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  • This Week’s Update ― ”Negawatt Market” will open at Kansai in Japan (2nd July, 2012) : Global Energy Policy Research
    of Applied Beam Science Graduate School of Science and Engineering Ibaraki University contributed this column GEPR introduce Arabic and Greek Version of this column with the cooperation of Prof Kozuma This Week s Link China responds to Fukushima Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists reports the policy of the government of China on their nuclear power plant after the Fukushima disaster perhaps leading to adopting third generation reactors This Week s News Japan confronts the influence of Fukushima nuclear accident 1 Nuclear crisis man made Diet panel Regulatory system corrupt safety steps were rejected The Japan Times July 6 2012 2 Oi nuclear plant back on power grid The Japan Times July 6 2012 Video Is Fukushima Dangerous Distorted images of Japan Morley Robertson Nobuo Ikeda What s happen What was the cause in Fukushima Morley Robertson writer and DJ talk about distorted images of Japan after Fukushima nuclear plant accident with Nobuo Ikeda 21st Century Energy Challenges At the ARPA E 2012 summit Bill Gates and U S Energy Secretary Steven Chu discussed the largest energy challenges of the 21st century in the U S and around the world A Web TV Program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation Japanese only Agora Institute who operates GEPR broadcasted a Web TV program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation on internet video streaming channel Niconico Live on January 19th in Japanese only Nobuo Ikeda President of Agora Incorporated and three experts on radiation risk analysis and energy policy discussed about the situations after Fukushima nuclear accident Their opinions were consistent that potentiality of health damage caused by the Fukushima accident is very small GEPR will provide a summary about this program soon Podcast Agora Inc who operates GEPR releases a podcast program

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120702-04/ (2016-02-14)
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  • 42 JP yen for Solar Power Is Too Expensive — Concerns That Renewable Energy Will Not Spread After Increasing Consumer Burden : Global Energy Policy Research
    made statements such as The Obama administration spent 157 000 for each job produced They are carrying on a critical campaign against green energy mismanagement and calling for a review of the necessity of solar industry assistance President Obama appealed for an expansion of renewable energy in his 2012 State of the Union address but future prospects are grim In Germany despite subsidization to help alleviate massive financial burden and electricity price hikes the percentage of solar power being utilized is low and it is criticized as being ineffective Even though roughly 60 of clean energy subsidies goes towards solar power the power it generates is no more that 3 of the total available Although subsidized to a much lesser degree biomass and wind energy sources produce a much large proportion of power than do solar sources Moreover Germany s huge burdens are problematic In an article this January titled Solar Subsidy Sinkhole the weekly German publication Der Spiegel introduces the argument that the benefits of solar power in Germany do not properly counterbalance the cumulative total cost of 100 billion 10 trillion in the 11 years that have passed since the year 2000 It argued that Solar energy has the potential to become the most expensive mistake in German environmental policy So what kind of impact will these changes in the solar cell market cause on Japan s Renewable Energy Buyback Program to be implemented in July of this year Solar Energy Purchase Prices Should Reflect the Declining Price of Solar Cells Firstly the price collapse of solar cells should be properly reflected in the cost of solar power This means that the unit price of electric power that power companies purchase from solar power businesses must fall in accordance with the drop in price of solar cells By law the purchase period and sale price is supposed to be determined by the Minister of Economy Trade and Industry However the April 24 Nikkei Newspaper reports that the ministry s committee began its regulations with setting the purchasing price of solar power to 42 per kilowatt hour The question is whether or not the purchasing price of 42 per kilowatt hour is reasonable As it turns out this level of pricing is far too high According to the New Energy Foundation the breakdown of the installation costs for residential solar panels is currently 66 solar cells 19 auxiliary equipment and 8 6 installation In July of last year it is uncertain on what data the then Minister of Economy Trade and Industry Kaieda based his estimate of about 40 However the price of solar cells has dropped by 50 since last year As for mega solar panels they can be obtained for even lower costs than residential panels because of the large quantities in which they are bought and the cost of auxiliary equipment and installation naturally falls as well It is even reasonable to estimate that costs would be within the 20 s of yen per hour For

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120521-02/ (2016-02-14)
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  • This Week’s Update — Points at Issue of the Nuclear Power – Regulations and External Environmental Costs (18th June, 2012) : Global Energy Policy Research
    independence expertise and consider objections 2 GEPR editorial staffs with experts of electricity presents Considering external cost nuclear power generation is low from Extern E Experts of energy in various countries considered external costs of electric power plants EU European Union made an indicator Extern E to measure them External environmental costs of nuclear power are lower than other plants according to Extern E Because of Fukushima Nuclear power plants accident with political decision nuclear power probably can no longer be used in Japan We should however consider this problem from the view of costs 11th May 2012 Video Is Fukushima Dangerous Distorted images of Japan Morley Robertson Nobuo Ikeda What s happen What was the cause in Fukushima Morley Robertson writer and DJ talk about distorted images of Japan after Fukushima nuclear plant accident with Nobuo Ikeda 21st Century Energy Challenges At the ARPA E 2012 summit Bill Gates and U S Energy Secretary Steven Chu discussed the largest energy challenges of the 21st century in the U S and around the world A Web TV Program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation Japanese only Agora Institute who operates GEPR broadcasted a Web TV program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation on internet video streaming channel Niconico Live on January 19th in Japanese only Nobuo Ikeda President of Agora Incorporated and three experts on radiation risk analysis and energy policy discussed about the situations after Fukushima nuclear accident Their opinions were consistent that potentiality of health damage caused by the Fukushima accident is very small GEPR will provide a summary about this program soon Podcast Agora Inc who operates GEPR releases a podcast program which was originally aired on Jan 19th 2012on internet video streaming channel Nico nico Live

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120618-04/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Conditions for Liberalization of Electric Power, Lessons from Liberalization of Telecommunications : Global Energy Policy Research
    electricity pricing has actually continued at a constant rate since prior to liberalization with essentially no relation to the level of liberalization The change in energy prices appears to have a larger influence Yamaguchi 2007 Figure Residential Electricity Rates for EU Countries 1980 2005 The question is whether competition occurs as a result of liberalization Even for business with large customers where liberalization is already in place the share of new power providers aside from the 10 power companies remains at 3 5 The likelihood of entrants to supply small customers with a much larger cost base is questionable One key reason is the delivery charge when using the transmission grid of a power company For high voltage power the charge costs 4 89 yen kWh Since the national average tariff for large customers across the power companies is 13 65 yen the delivery charge costs 36 of the tariff But the biggest reason concerns the advantage in economy of scale since the electric power business has large fixed costs in infrastructure investment particularly the transmission grid The power companies transmit power to many businesses and therefore the unit cost can be inexpensive But offering a lower tariff than the power company is difficult for new power companies with few customers Most new power providers are a sideline of massive steel or gas corporations exploiting the heat generated within their own plant facilities In contrast the electricity rates for small accounts work off of a fully distributed cost model so profits are assured The electric power sold within the regulated segment of TEPCO chiefly small accounts constitutes 38 of the total but reaps 91 of the operating income Liberalization of electricity for small accounts however will not simply lower residential rates through an increase of new entrants to the industry There are 17 million households using electricity within the service area of TEPCO whose grid investment is in trillions of yen Only a handful of companies exist that can finance such a huge sum and own the infrastructure technology In this context the smart meter tender planned for this fall by TEPCO is important The existing proprietary TEPCO standard would make the entry of new power providers to serve small accounts virtually impossible Instead an open standard could allow telecom companies to also participate through international standards applied to each module and bring about possibilities of innovation through convergence of data and energy Society for Smart Meter Study 2012 3 Promoting Competition is Key The largest issue concerns not whether to liberalize or not but whether new companies will venture into the industry The privatization of NTT Public Corp in 1985 and contemporaneous legislation of the Telecommunications Business Law brought forth liberalization of telecommunications but the lingering concern was whether any competitors would emerge Owning a proprietary communications network and carrying a heavily excessive head count JNR established Japan Telecom and the Public Highway Corporation with its fiberoptic easement ducts alongside the expressways established Teleway Japan Corp Both businesses were quasi public and doubtful in terms of capably competing with NTT So the entire business community got involved in establishing DDI Kazuo Inamori of Kyocera took a central role and twenty five companies invested including Secom Sony and Mitsubishi Many engineers as well as Sachio Senmoto who became a senior managing director transferred in from NTT NTT president Shinto leased out to DDI one route among the microwave circuits owned by NTT between Tokyo Nagoya and Osaka Strong dissent was voiced internally at NTT over this but Shinto wanted to rationalize the company by promoting competition In the end the surviving competition was neither Japan Telecom nor Teleway Japan that held infrastructure but DDI which held neither technology nor infrastructure Entrepreneurial spirit is important not technology Strong criticism has been leveled at this type of managed competition which allegedly distorted the market and steered profits to selected companies But left solely to market dynamics competition in this industry probably would not have occurred This matter is even more difficult with electric power Revenues of NTT Public Corp at the time of privatization were about 5 trillion yen about the same as TEPCO today But that figure is 15 trillion yen now for all 10 power companies combined With an allowance for inflation the industry would be 1 5 times greater than the telephone company Introducing competition will require an extremely strong force The energy industry incidentally holds innovative potential by linking to information and communication technologies Japanese businesses may find it difficult to chase after ultra quick innovations by Apple or Google but high reliability and quality of service for infrastructure industries like energy can deliver competitive superiority Technological superiority of Japan in fact is significant in the energy domain Japanese businesses have opportunities for wins here since linking technologies are not strongly defined with information and communications if international standards that avoid leanings toward made for Japan technologies are pursued 4 Ill Effects of Subdivided Infrastructure The AT T breakup was structured as a complete equity dissociation of the regional operators RBOCs while BT was privatized as one piece NTT attempted to secure fair competition by regulating interconnections like the BT model but calls for a full breakup remained strong as originally provided in the report of the Administrative Investigation Council The Telecommunications Council reviewed the business structure again in 1992 and the wireless business was spun off as NTT Mobile Communications now NTT DoCoMo in 1993 A compromise to the breakup versus consolidation was finally settled in 1997 with the adoption of a holding company organization Commercial Law prohibited pure holding companies at the time but a super legislative measure was adopted for NTT to become a pure holding company with the premise that Commercial Law would be amended in 1998 This device looked like a perfect compromise at the time but the result was a failure The Administrative Investigation Council envisioned a separation between local networks and long distance networks The mainstream network however was already the

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120604-01/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Coming Back from a "Radiation Panic" = The experience of a housewife — Realizing my own discriminatory feelings was the moment of awakening : Global Energy Policy Research
    Fukushima had experienced terrible discrimination simply because he had told others that he was from there He cried in front of me When I saw this I realized that I had made a terrible mistake I understood that had simply selfishly fixated on the idea of radiation without thinking at all of the victims The reason why my nervous breakdown worsened was because I had problems in my own mind and in my own daily life I realized this after I finally calmed down My life had taken a turn for the worst because of the Great East Japan Earthquake I m self employed but in the restrained mood after the disaster my work dwindled And after the disaster I was always watching news stories about the earthquake or the nuclear accident on the TV so I slowly became unable to do anything With that I lost the motivation to do anything I was certain that no matter what I did the Tohoku and Kanto areas would be destroyed by radiation and that we had no future I was filled with despair But at the same time if I speak honestly at that time I also felt glad I also had this conflicting feeling that with the earthquake and the radiation all my pain would be released What do you mean by my pain would be released I m 44 years old A few years ago I began to hit a few difficulties and I really felt bewildered With my age my figure and appearance began to deteriorate I began to be treated as an old person by society and I also started to think of myself in that way but I couldn t really accept this reality I also had work related problems I wanted to do something big to surprise the world I had this dream for many years But I haven t been able to do anything I also had a lot of other distress with child rearing and interpersonal relations but I couldn t really find a way to solve any of them I slowly lost confidence I had a sort of hole in my heart or in any case a sense of despair At that point when the radiation problem happened I got the idea that everything would be reset and I might be able to start my life all over again I was looking for help amidst all this destruction The reason I think I became so lost in looking for information related to the disaster was because it stimulated me and allowed me to forget all other troubles in my life So in other words this massive anxiety put a lid on this hole in your heart and even maybe gave you a meaning for life Yes that s right The stronger my anxiety was the more I was able to turn my attention away from my real problems I was terrified to the core that my children might die from radiation But

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120507-03/ (2016-02-14)
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  • This Week's Update — Note Renewable Energy(11th June, 2012) : Global Energy Policy Research
    settlement for the nuclear power phase out after the nuclear power accident The government however has no realistic and long term perspectives to practice it He also insists that we should nurture renewable energies which are primary means for denuclearization 11th May 2012 Video Is Fukushima Dangerous Distorted images of Japan Morley Robertson Nobuo Ikeda What s happen What was the cause in Fukushima Morley Robertson writer and DJ talk about distorted images of Japan after Fukushima nuclear plant accident with Nobuo Ikeda 21st Century Energy Challenges At the ARPA E 2012 summit Bill Gates and U S Energy Secretary Steven Chu discussed the largest energy challenges of the 21st century in the U S and around the world A Web TV Program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation Japanese only Agora Institute who operates GEPR broadcasted a Web TV program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation on internet video streaming channel Niconico Live on January 19th in Japanese only Nobuo Ikeda President of Agora Incorporated and three experts on radiation risk analysis and energy policy discussed about the situations after Fukushima nuclear accident Their opinions were consistent that potentiality of health damage caused by the Fukushima accident is very small GEPR will provide a summary about this program soon Podcast Agora Inc who operates GEPR releases a podcast program which was originally aired on Jan 19th 2012on internet video streaming channel Nico nico Live Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation Japanese only The panel Nobuo Ikeda Akihiro Sawa Jun Takada and Hiroyuki Matsuda Search Categories Health Effects of Radiation Exposure Assessment of Nuclear Energy Renewable Energy Technologies Analysis of Energy Industry Opinions on Energy Policy Reports Agora Conference Considering Sustainable Energy Strategy Report Read

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120611-01/ (2016-02-14)
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  • This Week's Update — To discussion towards state of nuclear power plants (4th June, 2012): Global Energy Policy Research
    of telecommunications industry English translation coming soon In Japan review of regional monopoly of power companies is being investigated This paper looks back on the history of privatization of Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Public Corporation in 1980s In the liberalization process government supported companies such as DDI to promote competition In the liberalization of power now however there seems to be no potential new entrants therefore he points out the possibility that there will be no competition 2 Chikako Uneyama National Institute of Health Sciences contributed a column Risk assessment of radioactive materials and carcinogens in food Considering the impact of the Fukushima nuclear accident English translation coming soon There are in fact many unknown risks in food She points out that considering from what we currently know the effect of the Fukushima accident is not by far the highest compared to other risks This Week s Link 1 Noda vows to take ultimate responsibility on restart of Oi reactors 2 International Agencies Calls for Actions on Natural Gas Safety National Geographic magazine in the U S reports expectations and concerns over increase in the mining of shale gas in the U S 3 IEA sets out the Golden Rules needed to usher in a Golden Age of Gas This is ranked as a special report of IEA Survey of World Energy which IEA announces in November each year Video Is Fukushima Dangerous Distorted images of Japan Morley Robertson Nobuo Ikeda What s happen What was the cause in Fukushima Morley Robertson writer and DJ talk about distorted images of Japan after Fukushima nuclear plant accident with Nobuo Ikeda 21st Century Energy Challenges At the ARPA E 2012 summit Bill Gates and U S Energy Secretary Steven Chu discussed the largest energy challenges of the 21st century in the U

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120604-03/ (2016-02-14)
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  • 42 JPY/kWh purchase price for solar energy raises concerns over massive financial burden — Expansion of subsidies, costs of comprehensive revision of the energy infrastructure... To what purpose is this fiscally ruinous policy? : Global Energy Policy Research
    For this reason costs will be necessary for measures to stabilize the grid An accurate estimate has not been made of this amount but if one considers that small and medium scale solar power generators will be introduced throughout the country it is certain that it will amount to a significant expense To attempt to pass off renewable energy off as low cost deliberately without including such absolutely necessary costs in the cost of energy production can only be called arbitrary It is easy to surmise how risky it is to promote renewable energy and heavily subsidize it based on this evaluation Why repeat a policy like FIT that has failed in Germany The solar power FIT has already broken down in Germany In February of this year Germany announced that they would revise the FIT that they had instituted up to that point and reduce the limitations on purchase volume and purchase prices A major reason for this is that the FIT led directly to increases in energy cost burden of consumers of electricity In Germany the share of expenses for purchasing renewable energy borne by the typical household in Germany exceeded an average of 1 000 JPY per month with half of this amount accounting for solar power Maintaining the current system would lead to further increases in this share The revision of Germany s FIT system is tantamount to declaring the failure of Germany as the pioneers of FIT The plan for the FIT system in Japan is essentially unchanged from that of Germany That is to say there is a high likelihood that will fail in the same way as Germany did Why does Japan not study and learn from the precedent of Germany s failure Japan is ridiculed as being behind the times compared to advanced nations such as Germany when it comes to renewable energy but if this is so rather than simply stressing the implementation of introducing solar power in Germany must we not learn from their failure Furthermore from the perspective of energy security it is important to diversify the methods fuel of power production In this sense the stance of reliance on only nuclear or thermal power is also nonsensical To be sure renewable energy including solar is indeed one of a variety of options At the same time however whether or not it is feasible financially is also an important angle to consider No matter how beneficial renewable energy may be if it should skew the nation s economy then our priorities are backwards If solar energy is actually economically feasible it should be given appropriate support However investing enormous funds in a source of energy that is 4 6 times more expensive than nuclear power and this is based on results that arbitrarily depicted nuclear power as more expensive and solar as less expensive at this point in time is something to be avoided as one can understand by observing Germany s failure The outage of nuclear power caused

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120430-02/ (2016-02-14)
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