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  • Politicians look better if they're on your side - Futurity
    University Rutgers University Stanford University Stony Brook University Syracuse University Texas A M University Tulane University University at Buffalo University College London University of Arizona University of California at Irvine University of California Berkeley University of California Davis University of California Santa Barbara University of Chicago University of Colorado at Boulder University of Copenhagen University of Florida University of Illinois University of Iowa University of Kansas University of Leeds University of Maryland University of Melbourne University of Michigan University of Minnesota University of Missouri University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of Nottingham University of Oregon University of Pennsylvania University of Pittsburgh University of Queensland University of Rochester University of Sheffield University of Southampton University of Southern California University of Texas at Austin University of Toronto University of Virginia University of Warwick University of Washington University of York Vanderbilt University Washington University in St Louis Yale University Society and Culture Related Articles To hire the best employees ask an outsider Why people toss out more organic potatoes Do arts for kids launch STEM success later Share This Article facebook twitter Action googleplus Google linkedin LinkedIn pinterest Pinterest reddit Reddit Stumbleupon mail Email Print There s no Republican look or Democrat hairdo says Kevin M Kniffin If you don t recognize political leaders and can t view them through partisan lenses they don t have the halos or horns that influence perceptions of familiar leaders Credit Shane Jackson DigitalParadox Flickr Politicians look better if they re on your side right Original Study Posted by Melissa Osgood Cornell on October 15 2014 You are free to share this article under the Attribution 4 0 International license Do you think President Obama is more attractive than John Boehner What about Nancy Pelosi and Sarah Palin If you find your candidate for political

    Original URL path: http://www.futurity.org/politicians-attractive-783662/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Can mice learn to change their tune? - Futurity
    York Vanderbilt University Washington University in St Louis Yale University Science and Technology Related Articles Early haze likely shaded Earth from UV To get creative get walking 500 giant steps in fight against disease Share This Article facebook twitter Action googleplus Google linkedin LinkedIn pinterest Pinterest reddit Reddit Stumbleupon mail Email Print Can mice learn to change their tune Duke University Tulane University right Original Study Posted by Ashley Yeager Duke on October 11 2012 You are free to share this article under the Attribution 4 0 International license DUKE US Like people and song learning birds male mice may have certain brain features that they use to learn some of their sounds new research shows We are claiming that mice have limited versions of the brain and behavior traits for vocal learning that are found in humans for learning speech and in birds for learning song says Duke University neurobiologist Erich Jarvis who oversaw the study Published in PloS One and further described in a review article in Brain and Language the discovery contradicts a 60 year old assumption that mice do not have vocal learning traits at all If we re not wrong these findings will be a big boost to scientists studying diseases like autism and anxiety disorders says Jarvis who is also a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator The researchers who use mouse models of the vocal communication effects of these diseases will finally know the brain system that controls the mice s vocalizations Jarvis acknowledges that the findings are controversial because they contradict scientists long held assumption about mice vocalizations His research suggests the vocal communication pathways in mice brains are more similar to those in human brains than to sound making circuits in the brains of chimpanzees and other non human primates The results also contradict two recent studies suggesting mice do not match pitch or have deafness induced vocalization changes This is a very important study with great findings says Kurt Hammerschmidt an expert in vocal communication at the German Primate Center who was not involved in the study He is cautious about some of the claims but suggested that if mice can learn vocalizations they could become a good model to study the genetic foundation of the evolution of language Jarvis his former graduate student Gustavo Arriaga and a colleague from Tulane University tested male mice for vocal learning traits as part of a larger project to study speech evolution in humans Vocal learning appears to be unique to humans songbirds parrots and hummingbirds and scientists define it with five features related to brain structure and behavior Since scientists have never found the features in other animals I almost expected every experiment in mice to fail Arriaga says For the study Arriaga first used gene expression markers which lit up neurons in the motor cortex of the mice s brain as they sang He then damaged these song specific neurons in the motor cortex and observed that the mice couldn t keep

    Original URL path: http://www.futurity.org/can-mice-learn-to-change-their-tune/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Another nail in the silicon chip coffin - Futurity
    Georgia Institute of Technology Indiana University Iowa State University Johns Hopkins University McGill University Michigan State University Monash University National University of Singapore New York University Northwestern University Penn State Princeton University Purdue University Rice University Rutgers University Stanford University Stony Brook University Syracuse University Texas A M University Tulane University University at Buffalo University College London University of Arizona University of California at Irvine University of California Berkeley University of California Davis University of California Santa Barbara University of Chicago University of Colorado at Boulder University of Copenhagen University of Florida University of Illinois University of Iowa University of Kansas University of Leeds University of Maryland University of Melbourne University of Michigan University of Minnesota University of Missouri University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of Nottingham University of Oregon University of Pennsylvania University of Pittsburgh University of Queensland University of Rochester University of Sheffield University of Southampton University of Southern California University of Texas at Austin University of Toronto University of Virginia University of Warwick University of Washington University of York Vanderbilt University Washington University in St Louis Yale University Science and Technology Related Articles Astronomers watch black hole burst back to life ReadingMate reduces treadmill eye bobble Corn diversity may ease world hunger Another nail in the silicon chip coffin McGill University Posted by William Raillant Clark McGill on May 12 2010 You are free to share this article under the Attribution 4 0 International license MCGILL U CAN Physicists have developed a system for measuring the energy involved in adding electrons to semi conductor nanocrystals also known as quantum dots a technology that may revolutionize computing and other areas of science A research team at McGill University has developed a cantilever force sensor that enables individual electrons to be removed and added to a quantum dot and the energy involved in the operation to be measured Details are reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Being able to measure the energy at such infinitesimal levels is an important step in being able to develop an eventual replacement for the silicon chip in computers Computers currently work with processors that contain transistors that are either in an on or off position conductors and semi conductors while quantum computing would allow processors to work with multiple states vastly increasing their speed while reducing their size even more Although popularly used to connote something very large the word quantum itself actually means the smallest amount by which certain physical quantities can change Knowledge of these energy levels enables scientists to understand and predict the electronic properties of the nanoscale systems they are developing We are determining optical and electronic transport properties says lead researcher Peter Grütter associate dean of research and graduate education This is essential for the development of components that might replace silicon chips in current computers The electronic principles of nanosystems also determine their chemical properties so the team s research is relevant to making chemical processes greener and more energy efficient

    Original URL path: http://www.futurity.org/another-nail-in-the-silicon-chip-coffin/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Foot-long worms are infecting cats in the United States - Futurity
    Brook University Syracuse University Texas A M University Tulane University University at Buffalo University College London University of Arizona University of California at Irvine University of California Berkeley University of California Davis University of California Santa Barbara University of Chicago University of Colorado at Boulder University of Copenhagen University of Florida University of Illinois University of Iowa University of Kansas University of Leeds University of Maryland University of Melbourne University of Michigan University of Minnesota University of Missouri University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of Nottingham University of Oregon University of Pennsylvania University of Pittsburgh University of Queensland University of Rochester University of Sheffield University of Southampton University of Southern California University of Texas at Austin University of Toronto University of Virginia University of Warwick University of Washington University of York Vanderbilt University Washington University in St Louis Yale University Science and Technology Related Articles Neolithic jewelry splits farmers from hunters Strangers not friends light up this brain network Male bats croon love songs to get the girl Share This Article facebook twitter Action googleplus Google linkedin LinkedIn pinterest Pinterest reddit Reddit Stumbleupon mail Email Print A worm known to infect raccoons has been discovered in US cats for the first time says Araceli Lucio Forster The only way to protect animals from it is to keep them from drinking unfiltered water and from hunting in other words keep them indoors Credit Stefan Tell Flickr Foot long worms are infecting cats in the United States Cornell University right Original Study Posted by Syl Kacapyr Cornell on February 28 2014 You are free to share this article under the Attribution 4 0 International license A parasitic worm that can grow to be almost a foot long and is known to infect raccoons has been found in cats in the United States for the first time To lay eggs that hatch into larvae the female Dracunculus insignis worm must first emerge from its host It forms a blister like protrusion in an extremity such as a leg from which it slowly emerges over the course of days to deposit its young into the water Larvae above of the worm Dracunculus insignis below found in a US cat for the first time Credit Dwight Bowman Cornell The problem is you can t tell the exact species by looking at female worms says Araceli Lucio Forster a researcher in the lab of Dwight Bowman professor of parasitology at Cornell University You need males to tell the species because only they have distinct characteristics such as different shapes of tail protrusions to tell one from another Related Articles On Futurity University of Texas at Austin Fido or Fluffy What s your pet personality Penn State This fungus turns ants into zombies University of California Davis To beat wiretapping parasite silence RNA For a new study published in the Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Bowman s lab collaborated with Dracunculus experts at the Centers for Disease Control to study sections of the worms

    Original URL path: http://www.futurity.org/parasitic-worm-found-us-cats-first-time/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Fix defective genes with nanotubes from plants - Futurity
    of California at Irvine University of California Berkeley University of California Davis University of California Santa Barbara University of Chicago University of Colorado at Boulder University of Copenhagen University of Florida University of Illinois University of Iowa University of Kansas University of Leeds University of Maryland University of Melbourne University of Michigan University of Minnesota University of Missouri University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of Nottingham University of Oregon University of Pennsylvania University of Pittsburgh University of Queensland University of Rochester University of Sheffield University of Southampton University of Southern California University of Texas at Austin University of Toronto University of Virginia University of Warwick University of Washington University of York Vanderbilt University Washington University in St Louis Yale University Health and Medicine Related Articles Treatments for sepsis have same survival outcomes Cuttlefish ink could power devices that you swallow Music before age 9 protects brain after 60 Share This Article facebook twitter Action googleplus Google linkedin LinkedIn pinterest Pinterest reddit Reddit Stumbleupon mail Email Print If you can do this in actual human beings you could fix defective genes that cause disease symptoms and replace them with functional DNA delivered with these nanotubes says Wilfred Vermerris Credit Jen R Flickr Fix defective genes with nanotubes from plants University of Florida right Original Study Posted by Kimberly Moore Wilmoth Florida on April 4 2014 You are free to share this article under the Attribution 4 0 International license Researchers have created nanotubes from plant material that are much more flexible than rigid carbon nanotubes currently used The lignin nanotubes about 500 times smaller than a human eyelash can deliver DNA directly into the nucleus of human cells in tissue culture where this DNA could then correct genetic conditions Experiments with DNA injection are currently being conducted with carbon nanotubes as well Related Articles On Futurity Cornell University Contact with protein dooms traveling cancer cells University of Southern California Google math predicts lung cancer s path Brown University Preeclampsia genes come from both mother and fetus That was a surprising result says Wilfred Vermerris associate professor of microbiology and cell science at the University of Florida If you can do this in actual human beings you could fix defective genes that cause disease symptoms and replace them with functional DNA delivered with these nanotubes The nanotube is made up of lignin from plant material obtained from biofuel pilot facility Lignin is an integral part of the secondary cell walls of plants and enables water movement from the roots to the leaves but it is not used to make biofuels and would otherwise be burned to generate heat or electricity at the biofuel plant The lignin nanotubes can be made from a variety of plant residues including sorghum poplar loblolly pine and sugar cane For the study published in the journal Biomacromolecules researchers first tested to see if the nanotubes were toxic to human cells and were surprised to find that they were less so than carbon nanotubes which means

    Original URL path: http://www.futurity.org/plant-trash-nanotubes-may-day-treat-cancer/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Parent lifespan tied to children's cancer risk - Futurity
    Southampton University of Southern California University of Texas at Austin University of Toronto University of Virginia University of Warwick University of Washington University of York Vanderbilt University Washington University in St Louis Yale University Health and Medicine Related Articles Doctors should ask what s the worst part of this Poverty raises risk of postpartum depression Protein pair fights HIV 18x better Share This Article facebook twitter Action googleplus Google linkedin LinkedIn pinterest Pinterest reddit Reddit Stumbleupon mail Email Print Parent lifespan tied to children s cancer risk University of Michigan right Original Study Posted by Laurel Thomas Gnagey Michigan on May 29 2013 You are free to share this article under the Attribution 4 0 International license U MICHIGAN US The children of parents who live to a ripe old age are more likely to live longer themselves and are 25 percent less likely to get cancer research shows For a new study scientists compared the children of long lived parents to children whose parents survived to average ages for their generation The unique detailed longitudinal data available in the HRS Health and Retirement Study allowed us to quantify the possible health benefits of having healthy and long lived parents says Kenneth Langa professor of internal medicine gerontology and health management and policy at the University of Michigan The considerable benefits that we found in our study both in terms of decreased cancer risk and longer lifespan need to be followed up and confirmed in additional studies with more detailed genetic information so we can better pinpoint the potential links between healthy long lived parents and their healthy long lived kids For the study long lived mothers were classified as those who survived past 91 years old as compared to those who reached average age spans of 77 to 91 years Long lived fathers lived past 87 years old compared with the average of 65 to 87 years Researchers looked at 938 new cases of cancer that developed during the 18 year follow up period and found overall mortality rates dropped by up to 19 percent for each decade that at least one of the parents lived past the age of 65 For those whose mothers lived beyond 85 mortality rates were 40 percent lower The figure was a little lower 14 percent for fathers possibly because of adverse lifestyle factors such as smoking which may have been more common among fathers The study published in the Journal of Gerontology Medical Sciences analyzed data from a series of interviews conducted with 9 764 people taking part in the Health and Retirement Study The participants were based in the US and were followed from 1992 to 2010 They were interviewed every two years with questions including the ages of their parents and when they died In 2010 the participants were in their 70s Previous studies have shown that the children of centenarians tend to live longer with less heart disease but this is the first robust evidence that the children of

    Original URL path: http://www.futurity.org/parent-lifespan-tied-to-childrens-cancer-risk/ (2016-02-12)
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  • These 2 genes trigger deadly ovarian cancer - Futurity
    Texas at Austin University of Toronto University of Virginia University of Warwick University of Washington University of York Vanderbilt University Washington University in St Louis Yale University Health and Medicine Related Articles Med pouch helps protect infants from HIV Social inductions risky for moms to be Fix heart RHYTHM WITH LIGHT NOT JOLTS Share This Article facebook twitter Action googleplus Google linkedin LinkedIn pinterest Pinterest reddit Reddit Stumbleupon mail Email Print Right now by the time women find out they have ovarian clear cell carcinoma it s usually too late If we can find it earlier we ll have much better luck successfully treating patients says Ron Chandler Credit iStockphoto These 2 genes trigger deadly ovarian cancer University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Posted by Mark Derewicz UNC on January 29 2015 You are free to share this article under the Attribution 4 0 International license By creating the first mouse model of aggressive ovarian cancer researchers say they may have uncovered a better way to diagnose and treat it It s an extremely aggressive model of the disease which is how this form of ovarian cancer presents in women says study leader Terry Magnuson a professor and chair of genetics at the UNC School of Medicine Magnuson s team discovered how two genes interact to trigger the cancer and then spur on its development Not all mouse models of human diseases provide accurate depictions of the human condition Magnuson s mouse model though is based on genetic mutations found in human cancer samples Mutations in two genes ARID1A and PIK3CA were previously unknown to cause cancer When ARID1A is less active than normal and PIK3CA is overactive Magnuson explains the result is ovarian clear cell carcinoma 100 percent of the time in our model Drug therapy The research also showed that a drug called BKM120 which suppresses PI3 kinases directly inhibited tumor growth and significantly prolonged the lives of mice The drug is currently being tested in human clinical trials for other forms of cancer The work published in the journal Nature Communications was spearheaded by Ron Chandler a postdoctoral fellow in Magnuson s lab Chandler had been studying the ARID1A gene which normally functions as a tumor suppressor in people when results from cancer genome sequencing projects showed that the ARID1A gene was highly mutated in several types of tumors including ovarian clear cell carcinoma Chandler began researching the gene s precise function in that disease and found that deleting it in mice did not cause tumor formation or tumor growth We found that the mice needed an additional mutation in the PIK3CA gene which acts like a catalyst of a cellular pathway important for cell growth Chandler says Proper cell cycle regulation is crucial for normal cell growth When it goes awry cells can turn cancerous Our research shows why we see mutations of both ARID1A and PIK3CA in various cancers such as endometrial and gastric cancers Chandler adds Too little expression of ARID1A and too

    Original URL path: http://www.futurity.org/ovarian-cancer-genes-846922/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Cooking up clear, UV-proof glasses - Futurity
    of Illinois University of Iowa University of Kansas University of Leeds University of Maryland University of Melbourne University of Michigan University of Minnesota University of Missouri University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of Nottingham University of Oregon University of Pennsylvania University of Pittsburgh University of Queensland University of Rochester University of Sheffield University of Southampton University of Southern California University of Texas at Austin University of Toronto University of Virginia University of Warwick University of Washington University of York Vanderbilt University Washington University in St Louis Yale University Science and Technology Related Articles 3D printed edge detector sorts sound waves Formula reveals if material is tough strong stiff How cosmic winds stop stars from forming Cooking up clear UV proof glasses Penn State Posted by A ndrea Elyse Messer Penn State on December 15 2009 You are free to share this article under the Attribution 4 0 International license By adding an oxide of the rare earth metal cerium to phosphate glass researchers are developing glasses that are colorless and can block ultraviolet light and resist radiation damage The glasses could have many commercial applications for use in windows sunglasses and solar cells PENN STATE US Adding cerium oxide to phosphate glass rather than the commonly used silicate glass may make eye glasses that remain colorless block ultraviolet light and have increased resistance to radiation damage These cerium containing phosphate glasses have many commercial applications for use in windows sunglasses and solar cells according to Penn State researchers We wanted to get larger amounts of cerium into glass because of its beneficial properties and then investigate the properties of the glasses says Jen Rygel graduate student in materials science and engineering Cerium exists in two states in glasses cerium III and cerium IV both states strongly absorb ultraviolet light For years cerium has been added to silicate glass to enhance its ultraviolet absorbing capacity The problem has always been that silicate glass can only dissolve so much cerium before it becomes saturated and can hold no more Also with high concentrations of cerium silicate glass begins to turn yellow an undesirable characteristic for such things as windows or sunglasses Phosphate glasses have a more flexible structure then silicate glasses which allow higher percentages of cerium to be incorporated before it begins to color Rygel working with Carlo Pantano distinguished professor of materials science and engineering and director of Penn State s Materials Research Institute synthesized and compared 11 glasses with varying concentrations of cerium aluminum phosphorus and silica They found that they could make phosphate glasses with 16 times more cerium oxide than silicate glasses while maintaining the same coloration and ability to absorb ultraviolet light They published their work in the Dec 15 issue of the Journal of Non Crystalline Solids We were able to get a lot more cerium into our phosphate glass without sacrificing the optical transmission they both still looked clear says Rygel The researchers could get more cerium into phosphate glass compared to

    Original URL path: http://www.futurity.org/cooking-up-clear-ultraviolet-proof-glasses/ (2016-02-12)
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