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  • The American Civil War, CONGRATULATIONS FROM JEFFERSON DAVIS
    on April 13 1861 at 7 40 p m The telegram was sent by Davis from Montgomery Alabama where Davis was after having recently been elected President of the Confederacy The telegram is addressed to Genl G T Beauregard It reads in full Thanks for your achievement for your courtesy to the garrison of Sumter If occasion offers tender my friendly remembrance to Maj Anderson Jeffer Davis At the bottom

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/letter%20davis.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, GRANT, ULYSSES S, Letter
    as president despite the fact that his administration was marked by major scandals The whole tone of the South seems to be more desponding now than at any previous time during the War Heretofore when they had met disaster they had the material still left back to recruit their Armies Now the loss of a thousand men cannot be replaced unless they resort to the darkey Him they are afraid of and will not use him unless as a last desperate resort GRANT ULYSSES S Extraordinary Civil War Date Autograph Letter Signed on Headquarters Armies of the United States letterhead Three pages Octavo City Point Virginia December 26 1864 Grant writes to Jones probably his old friend J Russell Jones formerly of Galena Illinois and now a Chicago businessman and investment counselor who was helping Grant invest his 6 000 00 major general salary Grant and Jones remained in intimate touch throughout the war Grant pens in full City Point Va Dec 26th 1864 Dear Jones As I am strapped and it is highly possible that there will be no funds in the hands of the Paymasters at the end of this month with which to pay of f Uncle Sam s boys promptly at the end of the month I wish you would send to Mrs U S Grant Burlington N J any that you may have belonging to me As I have not kept the account I do not know that you hold any except a little gold collected from the 5 20 bonds Things seem to be working well now with Gen George H Thomas in Tenn Gen William T Sherman in Ga And Gen George Stoneman in West Va The whole tone of the South seems to be more desponding now than at any previous time

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/letter%20grant.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, General Hospital New house of Refuge Ward H, St Louis
    the reg left here but am looking for a letter every day I havent heard from home since the 8 of this month the letters you have writen have gon on to the reg Wilson will send them back so that I will get them I supose after while I dout that I shal go to the reg until after we are payed off here that may be some time yet it may be in side of a week there are several of our reg here but there is but one of my co that is John Gaul but there are several of my co in the hospitals in town I have commenced to read the new Testiment through I have got as far as Ephesians it was about 2 weeks after I came here before I could procure a testiment to read except it were a catholic testiment it not being exactly like ours I dident care about reading it when you write again let me know whether you have sold the hogs yet or not if you what you got for them I would like to know whether you have heard from John Bromley since I left or

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/letter.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, American Civil War Letter
    debt we owe to those who went before us through the blood and suffering of the Revolution I am willing completely willing to lay down all my joys in this life to help maintain this government and to pay that debt Sarah my love for you is deathless and seems to bind me with mighty cables that nothing but omnipotence can break Yet my love of country comes over me like a strong wind and bares me irresistibly with all those chains to the battlefield The memory of all the blissful moments I have enjoyed with you come crowding over me and I feel most deeply grateful to God and you that I have enjoyed them for so long And oh Sarah how hard it is for me to give them up and burn to ashes the hopes of future years when God willing we may still have lived and loved together and seen our boys grown to honorable manhood around us Sarah if I do not return never forget how much I loved you Nor that when my last breath escapes me on the battlefield it will whisper your name Forgive my many faults and the many pains I

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/american_civil_war_letter.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, Missouri Compromise 1820:
    it for granted that Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state James Tallmadge of New York however introduced an amendment to the bill He moved that no more slaves be brought into the new state He also moved that all children born of slaves in Missouri after the state s admission should be free at the age of 25 The representatives from the Southern states were alarmed at these proposals Free state members approved them For three days the House excitedly debated the question then passed the amendment by a vote of 87 to 76 The debate continued to rage throughout the country There were many reasons why the struggle over the expansion of slave territory had not begun earlier The compromises that had been written into the Constitution on the subject had satisfied the slave states The importation of slaves was authorized until 1808 Congress was required to provide for the return of slaves who escaped from one state to another As far west as the Mississippi River a well understood boundary line between slave states and free states had been established East of the state of Ohio the boundary was Mason and Dixon s Line From Pennsylvania to the Mississippi River the boundary was the Ohio River A balance had also been kept between slave states and free states There were then 11 of each Thus in the United States Senate where each state had two members the senators from slave and free states were equal in number This balance of power was useful to the South The Senate voted to reject the Tallmadge amendment Missouri continued to clamor for admission to the Union The future boundary between slave states and free states in the Louisiana Purchase territory had to be defined The next Congress agreed

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/missouri%20Compromise.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, DRED SCOTT DECISION
    he was no longer a slave because he had lived on free soil The case was carried to the United States Supreme Court In 1857 a majority of the court seven out of nine through the opinion of Chief Justice Roger B Taney declared that Scott was still a slave and not a citizen and so had no constitutional right to sue in a federal court The decision further held

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/dred_scott_decision.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, COMPROMISE OF 1850
    permit slavery The United States however had entered the war with Mexico largely to satisfy the South since the South wanted new territory which could be divided into slave states Throughout the South protest meetings were held The Northern states were equally insistent that slavery should not be extended All but one Northern state legislature demanded that Congress should ban slavery in the new territory Civil war seemed inevitable when Henry Clay offered a compromise proposing that each side yield something in the dispute The North should allow New Mexico and Utah to organize as territories with no mention of slavery and give the South a stronger fugitive slave law The South should accept California as a free state and allow prohibition of slave trade in the District of Columbia In the boundary dispute between Texas and the federal government the Santa Fe region was to be ceded to New Mexico territory for compensation to Texas All spring and summer of 1850 a fight over these measures was waged in Congress Clay won the support of influential Union men including Stephen A Douglas and Daniel Webster In Webster s famous Seventh of March speech he declared that slave labor could

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/compromise_of_1850.htm (2016-02-11)
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  • The American Civil War, KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT
    agreement between the North and the South The news that such an act was being considered fell like a thunderbolt upon the people of the North Ministers preached against the Nebraska iniquity and Douglas was accused of weakly yielding to the South in the hope of winning the presidency In spite of Northern anger Congress passed the bill on May 30 1854 The fight over slavery was then transferred to the two territories Proslavery supporters of the South and antislavery supporters of the North rushed into Kansas Each side determined to win the state The first elections in 1855 were carried by the settlers from the South aided by the border ruffians of Missouri They crossed the border the night before election and seized the polls illegally casting their votes for a proslavery candidate for governor The settlers from the North refused to accept the results of this fraudulent election They held an election of their own at which the proslavery supporters refused to vote As a result two rival governments were set up in the territory and a civil war began The antislavery party under the leadership of John Brown returned violence for the violence of the proslavery supporters

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/kansas.htm (2016-02-11)
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