Silt plumes turbidity and other pollution throughout the water column accompany the direct physical damage to seafloor benthic organisms resulting from the use of dart cores A periodic report to Congress from all OCS Inventory data is required to identify and explain how legislative regulatory and administrative programs or processes restrict or impede the development of identified resources and the extent that they affect domestic supply Administrative programs as defined by this bill could easily be construed to mean the entire National Marine Sanctuary Program itself Political Opportunism Stalks Our Coast with a Hurricane as an Excuse In August Congress went home for their annual recess and then Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast During Katrina the oil companies lost at least 52 offshore rigs in the Gulf of Mexico with more than 110 others damaged and 9 million gallons of oil spilled from various types of installations When temporary petroleum pipeline and refining disruptions related to the hurricane caused a spike in natural gas prices suddenly the California coastline became one of the prime targets for new federal offshore drilling plans In response Rep Pombo R Tracy proposed a second new proposal for an energy bill This bill has been imaginatively called the Ocean State Options Act of 2005 This bill proposed to immediately rescind the legislative OCS moratorium everywhere In addition the Pombo bill proposed offering monetary bribes to coastal states by tempting them with a share of federal revenues from offshore drilling as a fiscal inducement to accept more offshore oil and gas leases States would also have the option of asking the Secretary of Interior for an additional five years of temporary coastal protection Under the scheme of carrots and sticks in the Pombo bill a state could ask for such an extension of coastal protection only twice for a total of ten years After ten years the oil industry could have access to any part of any coast it wants to drill Perhaps as alarming as any other provision of the Pombo bill all federal waters deemed to have the potential for oil and gas extraction would be immune from the creation of any type of new marine protected area including any new or expanded national marine sanctuary Fortunately during the wee hours one night in late November 2005 as the House considered their otherwise contentious Budget Reconciliation Package the Pombo bill died What If We Can Only Save the Last Few Places Because of these threats concerned Housemembers and Senators are already trying to formulate a last ditch way to protect specific portions of the California coast Rep Lynn Woolsey D Petaluma and California s Senator Barbara Boxer D have introduced their own coastal protection bill to expand the present boundaries of the Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Banks National Marine Sanctuaries from Bodega Bay northward

    Original URL path: http://www.farallones.org/e_newsletter/2005-12/TroubledWaters.htm (2016-02-13)
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