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  • Are we not forgetting about energy security? — The impact of the shale gas revolution [Agora Channel Report] : Global Energy Policy Research
    disaster of 2011 Japan has discussed little more than what to do about nuclear power Ikeda pointed out It is ridiculous to focus on the single point of nuclear safety in concerns about energy issues Japan is a nation poor in natural resources and must think about not only safety but how to procure a stable and inexpensive supply of energy in order to sustain its quality of life and industrial capacity Following the disaster Japan shut down its nuclear power plants and has increased power generation from natural gas in their place The added cost is expected to reach 3 8 trillion for fiscal year 2013 and 9 3 trillion for the three years since 2011 Both men agreed that if this continues it will bring about a critical situation for the economy On May 15 the Nuclear Regulation Authority released a report on the presence of an active fault below the Japan Atomic Power Company s No 2 Reactor at Tsuruga Nuclear Power Plant As a result practically the said nuclear power plant cannot continue operation Tanaka said While it is a matter of course to seek safety is not a measured response required regarding whether or not the determination of the presence of an active fault is scientifically valid He continued While it would be difficult in the current circumstances immediately after the accident they could have considered closure and replacement of old nuclear power plants with problems as a policy It seems that it will still take some time for Japan to reap the benefits of the shale gas revolution While America s production has increased gas exports are restricted As well the current price of gas in Japan is five times that of the United States and double that of Europe Figure 3 As Japan must transport natural gas by sea in its liquid state this also adds to the cost Sellers in the Middle East offer prices linked with oil also increasing the cost This is due to the inability to come to grips with the new method of pricing caused by the plunge in American gas prices and the need for Japanese energy companies to procure large amounts of fuel due to the suspension of nuclear power generation Efforts are needed to bring prices down In order to do so gas suppliers must be diversified there must be more energy options including nuclear and the government and industry must cooperate in negotiations said Tanaka According to the IEA energy prices in Japan will remain high even in 2035 at triple that of China and double that of the United States even if 15 of the total energy production is nuclear Figure 4 The response to expanded risk is the pursuit of diversity Since the disaster Japan s energy supply is slanted toward fossil fuels accounting for more than 90 of total energy production This is almost identical to the energy production composition prior to the first oil shock Japan depends on the Middle

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20130520-01/ (2016-02-14)
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  • This Week’s Update (May 20, 2013) : Global Energy Policy Research
    unfair situation of nuclear administration NRA is not discussing permissible level of risks but administrating by demanding operating companies impossible absolute safety Furthermore the government is neglecting this recklessness In order to consider the current situation this article provides fair and appropriate point at issue 3 Fukushima Exhibition held at the Chernobyl Museum To change the lessons of the two accidents into hopes for the future in Japanese Contribution by Yukiko Miyakoshi researcher of Osaka University graduate school who resides in Kiev Like the Fukushima accident in 2011 1986 Chernobyl accident in the same way caused trouble to many people and confused the community Chernobyl Museum in Kiev will hold Fukushima exhibition from June Comparing with Chernobyl it seems the present situation in Fukushima that the victims cannot return home 2 years after the accident is considered wrong Video Is Fukushima Dangerous Distorted images of Japan Morley Robertson Nobuo Ikeda What s happen What was the cause in Fukushima Morley Robertson writer and DJ talk about distorted images of Japan after Fukushima nuclear plant accident with Nobuo Ikeda 21st Century Energy Challenges At the ARPA E 2012 summit Bill Gates and U S Energy Secretary Steven Chu discussed the largest energy challenges of the 21st century in the U S and around the world A Web TV Program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation Japanese only Agora Institute who operates GEPR broadcasted a Web TV program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation on internet video streaming channel Niconico Live on January 19th in Japanese only Nobuo Ikeda President of Agora Incorporated and three experts on radiation risk analysis and energy policy discussed about the situations after Fukushima nuclear accident Their opinions were consistent that potentiality of health damage caused by

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20130520-04/ (2016-02-14)
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  • The Goal of Nuclear Regulation is Comprehensive Risk Reduction : Global Energy Policy Research
    system was turning back to the 1980s US When the licensees tried to improve the nuclear safety usually it was not written in the manual Therefore the modification of the manual i e nuclear safety improvement needed very huge efforts Licensees then did not want the improvement and just followed the regulatory body s order i e the manual The inverse incentive system had been applied to NPP As a result very few improvements had been adopted to Japanese NPP in 1990s and 2000s The risk evaluation by the external event which had been done in US in the 1990s are not carried out yet Risk informed Regulation in 1990s US is also not taken into account now and will not be taken for another 10 years The Japanese Regulatory system is a very very old one a system more than 30 years behind Worst thing was the licensees accepted the old system completely and never considered to make further improvements They just followed the regulatory body s order Japanese regulatory s wrong concept prevailed the NPP No NPP people wanted the KAIZEN These malfunction of the Japanese regulatory system were the root cause of the Fukushima Daiichi Accident The author expected that the new NRA will overcome the old regulatory system and improve it to be world standard However NRA has not The officers at the new NRA are the same persons at the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency NISA the very people who caused the Fukushima Daiichi Accident with malfunctioning regulation system They are creating the same malfunctioning regulation even now The NRA commissioners are also supporting the wrong regulation Author is apprehensive about potential accidents induced by the regulation Comprehensive Risk Reduction As discussed above the regulatory system should be based on the risk The risk is a comprehensive risk not just a local risk However NRA focuses on the small local risks They say that the Japanese regulation is the world severest one This is completely wrong All nuclear professional would never say that Strict regulation has no relation to improvements in Nuclear Safety but it may reduce newspaper risk a measure against media Severe regulation degrades the nuclear safety because the severe regulation in one part can increase the risks in another part causing the comprehensive risks to increase It is well known that all countermeasures can reduce the target risk however it also increases the risk in other parts After 9 11 many people used cars instead of airplanes causing deaths by the car accidents to increase They were not killed by the terrorism but killed by car accidents When a countermeasure is introduced other negative effects should be carefully checked and considered Nevertheless the NRA ordered to install many hardware to prevent the severe accident The hardware may be useful for the case of severe accident but it may induce high risks for the normal operation and or maintenance The nuclear safety can only be sustained with considering the comprehensive risks not just

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20130422-01/ (2016-02-14)
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  • This Week’s Update (May 7, 2013) : Global Energy Policy Research
    cold shutdown after the Great East Japan Earthquake According to this article it did face a critical situation It is necessary to draw on analysis of the survived nuclear power plant in the use of nuclear power 2 Concern of worldwide illegal dumping of radioactive waste in Japanese a contribution by Emi Kawaguchi Mahn a writer who lives in Germany on May 1 JB Press Currently sea dumping of radioactive waste is prohibited by international treaty and in principle there is no country that dumps it underground However for the dumping of 1960s prior to the regulation there are growing concerns of pollution of ocean and domestic soil in the EU countries 3 Nuclear Power Export to Turkey accelerate export of infrastructure by both public and private sectors in Japanese an editorial of the Yomiuri Shimbun May 3 2013 At Prime Minister Shinzo Abe s visit to Turkey Turkish Government expressed the decision of nuclear power plant construction order to Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Areva 2 trillion yen construction expense of 4 nuclear power generation will be a big profit for Japanese economy This editorial shows respect for the effort made by public and private sectors for its realization while distrust for atomic energy spreads after the Fukushima accident and also argues to reconstruct and build nuclear power stations in Japan Regarding nuclear power generation there are sense of incongruity and negation over the export after Fukushima accident in Japan which is understandable However construction of the nuclear power generation continues in the world especially at developing countries and Japan is the only country having three makers Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Toshiba and Hitachi with ability for its construction With this success the government and the maker will promote expansion of the nuclear power generation export of Japan It is necessary to have national consensus on this as much as possible 4 Japan US alliance and Nuclear Power Generation Arrogance of the winner 1 Conviction of Carter in Japanese a serial run by Chunichi Shimbun Tokyo and Chunichi newspapers wrote articles over emphasizing health damage by radioactivity from the Fukushima accident and were criticized Nevertheless they have articles worth reading and though it has anti nuclear tinge this serial is based on detailed coverage and investigation It illustrates the fact of Japan US atomic energy negotiations of the 1970s and inspects that there was arrogance under the name of national interests in the Japanese nuclear power persons concerned Furthermore it reveals that although sometimes in opposition the use of atomic energy was established in close relations with the US 5 Promotion of new extend coal fire stations with new assessment standard in Japanese an article of Mainichi Shimbun May 5 2013 METI changed their policy of restraining coal fire to increasing it This is because prolonged stop of nuclear power forces to reduce cost However in relation to air pollution and CO2 emission since electricity plant will operate for a long term immediate increase should be considered carefully Rather there is

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20130507-05/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Nuclear Radiation – friend or enemy? Its safety and its benefits at low levels justify its wider acceptance for improved public health and economic prosperity : Global Energy Policy Research
    Curie The cause of this concern is historical and cultural with no basis in science Appreciating this misunderstanding in everyday terms is not difficult but future prospects for world economic prosperity and a sustainable environment depend critically on overcoming these concerns through explanatory education and improved public trust in science Only then may the known benefits of nuclear technology access to power clean water food preservation as well as advances in healthcare be widely accepted and realised PDF Published May 7 2013 Video Is Fukushima Dangerous Distorted images of Japan Morley Robertson Nobuo Ikeda What s happen What was the cause in Fukushima Morley Robertson writer and DJ talk about distorted images of Japan after Fukushima nuclear plant accident with Nobuo Ikeda 21st Century Energy Challenges At the ARPA E 2012 summit Bill Gates and U S Energy Secretary Steven Chu discussed the largest energy challenges of the 21st century in the U S and around the world A Web TV Program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation Japanese only Agora Institute who operates GEPR broadcasted a Web TV program Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation on internet video streaming channel Niconico Live on January 19th in Japanese only Nobuo Ikeda President of Agora Incorporated and three experts on radiation risk analysis and energy policy discussed about the situations after Fukushima nuclear accident Their opinions were consistent that potentiality of health damage caused by the Fukushima accident is very small GEPR will provide a summary about this program soon Podcast Agora Inc who operates GEPR releases a podcast program which was originally aired on Jan 19th 2012on internet video streaming channel Nico nico Live Is radiation really so harmful Considering risks of nuclear power generation Japanese only The panel Nobuo

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20130507-02/ (2016-02-14)
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  • This Week’s Update (April 22, 2013) : Global Energy Policy Research
    Japanese waters investigation of the methane hydrate or methane ice is progressing From all the information known at present considering from efficiency of energy methane hydrate is promising Prof Kubota points out that there is further less reason continuing mainly subsidy oriented poor photovoltaic policy This Week s Links 1 3 reasons Japanese electric power system should be creatively destructed 1 and 2 in Japanese from Diamond online by Motoshige Ito professor at the University of Tokyo graduate school He argues separation of electrical power production from power distribution and transmission should be promoted considering three points approval of past developing country like monopoly current defect of the supply system found at nuclear accident and creation of future industry Naturally different opinions are expected GEPR will take up electricity liberalization from various viewpoints 2 U S attitude in nuclear negotiation contrary courtesy to an ally in Japanese an article by the Choson Ilbo Japanese edition April 19 2013 With Japan U S Atomic Agreement it is confirmed that Japan can reuse nuclear fuel and employ and perform research and development etc with independency Although South Korea had asked for same treatment as Japan the U S is negative in re revision negotiation It is likely because there are problems such as tension in the Korean Peninsula Video Is Fukushima Dangerous Distorted images of Japan Morley Robertson Nobuo Ikeda What s happen What was the cause in Fukushima Morley Robertson writer and DJ talk about distorted images of Japan after Fukushima nuclear plant accident with Nobuo Ikeda 21st Century Energy Challenges At the ARPA E 2012 summit Bill Gates and U S Energy Secretary Steven Chu discussed the largest energy challenges of the 21st century in the U S and around the world A Web TV Program Is radiation really so

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20130422-04/ (2016-02-14)
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  • This Week’s Update (April 15, 2013) : Global Energy Policy Research
    that on global warming it is precedented with sentiment such as protect the earth Certainly it is important however they concluded that it is necessary that the measures should be calmly investigated and to compile agreement Furthermore that in order to face the global warming issue nuclear power cannot but considered as one of options for its measure 5 Stagnation of global warming reported by the Economist in Japanese Contribution by Sumiko Takeuchi She introduces article in topic A sensitive matter by the Economist It indicates that global warming has not advanced as estimated 6 Considering appropriate ratio of nuclear solar and wind power generation in Japanese Reader s contribution by Yoichiro Ishii formerly worked at power company From a public document he analyzes natural energy and nuclear power relations This Week s Links 1 Copenhagen Consensus Center English website CCC is a think tank where Bjørn Lomborg Danish academic and opinion leader on global warming plays a central role Since 2004 they have held 3 large conferences Their efforts include investigating global environmental issues and economist examining cost and the effect on its measures Report on each conference can be downloaded 2 Prevented Mortality and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Historical and Projected Nuclear Power in English paper by Pushker A Kharecha and James E Hansen This is a contribution published in Environmental Science and technology James Hansen is a former head of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and he warns of the global warming It says that nuclear power can reduce air pollution and climate change which could save many lives 3 A sensitive matter an article by the Economist March 30 2013 Introduced in Sumiko Takeuchi s article on this week s update 4 German power exports double in Q1 on cheap coal carbon in English an article by plats energy news agency April 12th In Japan German power export is thought to be from renewable however according to this article it is due to increase in coal fire In Germany furthermore there is another aspect that electric power export is used for load adjustment 5 Internal radiocesium contamination of adults and children in Fukushima 7 to 20 months after the Fukushima NPP accident as measured by extensive whole body counter surveys by the Japan Academy in Japanese and abstract in English Report by investigation team lead by Ryugo Hayano Department of Physics University of Tokyo and others It says that the internal radiation exposures after the nuclear plant accident are hardly observed Probably the fact residents of Fukushima calmly responded and avoided exposure has some influence We should not be at a loss for unnecessary fear and taking such information into account we should face radioactive contamination calmly Video Is Fukushima Dangerous Distorted images of Japan Morley Robertson Nobuo Ikeda What s happen What was the cause in Fukushima Morley Robertson writer and DJ talk about distorted images of Japan after Fukushima nuclear plant accident with Nobuo Ikeda 21st Century Energy Challenges At the ARPA

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20130415-04/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Why I can’t give up nuclear power : Global Energy Policy Research
    have not decided on a grand design for the disaster site Either that or perhaps it is too grand They are aiming to build a town that will withstand even the next major earthquake and tsunami There are apparently various measures available such as relocation to higher ground and improving the port but all of them take time and enormous funds But surely we do not need to start worrying right away about a once every 1000 or 600 years disaster We should first put all our efforts into restoration Leave the future to the future Science and technology are developing exponentially Progress in the last few decades has been particularly significant After 100 years we will have science technology and wisdom that is 100 years more advanced We should prepare for disaster using the science and technology of that era The same can be said of high level radioactive waste We should let go of foolish ideas like digging holes hundreds of meters underground and burying the waste and instead build spent nuclear fuel management and storage facilities where we can manage it Then we can take a fresh look every 100 or 200 years After 100 years we may be building storage containers several hundred times safer and more robust those of today After 200 years we may have developed devices or chemicals that significantly decrease the half life of radioactive materials Nuclear reactors the size of a single building which hardly produce any waste may become common We may also discover a new use for the high level waste that we now struggle to dispose of as garbage In fact making discoveries is what progress in science and technology is all about We can also expect new technological innovation in nuclear power plants themselves Even now I hear that some companies have plans to build 10 000 kilowatt small nuclear reactors that can be operated for 30 years without refueling These sodium cooled fast reactors automatically shutdown and undergo heat removal without human intervention and they have safe designs that make use of natural phenomena Even in the unlikely event of an accident I hear the effects of these small reactors are limited to a radius of 20 meters Development of the new traveling wave reactor TWR is also making progress This next generation reactor which uses depleted uranium as fuel can operate for up to 100 years without refueling With further enhancement of fool proofing and fail safes it will be possible to build safer nuclear power plants If such technology becomes a reality then the revival of nuclear power in Japan can also come to fruition What is important is that the science and technology for that future is not prevented from developing and moreover that we occasionally stop and reexamine the past and present and communicate this great tragedy in the time to come That way people in the future can use the science technology and wisdom of the future to handle the rest

    Original URL path: http://www.gepr.org/en/contents/20130311-01/ (2016-02-14)
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