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  • reflex change
    have retained their old Arab language and have changed their type On the other hand the natives have to a certain extent given up their own languages but have continued to intermarry among themselves and have thus preserved their type Boaz 1963 p 140 1 Comment If Boaz had focused his attention on the Norse and Algonquin he probably would have written a similar paragraph substituting Norse for Arab and Algonquin for native Dr Boaz written testimony favors the Norse language transfer to the Algonquin type culture Dr Boaz uses the word type because he was arguing against the Nazi propogranda that there was a superior type of race Where a ceertain type of man continues to exist most of the original culture continues to thrive So type of man and local culture are loosely linked In both the Arab North African and the Norse Algonquin situations there were traveling men who carried the language into an established local culture The modern understanding of genetics implies that the physical traits of the travelers were swift y dominated by the physical traits of the people in the stationary culture A way to describe the interation is to say The women of the culture swallowed the men but learned their language to be able to talk to them Thus both cultures North African and Algonquin may be a composite of much of the original culture and some of the myths artifacts and traditions that came from the men who carried the new language SOUND INTERCHANGES Comment The sounds for r n l and y easily interchange as a language passes through time and distance For example several features commonly taken as significant in Cree dialectally are less important than previously thought The reflexes of proto Algonquin PA l n y and l

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/language/reflexchange.html (2016-04-26)
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  • edgar sapir advocate
    no time did he even vaguely consider any European language family to be even remotely related to any North American language family Sapir s forerunner Franz Boaz sent students out to document native languages and in the process look for

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/language/edgarsapiradvoca.html (2016-04-26)
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  • arselist
    ARTIFACTS STONG EVIDENCE FOR LONGHOUSES AGAINST FOR STONE BEACONS AGAINST FOR HAMMER OF THOR AGAINST FOR EUROPEAN VILLAGE AGAINST Artifacts Home

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/artifacts/arselist.html (2016-04-26)
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  • artevidlist
    ARTIFACTS FOR CAVE AGAINST FOR LARCH WOOD CHESTS AGAINST ARROWHEAD COAL BUFFALO BEAR HAIR AXES RUNE STONES ARMOR FOR BEADS and COPPER KNIVES AGAINST COMPOUND BOW Artifact Evidence Home

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/artifacts/artevidlist.html (2016-04-26)
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  • cave1
    sufficient soil into which one might dig to construct an underground dwelling Any shipwrecked crew and there have been many during the last five hundred years might have done this It seemed unlikely that anyone would purposely live in this barren place when there are bays and inlets covered with thick spruce forests almost in sight of its shores that would make much better home sites Comment Macmillan did not

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/artifacts/cave1.html (2016-04-26)
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  • things
    through out the region Paine 2001 Fitzhugh Smithsonian Institute We ve seen large amounts of Viking material turning up in native sites in the arctic regions of North America This material dates to 300 years after the initial Vinland voyages We have a time period that began with the Vinland contact episode explorations and after the society in Greenland settled walrus ivory trade with Europe started to be really important

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/artifacts/things.html (2016-04-26)
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  • worddecoding
    semivowels Key 1998 Assume that a sound in a given articulation group can only transform through time to sound like the nearest adjacent sounds produced by a different location in the mouth Then a sound that started as p centuries ago might be p or t or b in today s language Thus the spelling of an Algonquin word might be altered by today s speakers using p t or

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/language/worddecoding.html (2016-04-26)
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  • bloomfieldb
    Bloomfield for exanples When Old Norse dictionaries are used thirty four Norse words 94 appear to be equivalent to Algonquin words So the data do show there is something to note about the relationship between Norse and Algonquian languages But Bloomfield did not note it Because he did not note the relationship does not prove the evidence was not there The evidence is still there supporting a hypothesis that Bloomfield

    Original URL path: http://www.frozentrail.org/language/bloomfieldb.html (2016-04-26)
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