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  • This Week’s Update - Resuming Nuclear Power Plant Operations — Decision must be made (28th May, 2012) : Global Energy Policy Research
    Plants He points out burdens of Japanese economy in stopping nuclear power plants And business persons fall silent because they consider consumers He says that political leaders should recognize this situation not escaping from their responsibility but to decide restart This Week s Link 1 British Science Magazine Nature reported Fukushima s doses tallied Studies indicate minimal health risks from radiation in the aftermath of Japan s nuclear disaster Nature also opened special site Japan Earthquake and Nuclear Crisis and introduces various information World Health Organization WHO published Preliminary dose estimation from the nuclear accident after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami It shows radiation situation and influence of nuclear crisis Video Is Fukushima Dangerous Distorted images of Japan Morley Robertson Nobuo Ikeda What s happen What was the cause in Fukushima Morley Robertson writer and DJ talk about distorted images of Japan after Fukushima nuclear plant accident with Nobuo Ikeda 21st Century Energy Challenges At the ARPA E 2012 summit Bill Gates and U S Energy Secretary Steven Chu discussed the largest energy challenges of the 21st century in the U S and around the world A Web TV Program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation Japanese only Agora Institute who operates GEPR broadcasted a Web TV program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation on internet video streaming channel Niconico Live on January 19th in Japanese only Nobuo Ikeda President of Agora Incorporated and three experts on radiation risk analysis and energy policy discussed about the situations after Fukushima nuclear accident Their opinions were consistent that potentiality of health damage caused by the Fukushima accident is very small GEPR will provide a summary about this program soon Podcast Agora Inc who operates GEPR releases a podcast program

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120528-04/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Opinion Paper on Basic Specifications for Smart Meter Communications Issued by TEPCO : Global Energy Policy Research
    liberalization of residential power 2 No Consideration for Convergence of Power Grid and Telecom Networks The nature of the smart grid as the name indicates provides for smart efficient electric power management through the convergence of the power grid and telecom networks By providing visualization of power consumption and interlinked control of electric devices energy management is expected to become a center around which new industries can be expected to emerge The smart meter comprises the fulcrum in this future scenario In February 2012 the Japan Smart Community Alliance JSCA comprised of public and private sectors established the HEMS Home Energy Management System task force and smart meter task force under the Smart House Standardization Study Group amidst a backdrop of the expectations noted above The interfaces between smart meter and HEMS are under study With respect to infrastructure and large scale services in the U S and Europe incidentally the future scheme of society as a whole is envisioned in connection with the telecom infrastructure called the Internet of Things and then design work proceeds atop this scheme Although the current specifications do indicate IP conformance for the interface between smart meter and HEMS the so called B route the communications protocol between TEPCO is proprietary such as Multi hop no TCP IP implementation This protocol is not open to telecom businesses and also has no interoperability with existing networks TEPCO therefore is apparently planning to construct a proprietary RF network and fiberoptic network Amidst a financial crisis where nationalization is essentially taking effect through massive public funding TEPCO s construction of a self styled communication network in the Tokyo Metro where communication networks are already advanced is not only rash but also a waste of tax money The network specifications should comply with international standards in consultation with telecom businesses and electronics manufacturers adopt existing common 3G or 4G networks and relate to open standards for Internet connectivity 3 Concerns toward Proprietary Galapagos Standards The crux of the issue is open standards that enable participation by many vendors The U S has developed smart grid infrastructure known as AMI Advanced Metering Infrastructure and released SEP Smart Energy Profile 2 0 which assures interoperability among energy devices with standardization from the physical layer to the application layer Integration between the power grid and telecom networks is anticipated in the future through products complying with such international standards In contrast the TEPCO smart meter specifications and HEMS standard ECHONET Lite represent Galapagos standards with no international currency Japanese electronics manufacturers may find themselves biting the dust amidst global competition as experienced previously with mobile telephones We must comply with international open standards and depart from insistence on Rising Sun standards and proprietary power company standards 4 Lack of Demand Control As one of its purposes a smart meter can offer demand response DR under critical power supply conditions In order to curtail power consumption particularly during mid summer peak times and to circumvent scheduled outages the government earmarked 30 billion

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120423-04/ (2016-02-14)
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  • ”Co-expertise” of radiation protection and solidarity for the rehabilitation of living conditions in Fukushima – Report on recommendations of the second ICRP dialogue seminar 2012 in Date City : Global Energy Policy Research
    two guests from Belarus two from Norway and representatives of the Nuclear Energy Agency NEA of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD and two from French Nuclear Protection Evaluation Center CEPN Japanese participants included representatives Ms R Ando from ETHOS IN FUKUSHIMA Iwaki City Fukushima Prefecture Mr T Hangai from AFTC Association for Future s creation of Tamura and Children an NPO in Tamura City Fukushima Prefecture Dr K Nakagawa from the University of Tokyo and Dr I Yasui from United Nations University as well as Mr S Nishida the mayor of Date Dr S Tanaka of the Radiation Safety Forum and officials of the Fukushima Medical Association local newspapers Fukushima Minpo and Fukushima Minyu NHK science department and the Fukushima prefectural decontamination measures division The participants related their particular viewpoints and experiences with each other and there was a vigorous exchange of opinions Seminar day 1 The mayor of Date graduated from an engineering department and he showed a quantitative understanding of the problems he faced as well as a strategic decisiveness In an environment of distrust anxiety incredible damage and complex problems he impressed me with his precise and realistic way of coping with the situation I also paid a sincere respect to the way primary school has cooperated with parents to deal with the situation With their continued monitoring using glass badge dosimeters they have clarified concrete issues Amid a difficult school management they have shown a tangible sense of responsibility Date City is a famous fruit producer but now people say We ve lost the bountiful land our ancestors created However you also hear We re aiming for complete ND non detectable fruit production A cumulative total of 33 327 people have carried out high pressure cleaning of the entire 2 205 hectares of orchards as well as shaving bark under freezing conditions from mid December 2011 to the end of March 2012 Their overwhelming tremendous efforts still continue This was the presentation from JA Date under the title Uniting producers and consumers I also recall with sympathy their empathy of Co op Fukushima with its study research and support and Co op Tokyo s efforts amid such wavering thoughts in the circumstances Also the inhabitants of the Oguni area in Date City which has a notably high ambient dose rate established an NPO at a general meeting on September 16 2011 with 38 founders and the endorsement of 211 people The residents are actively battling the radiation problems by carrying out detailed ambient dose rate measurements with a then highest density of 100 meter mesh Seminar day 2 The first half of the second day of the seminar was for a special session on introducing the initiatives from overseas The representatives from Belarus described regional risk communication They have 50 regional information centers but these were only set up in 2007 Why so late Because they are necessary these new independent initiatives are in action Some of these presenters have had experience with

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120326-02/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Why Can’t Science Allay the Radioactivity Panic? Calling for Social Survey to Save Fellow Victims and Perpetrators : Global Energy Policy Research
    1 Peter L Berger s classic sociology title The Sacred Canopy argues how such notions of fearing the world beyond everyday life act on human society In the book Berger portrays a conflict between nomos order and chaos disorder for the cosmos that we actually exist in and noted that the intrusion of chaos the unknown or incomprehensible into our world of living where order is maintained through our knowledge or so we feel invokes fear among people Humankind in earlier times through religion and later through science converted the incomprehensible into the comprehensible to remove such fears according to Berger s view Religious Fears Rooted in the Core of Human Existence Let us return to the discussion of radioactivity now We can interpret the people afflicted with the so called radioactivity panic to be in a condition where they are unable to trust the accumulated dialog of science and resulting risk assessment concerning the radioactive substances spawned from the Fukushima nuclear accident Thus the incomprehensible chaos intruding their world of everyday living from the outside is probably gripping them with fear This is a kind of religious fear rather than scientific affiar No matter how much of the latest knowledge from science is shown along with calls to remain calm and collected that effort cannot be expected to be highly effective since this fear is emerging from the core of human existence The instance of this problem is one level deeper In other parts the radioactivity panic is definitely making a terrible impact on Japanese society that cannot be condoned such as the dispute in Okinawa Prefecture over the welcoming of snow from Aomori Prefecture the wide range disposal of tsunami related debris and rumor based financial harm to agricultural and fisheries products of the Tohoku and North Kanto regions In fact people afflicted with radioactivity panic are antinomic They are victims and perpetrators at the same time Society in Japan reaps no benefit from leaving victims and perpetrators untended They are all part of us from the largest perspective they are members of the same nation Responding Scientifically and Objectively to Radioactivity Panic How should Japanese society come to grips with this issue then We which means sociologists in particular should conduct properly designed social surveys in order to assess the populations and locations of people afflicted with radioactivity panic the lives they are leading and their daily emotions and thoughts As far as I know Atsushi Takarada did the only social survey Regional Renewal Movement Born from Hot Spot Issue Tokyo Metro Kashiwa to Okayama trans found in Nuclear Power Plant Evacuation trans by Yusuke Yamashita and Hiroshi Kainuma Takarada s research is important clarifying through the social survey that voluntarily evacuated people are largely supported by SNS and email which are Internet communication means and selectively attaching importance to the views of three individuals Kunihiko Takeda Tatsuhiko Kodama and Yukio Hayakawa Fundamental research is far from sufficient however We should avoid concluding that these people are

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120409-03/ (2016-02-14)
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  • This Week's Update — Reconsidering Promotion Measures of Renewable Energy in Japan (14th May, 2012) : Global Energy Policy Research
    the Future of Energy Policy Mr Kainou considers this accident from a unique perspective by analyzing statistics of situation of the Fukushima Daiichi power station No 1 and No 2 reactors in Fukushima plant are old type BWR Boiling Water Reactor and prior to the accident small operation troubles had been increasing He points out that TEPCO did not increase repair costs and administrative expenses despite using these old reactors aw well as the possibility that it may have been a mistake made by TEPCO top managers in the continued use of old type nuclear reactors Considering points made by him Japan s nuclear power plants if properly managed would not cause accident in the same way as the Fukushima nuclear power plant We should analysis risks of nuclear power plants from several points of view This Week s Report Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Special issue Low level radiation risks May June 2012 Famous American website Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists reports Low level radiation risks Video Is Fukushima Dangerous Distorted images of Japan Morley Robertson Nobuo Ikeda What s happen What was the cause in Fukushima Morley Robertson writer and DJ talk about distorted images of Japan after Fukushima nuclear plant accident with Nobuo Ikeda 21st Century Energy Challenges At the ARPA E 2012 summit Bill Gates and U S Energy Secretary Steven Chu discussed the largest energy challenges of the 21st century in the U S and around the world A Web TV Program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation Japanese only Agora Institute who operates GEPR broadcasted a Web TV program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation on internet video streaming channel Niconico Live on January 19th in Japanese only Nobuo Ikeda President of Agora Incorporated

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120514-04/ (2016-02-14)
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  • This Week's Update — Stopping All Nuclear Power Plants in Japan (7th May, 2012) : Global Energy Policy Research
    nuclear power plants nationally especially during summer time when the demand increases 1 GEPR interviewed Mr Kazuo Ishikawa a former elite bureaucrat of METI Mr Kazuo Ishikawa involved in the electrical management law revision team and management team of energy policy He expressed a calm and balanced opinion Restarting Nuclear Power Plant Correcting Mistakes in Lack of Public Dialogue in Nuclear Policy Interview with Mr Kazuo Ishikawa a former METI bureaucrat English Translation Coming Soon 2 A lot of people went into a state of panic for radioactivity after the Fukushima accident A woman expressed her experience to a GEPR staff Return from the radiation panic an experience of a housewife English translation coming soon Video Is Fukushima Dangerous Distorted images of Japan Morley Robertson Nobuo Ikeda What s happen What was the cause in Fukushima Morley Robertson writer and DJ talk about distorted images of Japan after Fukushima nuclear plant accident with Nobuo Ikeda 21st Century Energy Challenges At the ARPA E 2012 summit Bill Gates and U S Energy Secretary Steven Chu discussed the largest energy challenges of the 21st century in the U S and around the world A Web TV Program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation Japanese only Agora Institute who operates GEPR broadcasted a Web TV program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation on internet video streaming channel Niconico Live on January 19th in Japanese only Nobuo Ikeda President of Agora Incorporated and three experts on radiation risk analysis and energy policy discussed about the situations after Fukushima nuclear accident Their opinions were consistent that potentiality of health damage caused by the Fukushima accident is very small GEPR will provide a summary about this program soon Podcast Agora Inc who operates GEPR releases a

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120507-05/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Concern over Premature Smart Meter Introduction to Homes: Current Smart Grid Situation in Japan : Global Energy Policy Research
    from the perspective of efficient procurement In step with the foregoing as part of its procurement reform for the full scale introduction of smart meters TEPCO issued a press release outlining its intentions to optimize specifications by publicly requesting for input on the current specifications and reflecting those domestic and international opinions respectively received for the instrumentation and telecommunication modules of the smart meter Solicitation of opinions concerning the basic specifications of the smart meter s telecommunication features started on March 21 The following requirements must be met as the premise for a practical smart meter implementation Collecting 30 minute readings power usage every 30 minutes Issuance of settings and controlling the smart meter from the power company s data center Direct reading of the meter also possible with the handy terminal device for measuring power usage belonging to a meter reader Compliance with interface standard ECHONET Lite between smart meter and HEMS compiled by Smart House Standardization Study Group with communications network compliant to IP Internet Protocol via transmission medium chosen from or combination of three systems either 920MHz specified small power wireless wireless LAN or PLC power line communication Solid security implemented that eliminates tapping into communications impersonation data tampering signal interference and the like Automatic transmission of maintenance data by the smart meter to the center and updating of telecom software remotely via the telecommunications network The extent of the basic specifications for the smart meter s telecommunication features shows that TEPCO is not considering automatic DR mechanism of automatically suppressing power usage of customers by sending a DR signal from the power company when power demand is tight on the grid which is becoming a basic feature for DR overseas Previously TEPCO announced its smart meter introduction plan at the end of February The plan calls for replacing conventional meters mainly for residential customers beginning in autumn next year and completing introduction to all 27 million customers by Fiscal 2022 including large offices and manufacturing plants Smart Meter Introduction Alone Neither Cuts Peak Demand Nor Saves Energy Thus far we have seen the changes in the approach to smart meters and smart grids in Japan and how the specific implementations may occur going forward TEPCO wants to hold the purchase price of a smart meter at or below 10 000 yen with open specifications for the instrumentation and the telecommunications modules and competitive bidding Even then 27 million customers with smart meters would cost 270 billion yen In addition the telecommunications network infrastructure cost is said to be at least 100 billion yen for the transfer of meter data between the smart meters and its data center Moreover effective usage of the installed smart meters will require not only an upgrade to the meter reading system but the tariff calculation system outage control system customer service system etc A rough estimate of the system modification expenses looks like 400 billion yen over eight years But questions arise over the expectations of fruitful results versus an average

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120402-01/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Course on Radiation in Everyday Life - Know the Facts Right Next to You : Global Energy Policy Research
    and properties of radiation 3 I explain people s natural exposure to radiation 4 I introduce the fact that the element Cesium which has been an issue lately has low levels of toxicity and that the effects of radiation deserve our attention instead 5 I introduce the units used to measure radiation levels Radioactive Cesium 137 releases beta and gamma rays when it decays The use of the word decay when this happens seems to give the impression that it turns into some unidentified substance When I tell people that Cesium 137 turns into Barium 137 which does not emit radiation people have expressed relief once they understand that it turns into a known thing Although anybody would worry about an unknown substance it should be reassuring to know that it has been proven to turn into an element that is already known The opposite of this is talking about unknown abstractions which leads people to alarm even if the thing being discussed is the same For me this shed light on the importance of concrete examples in risk communication The Current State of Radioactive Material in Daily Life Since late March 2011 I have measured radiation levels in over 1500 types of crops and processed seafood from mostly Ibaraki along with Iwate Miyagi Yamagata and Fukushima Prefectures In April 2011 precipitation of Iodine 131 was detected in certain crops but this does not mean that everything was screened Sometimes plants grown inside greenhouses were screened but not those grown outdoors Then after May screening for Iodine 131 came to an almost complete stop At first there were concerns about several crops absorbing radioactive Cesium through their roots but it is a fact that currently it is not detected in most rice plants or leafy and root vegetables This pattern does not change in Fukushima or elsewhere Despite efforts to read even relatively small amounts of radiation nothing can be detected The transmission of radioactive material to crops and fish is complex and involves many factors There are also times when nobody other than farmers and fishermen notice subtle changes in their farmland or fishing grounds Hereafter careful meticulous investigation and research needs to be conducted in concert with farmers and fishermen What s Necessary for Risk Communication An Approach to Thinking Together It is important to provide not just numerical data with measurements but to include the accuracy of the measurements consider the significance of the readings and understand the extent of the radiation levels before communicating this information 100 becquerel kg is almost equivalent to the radioactivity from the radioactive Potassium in 1 kg of bananas To be honest this may seem like a trick but when measured it is a convincing truth What I have realized in conducting measurements is the importance of not only telling producers and consumers the measurement readings but also taking the measurements with them and thinking about them together It is important to provide you the public with concrete information on which

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20120319-02/ (2016-02-14)
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