archive-org.com » ORG » H » HISTORY-WORLD.ORG

Total: 1156

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Flanders Field
    the counting again She repeated herself over and over Some of us riding the car couldn t help but to start smiling at her Her husband then spoke in a soft voice Ladies and gentlemen please don t laugh at my wife She has lost all five of her sons in battle defending our fine nation Now she is gone in the head and I am taking her to the asylum The Nations Involved in WWI Between the Wars Bismarck Declaration of War American Flanders Field Gavrilo Princip Kaiser Wilhelm II Marne Otto Dix Passchendaele Pershing Sasson Schlieffen Plan Somme Submarine Verdun Wilfred Owen Gas Woodrow Wilson World War One Battles Letters from the Front Edward Luckart Albert Smith A Special Christmas Story Christmas 1914 Music from World War One Over There Long Way To Tipperary Pack Up Your Troubles World War One Flanders Field In Flanders fields the poppies blow Between the crosses row on row That mark our place and in the sky The larks still bravely singing fly Scarce heard amid the guns below We are the Dead Short days ago We lived felt dawn saw sunset glow Loved and were loved and now we lie In

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/flanders_field.htm (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Gavrilo Pincip
    she is gone in the head and I am taking her to the asylum The Nations Involved in WWI Between the Wars Bismarck Declaration of War American Flanders Field Gavrilo Princip Kaiser Wilhelm II Marne Otto Dix Passchendaele Pershing Sasson Schlieffen Plan Somme Submarine Verdun Wilfred Owen Gas Woodrow Wilson World War One Battles Letters from the Front Edward Luckart Albert Smith A Special Christmas Story Christmas 1914 Music from World War One Over There Long Way To Tipperary Pack Up Your Troubles World War One Gavrilo Pincip Gavrilo Pincip b July 25 July 13 Old Style 1894 Obljaj Bosniad April 28 1918 Theresienstadt Austria South Slav nationalist who assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand heir to the Austro Hungarian throne and his consort Sophie Duchess von Hohenberg née Chotek at Sarajevo Bosnia on June 28 1914 Princip s act gave Austria Hungary the excuse that it had sought for opening hostilities against Serbia and thus precipitated World War I In Yugoslavia the South Slav state that he had envisioned Princip came to be regarded as a national hero Born into a Bosnian Serb peasant family Princip was trained in terrorism by the Serbian secret society known as the Black Hand true name Ujedinjenje ili Smrt Union or Death Wanting to destroy Austro Hungarian rule in the Balkans and to unite the South Slav peoples into a federal nation he believed that the first step must be the assassination of a member of the Habsburg imperial family or a high official of the government Having learned that Francis Ferdinand as inspector general of the imperial army would pay an official visit to Sarajevo in June 1914 Princip his associate Nedjelko Cabrinovic and four other revolutionaries awaited the archduke s procession on June 28 Cabrinovic threw a bomb that bounced off the archduke

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/gavrilo_pincip_b.htm (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Kaiser Wilhelm
    and she took rapid likes and dislikes She tried to force on her son the outlook of a 19th century British Liberal and bring him up as an English gentleman The result however was to make him sympathetic to those who were urging him to fulfill the ideal that the Prussian people had formed of a ruler firm brave frugal just and manly self sacrificing but also self reliant Difficult as William s relations with his mother were she left a deep and lasting mark on him He was never able to shake off the respect instilled into him in the nursery for liberal values and habits of life To be the tough warrior king did not come naturally to him yet this was the role to which he felt he must live up and the result was that he overdid it Inclination and a sense of duty inculcated by a Calvinist tutor were alternating in him continually each managing to frustrate the other The tension between the two superimposed on his physical disability is the ultimate explanation of his taut restless and irresolute character In 1881 William married Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg a plain unimaginative person with few intellectual interests and no talents who bored him and encouraged his reactionary tendencies but all the same represented a point of stability in his life besides presenting him with six sons and a daughter William as emperor Seven years later William s grandfather William I died at the age of 90 Liberals had long hoped and conservatives feared that when the Crown Prince came to the throne he would alter the constitution by making the chancellor responsible to the Reichstag But by the time Frederick became emperor he was dying of cancer Thus William who showed little sympathy for his parents in their bitter crisis found himself kaiser at the age of 29 In March 1890 William drove Bismarck into resigning as chancellor Bismarck had found brilliant answers to the problems facing him when he first took office but in doing so had given the Prussian upper classes a veto on political change and had made France Germany s implacable enemy He was not at 75 the man to solve the problems he had largely brought about in creating the German Empire so that William s action would have been justifiable if he himself had been in possession of a solution As it was however he dropped vague plans for helping the working classes as soon as he ran into court opposition and he allowed Bismarck s successors to decide against renewing his 1887 Reinsurance Treaty with Russia Superficially this decision again could be justified but it opened the way for Russia in 1891 to make its alliance with France For four years after Bismarck s departure Leo Graf von Caprivi as chancellor tried unsuccessfully to find a policy that would be acceptable both to the Reichstag lower house of the parliament and to the ruling classes

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/kaiser_wilhelm_ii.htm (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Marne
    Luckart Albert Smith A Special Christmas Story Christmas 1914 Music from World War One Over There Long Way To Tipperary Pack Up Your Troubles World War One The Marne At the end of August 1914 the three armies of the German invasion s northern wing were sweeping south towards Paris The French 5th and 6th Armies and the British Expeditionary Force BEF were in retreat General Alexander von Kluck commander of the German Ist Army was ordered to encircle Paris from the east Expecting the German army to capture Paris the French government departed for Bordeaux About 500 000 French civilians also left Paris by the 3rd September Joseph Joffre the Commander in Chief of the French forces ordered his men to retreat to a line along the River Seine south east of Paris and over 60km south of the Marne Joffre planned to attack the German Ist Army on 6th September and decided to replace General Charles Lanrezac the commander of the 5th Army with the more aggressive General Franchet D Esperey The commander of the BEF Sir John French agreed to join the attack on the German forces General Michel Maunoury and the French 6th Army attacked the German Ist Army on the morning of 6th September General von Kluck wheeled his entire force to meet the attack opening a 50km gap between his own forces and the German 2nd Army led by General Karl von Bulow The British forces and the French 5th now advanced into the gap that had been created splitting the two German armies For the next three days the German forces were unable to break through the Allied lines At one stage the French 6th Army came close to defeat and were only saved by the use of Paris taxis to rush 6

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/marne.htm (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Otto Dix
    Dix You know if one paints someone s portrait one should not know him if possible No knowledge I do not want to know him at all I only want to see what is there on the outside The inner follows by itself It is mirrored in the visible b Dec 2 1891 Untermhaus Thuringia Ger d July 25 1969 Singen Baden Württemberg W Ger Dix was a German painter and engraver who mixed compassion and Expressionist despair to create works harshly critical of society He was associated and exhibited with the Neue Sachlichkeit group of painters Son of a railway worker Dix was apprenticed to a decorative artist and received training in Dresden An Impressionist at first he experimented with various trends in modern art until he arrived at a mordantly individual style a nightmarish vision of contemporary social reality While teaching at Düsseldorf c 1922 25 he did such representative paintings and drawings as Pimp and Girls and Two Sacrifices of Capitalism the sacrifices are a grotesque prostitute and a defaced former soldier In 1924 he etched 50 plates entitled War recording its horrors Dix served in the German army during World War One as a machine gunner and was present for many major battles in both the eastern and western fronts It was once observed that Dix would be quietly drawing when the battle would start He would carefully put his work aside and then gun down hundreds of the enemy After the fighting was finished he would return to his drawings as though nothing had happened Yet it became apparent in his work entitled War that he had indeed been changed in a very profound way By the end of the war in 1918 Dix had won the Iron Cross second class and reached the rank

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/otto_dix.htm (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Passchendaele
    her to the asylum The Nations Involved in WWI Between the Wars Bismarck Declaration of War American Flanders Field Gavrilo Princip Kaiser Wilhelm II Marne Otto Dix Passchendaele Pershing Sasson Schlieffen Plan Somme Submarine Verdun Wilfred Owen Gas Woodrow Wilson World War One Battles Letters from the Front Edward Luckart Albert Smith A Special Christmas Story Christmas 1914 Music from World War One Over There Long Way To Tipperary Pack Up Your Troubles World War One Passchendaele T he third major battle of Ypres also known as the Battle of Passchendaele took place between July and November 1917 General Sir Douglas Haig the British Commander in Chief in France was encouraged by the gains made at the offensive at Messines in June 1917 Haig was convinced that the German army was now close to collapse and once again made plans for a major offensive to obtain the necessary breakthrough The opening attack at Passchendaele was carried out by General Hubert Gough and the British Fifth Army with General Herbert Plumer and the Second Army joining in on the right and General Francois Anthoine and the French First Army on the left After a 10 day preliminary bombardment with 3 000 guns firing 4 25 million shells the British offensive started at Ypres a 3 50 am on 31st July The German Fourth Army held off the main British advance and restricted the British to small gains on the left of the line Allied attacks on the German front line continued despite very heavy rain that turned the Ypres lowlands into a swamp The situation was made worse by the fact that the British heavy bombardment had destroyed the drainage system in the area This heavy mud created terrible problems for the infantry and the use of tanks became impossible Eventually

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/passchendaele.htm (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Pershing
    was born near Laclede Mo on Sept 13 1860 While attending the normal school at Kirksville Mo he saw a notice for a competitive examination for the United States Military Academy at West Point N Y He had not thought of a military career but West Point offered a good opportunity He won the appointment by a single examination point Graduating in 1886 Pershing began active service against the Indians in the West Five years later he was appointed military instructor at the University of Nebraska where he also studied law He served at West Point as an instructor in tactics until the outbreak of the Spanish American War in 1898 He sailed for Cuba and fought in the battle of San Juan Hill On his return from Cuba Pershing requested to be sent to the Philippines which the United States had just acquired His work was to put down revolts by the islands native tribes In 1903 he was recalled and made a member of the General Staff Corps In 1905 when the Russo Japanese War broke out he was appointed military observer with the Japanese army Pershing got his nickname Black Jack from serving with a black regiment early in his career It came to signify his stern bearing and rigid discipline President Theodore Roosevelt promoted Pershing from captain to brigadier general in 1906 In 1909 he returned to the Philippines as governor of a province on Mindanao He put down a Moro uprising in 1913 In 1914 he was recalled to the United States and in 1916 he was sent to pursue the Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa After a year of futile searching the campaign was called off In the meantime World War I was raging in Europe The United States declared war on Germany in April

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/pershing.htm (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Siegfried Sassoon
    you need not show that you mind When the others come in after hunting To gobble their muffins and eggs Does it matter losing your sight There s such splendid work for the blind And people will always be kind As you sit on the terrace remembering And turning your face to the light Do they matter those dreams from the pit You can drink and forget and be glad And people won t say that you re mad For they ll know you ve fought for your country And no one will worry a bit Battalion Relief FALL in Now get a move on Curse the rain We splash away along the straggling village Out to the flat rich country green with June And sunset flares across wet crops and tillage Blazing with splendour patches Harvest soon Up in the Line Perhaps the War ll be done By Christmas Day Keep smiling then old son Here s the Canal it s dusk we cross the bridge Lead on there by platoons The Line s a glare With shell fire through the poplars distant rattle Of rifles and machine guns Fritz is there Christ ain t it lively Sergeant Is

    Original URL path: http://history-world.org/sasson.htm (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive



  •