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  • Sardar Patel's Letter to Jawaharlal Nehru | Friends of Tibet (INDIA) Data-Base
    us that Communism is no shield against imperialism and that the communists are as good or as bad imperialists as any other Chinese ambitions in this respect not only cover the Himalayan slopes on our side but also include the important part of Assam They have their ambitions in Burma also Burma has the added difficulty that it has no McMahon Line round which to build up even the semblance of an agreement Chinese irredentism and communist imperialism are different from the expansionism or imperialism of the western powers The former has a cloak of ideology which makes it ten times more dangerous In the guise of ideological expansion lie concealed racial national or historical claims The danger from the north and north east therefore becomes both communist and imperialist While our western and north western threat to security is still as prominent as before a new threat has developed from the north and north east Thus for the first time after centuries India s defence has to concentrate itself on two fronts simultaneously Our defence measures have so far been based on the calculations of superiority over Pakistan In our calculations we shall now have to reckon with communist China in the north and in the north east a communist China which has definite ambitions and aims and which does not in any way seem friendly disposed towards us Let us also consider the political conditions on this potentially troublesome frontier Our northern and north eastern approaches consist of Nepal Bhutan Sikkim Darjeeling and the tribal areas in Assam From the point of view of communication there are weak spots Continuous defensive lines do not exist There is almost an unlimited scope for infiltration Police protection is limited to a very small number of passes There too our outposts do not seem to be fully manned The contact of these areas with us is by no means close and intimate The people inhabiting these portions have no established loyalty or devotion to India Even Darjeeling and Kalimpong areas are not free from pro Mongoloid prejudices During the last three years we have not been able to make any appreciable approaches to the Nagas and other hill tribes in Assam European missionaries and other visitors had been in touch with them but their influence was in no way friendly to India or Indians In Sikkim there was political ferment some time ago It is quite possible that discontent is smouldering there Bhutan is comparatively quiet but its affinity with Tibetans would be a handicap Nepal has a weak oligarchic regime based almost entirely on force it is in conflict with a turbulent element of the population as well as with enlightened ideas of the modern age In these circumstances to make people alive to the new danger or to make them defensively strong is a very difficult task indeed and that difficulty can be got over only by enlightened firmness strength and a clear line of policy I am sure

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/databank/indiadefence/indiad1.html (2016-04-25)
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  • Bilateral Cloak and Dagger on the Periphery | Friends of Tibet (INDIA) Data-Base
    equation is the 1950 Treaty of Peace and Friendship and accompanying letters defining security relations between the two countries The treaty and letters state that neither government shall tolerate any threat to the security of the other by a foreign aggressor and obligate both sides to inform each other of any serious friction or misunderstanding with any neighbouring state likely to cause any breach in the friendly relations subsisting between the two governments The 1950 treaty cemented a special relationship between India and Nepal that granted Nepal preferential economic treatment and provided Nepalese in India the same economic and educational opportunities as Indian citizens India has similar â Soviet styleâ treaties with Bhutan and Bangladesh Nepal has sought to alter the contents of the treaty to gain more sovereignty for itself but has not succeeded because of its landlocked state dependency on India Nepal tried to break out of this disability by initiating a road link with China which India thought was dangerous to its security and to which it objected vigorously But a more serious crisis ensued when in 1988 Nepal acquired Chinese weaponry and India perceived its arms purchase as an indication of Kathmanduâ s intent to build a military relationship with Beijing in violation of the 1950 treaty and letters exchanged in 1959 and 1965 which included Nepal in Indiaâ s security zone and precluded arms purchases without Indiaâ s approval India linked security with economic relations and insisted on reviewing India Nepal relations as a whole In the event Nepal had to back down after worsening economic conditions owing to a blockade of transit trade by India led to a change in Nepal s political system in which the king was forced to institute a parliamentary democracy In 1995 Nepal once again tried to modify the

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/databank/indiadefence/20041112-bilateral_cloak.html (2016-04-25)
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  • Intra-state Conflicts Breeding Disputes: SAFMA Moot | Friends of Tibet (INDIA) Data-Base
    distribution of resources are the root causes of intra state conflicts or insurgencies in South Asia Experts also noted that denial of basic human rights coupled with denial of democratic rights have also created a greater sense of discontent amongst the starving people of South Asia If remedial measures are not taken by governments of the region intra state conflicts will not only grow out of hands but also give way to a new way of militancy One unique sample of such tendencies was presented by a Nepalese participant who shocked the audience by disclosing that Nepal is also now facing fundamentalist threat Kathmandu Episodes He also talked about burning of mosques and attack on Pakistani and Iraqi missions in Kathmandu after the execution of 12 Nepalese by a Iraqi terrorist group last month This has never happened before in Nepal and suddenly Hindutwa and Islamists are emerging he remarked adding that we not only have to identify these forces but take strict action against them But it is quite worrying tendency The Conference was opened by Sri Lankan Information and Media Minister Mangala Samaraweera who said that time has come to initiate a free and frank discussion for the organisation genuinely committed to free media culture on why state owned media institutions are pushed into the unhappy position of being the sole propagator of the government Minister Mangala was defending his government s policy who sometimes comes down heavily on private media and misuse state media excessively to project the President The Victims Lot of media persons have fallen victim to intra state conflict between the Sri Lankan government and the LTTE who has withdrawn from the peace negotiations since May 2003 On the opening day five papers were read on intra state conflicts in Sri Lanka Nepal and

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/databank/indiadefence/20041112-intrastate_conflicts.html (2016-04-25)
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  • Dalai Lama Calls For Prayers Over Indo-Pak Tensions | Friends of Tibet (INDIA) Data-Base
    goal I think you need more hard work towards understanding one another the 66 year old said The Dalai Lama described India as his second home but said it should intensify its non violent stance which may have lessened in recent times While you are exporting non violence you must produce more continuously he said He said India and Pakistan had interdependent economies and the border issue was an important

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/databank/indiadefence/indiad2.html (2016-04-25)
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  • Hindi-Chini Bye Bye? | Friends of Tibet (INDIA) Data-Base
    and they ll be disappointed Clinton s CTBT statement isn t very high pitched he has noted it but not gone hammer and tongs over it I suppose the Indian lobby has done a decent job In Beijing foreign ministry spokesperson Sun Yuxi put it diplomatically at a press conference China hopes Clinton s visit will play a positive role in promoting regional peace and stability Asked about the massacre of Sikhs by militants in Kashmir he deftly sidestepped the question China is clearly unwilling to offend its ally Pakistan by condemning terrorist incidents in Kashmir But the Chinese media wasted no time in highlighting Pakistani propaganda that the killings were perpetrated by Indian security forces And while the India visit was given a complete go by the People s Daily on March 9 did put Clinton s decision to visit Pakistan on its front page In fact the Chinese media have treated Clinton s visit to India and Pakistan at par indeed dwelt more on his Islamabad schedule China Daily Beijing s sole English daily on March 23 quoted Riaz H Khokhar Pakistan s ambassador to China that the good neighbourly relations between Pakistan and China have withstood the test of time and are pivotal for regional global peace and stability Lending another perspective Dr Shanta Nedungadi Verma assistant professor of political science Delhi University says China will be more wary about transferring its technology for weapons of mass destruction to Pakistan And now with the US and India cosying up and with India being an N power Beijing wouldn t like to antagonise India beyond a certain point Also she adds Beijing would be watching the developments here with a lot of interest As far as expanding its ties with Pakistan are concerned the Chinese are far too

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/databank/indiadefence/indiad6.html (2016-04-25)
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  • Peking Ducked | Friends of Tibet (INDIA) Data-Base
    the Instit ute for Chinese Studies There may have been functional delegations from both sides but no political movement he adds India s bullish attitude subsequently didn t help Then of course there s Tibet The Chinese were suspicious of Fernandes for obvious reasons his linkage to the Dalai Lama and Tibet are hardly a secret says Ramachandran While mouthing platitudes about bettering ties the government allowed junior ministers to make statements on Tibetan independence Then it let the Dalai Lama address a CII function in February despite Chinese protests The Chinese wanted some concrete proof that India was sincere about its desire to better ties says an old Beijing hand who asked to remain anonymous Instead it got conflicting signals Beijing was amenable to talks but the Indian government kept deferring When will India realise that playing the Dalai Lama card won t help nor does it exert the kind of pressure the government thinks it does asked the source India s chief assertion that China s help to Pakistan vis a vis its nuclear and missile programme posed a threat to India is also under attack India is seen by most of its neighbours as a Big Brother a regional bully notes the source Look at the latest defence tie up with Russia is it any wonder that the Pakistanis too wanted to bolster their defences In real terms he points out the Chinese military aid to Pakistan is but a fraction of the Russian defence deal with India That may be true but warns Deshingkar Interaction between the Pakistani and Chinese military has grown considerably over the past decades And the People s Liberation Army PLA leadership is far more amenable to Pakistan s view of India as an enemy So if any of these PLA officers

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/databank/indiadefence/indiad7.html (2016-04-25)
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  • It's A Cleft Stick | Friends of Tibet (INDIA) Data-Base
    and that in light of the extremely severe sanctions already imposed on India the Markey amendment would constitute a form of piling on Indeed the anti sanctions mood is discernible even among commentators perceived to be anti India one of them former secretary of state Henry Kissinger A diplomatic source says he finds it ironic that the man who invented the infamous pro Pak tilt is now advising the Administration not to deal too harshly with India However a source at the State Department denies that there was wrangling within the Administration over the sanctions issue I understand the seductiveness of this notion that there are many people within the Administration who are opposed to sanctions but it is not true he clarifies It s A Cleft Stick Of course there is a natural bureaucratic tendency to save one s programmes and I am sure that officials at the Agency for International Development have been lobbying for this purpose They do not want their programmes axed He points out that it is the business community that is really opposing sanctions It has never been happy with restrictions on exports They don t want bureaucrats arguing against exports In fact the officials take pains to emphasise that this anti curbs lobby has nothing to do with any Indian sympathies These people are opposed to the sanctions simply because these things always cut two ways For instance are the sanctions going to wipe out the US banking industry in India There is a big debate on the interpretation of sanctions But aren t there US legislators who had come out strongly against the sanctions One knows where Pallone is coming from He is on the India Caucus It is safe to say that the position of legislators has been completely partisan on this issue For them it is an opportunity to attack the president and his upcoming trip to China If the sanctions issue provides them with the excuse they need they will use it People like Gingrich don t give a damn about India This is their way of getting at Clinton for befriending an autocratic regime like China The official notes that a day or two after the tests there was a meeting on Capitol Hill organised by the Indian American community where only 30 per cent of invitees showed up and no Congressmen at all They did not want to be associated with India and felt it safer to keep their distance Asked if he thought that Washington was divided on the sanctions Indian ambassador Naresh Chandra told Outlook The Administration feels they should have more latitude because the present law does not allow much flexibility There are three streams of thought The main one is that US business is getting hurt They are being denied use of Exim Bank and Opic credits and loans which is hurting them while there are no obstacles being put in their favour and have thus bypassed the sanctions And lastly there are

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/databank/indiadefence/indiad5.html (2016-04-25)
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  • Buddhists Protest Kalachakra | Friends of Tibet (INDIA) Data-Base
    agitationist told reporters Gaya District Magistrate Brajesh Mehrotra had rushed to the temple to persuade the agitators to end their protest But they have so far refused to relent official sources said The 17th Karmapa had already reached Bodh Gaya to take part in the rituals The Dalai Lama who arrived at Patna today will proceed for Bodh Gaya tomorrow by road to participate in the nine day ritual Meanwhile

    Original URL path: http://friendsoftibet.org/databank/indiageneral/indiag22.html (2016-04-25)
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