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  • Who Owns the Arctic? | BEYONDbones
    with the cold of Arctic winter photo credit Steve Deger Melting Arctic ice will soon open up much of the Arctic Ocean to travel and to the mining of oil and gas underneath Arctic waters Only five bordering countries can claim parts of the Arctic sea floor Russia Norway Denmark through its ownership of Greenland Canada and the United States Here is a territorial map of the Arctic Historically a country could claim exclusive economic control over fishing and mining of resources in an area extending 200 nautical miles from its coastline This boundary leaves the central Arctic Ocean unclaimed However according to the Law of the Sea treaty countries can extend their claim in areas that are an extension of that country s undersea continental shelf The US Geological Survey estimates that 22 of the worlds undiscovered resources including oil and natural gas lie in the extensive continental shelves of the Arctic Therefore the shape of these continental shelves is critical in determining who owns these resources photo credit untipografico The Lomonosov Ridge extends from the continental shelf that borders Canada and Greenland over the Pole to Russia s continental shelf All three nations now claim this ridge as an extension of their continental shelves and seek to extend their territory to the North Pole In August 2007 two mini submarines the Mir 1 and Mir 2 planted a one meter high Russian flag on the ridge near the North Pole Descending to 4 300 meters the mini subs collected water and sediment samples from the seabed to shore up the Russian claim that the ridge is an integral part of Russia If recognized this claim would give Russia control of almost half of the Arctic Ocean seabed The Cold Rush has begun To learn more about the Poles

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/2008/09/who-owns-the-arctic/ (2016-02-12)
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  • UPDATE: The world is still here | BEYONDbones
    a strangelet that would convert our planet to a shrunken dense dead lump of something called strange matter You can read an explanation of why that won t actually happen here So grave were fears that Walter L Wagner and Luis Sancho filed a lawsuit in a Hawaiian federal court despite obvious issues of jurisdiction The above quote is from the New York Times coverage of their suit This kicked off a daily chronicle of the suit as well as the Large Hadron Collider CERN was in the process of building and testing and breathless speculation on whether this time those crazy scientists really are going to kick the bucket for all known life Because of all this an extremely technical branch of physics became amazingly a cultural phenomenon A rap video filmed inside the Large Hadron Collider explaining what would be tested and how has almost 2 milion views on YouTube the fact that it s hysterical but also an extremely easy to understand explanation certainly helps Keep in mind this is a video about physics Google has also marked the occasion with an LHC graphic on it s search page today The controversy could perhaps be reduced to the simple fact that people fear the unknown We are profoundly afraid of what we can t explain and don t even get started on what we can t predict At the very edges of science and sometimes smack in the middle of everyday investigations you re never quite sure what is going to happen Scientists are fully aware of those risks As the New York Times reported the case touches on a serious issue that has bothered scholars and scientists in recent years namely how to estimate the risk of new groundbreaking experiments and who gets to decide whether or not to go ahead Which is why the LHC Safety Assessment Group a group of independent scientists went back over their calculations concluding that the experiments CERN was proposing pose no conceivable threat CERN also opened the whole process to the science community and the public for examination and continue to reassure people that if particle collisions at the LHC had the power to destroy the Earth we would never have been given the chance to worry about the LHC because regular interactions with more energetic cosmic rays would already have destroyed the Earth This driving curiosity about the world we live in is what has taken us from cave dwellers to space walkers in less than 500 000 years and how we ve gone from paper maps to Google Earth in less than 15 This fear of the unknown is universal but it is not a reason to stop trying to stop reaching into the unknown and pulling out magic taking it apart figuring it out and then putting it back together again I hope that the world will continue watching what s happening at CERN and in science labs all over the world with anticipation not of

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/2008/09/update-the-world-is-still-here/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Incidental Herping and Heroes | BEYONDbones
    out to absorb Summer is also monsoon season in SE Arizona so toads are just as likely as snakes Our nocturnal guides on our mini excursion were none other than the same folks who had rescued us the night before from atop a mountain when our rental had a flat tire and a leaky spare a story for another time but heroes none the less Quick shout out to Nick Mary Steve and Becky As we set off into the night watching a spectacular lightning show to boot Martha and I followed behind our knowledgeable leaders in our car How prepared were they They even had these cool radios so when we stopped abruptly I would know where to park without running over our intended catch Of course we only handled the nonvenomous reptiles and all of them were herded or released to the side of the road Safety first Here are some of the pictures Martha took since wouldn t you know it my digital s batteries died after the first rattlesnake One of our first toads a Great Plains Toad who it turns out can hold quite a lot of water I was surprised at the greenish tint of this Couchs Spadefoot toad All of the rattlesnakes we found at night were juveniles and none were as large as this Mojave Rattlesnake I found this Rock Rattlesnake as we headed to Tucson though not under a rock I still do not know how Nick spotted this Threadsnake on the side of the road Now to count the head scales to accurately identify it After this gorgeous Desert Kingsnake finished defecating all over Nick I got to hold it One of the more colorful snakes we saw that night the Longnose snake Martha not necessarily a fan of snakes

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/2008/09/incidental-herping-and-heroes/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Science Doesn’t Sleep (9.9.08) | BEYONDbones
    Worried that CERN is about to create a giant black hole As in tomorrow Steven Hawking has bet 100 that the 14 year 8 billion project won t even find what it s looking for NASA s Mars Rover has been Twittering madly since it landed on the Red Planet last May and almost 34 000 people are following every mission detail But what happens when the little guy finally shuts down Can we bring extinct species back Sometimes they re not even actually gone Nano doesn t necessarily mean tiny at least in terms of risk nanosilver is fast becoming widespread in new products despite its EPA classification as an environmental hazard Ten things you didn t know about the Earth Like what would it take to wipe it out How did Neanderthals give birth Turns out a lot like we do 0 0 0 This entry was posted in Science and tagged Anthropology black hole CERN earth end of the world environment environmental hazard epa extinct species large hadron collider lhc mars rover nano nanosilver nanotechnology NASA natural science museum neanderthal physics red planet Science science museum silver steven hawking technology twitter by Erin B Bookmark the permalink

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/2008/09/science-doesnt-sleep-9908/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Science Doesn’t Sleep (9.8.08) | BEYONDbones
    U S unable to send astronauts to the International Space Station despite a leaked e mail to the contrary Oh and the BBC reports that Chinese astronauts called yuhangyuan will perform their first ever spacewalk Got bacteria New research indicates that you shouldn t be washing your antibiotics down with milk Bad news for mathletes using your brain might be making you fat NPR asks Can physicists be funny The answer is YES Scientists at CERN are going through improv comedy training to help reassure the public that they re not about to create a giant black hole that will swallow the Earth Arctic permafrost holds twice as much carbon as the atmosphere making it a potential environmental threat Good thing it s not melting at a disturbingly fast pace Does the President need to be tech savvy 0 0 0 This entry was posted in Science and tagged antibiotics arctic permafrost astronaut atmosphere bacteria bbc black hole can physicists be funny carbon CERN chief technology officer china chinese astronauts climate change election 2008 environment global warming international space station iss lhc mathletes medical news melting permafrost milk NASA natural science museum new research obesity physicists president Science science museum

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/2008/09/science-doesnt-sleep-9808/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Looking Back… | BEYONDbones
    water into the bilge tank and surfaced by pushing water out through a handpump It contained approximately 30 minutes of oxygen Benjamin Franklin came up with the idea to use foxfire inside the submarine as a regular flame would have depleted the oxygen at a quicker rate The attack which was piloted by Sergeant Ezra Lee was unsuccessful After two attempts to drill through the hull of the ship Ezra was forced to give up and flee On September 9 1947 the first computer bug attack happened literally A Mark II computer at Harvard began malfunctioning Operators found a moth trapped in a relay causing the computer errors Although the term bug had previously been used to describe faults and errors this event coined the term computer bug On September 10 1945 farmer Lloyd Olsen from Fruita Colorado went out in his yard to kill a chicken for dinner He beheaded the chicken but surprisingly enough the chicken did not die He did not completely decapitate the head leaving the jugular vein intact as well as one ear and most of the brain stem The bird later affectionately called Mike by the Olsen family lived for another 18 months Lloyd would feed the bird by using an eyedropper I would assume pouring it directly down the throat The rooster occasionally had a buildup of mucus in its throat which the Olsens would help clear using a syringe The authenticity of this was proven by the University of Utah The Olsens took their headless chicken Mike on a roadshow charging a quarter to see it and raising about 4 500 a month the equivalent of 50 000 in 2005 The bird died 18 months after losing its head some sources say the death was caused by a buildup in mucus but

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/2008/09/looking-back-18/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Do the butterflies breed? Your butterfly questions, answered | BEYONDbones
    start drinking We have even thought about collecting some iguana poop and putting it in a huge pile for the butterflies but we eventually decided against that Do the butterflies breed in here The butterflies are free to mate but due to USDA regulations we are not allowed to provide them with host plants Female butterflies will only lay eggs on a specific plant that her caterpillars can eat so we have to make sure that no host plants are in the butterfly center This involved alot of work when we first opened because we have so many species of butterflies and they do not all feed on the same plant The reasoning behind this policy is that the USDA believes that the escape potential of a caterpillar is greater than that of an adult butterfly if the butterflies were allowed to lay eggs then there would be caterpillars everywhere and the chance of someone leaving with one on them would be pretty high Another obvious reason that we do not want caterpillars is that they would eat all our beautiful plants Now just because we do not want caterpillars in the butterfly center doesn t mean we do not like them Caterpillars are so much fun to have in your garden If you plant the correct host plant you can attract native butterflies to your yard You can find a list of host plants that you can plant in Houston by clicking here Why won t that butterfly leave the other one alone The butterflies in this video represent this question It s not the best quality so sorry These butterflies are courting Although they look like different butterflies they are subspecies of the same species Heliconius erato The male is flying above the female trying to entice her to be his girlfriend with his wonderful smell Sometimes the female is so attractive that two or three males will be courting her This behavior can almost always be viewed in the butterfly center you just have to look for it Another courting behavior that is encountered a lot is two butterflies chasing each other They will flutter around each other in circles resembling a graceful rehearsed dance This normally happens in a nice sunny area so look for it next time you are here Well I hope you enjoyed my question answer session If you have any questions please feel free to ask in the comments and I will be happy to answer Want to learn more about butterflies and host plants Where do all the butterflies from the Cockrell Center come from Learn more about the Luxurious Longwing butterfly Read about Suplhur Butterflies 0 1 0 This entry was posted in Plants Insects and tagged ants bees butterflies Butterfly Caterpillar fruit feeders Heliconius HMNS how long do butterflies live idea leuconoe lifespan of butterflies lifespan of insects longwing butterflies nectar pollen rice paper butterfly sulpher butterflies swallowtail swallowtail butteflies by Laurie Bookmark the permalink About Laurie As an

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/2008/09/questions/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Science Doesn’t Sleep (9.4.08) | BEYONDbones
    problem photo credit pingnews com So here s what went down after you logged off There s a new Manhattan floating around the Arctic and it s made of ice Canada s polar ice shelves are crumbling at an alarming pace In other good news sea levels will rise much faster than we thought It s possibly the lamest thing ever done in space yesterday astronauts spent some time updating their antivirus software It was the fake mustaches that tipped them off Up to 10 percent of Near Earth Objects are comets impersonating asteroids and new research aims to unmask them It s really really big a black hole as big as 50 billion suns The ocean has its own lakes called meddies and scientists are using oil industry tech to study them 0 0 0 This entry was posted in Science and tagged antivirus arctic ice Asteroid astronaut Astronomy black hole canada climate change comet computer environment ice sheet international space station iss lake meddies NASA natural science museum news ocean oil industry polar ice shelves Science science museum technology by Erin B Bookmark the permalink About Erin B Erin is the Director of Business Development at HMNS In

    Original URL path: http://blog.hmns.org/2008/09/science-doesnt-sleep-9408/ (2016-02-12)
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