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  • Bloomfielda
    both in his book Bloomfield by his own examples in the book knew Algonquin pronouns and Old Norse pronouns including the reflexive pronouns In Language Bloomfield explains how an original language for example Latin can influence the language of near by cultures and how different sounding words in two diverse languages such as Old Norse and Spanish could be traced back to the root language Bloomfield gave several examples to

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/language/bloomfielda.html (2016-04-26)
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  • edward aapier bio
    between language families was Edward Sapir Again he has been shown to have had remarkable insight into which language families were related to one another Dr Richard Rhodes 2004 From forward of biography of Edward Sapir Edward Sapir was one of those rare men who are spoken of by their colleagues in terms of genius His talents were manifest in many fields in none more brilliantly and effective than in

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/language/edwardaapierbio.html (2016-04-26)
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  • franz boazs bio
    at the age of 23 he was awarded the Degree of Philosophy But it was his minor geography that most influenced his later career They led him logically to the new discipline of anthropology He studied Eskimos and Indians of Northwest Pacific Coast of North America He worked at Berlin Ethnological Museum Science NY Clark University World Columbian University Field Museum Chicago American Museum of Natural History NY and Columbia

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/language/franzboazsbio.html (2016-04-26)
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  • fringe
    in showing that there is a single language from which all languages are descended and there is a slightly more acceptable version which says we can prove there are two such languages Neither of these groups of linguists considers that anything Indo European is related to anything in the Western hemisphere in any time frame shorter that 20 30 000 years All this is to say that the question has

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/language/fringe.html (2016-04-26)
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  • anothertiming
    Algonquin speaking Wiyot and Yurok tribes occupy territory more consistent with a water arrival than with crossing the Sierras The above events correspond to a date 3000 years ago for the protolanguage and are consistent with the archaeological and known historical evidence After the 1200 BC environmental disaster the ancient Norse Sea Peoples may have returned to the Copper fields via the Great Lakes the Ohio River and the Mississippi The archaeological evidence is that the Phoenicians returned to the Ohio River valley about this time to develop the Adena culture Their language may have modified the very ancient Norse language in the Ohio Valley One modern Algonquin says that the Sioux who were in Ohio have a language very much like old Algonquin After the fall of Carthage Phoenician about 200 BC the ships at sea may have sought safer harbors in Ireland western England Scotland collectively called Abans and the Scandinavian countries The ancient Norse had already returned to America Four rune stones in the Arkansas River valley provide evidence that the Norse were there shortly before 400 AD The script of the Hopewell phase in the Ohio River Valley 200 BC to 400 AD provides evidence of Hebrew presence The Ohio archaeological evidence favors Scandinavian skeletons and artifacts The evidence may describe Hebrew refugees carried on Scandinavian Ships About 535 the explosion of Krakotoa darkened the earth for eighteen months about The ancient Norse sailing era may have ended but the survivors were probably continued to live on American land The Menominee and Cheyenne who moved west may have been part of these survivors Another group of Norse may have become the various eastern Great Lakes Algonquins Sauk Fox Kickapoo Mascouten Miami Peoria and Illinois The Norse Hebrew elite in the Ohio River Valley may not have

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/language/anothertiming.html (2016-04-26)
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  • timing
    before any Norse visited North America and at a time when the Norse were not yet distinct from other Germanic peoples Frank Siebert s 1960 s work placing Proto Algonquians in southern Ontario was shown to be deeply flawed about 20 years ago but even so he gave a date 3000 years ago for the protolanguage The migration of early Algonquians eastward from the Plateau happened over the course of about 1000 years with the migrants dropping off groups along the way First were the Blackfoot who stayed on the northern plains just a few hundred miles east of the homeland Then the Arapahoans and the Proto Cree The Arapahoans stayed on the plains but the Cree headed north and east Next to separate were the Menominee and Cheyenne who stayed west of the Great Lakes then the remaining group split in two probably around 500 b c e one group becoming the various eastern Great Lakes Algonquians Ojibweans Sauk Fox Kickapoo Mascouten Miami Peoria Illinois and Shawnee and the other becoming the Eastern Algonquians from Micmac to the varieties in Virginia and North Carolina The migration history is complex because the Eastern Great Lakes languages appear to have gotten

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/language/timing.html (2016-04-26)
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  • lievfr
    evidence as the similarity of place name endings i e Is land and Groen land in Germanic languagers Quaxlt lan and Ocot lan in America Another argument É for Grotius was that Indian marriage customs were similar to those of the ancient Germans and there had to be a connection between the two groups Hugo Grotius used etymology and the evidence of customs to establish the decent of some Indians

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/language/lievfr.html (2016-04-26)
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  • lievag
    America had reached their habitat by ways traceable not through texts but only through rational conjectures by land migration from Asia Grafton 1992 Comments Grotius may have been guilty of making grand hypoheses on the basis of a small group of words having similar sounds and meaning A more likely scenario is that years of careful analysis was swiftly quashed by Jan de Lact using a few unexplained words as

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/language/lievag.html (2016-04-26)
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