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  • Gallows Run Watershed Association - Understanding Changes in Our Weather Patterns: How does Global Climate Weirdness effect Us?
    and this year we are on tract to set a new record Regular precipitation patterns are good for farming while such wide swings will play havoc in food production Locally the current Bucks County precipitation is now off the chart more than 25 greater then when normal the green area surrounding the dotted blue line Graph courtesy of USGS When you click here you will get the now current precipitation departure from what would be expected for that time of the year This is a 90 day moving average where we expect to get the highest precipitation in the summer and the least in the winter The expected amount is the dotted blue line Of note in this graph is that in April 2012 we were in the drought area now in July 2013 we are off the chart in the opposite direction This is typical of the now more common pattern of erratic variations in weather patterns We now expect highly variable weather patterns On the national level we see the following The colors on the map show annual total precipitation changes percent for 1991 2011 compared to the 1901 1960 average and show wetter conditions in most areas McRoberts and Nielsen Gammon 2011 The bars on the graphs show average precipitation differences by decade for 1901 2011 relative to the 1901 1960 average for each region The far right bar is for 2001 2011 Figure source NOAA NCDC CICS NC Data from NOAA NCDC Click here for an updated chart We see the Midwest and the Northeast with at least 10 or more precipitation than normal and the Southwest in a drought This is based on the average precipitation from 1902 to 1960 But that is the precipitation what about the changes in temperature for the years of 1991 2011 when compared to the same base period The graph below show most of the US is getting quite hotter A one or two degree increase may not seem like a lot the problem is if this trend continues It should be pointed out that if the global temperature were to increase two degrees there would be major problems but we probably find ways to adapt However if that trend extended to a five degree increase it would be catastrophic for life on Earth causing a major mass extinction The colors on the map show temperature changes over the past 20 years in F 1991 2011 compared to the 1901 1960 average The bars on the graphs show the average temperature changes by decade for 1901 2011 relative to the 1901 1960 average for each region The far right bar in each graph 2000s decade includes 2011 The period from 2001 to 2011 was warmer than any previous decade in every region Figure source NOAA NCDC CICS NC Data 11 from NOAA NCDC Credit National Climate Assessment Click here for an updated chart The results of analysis of the average temperatures in the US for 2012 and it was

    Original URL path: http://grwabucks.org/page-1676408 (2016-04-24)
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  • Gallows Run Watershed Association - How to Assist the Revitalization of the Water Table Near Your Property
    Purcell Water is a hot topic these days especially in our immediate area of the Gallows Run Watershed and Nockamixon Township The quality and volume of our water wells has been in recent newspaper articles and has been a topic of distress for some Some experts consider water as the new gold If that statement is only partially true it must be understood Viktor Schauberger an Austrian forester from the early 1900 s and an expert on water stated The true foundation of all culture is the knowledge and understanding of water Our current societal culture is becoming increasingly more aware of this concept hopefully not too late Scientists and engineers have found that using methods to retain as much water on your property as possible is the best way to support a healthy natural water cycle The rain that makes contact in your immediate surroundings should be collected or controlled to stay as close to the point of contact with the earth In an ideal natural water cycle the amount of rain converted to runoff is less than 10 of the runoff volume roughly 50 of rainwater is infiltrated into the soil and roughly 40 is evaporated into the air Infiltration provides more water volume for water tables and drinking wells and evapotranspiration provides proper moisture content for healthy fauna wildlife and human habitats This is extremely important in the Gallows Run Watershed and surrounding areas due to the large areas of bedrock that make it difficult for the water to be absorbed There are a handful of techniques property owners can implement to assist in protecting their water table and ultimately their drinking water One of the best ways to assist the natural water cycle on your property is to increase the pervious surface areas Some ways to

    Original URL path: http://grwabucks.org/page-1676409 (2016-04-24)
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  • Gallows Run Watershed Association - Introducing a Landmark Paper on the Feasibility of Using Wind, Water and the Sun
    costs are not added to the price of gas when we fill up our tanks or deducted from the profits of the fuel industries but these related events cost the public dearly nonetheless increasingly We are in effect subsidizing the fossil fuel industry when paying to repair or prevent damage from extreme weather events On Who to Trust The energy industry understands the importance of public perception on what regulations may or may not govern their activities These prosperous companies can afford to run ads again and again today even on NPR public radio describing only one side of the story their side so that regulations and incentives will favor their business plan and profit objectives In contrast the views of scientists must be tested not just opinions held and the prevailing scientific theory or prediction must be consistent with new facts that emerge from different research groups affiliated with recognized scientific institutions Regarding the scientific evidence on climate change here are a few statements from the peer reviewed published literature to consider The Arctic sea ice may disappear in 20 30 years unless global warming is abated e g Pappas 2012 Above a certain temperature a tipping point is expected to occur accelerating the loss of the ice to complete elimination Winton 2006 The Arctic is undergoing striking changes in climate Regional near surface air temperatures are rising at two to four times the global average rate Screen and Simmonds 2010 The summer of 2010 was the warmest in the previous 600 years in western Russia P 0 99 and probably the warmest in western Greenland and the Canadian Arctic as well P 0 90 These and other recent extremes greatly exceed those expected from a stationary climate but can be understood as resulting from constant space time variability about an increased mean temperature Tingley 2013 Surface temperature reconstructions of the past 1500 years suggest that recent warming is unprecedented in that time Marcott et al 2013 Let s not take ourselves off the hook We earthlings growing in number and appetites have a fondness for what s big fast and easy Arguably the energy companies are merely supplying what we desire We need to consider the scale and energy hungry human activities that take place continuously worldwide The human population growth of the last century has been truly phenomenal It required only 40 years after 1950 for the population to double from 2 5 billion to 5 billion This doubling time is less than the average human lifetime The world population passed 6 billion just before the end of the 20th century Present estimates are for the population to reach 8 12 billion before the end of the 21st century University of Michigan Lecture NASA satellite image from space There s an urgent need for scientists to engage the public more and to be given a voice in the mainstream media to explain the key findings and to address the myths that foster public confusion and government inaction

    Original URL path: http://grwabucks.org/page-1676410 (2016-04-24)
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  • Gallows Run Watershed Association - Save The World… Grow an Oak!
    find Separate the early sprouters from the others Prepare a small pot with loose soil for each one Lay the sprouted acorn on top of the soil and press it in slightly Take care not to break the radical Prepare a nice place for these pots outdoors and be sure to protect them from ravaging mice and squirrels A box with a screened top works well Then just let them winter over For unsprouted acorns a float test can help see if they re worth keeping Some may be a little rotted or have worms chewing away inside Just put them in a jar of water and see what floats If an acorn floats it may indicate there is airspace inside the hull Separate these and leave them out for the squirrels Let the sinkers soak for a da y or so Then mix up some soil with peat moss or a bunch of crushed leaves in bucket Spackle buckets work great for this especially if you have the top Moisten the soil slightly mix in the acorns put the top on the bucket and leave it out in the cold for the winter A round March April check on your a corns to see if they ve germinated If so give them each a pot of their own like you did with the early fall sprouters Lay the acorns on top of the soil water them lightly and let them grow Keep them moist and protected After a short time the radical will work its way down into the soil and new growth will start growing upward Oaks have deep roots so after your trees start growing transfer them from their starter pot s to something bigger and deeper Now it is just a matter of taking care of

    Original URL path: http://grwabucks.org/page-1676411 (2016-04-24)
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  • Gallows Run Watershed Association - The Commencement Address by Paul Hawken to the Class of 2009, University of Portland, May 3, 2009
    of this movement It provides hope support and meaning to billions of people in the world Its clout resides in idea not in force It is made up of teachers children peasants businesspeople rappers organic farmers nuns artists government workers fisherfolk engineers students incorrigible writers weeping Muslims concerned mothers poets doctors without borders grieving Christians street musicians the President of the United States of America and as the writer David James Duncan would say the Creator the One who loves us all in such a huge way There is a rabbinical teaching that says if the world is ending and the Messiah arrives first plant a tree and then see if the story is true Inspiration is not garnered from the litanies of what may befall us it resides in humanity s willingness to restore redress reform rebuild recover reimagine and reconsider One day you finally knew what you had to do and began though the voices around you kept shouting their bad advice is Mary Oliver s description of moving away from the profane toward a deep sense of connectedness to the living world Millions of people are working on behalf of strangers even if the evening news is usually about the death of strangers This kindness of strangers has religious even mythic origins and very specific eighteenth century roots Abolitionists were the first people to create a national and global movement to defend the rights of those they did not know Until that time no group had filed a grievance except on behalf of itself The founders of this movement were largely unknown undefined Granville Sharp Thomas Clarkson Josiah Wedgwood undefined and their goal was ridiculous on the face of it at that time three out of four people in the world were enslaved Enslaving each other was what human beings had done for ages And the abolitionist movement was greeted with incredulity Conservative spokesmen ridiculed the abolitionists as liberals progressives do gooders meddlers and activists They were told they would ruin the economy and drive England into poverty But for the first time in history a group of people organized themselves to help people they would never know from whom they would never receive direct or indirect benefit And today tens of millions of people do this every day It is called the world of non profits civil society schools social entrepreneurship non governmental organizations and companies who place social and environmental justice at the top of their strategic goals The scope and scale of this effort is unparalleled in history The living world is not out there somewhere but in your heart What do we know about life In the words of biologist Janine Benyus life creates the conditions that are conducive to life I can think of no better motto for a future economy We have tens of thousands of abandoned homes without people and tens of thousands of abandoned people without homes We have failed bankers advising failed regulators on how to save failed

    Original URL path: http://grwabucks.org/page-1676412 (2016-04-24)
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  • Gallows Run Watershed Association - Excerpt from The Red Man in Bucks County
    Gallows Run empties into the Delaware River not far from Kintnersville The location is in full view from Top Rock along the Narrows of the River The Shawnees under their chief Kakowwatchy moved here in 1698 The town was mostly in Durham Township but spread into adjoining Nockamixon It was opposite Pechoqueolin that the Lenape and the Shawnees fought the great battle of the Grasshopper War Early white settlers are said to have used the skulls and bones of the Indian dead instead of cornerstones to mark their land purchases It was here that Chief Nutimus leader of the Delawares and noted Indian doctor lived until 1742 when the tribe was forced to move west Discovery of the site of Pechoqueolin is credited to John A Ruth of Durham who read the following paper before the Bucks County Historical Society July 27 1886 It extends along the river several hundred yards and from fifty to one hundred yards back Its extent can be traced by the numerous broken cobblestones and chips of quartz and jasper which are thickly strewn over the surface and imbedded in the soil Many of the cobblestones bear marks of fire The chips of quartz and jasper are marks left by the ancient arrowmaker They are an unerring guide to the archeologist When they are abundant he is almost sure to find arrowheads and other implements Many fine relics have been found among the refuse of this aboriginal village They exhibit all degrees of workmanship from the rude turtleback to the finest chipped spearpoints and arrowheads The most abundant relic is the arrow head of which several hundred specimens have been collected Many of them show by their excellent workmanship that hey were made by a people who had reached a high level of skill in

    Original URL path: http://grwabucks.org/page-1676513 (2016-04-24)
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  • Gallows Run Watershed Association - Aquaponics: An Innovative Opportunity
    and prepare food It s also changing the way scientists think about farming Source Beginning in the 1940s with the advent of the green revolution scientists in this country have spent the last several decades finding ways to mechanize automate and increase the scale of food production As the pendulum swings back the other way however scientists are looking at new ways to produce food Aquaponics is an innovative technique that combines aquaculture with hydroponic farming By taking an ecosystem approach to food production aquaponics has the potential to produce greater yields of both fish and vegetables than conventional agricultural all without any chemical fertilizers Aquaculture refers to the cultivation of aquatic animals such as fish shrimp or shellfish Hydroponics is a technique by which plants grow directly in nutrient enriched water without dirt Aquaponics is the synergistic combination of the two in which the weaknesses of one system become strengths of the other A typical aquaponic system features a fish tank connected to an irrigated growbed Water is circulated back and forth between the two in the fish tank fish effluents fertilize the water while in the growbed these waste products are broken down by nitrogen fixing bacteria and then absorbed by the plants Fish fertilize the water for the plants and the plants remove nitrogenous wastes before they can build up to toxic levels for the fish Aquaponics is more than just a clever way to combine fish and vegetables scientists believe that it could hold the answers to two of the most significant problems facing the next generation of farmers in America and around the world The first lies in its water efficiency Population growth and climate change are projected to make fresh water an increasingly scarce and valuable resource in the coming century Aquaponic systems are

    Original URL path: http://grwabucks.org/page-1676550 (2016-04-24)
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  • Gallows Run Watershed Association - Newsletter Archive
    Address by Paul Hawken to the Class of 2009 University of Portland May 3 2009 Excerpt from The Red Man in Bucks County Aquaponics An Innovative Opportunity Newsletter Archive Covered Topics Education Resources Recycling Native Plants About GRWA Join Us Volunteer Donate Contact Us Email Password Remember me Forgot password Letter From the President Initiatives progress infrastructure stands latest battering open space issue heats up by Todd Stone The Gallows Run experienced another round of torture testing of its newly improved infrastructure this summer Heavy rains and a microburst of wind down the main valley of the stream uprooted sycamores and created torrential streams of stormwater runoff Streamside erosion was exacerbated and some of the deeper holes on the stream are full of sediment but rebuilt bridges and stream bank restoration at Kintner Hill Road stood the test The new bridge over the Run at Ferndale has been completed the Delaware Canal path is almost finished and the bridge over Gallows Run at routes 611 and 32 is scheduled for rebuilding in August 2010 For more on the Rt 611 bridge proposal visit our website at grwabucks org Gratifying as it is to see progress being made in the watershed

    Original URL path: http://grwabucks.org/page-1474387 (2016-04-24)
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