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  • Ben | BEYONDbones
    Ann Fulford Anne Bonny Anne Talbot Calico Jack Chang Pao Cheng I Ching Shih HMNS Mary Read Mrs Cheng pirates real pirates Whydah 2 Replies Real Pirates Attackers Thieves Equal Opportunity Employers Published by Ben on December 16 2010 at 10 29 am in Anthropology Reply Though piracy is largely viewed as a masculine pastime there have been some women who were not only able to survive but thrive in a pirate s life History has recorded a number of notable cases of women pirates though surely more have existed One of the earliest recorded is a Scandinavian tale of a woman pirate named Alwilda Legend has it that she was the daughter of a Scandinavian king in the fifth century AD Her father arranged a marriage between his daughter Alwilda and the King of Denmark s son Alf She was so opposed to this wedding that she and some of her friends dressed up as men and sailed away later coming upon a company of pirates that had lost its captain Apparently her regal demeanor was enough to guarantee their loyalty and her new company of pirates proceeded to raid throughout the Baltic Sea Understandably the King of Denmark was not pleased and sent his son Alf to deal with them After a fierce battle Alf and his men captured Alwilda and she was so impressed with his masculine ways that she married him and became Queen of Denmark The meeting of Grace O Malley and Queen Elizabeth I Another early example of female piracy is the story of an Irish woman by the name of Grace O Malley Grace was born to an Irish chieftain on Ireland s west coast Her family the O Malley s maintained a small fleet of ships in the 1500s that were used for a variety of purposes such as fishing trading and raiding It seems likely that she went to sea as a girl was married by 16 and in a few years had three children After her husband died Grace took over the O Malley fleet As was the custom at the time her fleet would make raids of opportunity on passing ships It did not matter if they belonged to far away merchants or some of the neighboring chieftains as they were likely doing the same thing After a while the raiding grew excessive and the English governor of the territory dispatched some men and ships to lay siege to her castle She marshaled her forces and they forced the governor s men to flee Grace remarried and was widowed a second time This left her vulnerable to raids as Irish custom did not allow a widow to inherit money or titles Thus O Malley was presented with two options to stay on the defensive and fight off would be raiders or take the fight to them The latter is the path that Grace chose This of course caused the authorities to respond as her raiding quickly got out of control The authorities impounded her entire fleet of ships leaving her territories wide open to attack from rivals Fearing she had no recourse with the local government Grace sought an audience with Queen Elizabeth who forced the governor to grant her access to her late husband s money so that she might live out her life in some comfort as a widow While this did not end the endemic raiding that was prevalent in the area it did bring it down to a manageable level as Grace was no longer forced to be overly aggressive to her neighbors and was now a woman of some means with enough financial footing to protect her interests If you have an interest in stories like this one check out my previous posts or come visit us at the Houston Maritime Museum and see a wide variety of ships including those used by pirates on display You can also meet several more female pirates in the Real Pirates exhibition at HMNS now open Posted in Anthropology Tagged Alf and Alfhild alfhid Alwilda Grace O Malley HMNS hmns pirates houston museum pirate exhibit houston museum pirates pirate exhibit houston pirates pirates houston pirates houston museum real pirates real pirates houston women pirates Leave a reply Pirates Romance Versus Reality Published by Ben on November 29 2010 at 3 15 pm in Anthropology Reply When we think of pirates many of us think of phrases like walk the plank or books and movies like Pirates of the Caribbean Peter Pan and Treasure Island Hardly ever do we think of the real people and circumstances that gave rise to such stories This leaves us wondering just who these fanciful pirates were in reality The answer may surprise you In order to understand what pirates mean to us today we must first examine various portrayals of pirates and what they mean to the modern person The first type of pirate is the lovable rogue This can be seen in movies like the Pirates of the Caribbean series where the pirate Captain Jack Sparrow serves as a humorously dishonest ruffian who plays by his own rules but is still an honorable compatriot for the movie s hero and heroine For many this is the most iconic and memorable view of pirates not because of its accuracy but because it appeals to today s sense of harmless fun and adventure that is a far cry from the dreary boardrooms and boring meetings that many of us face on a daily basis In our culture the very idea of a pirate conjures up visions of a person that plays by their own rules and is not bound to the powers that be This is an incredibly attractive proposition for modern audiences especially when this character is combined with exotic locations and exciting situations The next type of portrayal is the villainous pirate This character is both dastardly and devious though not necessarily brutal Usually these are the characters that serve as

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/author/bpfeiffer/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Bryanna | BEYONDbones
    the holiday You will see decorations food flags a Unity Cup and much more Children will make an almost beaded headband photo credit friedwater The Diwali festival will feature clothing and jewelry for the holiday as well as traditional decorations for the holiday season The craft will be making a paper lantern Story time will feature an Indian dance The Christmas season will feature displays of holiday items and decorations For the crafts children will make reindeer from their footprints and handprints and create a Christmas card using their fingerprints Story time will feature Christmas pop up books Parents bring your camera Santa will be at the Houston Museum of Natural Science at Sugar Land for the Second Saturday celebration of Festivals Around the World This event is included with the price of admission to HMNS at Sugar Land Posted in Anthropology Tagged Chinese New Year Christmas Cinco de Mayo Diwali Eid Hanukkah HMNS holidays Kwanzaa second saturday Leave a reply Archaeopteryx has arrived in Sugar Land Published by Bryanna on November 12 2010 at 11 45 am in Anthropology Reply Last week a version of the show Archaeopteryx Icon of Evolution arrived at the Houston Museum of Natural Science at Sugar Land There are around 70 authentic fossils on display including the Geosaurs Guitar Fish several fossilized corals insects fish plants and a cast of the Thermopolis Archaeoptertyx Check out the HMNS exhibit in Focus On The Thermopolis Archaeopteryx Pete Larson from HMNS on Vimeo There have been lots of posts in the past year on the Archaeopteryx show here on the blog so take some time to refresh your memory on all there is to know And then come down the HMNS at Sugar Land to see these amazing and one of a kind pieces for yourself Posted in Anthropology Paleontology Science Tagged archaeopteryx HMNS HMNS at Sugar Land Icon of Evolution pete larson Thermopolis Archaeopteryx Leave a reply Second Saturday Celebrating Texas Pioneers Published by Bryanna on November 8 2010 at 2 45 pm in Science Reply Celebrating Texas Pioneers is the theme for Novembers Second Saturday event at the Houston Museum of Natural Science at Sugar Land Downtown we are exhibiting Forgotten Gateway Coming to America through Galveston Island which explores the history of Galveston Island acting as a port of entry for immigrants to America At our Second Saturday event in Sugar Land you can investigate what life was like for the immigrants who left everything behind to become Texans Participate in crafts that are appropriate for this era like creating your own family tree and learning how to weave and quilt Also make memory trunks by deciding what would your pack if you had to immigrate and could only pack a single bag There will also be story time and the opportunity to learn the origin of Fredericksburg s famous Easter Fires This event is November 13 2010 from 10 am to 2 pm at HMNS Sugar Land Free with museum admission Posted in

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/author/bomara/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Caroline | BEYONDbones
    that they were apparently going to assemble a big dinosaur Barber says I thought holy cow Having earned a fine arts degree in sculpture and worked his way through school as a welder Barber asked to speak to then curator Dwayne Hicks to see if he might make himself useful They reviewed his skills and 20 minutes later Barber now 64 left with a job Barber estimates he was making about 525 a month in those days I arrived in Houston with a small valise a box of Magic Markers and a cardboard tube of drawing paper Forty years later Barber is back at HMNS supervising Dipsy s de installation He paused to chat with us about his own history with Houston s best loved dinosaur and how it feels to see her come down Barber poses with Dipsy during her de installation When Barber first began work on Dipsy s armature 18 months of bone preparation had already been completed For non sculptors an armature refers to the steel support that in this case took the place of cartilage and muscles that would have supported Dipsy s skeleton in life The objective Barber says was to make the support as unobtrusive as possible so the public would view the maximum amount of dinosaur bone and minimum steel support His mentor Dr Wann Langston used to joke If you do your work right no one will ever see it By 1975 Dipsy was revealed to the general public We worked on that mount for almost two years Barber says Some people got upset that it took so long but Dr Langston was old school His main interest in the mount was the feet The reason our Diplodocus is mounted moving up a slope has to do with how the feet and legs were able to support that 30 ton mass going up a grade In life Dipsy would have weighed the equivalent of two tractor trailers stacked on top of one another Even her skeleton is heavy enough that it required 250 pound 8 inch I beams for support laid across two pieces of railroad track that are concealed in her base Barber remained in the Museum exhibit business and in Houston for the next 25 years only more recently deciding to devote his full attention back to more traditional sculpture His sheet metal sculptures of Gulf Coast wildlife are shown at galleries throughout the region and online at johnbarber com As we approach the task of disassembling the Diplodocus some 40 years since I started working on it I find myself contemplating the issue of time how 40 years is the working life of a man but for a fossil specimen is but a moment I feel that I have an obligation to that specimen it changed the course of my life in a profound manner and brought me into a line of work that I found artistically fulfilling and intellectually satisfying How much more can a man ask

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/author/cgallay/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Chris F | BEYONDbones
    first complete Diplocaulus or boomer head as we call them is a very distinct possibility I realized this animal did not yet have a name All our Permian pets receive names mind you After discussing the possibilities with our well seasoned digger Johnny The Mole Man Castillo we agreed that Meredith would be the name of our little amphibian After all our volunteer Meredith had been the sole prep tech for this jacket Johnny Castillo prepares Meredith for removal by adding a mini plaster jacket to the skeleton to keep each bone in place The next bonus appeared a week ago a beautiful small jaw full of teeth Twenty of them to be exact Upon first glance at this handsome little jaw I assumed I was seeing more of our dear Meredith though something seemed rather odd The teeth were not as needle like as they should have been to be Diplocaulus the jaw was not as round I noticed that one of the teeth was loose This was both good and bad Re attaching teeth to jaws is exceedingly complicated and when you have a jaw that is only six and a half centimeters long with itty bitty teeth We like to be perfectionists when it comes to prep and pre dino dentistry is quite difficult This loose tooth was my chance to attempt to i d its owner Under a microscope I stared at this magnificent crown in the palm of my hand My heart stopped Tiny serrations lined the outer edge This wasn t Diplocaulus Who had serrations at this time Dimetrodon did But was this Dimetrodon Extremely tightly packed teeth may offer an idea on how young Dimetrodons regrow their teeth I looked at the tiny jaw All the teeth were the same size Except for a missing tooth at the front of the jaw which would have been obviously larger but not by much My heart skipped a beat this time It was strikingly similar to a specimen possibly new to science discovered right here in our very own labs It was only just recently we discovered a jaw which may soon prove to be a new genus of Sphenacodont Sphenacodonts a family of Pelycosaurs which includes our favorite fin back Dimetrodon were the first animals to evolve a specialized set of teeth which include a large canine tooth as well as smaller cutting teeth Thus they are less like reptiles and more like mammals Our distant cousins these mammal like reptiles would probably have been endothermic or warm blooded as well I compared the two jaws closely Both jaws contained the two sizes of teeth the larger canine and the smaller canines but the position of the teeth was a bit different I stared in disbelief my heart had resumed beating as I thought about the other possibilities Loomisi was another Dimetrodon species we were familiar with who also had serrated tightly packed teeth and as Dr Bakker suggested to me a young Loomisi

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/author/cflis/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Claire | BEYONDbones
    interior of the glue ball 8 Alternate between the Borax water and kneading the glue ball until the ball has started to harden 9 Roll the glue into a ball It is ready for bouncing A great explanation of the scientific process involved can be found here How to Make a Bubbling Lava Lamp Fill tube 3 4 full with oil we used cheap vegetable oil Add a capful of water to the tube Add 10 drops of food coloring Divide an Alka Seltzer tablet into 4 pieces Drop one piece into the oil water mixture watch what happens When the bubbling stops screw the soda bottle cap on and seal with duct tape Be sure the bubbling totally stops This will take a few minutes and the children love watching the fizz Turn the test tube slowly back and forth to see your lava lamp flow What is happening in the lava lamp Oil and water molecules are so attracted to themselves that they do not mix together even though they will mix with other substances Oil has a lower density than water so it floats on top The food coloring only mixes with the water and goes through the oil to reach the water The alka seltzer reacts with the colored water to make bubbles of carbon dioxide gas These bubbles attach themselves to the blobs of food colored water and causes them to float to the surface When the bubbles pop and the carbon dioxide escapes the blobs sink back to the bottom The Energy Hog teaches about conserving energy and not hogging it He was a big hit with most of the children some were a little skeptical The Energy Hog Web site has some interactive activities games and lessons to help children learn how to conserve energy The Shell volunteers had a great time learning from the HMNS docents about each of the halls so they could teach the children about what they see in the Museum Keep you eye out on the HMNS Web site for future Energy Education Days at HMNS or contact me at cscoggin hmns org to be put on our Energy contact list Posted in Energy Tagged borax Education Energy Energy Hog glue lava lamps oil and water science experiments Shell volunteering Leave a reply Home Sweet Oil Platform Published by Claire on September 3 2008 at 5 13 pm in Energy 2 photo credit jurvetson We all breathed a sign of relief this weekend as Gustav spared the Houston area We hope that the hurricanes backed up for landing on our continent follow his example and fizzle out before causing as much harm as we have seen in the past century Katrina and Rita caused untold damage from which we are still struggling to recover The Gulf of Mexico normally produces about 1 5 million barrels a day of U S crude 2 of global oil production and about a quarter of our domestic output Many damaged platforms and

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/author/cscoggin/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Dave | BEYONDbones
    of the characters in the film Genghis Khan If Fox studios and director Shawn Levy plan to make a third installment of Night at the Museum I would definitely nominate HMNS for Larry Daley s next adventure Night at the Museum 2 Battle of the Smithsonian opens today Posted in Giant Screen Theatre Tagged Ben Stiller Genghis Khan Giant Screen Theatre HMNS IMAX film IMAX reels Jonas Brothers Larry Daley Night at the Museum Shawn Levy smithsonian 1 Reply IMAX The Upgrade Experience Published by Dave on April 3 2008 at 5 09 pm in Giant Screen Theatre 2 If you ve visited the Museum recently you might have noticed that we ve upgraded the IMAX theater to 3D And while you might not think that s a big deal believe me with IMAX everything is big When I first received word that we would upgrade from 2D to 3D I was excited but then quickly asked will the new equipment fit in the booth Our projection booth is small compared to the newer 3D theaters only about 30 square feet which has to hold a piece of equipment the size of a small car When it was time to move the new equipment in the booth boy was it tight We had to rent a forklift to hoist the two ton projector through the small opening above the grand hall It took more than 6 nerve wracking hours and a lot of manpower wit h the aide of the forklift to put the new projector in place We didn t have much room to move around or any room for error Good thing we are so trim in the booth Once we got the equipment in the fun stuff began We spent hours moving the equipment around to where it would sit permanently most of the time was spent relocating the audio rack One of the most memorable things we did was to replace the old screen with a new silver coated screen That process alone took over 60 people to carry the screen out of the semi truck to the side door of the theater all in unison Then we had to lay it out over all of the seats like a tablecloth a 60 ft x 80 ft tablecloth The upgrade was to test everyone s nerve and patience The theatre was closed from December 4 through December 22 and even still we completed the upgrade with only hours to spare as we opened Night at the Museum the very next morning It was our first 3D IMAX DMR film and it became a colossal hit for the museum Check out this video of the entire process If you can see this then you might need a Flash Player upgrade or you need to install Flash Player if it s missing Get Flash Player from Adobe As with all new installations of such complicated equipment there are bugs to iron out The challenges are totally new but

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/author/dripper/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Eddie | BEYONDbones
    branches They are located on the end of a branch and are placed at the nodes Each flower cluster is accented by a red bract sort of like a poinsettia flower would have In fact another one of the common names for this plant is poinsettia tree The flower cluster which is orange is very appealing to butterflies because it is loaded with nectar In any given moment several species of butterflies can be seen visiting the flowers Although Warszewiczia warrants more use in tropical gardens it is rarely seen outside botanical gardens One reason for this is that it is difficult to propagate Usually plants in the coffee family can be propagated by seeds or by cuttings Warszewiczia on the other hand shows little success with either method After several years of trying in the greenhouses of the Butterfly Center just one cutting has ever proven successful Due to its rarity Warszewiczia is highly sought after by plant collectors If a collector was lucky enough to acquire one of these plants he would want to live in a warm environment such as Houston Any environment colder than Houston would require a greenhouse to overwinter the plant Posted in Science Tagged Butterfly central america Cockrell Butterfly Center flower greenhouse nectar plant poinsetta tree pride of trinidad rainforest rainforest flame tree south america tropical Warszewiczia coccinea Leave a reply Search Category List Anthropology 135 Archaeology 16 Astronomy 225 Behind the Scenes 25 Bulgari 130 Years of Masterpieces 4 Chemistry 9 Coastal Ecology 8 Distinguished Lectures 55 Education 250 Egyptology 34 Energy 87 Entomology 14 Fabergé A Brilliant Vision 12 Food 11 Geek Holidays 6 Gems Minerals 29 George Observatory 25 Giant Screen Theatre 67 Giving 4 HMNS Happenings 84 HMNS Sugar Land 35 Lucy s Legacy 36 Magna Carta 4 Malacology 6 Maya 2012 3 Mixers Elixirs 8 Museum Store 27 Outreach 20 Paleontology 196 Party Smarty 11 Plants Insects 226 React Interact 11 Science 491 Scouts 15 Special Events 34 Special Exhibitions 28 STEM GEMS 15 World Trekkers 5 Zoology 86 Tags 100 years 100 objects Anthropology archaeology big dipper bob bakker bugs butterflies Butterfly Dimetrodon dinosaur dinosaurs Education Energy entomology evolution fossils gems george observatory Giant Screen Theatre Hall of Ancient Egypt Houston houston museum of natural science insects jupiter lois Lucy Mars moon Morian Hall of Paleontology museum NASA night sky orion photography planets preserving artifacts preserving objects saturn science museum solar system stargazing stars sun venus Zoology HMNS 4th grade enjoying our energy presentation thanks to our Innovation Grant hmns Horn Dream Big AliefScience https t co XX2TvjkUbQ posted on Feb 12 2016 08 23 am Thanks for coming hmns to present Science on Stage to us Horn Dream Big AliefScience https t co sJkrSjYwHk posted on Feb 12 2016 08 13 am Note to self Sherry does not like the Love Bugs V Day exhibit at the hmns https t co uiWUiEC4eV LOL KHOU https t co glZe2kJLMO posted on Feb 12 2016 07 18 am

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/author/eholik/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Erin C | BEYONDbones
    The Truth About Slime Molds Published by Erin C on February 8 2010 at 10 31 am in Education 2 Ever heard of a nefarious amorphous gelatinous mass with a seemingly insatiable appetite ingesting and digesting anything and everything it comes in contact with It s The Blob right Well as close as you can get and still operate within real life parameters the real blob of which I speak is most commonly known as a slime mold photo credit Keresh Now its name is slightly misleading as it is actually not a mold at all True slime molds form a plasmodium a big blob with one membrane and lots and lots think millions of diploid nuclei it is really like one huge cell the size of a medium pizza a pizza whose many nuclei all divide at the same time No need to run in terror though this blob s top speed is around one millimeter per hour What is most interesting about these true plasmodial slime molds is that they USED to be lumped in with all of the molds and fungus in Kingdom Fungi But because of their unique characteristics such as the fact that they have a motile stage of life they are now more commonly associated with Kingdom Protista Other members of this kingdom are giant sea kelp and amoeba just to name a few This kingdom is a sort of island of misfit toys most organisms belonging here do so because they do not qualify as animals plants or fungi and are not bacteria Physarum polycephalum The most common image evoked when slime mold is mentioned is that of Physarum polycephalum a large yellow amoeboid mass on mulch or leaf litter oozing along looking for bacteria to ingest Slime molds do however come in a variety of sizes and colors Some slime molds found in the tropics are even bioluminescent Who wouldn t want some glow in the dark ooze I know I do But kids the fun must end sometime As our blobby buddy matures it turns into a grey dust like material and grows spore bearing structures many look like little balls or popsicles on the end of thin stalks and can vary in color they even come in pink When the spores are eventually released they settle in new locations starting the whole process of ooze and growth all over again Isn t life amazing I ll end with one of my favorite fungus funny bone ticklers A mushroom a skunk and a slime mold walked into a bar The bartender happily served the skunk and the slime mold but told the mushroom We don t serve your kind here The mushroom indignantly replied Why not I m a fun gi Posted in Education Tagged amoeba bioluminescent blob diploid nuclei HMNS kelp Kingdom Fungi Kingdom Protista membrane Physarum polycephalum plasmodium slime slime molds 2 Replies Frog sicles Anyone Published by Erin C on January 19 2010 at 3 32 pm in

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/author/erinc/ (2016-02-12)
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