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  • 'Ode To A Freedom Fighter'
    torn apart you did forsake While at the peak of youthful day Your life in battle for Tibet did you lay That Tibet will be free one day And your unborn child in freedom play O warrior dead now rest your soul You are not needed we have a new goal Tibet today heeds not your call Though now it s worse we re up against the wall So rest

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/articles/fighter.html (2016-04-25)
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  • 'Even The Stones Remember'
    Stones Remember Your ancient Temples Crumbling Your holy Scriptures Burning Ten thousand Monks Dying Defiled Idols Decaying Even the Stones Remember Your abundant Land Plundered Vast green Forest Denuded Clean clear Waters Polluted Pure Pristine Air Poisoned Even the Stones Remember By Day in pain Weeping By Night in death Wailing Rivers of Blood of Dying Endless Tears of the Living Even the Stones Remember Have you fellow Tibetans in

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/articles/stones.html (2016-04-25)
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  • Tibet Belongs to Tibetans
    blue sky I heard many birds singing This song I now sing to you Tibet belongs to Tibetans From Dartsedo in the East Having wandered through many lands As I was heading home I passed by many farmers Reaping their golden barley fields And all the songs that they sang Had but this one refrain Tibet belongs to Tibetans From Dartsedo in the East After many years in exile At

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/articles/belong.html (2016-04-25)
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  • 'Sino-Indian Relations'
    may be totalitarian but they have achieved the aims that they started out with They have controlled the population the majority of it is able to live with dignity They do not embark upon large projects without sufficient consideration of the consequences All along the line they have succeeded where their neighbhour India has failed and not only failed but lost face Face is very important to the Chinese It is an inherited trait they do not wish to lose dignity the appearance of poise in action they perform They are generally dignified even at their most obdurate Indians aren t so particular In 1947 when India became an independent country it was thought by western nations that she would be a bulwark of democracy not only in Asia but the whole of the third world a balance to the immense threat of China When this did not immediately happen the west at first said that this proved India was a democracy A young democracy like a child acquiring its first teeth had to be borne with But this attitude has changed India has been given many chances and has invariably failed to take them The population has risen more or less unchecked by government action till it has become the greatest threat the country faces Considering its stupendous and unmanageable size it is remarkable that such a small percentage of it has been empowered to live as human beings should with dignity The Indian government has squandered valuable time and money on schemes that haven t been properly thought out particularly on massive Soviet style projects If these were embarked upon to impress the world they have failed To put it very simply everywhere that China has succeeded India has failed In 1947 it appeared to the world that India and China had equal potential to become great powers China has but India hasn t The economist Ashok Mitra once in conversation with me quoted a sentence supposedly uttered by Chairman Mao at the period when Nehru had taught the Indian masses to believe in and blindly repeated the slogan Hindi Chini bhai bhai Mao is rumoured to have remarked to his colleagues India is only half rotten now Give it a little time to become fully rotten then it will fall of its own accord This is a contemptuous remark and perhaps even today typical of the Chinese government s attitude to India When after the explosion at Pokhran George Fernandes said that China was India s main enemy he was speaking more sense than usual But India has never challenged China either because of niistaken friendship or fear Nehru could believe no will of the Chinese until they invaded India For this reason he did not oppose the rape of Tibet Though he sheltered the Dalai Lama in 1958 he made it a condition of the Tibetan leader s exile that he could not make political statements from India More recently when Li Peng was here the

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/articles/dom.html (2016-04-25)
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  • 'China becomes Red'
    great misfortune for India Nehru thereafter alone on the Indian political stage was not able or wanting to grasp the Chinese mind His advisor Panikkar the so called Asian expert was a mere loud speaker for the Chinese regime He was too enamoured of the new regime in Beijing and his own idea of the resurgence of Asia to be able to clearly analyse the developing situation Frank Moraes wrote Watching Panikkar I could not help feeling that his sense of history had overwhelmed him He saw himself projected into the drama of a great revolution and his excitement had infected him Nobody better than Pannikar could carry the Chinese propaganda to the Indian leadership during the following years To come back to the Communist Chinese motivations we should listen to what Mao declared after the 1962 attack on the Indian garrison in NEFA and the subsequent withdrawal without apparent reasons The Chairman said something which says a lot about the Chinese mentality People may ask if there is contradiction to abandon a territory gained by heroic battle Does it mean that the heroic fighters shed their blood in vain and to no purpose This is to put the wrong question Does one eat to no purpose simply because he relieves himself later Does one sleep in vain because one wakes up and goes about I do not think the questions should be asked thus rather one should keep on eating and sleeping or fighting These are illusions born out of subjectivism and formalism and do not exist in real life It was clear that illusions and subjectivism and formalism did not interest Mao he dealt with real life only For him and his comrades the only thing which mattered was their final goal This was discovered too late by the Indian leaders Many years later the Intelligence Chief BN Mullik a Nehru loyalist wrote in his book the Chinese Betrayal However in everything that Mao Zedong does there is a purpose and a method and whilst keeping the main aim always before him he often makes compromises in the details to prepare conditions for the next step forward It is a pity that the Director of Intelligence Bureau did not understand this earlier A very practical example demonstrates the difference of attitude and mentality between the Indians and the Chinese on the question of maps When they took over China the Communists had ready maps showing large parts of Korea Indochina Inner Mongolia Burma Malaysia Eastern Turkestan India Tibet Nepal Sikkim and Bhutan as part of China Nehru himself admitted in the Indian Parliament China in the past had added vast territories to her empire and her maps still showed that she included portions or the whole of many present day independent countries to be within that empire While China was engulfing half of Asia in her maps in March 1950 the Government of India published a White Paper on States It was an authoritative document which has been

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/articles/claude1.html (2016-04-25)
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  • 'Many Birds With One Stone or Reverse Engineering'
    Sea is one of the most reliable sources of intelligence for the Americans The EP 3E Aries II signals intelligence aircraft SIGINT which was on a intelligence and surveillance routine patrol was one of a fleet of the 11 such planes which monitors and intercepts the communications and the radar around the world particularly in the South China sea Secondly could the hijacking of the spy plane help to advance China s naval capabilities like the torpedo did twenty years ago One of the main weaknesses of the Chinese navy has been the electronic warfare EW which is the interception analysis and protection of military communications and radar traffic The American technology on board the spy plane was badly needed by the People s Liberation Army Navy PLAN The Pentagon knew since a long time that China had embarked on a modernization of its naval capacities In its 1998 Pentagon Report the Chinese weakness in EW was noted The performance of Chinese naval EW systems probably will continue to lag behind state of art Western EW system The main objective of the PLAN is to be able to operate from its coast into the South China Sea as far as the contested Spratly Islands and even beyond The next question which arises was the crew able to disable the software equipment and destroy the sensitive information and components The problem for the Americans was that the time between the collision and the emergency landing in the island of Hainan was very short The pilot was specifically asked to give first priority to the human lives but one can presume that out of the 24 staff on board some of them were assigned to the quick destruction of all vital information However the time was still very short no more than 15 minutes Another question which only the Americans can answer is what was the percentage of software vs hardware equipment on board of spy plane Software is certainly a better catch for the Chinese as it can help them to find ways and means to protect their own communication systems At the same time software is easier to disable in a short time though the staff may not have been fully trained as it is rather unusual for a plane to land on the enemy s airport The 24 personel crew who was released on 15 April has certainly been debriefed and the US authorities must already be aware of the damage if any This could explain the tough stand of President Bush at the start of the second phase of negotiations for the release of the plane The American analyst website Stratfor com concluded one of its papers by noting The American spy plane on Hainan Island could provide Beijing not only with technology and information to help hide its own military activities from the United States and others but also with critical knowledge of how to monitor other militaries movements and gauge their motives Although an increasingly difficult

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/articles/claude3.html (2016-04-25)
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  • 'Train To Lhasa'
    grandiose Tenth Five Year Plan 2001 2005 which besides the Tibetan dream since the early fifties Chinese engineers have been dreaming of a railway to Lhasa has a proposal to boost the infrastructure of western China by laying tracks along the ancient Silk Road from the Southern Xinjiang Railway to the states of former Soviet Central Asia UPI commented Sun s mention of defense concerns is a reminder that China s borders with India the former Soviet Union and Vietnam have been troubled by skirmishes and full blown war over the past three decades Better rail links will facilitate swifter access for military personnel and equipment which may also be targeted against the country s occasionally restive minorities Yet another plan was to open a rail link to Burma and Indo China One of the tracks would follow the Mekong River from Kunming turn towards southern Yunnan to go into Indo China This would also be linked to the existing networks to create a pan Asian railway right down to Singapore At the same time it would bring a railway head very close to north Burma and India Last February the 1118 kilometer railway stretch from Golmud the current terminus of the Qinghai Tibet railway to Lhasa received the final approval from the Chinese State Council Cabinet The China Daily had already reported that feasibility studies and construction plans with four fifths of the track to be built at an altitude of 4 000 meters were already well under way Premier Zhu Rongji declared The railway has great significance for the acceleration of economic and social development in Tibet and for the increase of economic and cultural exchanges One wonders about the cost of these exchanges More than 12 billion dollars have been earmarked for railway construction in China s western regions over the next five years with a significant portion expected to go for the Tibetan railway The Dalai Lama and Tibetans in exile see the opening of Lhasa to railway traffic as a Chinese plot to liberate Tibet a second time Bringing vast seas of Chinese colons into their country would be the best way to demographically cleanse the Land of Snows a technique successfully implemented in Inner Mongolia The London based Tibetan Information Network TIN recently reported that that the construction of railways to Urumqi and Kashgar in the western most Xinjiang Autonomous Region was accompanied by a significant influx of Han Chinese migrants as was the establishment of a railway to Golmud in the 1960s Apart from the flood of Han colons the extraction and transport of minerals like uranium and precious metals out of Tibet by railway will also benefit the Chinese government which could thus recover some of its investments Even in Communist China business is business and investments have to be recovered But perhaps more than the cultural investment of Zhu Rongji the investment on the PLA is essential in the eyes of Chinese leadership A couple of years ago the PLA was

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/articles/train.html (2016-04-25)
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  • An Overview of the Non-Violent Struggle of the Tibetan People
    struggle was shaped not only by his Buddhist beliefs but also by his judgement that Tibet s distinct cultural and ethnic identity could best be preserved through a policy of dialogue with the Chinese authorities However in the 1950 s the Dalai Lama was only in his teens The Tibetan struggle had gone too far into a violent phase for the his peaceful approach to make any appreciable impact on the resistance movement The fiery cauldron of repression and resistance boiled over in March 1959 when Tibetans took to the streets of Lhasa to demand for independence The Chinese reaction was predictable and brutal The result in terms of human lives was catastrophic By whatever estimate the calculations are based on the Tibetan population was decimated According to official Chinese data in the fighting in the 1950 s the crackdown on the 1959 uprising and the mopping up exercise which followed about 87 000 Tibetans were killed in central Tibet alone Tibetan exiles put the total number of Tibetans killed at 1 2 million The Dalai Lama followed by thousands of Tibetan refugees sought asylum in India But the resistance movement continued from new bases in Mustang in Nepal However because of the rapproachment between the United States and China in the early 1970 s the CIA funding for the resistance movement dried up At the same time the Nepalese army moved in to disarm the Tibetan guerrillas The guerrillas refused The Dalai Lama intervened by sending an emissary with a taped message urging them to peacefully surrender their arms The guerrillas surrendered but several torn apart by the need to obey their political and spiritual leader and their commitment to the cause of Tibetan freedom committed suicide This ended the violent phase of the Tibetan freedom struggle and a critical chapter in Tibetan history was closed In exile the Dalai Lama had more time to reflect on the Tibetan situation and how he could deal with it Right from the start he and his advisers realised that the issue of Tibet could only be solved satisfactorily through a process of negotiations with the Chinese government However in the 60 s and early 70 s China was in no mood to talk It was pre occupied by political strife and the madness of the Cultural Revolution The power struggle within the leadership was veering China toward the precipice of social chaos and institutional collapse The brutality of the Cultural Revolution was felt not only in China but also in Tibet where monasteries and temples were razed to the ground monks and nuns defrocked and where one nastier political campaign followed another Because of this many young Tibetans questioned the relevance and effectiveness of the non violent strategy the Dalai Lama advocated They pointed out that their opponent was a one party dictatorship They argued at least the British for all their colonial greed and rapaciousness respected the rule of law Gandhi and his non violent philosophy succeeded because the British

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/articles/samphel.html (2016-04-25)
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