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  • The American Civil War, Nathan Bedford Forrest
    Louisiana January 27 May 4 1865 also commanding cavalry corps Department of Alabama Mississippi and East Louisiana January 28 May 4 1865 and lieutenant general CSA February 28 1865 When the mass Confederate breakout attempt at Fort Donelson failed Forrest led most of his own men and some other troops through the besieging lines and then directed the rear guard during the retreat from Nashville At Shiloh there was little opportunity for the effective use of the mounted troops and his command again formed the rear guard on the retreat The day after the close of the battle Forrest was wounded After serving during the Corinth siege he was promoted to brigadier general and he raised a brigade with which he captured Murfreesboro its garrison and supplies In December 1862 and January 1863 he led another raid this time in west Tennessee which contributed to the abandonment of Grant s campaign in central Mississippi the other determining factor was Van Dorn s Holly Springs raid Joining up with Joseph Wheeler Forrest took part in the unsuccessful attack on Fort Donelson which resulted in Forrest swearing he would never serve under Wheeler again His next success came with the capture of the Union raiding column under Abel D Streight in the spring of 1863 On June 14 1863 he was shot by a disgruntled subordinate Andrew W Gould whom Forrest then mortally wounded with his penknife Recovering he commanded a division that summer and then a corps at Chickamauga Having had a number of disputes with army commander Braxton Bragg Forrest was humiliated by being placed under Wheeler again His request for transfer to west Tennessee was granted and he was dispatched there with a pitifully small force Recruiting in that area he soon had a force large enough to give

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/nathan_bedford_forrest.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, John B. Gordon, In his own words
    He became a lawyer but abandoned his practice to develop coalmines in Georgia s northwestern tip Then came the Civil War Although lacking any military education or experience Gordon was elected captain of a company of mountaineers and displayed remarkable capabilities He quickly climbed from captain to brigadier general 1862 to major general 1864 to lieutenant general 1865 He was at many major Civil War battles Seven Pines Malvern Hills Chancellorsville Gettysburg Spotsylvania and Petersburg and he commanded one wing of General Robert E Lee s army just prior to Appomattox A hero to Georgians at the age of just 33 Gordon returned to his home state and began to practice law once again He vigorously opposed federal Reconstruction policies but when he ran for governorship as a Democrat in 1868 he was defeated by his Republican opponent Unquestionably a symbol of the age of white supremacy to his Georgian constituents Gordon was rumored to be a Grand Dragon in the Ku Klux Klan Gordon was elected to the U S Senate 1873 79 Though he was reelected he resigned in 1880 to take an important position with a railroad company thereby leading the shift of the New South to

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/john_b.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, A. P. Hill
    a colonel serving primarily in northern Virginia His regiment was held in reserve at the First Battle of Bull Run July 1861 and as brigadier general he fought at Williamsburg May 1862 in the Peninsular Campaign As major general he led his Light Division in the Seven Days Battles June at Mechanicsville Gaines s Mill and Frayser s Farm Hill s troops helped repel the Federal attacks at the Second

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/hill.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, JACKSON, Stonewall (1824-63)
    of the way on foot When he arrived he presented himself before the secretary of war and asked for an appointment to the academy The secretary impressed by the boy s determination immediately gave him the appointment After his graduation in 1846 he served in the Mexican War In seven months he rose from second lieutenant to major In 1851 he resigned from the army to teach at Virginia Military Institute He continued teaching until 1861 when the crisis arose between the North and the South Jackson wanted to see the Union preserved but he believed that the South had a just cause He therefore supported it His record won him a commission as colonel and rapid promotion to brigadier general General Barnard E Bee is credited with giving Jackson his nickname At the first battle of Bull Run Jackson s troops held firm when others wavered Bee rallied his disorganized men with There is Jackson standing like a stone wall Thereafter Jackson was known as Stonewall Stonewall Jackson marched his men swiftly and over long distances into battle Stonewall Jackson s troops became known as Jackson s foot cavalry His strict discipline and long marches tested his men to

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/jackson.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, LEE, Robert E. (1807-70)
    a general without an army Finally the president of the Confederacy Jefferson Davis sent him to repel the Federal forces that were invading western Virginia the region that would be the future West Virginia Lee failed to halt the Federal advance He was then ordered to South Carolina and Georgia to build coastal fortifications Lee was recalled to Richmond early in 1862 and appointed by Davis to be general in chief of all Confederate armies under authority of the president His title was important but his position was not Davis kept the direction of the war largely in his own hands and entrusted only minor matters to Lee Soon after Lee took office a large Federal army approached Richmond and penetrated to the gates of the city In the fighting before the capital the commander of the Confederate army was seriously wounded President Davis appointed Lee commander of the organization that was known as the Army of Northern Virginia Command in the Field Lee assumed command in June 1862 The Union army under the command of General McClellan was a few miles from Richmond and astride the Chickahominy River before the city Lee decided to mass his army and attack the smaller part of the enemy army on the north side of the river He hoped to destroy this fraction and then smash the rest on the south side He took the planned risk that McClellan would not discover there was only a small defending Confederate force directly in front of Richmond Lee was partly successful in the battle of the Seven Days that followed He drove the Union army back about 25 miles but was not able to destroy it The Union government then withdrew McClellan s army to northern Virginia to regroup it with the smaller force of General Pope Lee hurried northward to hit Pope before McClellan could arrive In August he fought Pope who had received some of McClellan s troops at the second battle of Manassas Again making a daring plan he divided his army and sent part of it around to Pope s rear Following with the rest of his troops he defeated the confused Pope and drove him back into Washington Lee next decided to invade Maryland a state that had not seceded His object was to get the armies out of Virginia during the harvest season and possibly win a victory in a Union state McClellan in command of the Union forces again moved to meet him The two met in September at the battle of Antietam where McClellan attacked Lee but failed to break his lines Lee realizing that he was in a dangerous position and far from his supplies retreated and took up a defensive position behind the Rappahannock River in northern Virginia Here General Ambrose E Burnside who succeeded McClellan attacked Lee in December at the battle of Fredericksburg and met a bloody repulse As the year 1862 closed Lee had given the Confederacy its greatest victories and had

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/lee.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, James Longstreet
    Antietam September 1862 and Fredericksburg November December 1862 commanded what was soon called the I Corps in the Army of Northern Virginia Promoted to lieutenant general 1862 Longstreet participated in the Battle of Gettysburg as Gen Robert E Lee s second in command His delay in attacking and his slowness in organizing Pickett s Charge his critics argue were responsible for the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg others however place the

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/james_longstreet.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, Tom Chamberlain
    from Maine who died in that year Thomas Davee Chamberlain was the last child of Joshua and Sarah Sally Chamberlain a couple who were by then fast approaching middle age Young Tom grew up on the family farm in Brewer Maine with his four older siblings Joshua Lawrence born in 1828 Horace Beriah 1834 Sarah Brastow 1836 known as Sae and John Calhoun 1838 Their upbringing seems to have been

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/tom_chamberlain.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, Robert Gould Shaw
    to the South Carolina coast to take part in the operations against the cradle of secession Charleston After leading the regiment in smaller actions on James Island at Legaresville on July 13 and Secessionville on July 16 Shaw moved the regiment over to Morris Island On July 18 1863 he led the 54th in conjunction with two brigades of white troops in an assault on Confederate Battery Wagner In the

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/robert_gould_shaw.htm (2016-02-11)
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