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  • Contact us : Global Energy Policy Research
    letters in Japanese For the moment we invite contributions in the themes related to nuclear radiation decontamination policy on nuclear energy health and radiation and so forth Though we welcome other suggestions related to energy issues We hope for variety of high quality contributions Furthermore we call for an offer of research reports information and suggestions to support this discussion forum facebook Group Join us at our facebook group Twitter Follow us on twitter Video Is Fukushima Dangerous Distorted images of Japan Morley Robertson Nobuo Ikeda What s happen What was the cause in Fukushima Morley Robertson writer and DJ talk about distorted images of Japan after Fukushima nuclear plant accident with Nobuo Ikeda 21st Century Energy Challenges At the ARPA E 2012 summit Bill Gates and U S Energy Secretary Steven Chu discussed the largest energy challenges of the 21st century in the U S and around the world A Web TV Program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation Japanese only Agora Institute who operates GEPR broadcasted a Web TV program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation on internet video streaming channel Niconico Live on January 19th in Japanese only Nobuo Ikeda President of Agora Incorporated and three experts on radiation risk analysis and energy policy discussed about the situations after Fukushima nuclear accident Their opinions were consistent that potentiality of health damage caused by the Fukushima accident is very small GEPR will provide a summary about this program soon Podcast Agora Inc who operates GEPR releases a podcast program which was originally aired on Jan 19th 2012on internet video streaming channel Nico nico Live Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation Japanese only The panel Nobuo Ikeda Akihiro Sawa Jun Takada and Hiroyuki Matsuda

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contactus/ (2016-02-14)
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  • FUELING THE SOUTHEAST ASIAN ECONOMIC GROWTH ENGINE - THE CASE FOR A MULTIDIMENSIONAL, SUSTAINABLE AND INCLUSIVE ENERGY STRATEGY : Global Energy Policy Research
    In recent years the National Renewable Energy Program NREP and feed in tariffs from the Renewable Energy Act of 2008 have been aggressively implemented to stimulate renewable energy participants and sustainable development while reducing our carbon footprint Yet more needs to be done Implement a Three Pronged Strategy Consequently the Philippine government has been taking resolute action towards the implementation of a comprehensive sustainable and inclusive three pronged strategy to address these challenges The government is determined to strengthen national energy production and energy efficiency through the increased share of renewable energy installations therefore paving the way for a low carbon economy igniting the growth and leverage development Reinforcing energy infrastructures through the development of regional energy plans is also a top priority With the passage of the Electric Power Industry Reform Act in 2001 the power sector reform has been strengthened and attracted private energy developers to invest in the energy sector The Philippines is expected to see a dramatic increase in its generation capacity from 16 GW in 2011 to 29 GW in 2030 The government is also expanding the country s grid to interconnect all major islands These are all aimed at achieving universal access to modern electricity services with a target of 90 household electrification by 2017 The government continues to attract investments in the exploration of petroleum and coal through its Philippine Energy Contracting Round program to increase production of conventional indigenous energy resources The Philippines the world s second largest geothermal power producer is also showing strong resolve to transition to a low carbon economy aiming to triple the installed renewable capacity to 15 GW by 2030 In a significant move to promote energy efficiency the government has set a target that 30 of all public vehicles nationwide to run on cleaner alternative fuels by 2030 in a move to help cutting edge energy efficiency technologies flourish At the regional level the Philippines which in October 2015 hosted the 12th APEC Energy Ministerial Meeting remains strongly committed to actively contribute to the building of a resilient disaster proof and dense APEC energy network able to ensure mutually beneficial energy security Finally the Philippines gears up as it co chairs the APEC Taskforce on Energy Resiliency with the United States which will pave the way for high level discussions towards achieving stronger and sustainable growth for APEC economies With all the policies and initiatives being laid out the Philippines is determined to spearhead the efforts to ensure energy security not only for itself but for the whole region Published January 18 2016 Video Is Fukushima Dangerous Distorted images of Japan Morley Robertson Nobuo Ikeda What s happen What was the cause in Fukushima Morley Robertson writer and DJ talk about distorted images of Japan after Fukushima nuclear plant accident with Nobuo Ikeda 21st Century Energy Challenges At the ARPA E 2012 summit Bill Gates and U S Energy Secretary Steven Chu discussed the largest energy challenges of the 21st century in the U S and

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20160118-01/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Communication for the recovery of Fukushima : Global Energy Policy Research
    worried about the health of her daughter The woman spoke of how she was trying to relieve the anxiety of her mother by sharing and discussing the information that she had on radiation Being a mother myself I wholeheartedly sympathise with her mother I also fully agree with the daughter that information and dialogue are crucial to relieve concerns about radiation Concerns about thyroid cancer I also had the opportunity to join an open dialogue about the thyroid gland tests that are now being rolled out in Fukushima The dialogue took place in a community centre Ryozen Satoyama Gakko up in the mountains of Date city Along with the panellists comprising medical experts many local residents also joined the discussion The consensus of the session was that there was a severe lack of communication around the thyroid gland tests what the tests are for and what the results mean To me it was a big surprise that the residents were not made aware that the thyroid gland tests that are happening now are a screening there seemed to be a wide spread misunderstanding that the tests were being conducted to identify the impact of radiation from the accidents in 2011 It seemed that the thyroid gland tests although they were originally designed to reduce the concerns of people living in Fukushima have resulted in increasing confusion and anxiety amongst the residents The discussions we had were very lively and while it highlighted the challenges ahead I was also delighted to see how engaged the local residents were and how keen they were to use the information we were able to give them Informing the messengers The last group that I visited in Fukushima was the local mid wives association They were supporting mothers and expecting mothers in Fukushima and as any mother will tell you this is the group that worries most about the health effects of radiation The group was actively studying the effects of radiation to the human body and especially to infants The levels of understanding and anxiety towards radiation varied within the group Some of the midwives were themselves evacuees it was touching to see how they were all standing strong and keen to learn more in order to support young mothers After the accident at Fukushima the Japanese authorities acted very promptly evacuated the area very quickly and immediately cut the supply of food grown on land that may have been contaminated In Japan the acceptable limits for radiation in food are lower than they are in Europe and following the accident the Japanese authorities lowered this limit still further to reassure the public that they were trying to minimize risk These actions were taken to ensure that the dose of radiation was reduced even further which minimizes the health risk still further Two recent reports the WHO report and the UNSCEAR report have shown that it will be very unlikely that there will be any health effects from exposure to radiation following the Fukushima

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20141104-01/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Health issues along the Fukushima coastline: Radiation is not the enemy! : Global Energy Policy Research
    had rapidly deprived them of leg strength 3 Impact of thyroid screening Another example is thyroid screening Some may wonder why receiving a non invasive ultrasonography free of charge could be harmful I also didn t understand the adverse event caused by the screening until I joined in a symposium 3 4 5 in August 2014 In October 2011 Fukushima prefecture implemented a thyroid ultrasound examination program for all children under 18 years old This screening for baseline thyroid cancer prevalence data baseline screening was conducted until March 2014 after which regular thyroid examinations began in April The symposium was held in response to the initiation of the screening Its objective was to hold an open dialogue about the impact caused by the screening One of the participants at the symposium expressed her concern that the screening has re fuelled the stigmatisation against Fukushima Outsiders say the fact that the screening is taking place shows that Fukushima is a dangerous place Another person talked of the mental stress they felt when their child received A2 results meaning there is a small cyst or nodule Above all the concern for the possibility of over diagnoses and over treatment 6 was significant Over treatment is sometimes thought to be the result of doctors actively conducting unnecessary operations However in reality there are many occasions were the parents of a child patient strongly push for early surgical operations against the doctors recommendations to wait and see how the cancer develops The biggest cause of this could be the lack of prior consensus between the doctor and these parents Retrospectively parents should have been informed of and consulted on at least the following points before they made the decision to have their children screened There is a possibility that a thyroid cancer will be found as a result of the thorough screening which may not have been detected otherwise If the detected cancer is large enough a medical doctor will recommend surgical operation However some cancers are never found and it may just be because of the thorough screening that this cancer is found The operation has some risk of complication and may leave a scar on the neck There is no clear conclusion as to what will happen if you do not remove a cancer that would never have been found without a thorough screening There is a report 7 saying 36 of participants without any previous history of thyroid disease had at least one papillary carcinoma at autopsy If you receive an A2 result or need further investigation result you and your children are likely to feel strong anxiety until the next testing Screening that started without such communication has led to psychological trauma among the children and the parents Some express strong mistrust to the government even speculating that the government is using the screening to manipulate public opinion They may be using the baseline screening to find small thyroid nodules and cancer early so that cancer detection rates will decline

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20140901-01/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Confronting Fukushima's Anxieties: the Repercussions of Thyroid Cancer Screening No1 : Global Energy Policy Research
    website of the Association for the Future of Tamura Its Children AFTC see the Notice Concerning the Risks Associated with Thyroid Cancer Screening in Japanese only In the interim I learned that Professor Geraldine Thomas director of the Chernobyl Tissue Bank would be visiting Fukushima Prefecture I was asked if I could create a forum that would enable Prof Thomas to make contributions to the citizens of Fukushima Prefecture We thus decided to have her participate in a symposium that would address head on the difficult issues surrounding thyroid screenings 3 Objectives and details of the community symposium 1 Objectives The prime objective was to address the concerns and anxieties of the prefecture s citizens head on and encourage a participatory search for solutions that transcended individual difference of opinion and perspective Given that solutions to social problems are difficult to achieve through opposition and dissent alone the symposium was aimed at aiding the efforts of Fukushima Medical University and the Citizens Healthcare Survey Division of Fukushima Prefecture s Social Health Welfare Department Additionally to expand and open the discussion to the public we invited news media organizations to attend and have them harness their varied resources to disseminate information on this symposium to a broader public audience 2 Venue We decided to hold the symposium not in an urban zone but rather in a mountainous district that was less convenient in terms of transportation access The Ryozen Satoyama School an institution that operated in a former junior high school building in the Ryozen machi district of Date City was chosen as the venue This heightened our expectations that we would be better able to obtain more views and opinions from residents in mountainous communities The Ryozen Satoyama School had been engaged for some time in recreational activities and other efforts aimed at countering the effects of radiation exposure We also aimed to ensure a diversity of views and opinions In addition though this was a unique selection of venue with a location facilities and background surroundings that had photogenic appeal and accordingly supported our hopes for coverage by a broader range of media organizations These factors prompted us to name this event the Community Symposium Members of the local community held homegrown welcome ceremonies prior to and after the symposium thus transforming the occasion as a whole into a festive event that extended beyond the symposium itself 3 Panelists The symposium had seven panelists as follows Prof Geraldine Thomas Chair in Molecular Pathology Imperial College London Director of the Chernobyl Tissue Bank Dr Mitsuyoshi Urashima Professor Molecular Epidemiology Jikei University School of Medicine Dr Sae Ochi Director of Internal Medicine Soma Central Hospital Lady Barbara Judge Deputy chair of the Nuclear Reform Monitoring Committee Tokyo Electric Power Company former chair of the UK Atomic Energy Authority Two community residents a married couple from the Ryozen machi district of Date City Fukushima Terumi Hangai community mediator In the interest of contributing to the discussions of the Prefectural Oversight Committee for

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20140825-01/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Confronting Fukushima's Anxieties: the Repercussions of Thyroid Cancer Screening No2 : Global Energy Policy Research
    supported the view that citizens in areas outside Fukushima Prefecture also undergo thyroid screenings Improvised comparisons with target control groups will provide an easy to understand basis for the question of whether cases of thyroid cancer detected through screenings to date are related to the nuclear accident The frank feeling expressed by the attendees was that they wanted to see citizens outside the prefecture screened as well and thus contribute to health surveys in Fukushima and provide data that forms a better basis for decisions When queried as to whether this should be one of the conclusions of the symposium one female attendee conceded that it would be wrong to have citizens in other prefectures endure the same hardships Although her comment drew strong applause from all of the other attendees in the room a majority still felt strongly that citizens outside Fukushima Prefecture should also be subject to baseline studies Another view from the floor was that baseline studies need not involve complete count screenings Question 3 Prior to undergoing a thyroid ultrasound examination do you feel that an explanation of its potentially detrimental effects is also needed This question elicited the first unanimous vote from the floor with all in attendance raising their blue cards Strong support was also expressed for the view that the question deserved more study along with the issue of excessive medical procedures 3 Conclusions I only learned afterward that preliminary studies are baseline studies Their purpose has not been disclosed effectively and is not that well understood The benefits and detrimental effects of screenings should be conveyed beforehand We deemed the two quotes cited above to represent the conclusions of the symposium At that point a member of the audience on the floor followed with a comment that effectively summed up the accomplishments of the event including remarks that called on specialists to do something about explanations based on terminology that was extremely difficult to comprehend This was welcomed by the floor with applause These remarks prompted Prof Thomas to express regrets on behalf of all of the specialists for an inability to discuss the familiar issues of health in simple layperson terms She then pledged to convey the conclusions of the symposium to Fukushima Medical University personnel on her scheduled visit to that institution the following day However when I noted that the Radiation Medical Science Center for the Fukushima Health Management Survey offers a traveling seminar on thyroid screenings as a tool for study groups on thyroid screenings and thyroid cancer none of the attendees or panelists had heard of its existence 5 Conclusion of the community symposium Because the symposium was held in a location that afforded relatively poor transportation access it actually appears to have attracted attendees who had devoted serious thought to the issue of thyroid cancer wanted a forum through which to articulate their views and wanted to convey the views of their community The event had the participation of journalists from two major national newspapers the

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20140825-02/ (2016-02-14)
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  • CREATING A FUTURE FOR FUKUSHIMA’S PEOPLE : Global Energy Policy Research
    are hungry for real information Many feel that despite TEPCO s and the government s efforts they aren t getting enough at least not enough to counter anti nuclear activists scare tactics In fact these people who bore the brunt of earthquake tsunami and nuclear accident are now being hurt a fourth time by those whose agenda is served by portraying the residents as perpetual victims They asked me whether their children will be safe from radiation if they move back to their homes from the places to which they d been evacuated And they will We know more about the carcinogenic effects of radiation than the effects of almost anything else and it s clear the exposure levels will be safe They also need information to counter questions and stand up to guilt trips from people who say that things like How can you possibly go back Or Your children are radioactive and can t play with my children My family endured these same types of comments when we lived near Three Mile Island Farmers and Fishermen Pic2 Mr Barret and Farmers I also met with rice farmers and fishermen who asked reasonable well informed questions They wanted to know where the contaminated soil removed from their towns will be deposited The rice farmer wanted to know if his rice fields will become more contaminated by water flowing down the mountains It won t partly because whatever was deposited in the soil three years ago is already decaying substantially and will continue to do so Fisherman worried that even though their fish is rigorously tested and proven safe there is a stigma to the name Fukushima that will discourage purchasers These same unfortunate questions burdened the good farmers near Three Mile Island however they faded with time as the public recognized the quality and safety of the Central Pennsylvania food products Others find themselves unable to fish at all excluded from fishing in their traditional waters and equally excluded from encroaching onto fishing grounds long claimed by other fishing cooperatives Surely a solution can be found that respects Japanese fishing traditions while doing something to ensure a future for these resilient people whose culture and economy are so closely linked to the sea Pic3 Mr Barret and Fishermen Diligent monitoring along with significant improvements in the control of contaminated water at the plant will protect the sea and make clear that the fish from the area s waters are safe My family and I ate local seafood without any concerns about its safety The Need for Hope In the three years since the accident when it comes to victims the focus has understandably been primarily on compensating them financially But it is clear to me that proactive outreach from the government TEPCO and others are essential to address their need for information and emotional support TEPCO has undertaken a long term commitment to support the revitalization of the Fukushima area and I urge them to include these kinds of

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20140707-02/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Whaling and Dolphin hunting problem as a philosophical and cultural issues  : Global Energy Policy Research
    conclude that there s no need for the whaling Animal liberation movement in the 20th century The different perceptions on whales and dolphins between the West and Japan are very interesting from the philosophical or cultural viewpoint Traditionally people in the West strictly distinguish between God humans and animals They have the sense of value that animals exist for the benefit of humans and that animals can be used by humans or should be protected The change in the attitude towards whaling in the West from utilization to protection represents a change in sense of values Nowadays whales and dolphins are treated as animals with high intelligence close to that of human beings and they are considered to be subject of protection Whaling and dolphin hunting is denounced as an inhumane act Above all anti whaling movements represented by the Sea Shepherd are aligned to the genealogy of the animal liberation movement in the 20th century such as Ethicist Peter Singer and Tom Regan Strictly speaking there are differences between them but they both acknowledge animal sensory capacities from the viewpoint of animal welfare and rights and assert we should not give pains to those animals When it is unavoidable they assert that we should try to minimize pains to be given to animals Whales and the dolphins with a similar sense to that of human beings were discovered in the West in the 20th century and they were not the object of memorial or a ceremonial services but they became the object of technologies alleviating pain or laws banning whaling thought the treaties Japan culture taking the death of the animal into the life As Kokugaku Japanese classical scholar Norinaga Motoori 1730 1801 pointed out everything with transcendent power is an object of worship Kami God in Japan There are lots of examples of people with transcendent power were enshrined as Gods and became the object of worship like Sugawara no Michizane 845 903 Whales and dolphins were also regarded as God visiting from a different world to this world The folklorist Shinobu Orikuchi 1887 1953 found the archetype of Japanese festivals in the banquet where people welcomed and entertained Marebito who comes from a different place world Linked to the faith toward fishing whales and dolphins were deified and awed as incarnation of Ebisu a God of fishing that brings a large catch Therefore Japanese whaling came to have systemized rituals too During the ritual the impurities are removed from the whaling tools For example in Taiji Wakayama prefecture in Japan fishermen held a banquet the day before whaling as one of the ceremonies called Kumidashi no iwai and people dance Hanesashi odori to a song praying for a large catch Many other rituals are held even after whaling is began and fishermen finish whaling with a ritual known as Hanakiri On the way back to the beach Hatsuho Girei a ritual to express people s appreciation for the first whaling catch is held In the ritual fishermen

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20140217-01/ (2016-02-14)
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