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  • Intelligent Community Forum (ICF)
    access is much more prevalent and immediate Morton said And I really think we re just at the start of that But many might wonder just what exactly that s the start of As the current generation of students becomes the next generation of employers and employees they ll inevitably move their relationship with technology from the campus to the office I know people who have infants Some of these kids aren t even 1 year old and they are already being taught how to scroll on an iPhone said Lynn Bertsch director of employer engagement at the University of Kentucky s Institute for Workplace Innovation And there won t be any turning back It s very likely that the students and workers of the future will have even better and more immediate access to information and resources than they already have today Morton said We re starting to see some of that today with the proliferation of smartphones and now with things like the iPad And soon there will be other tablets and other types of devices that serve that need But the devices can be a distraction according to Carlos Jensen assistant professor of electrical engineering and computer science at Oregon State University It s really difficult to get students off these devices even if you wanted to but for us that s not really the point because we re trying to teach them not just to live with these tools but to use them as productively as possible he said Jensen admitted that it s not just the coeds who use mobile devices You can go to any meeting faculty meeting university meeting whatever and you ll see about 20 or 25 percent of people sitting there with laptops Jensen foresees a growing struggle to find the

    Original URL path: http://www.intelligentcommunity.org/index.php?src=news&submenu=Research&srctype=detail&category=Facts%20%26%20Figures%20Library%20-%20Culture%20of%20Use&refno=539 (2016-02-13)
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  • Intelligent Community Forum (ICF)
    s a 5 percent chance that your data was crunched by Cáceres and his colleagues in a study of the travel habits of the company s subscribers The researchers amassed millions of call records from hundreds of thousands of users in 891 zip codes covering every New York borough 10 New Jersey counties as well as Los Angeles Orange and Ventura counties in California The data set is a collection of call detail records or CDRs the standard feedstock of cell phone data mining A CDR is generated for every voice or SMS connection Among other things it shows the origin and destination number the type and duration of connection and most crucially the unique ID of the cell tower a handset was connected to when a connection was made That let the AT T team know the location of a phone to within a mile radius at the time each CDR was generated making it possible to determine the distance traveled from home by each cell phone every day The group found that on average people living in Manhattan travel 2 5 miles most days compared to five miles in Los Angeles But we also found that when you look at the longest trips people make people that live in New York go significantly further 69 miles on a weekday compared to 29 in Los Angeles Cáceres says Cáceres hopes to work with city planners who would usually have to resort to expensive and limited surveys to gather such information This kind of data can help them decide how to invest resources for example if they want to know where to build a new train or subway station he says The AT T work was presented at a recent workshop in Cambridge MA earlier this month as part of the NetSci conference on network science For now Cáceres s group is looking to collaborate rather than commercialize But cell phone networks are thinking about monetizing their data says Jean Bolot a researcher at network operator Sprint This means a two sided business model where they not only serve end users but also make money through relationships with other businesses This is new in the telco space but not in other areas look at Google for example he says Since almost everyone has a cell phone the scale of the data is immense compared to other sources Mobility patterns might for example be used to adjust property or billboard advertising prices Just about every operator on the planet is probably thinking about this right now says Bolot Another study presented by Francesco Calabrese a research scientist at MIT and colleagues correlated location traces from roughly a million cell phones in greater Boston with listings of public events such as baseball games and plays showing how people traveled to attend these events We could partly predict where people will come from for future events the team wrote in a report on their work suggesting it could be possible to provide accurate

    Original URL path: http://www.intelligentcommunity.org/index.php?src=news&submenu=Research&srctype=detail&category=Facts%20%26%20Figures%20Library%20-%20Culture%20of%20Use&refno=495 (2016-02-13)
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  • Intelligent Community Forum (ICF)
    am by e Trikala e Trikala the broadband service provider to Smart21 Trikala Greece has introduced new online and mobile services for city workers citizens and tourists Xenagos http xenagos trikalacity gr is a touristic platform that includes data such as tourist information about museums historical sites churches monasteries archaeological sites as well as restaurants hotels lodging etc located in the city as well as the Prefecture of Trikala Additional information is provided which relates to any event or activity taking place within the city The most important aspect of this project is that the Municipality of Trikala has the opportunity to provide tourists with special PDA s connected to the Municipal free Wi Fi network downloading all the information requested Τhe pilot project is already running and the platform is constantly updated The long term future goal is to enhance the RFID technology in a way that all exhibits monuments and historical places information data and tips text photos audio audiovisual material access to websites are automatically downloaded on visitor s devices as soon as they approach the place of interest Trikala tourism www trikala tourism gr is a touristic portal developed to provide useful information suggestions clues weather

    Original URL path: http://www.intelligentcommunity.org/index.php?src=news&submenu=Research&srctype=detail&category=Facts%20%26%20Figures%20Library%20-%20Culture%20of%20Use&refno=489 (2016-02-13)
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  • Intelligent Community Forum (ICF)
    right decisions While not quite the eye popping technology of the movie Avatar schools are increasingly offering lessons in the virtual world as an alternative to textbooks and PowerPoint presentations Teachers and students say the use of avatars and virtual worlds in classes from health to economics pulls in even reluctant learners and encourages problem solving and higher order thinking as classroom knowledge is applied to real life situations In Suffern N Y 2 500 middle and high school students have logged into a virtual world known as Teen Second Life for lessons in subjects including math and foreign languages Eighth grade health students fashion avatars to challenge media and social perceptions of beauty A social studies class visited a recreated Ellis Island to go beyond historical facts and empathize with immigrants and immigration officers through role playing Peggy Sheehy a media specialist for the Ramapo Central School District of which Suffern is a part said such virtual worlds allowed students to learn academically as well as socially They re able to explore other options other genders other races other personality types she said A very outspoken confident person may go into Second Life and be just that or he could take a side seat or a student who is very shy may not feel intimidated and becomes a much more vocal part of the community Linden Lab which created Teen Second Life charges schools a one time fee of 700 to buy and own property in its virtual world and a 147 50 monthly use fee About 180 schools around the world participate in Teen Second Life which is a version of Second Life restricted to users from ages 13 and 17 The idea of video games in the classroom has concerned some parents who say it can be a distraction but many of the games are relatively new and have not been used widely enough to generate much criticism In Elizabeth the district approved the use of Spill in two required economics classes at Thomas Jefferson Arts Academy in March after a teacher discovered it online the district is considering whether to expand its use next year The game is available at no cost to schools through a contest sponsored by the accounting and consulting firm Deloitte and BrandGames a company that specializes in the use of computer game technology in business communications It took almost a day to load the game software onto the school s computers which are normally blocked from using gaming sites They were pretty excited said Donald Stewart a social studies teacher They were playing a video game that was my selling point Then the fun started Students designed their own avatars from a menu of options One heavyset boy added a paunch to his avatar Jalisa Wilson 18 chose a male avatar because she felt a man would have a competitive advantage in business She named him Bob The Spill game throws tasks and challenges at students to give them a taste

    Original URL path: http://www.intelligentcommunity.org/index.php?src=news&submenu=Research&srctype=detail&category=Facts%20%26%20Figures%20Library%20-%20Culture%20of%20Use&refno=481 (2016-02-13)
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  • Intelligent Community Forum (ICF)
    Pew Research report fond that nearly one quarter of online Americans 23 percent have participated in the broader online debate over government issues by publishing their own commentary or media attending an online town hall meeting or joining an online group focused on influence government policies Participation and usage is correlated with Internet access speed which puts special emphasis on digital divide issues and the premise behind the FCC s National Broadband Plan When you look at the FCC s plan one of the key planks of their rationale for why we need to expand broadband services is to facilitate that citizen to government interaction and broader civic engagement between citizens said Smith t s something that we ve found since we began conducting this research way back in 2000 as people get access to high speed always on connections it opens up a whole range of activities and services that people can take part in that just aren t really feasible using a slow dial up connection or accessing a computer at the library for instance It s been a truism since the day we started this that broadband users and now wireless Internet users are much different in what they do and take part in a much greater range of activities in all areas whether that s entertainment news health or government than folks who aren t online or don t have access to that type of high speed connection No avoiding death and taxes When we asked them the last place they went not surprisingly federal agencies sort of led the pack said Smith About a third of the folks who remembered their most recent interaction said that they went to the website of a federal agency The top two sites The Social Security Administration and the Internal Revenue Service One of the truisms about life is apparently true online as well you can t avoid death and taxes There were a lot of other sites within the federal government that folks mentioned too said Smith like Immigration and Naturalization Services FBI and Department of Homeland Security CDC and NIH Veteran s Administration We literally got 1 700 responses on this question that ranged across the board anything you could imagine It was really indicative of the range of services and the range of agencies that Americans are currently accessing online Visits to government websites are overwhelming successful In a finding that has positive implications for the ability of government agencies to provide information and transactions the report showed that a sizable majority of online visitors were able to accomplish their goals That was actually true regardless of what type of site it was whether it was a local site or a state site or a federal site said Smith People were generally fairly successful with what they were trying to do So I think if you re looking for positives in terms of things that government is doing right I think that that shows that they

    Original URL path: http://www.intelligentcommunity.org/index.php?src=news&submenu=Research&srctype=detail&category=Facts%20%26%20Figures%20Library%20-%20Culture%20of%20Use&refno=522 (2016-02-13)
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  • Intelligent Community Forum (ICF)
    whether the Internet was undermining all this The new media he noted allow you to personalize your newspapers so you only see the stories that already interest you You can visit only those Web sites that confirm your prejudices Instead of a public square we could end up with a collection of information cocoons Sunstein was particularly concerned about this because he has done very important work over the years about our cognitive biases We like hearing evidence that confirms our suppositions We filter out evidence that challenges them Moreover we have a natural tilt toward polarized views People are prone to gather in like minded groups Once in them they drive each other to even greater extremes In his recent book Going to Extremes Sunstein shows that liberal judges get more liberal when they are on panels with other liberals Conservative judges get more conservative Sunstein s fear was that the Internet might lead to a more ghettoized polarized and insular electorate Those fears were supported by some other studies and they certainly matched my own experience Every day I seem to meet people who live in partisan ghettoes ignorant about the other side Yet new research complicates this picture Matthew Gentzkow and Jesse M Shapiro both of the University of Chicago Booth School of Business have measured ideological segregation on the Internet They took methodologies that have been used to identify racial segregation and they tracked how people of different political views move around the Web The methodology is complicated but can be summarized through a geographic metaphor Think of the Fox News site as Casper Wyo If you visited and shook hands with the people reading the site you d be very likely to be shaking hands with a conservative The New York Times site they suggest is like Manhattan If you shook hands with other readers you d probably be shaking hands with liberals The study measures the people who visit sites not the content inside According to the study a person who visited only Fox News would have more overlap with conservatives than 99 percent of Internet news users A person who only went to The Times s site would have more liberal overlap than 95 percent of users But the core finding is that most Internet users do not stay within their communities Most people spend a lot of time on a few giant sites with politically integrated audiences like Yahoo News But even when they leave these integrated sites they often go into areas where most visitors are not like themselves People who spend a lot of time on Glenn Beck s Web site are more likely to visit The New York Times s Web site than average Internet users People who spend time on the most liberal sites are more likely to go to foxnews com than average Internet users Even white supremacists and neo Nazis travel far and wide across the Web It is so easy to click over to another

    Original URL path: http://www.intelligentcommunity.org/index.php?src=news&submenu=Research&srctype=detail&category=Facts%20%26%20Figures%20Library%20-%20Culture%20of%20Use&refno=473 (2016-02-13)
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  • Intelligent Community Forum (ICF)
    per cent Maltese businesses are fast gaining ground in using the internet as a new gateway for various commercial transactions The internet is fast becoming a very important tool for businesses all over the EU and Malta is realising this very quickly a Eurostat official compiling the recent ICT survey told The Times For a small country like Malta with a very limited internal market e commerce is fast becoming an essential tool to expand the local market he said According to Eurostat Malta had the highest e commerce turnover among the EU member states when it comes to transactions with countries outside the Union These amounted to 56 per cent of all the commercial transactions made in 2008 much higher that the eight per cent average registered by the other member states On the other hand it is still easier for Maltese consumers to obtain their needs directly over the counter as only seven per cent of e commerce transactions performed by Maltese businesses are derived from local consumers The share of enterprise turnover generated from e commerce in 2008 varied significantly between member states The highest shares were recorded in Ireland 26 per cent Finland and Sweden both 18 per cent the Czech Republic Germany and the United Kingdom all 15 per cent Hungary 14 per cent and France 13 per cent The lowest shares were observed in Bulgaria and Cyprus both one per cent On a general EU level in January 2009 93 per cent of enterprises of 10 or more persons employed had access to the internet in the EU27 and 82 per cent of enterprises had a broadband internet connection The highest proportions of enterprises with internet access in the EU27 were recorded in Finland 100 per cent Denmark Austria and Slovakia all 98 per

    Original URL path: http://www.intelligentcommunity.org/index.php?src=news&submenu=Research&srctype=detail&category=Facts%20%26%20Figures%20Library%20-%20Culture%20of%20Use&refno=437 (2016-02-13)
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  • Intelligent Community Forum (ICF)
    like the air they breathe the water they drink and the food they eat Contrary to popular wisdom the heaviest media users reported spending a similar amount of time exercising as the light media users Nonetheless other studies have established a link between screen time and obesity While most of the young people in the study got good grades 47 percent of the heaviest media users those who consumed at least 16 hours a day had mostly C s or lower compared with 23 percent of those who typically consumed media three hours a day or less The heaviest media users were also more likely than the lightest users to report that they were bored or sad or that they got into trouble did not get along well with their parents and were not happy at school The study could not say whether the media use causes problems or rather whether troubled youths turn to heavy media use This is a stunner said Donald F Roberts a Stanford communications professor emeritus who is one of the authors of the study In the second report I remember writing a paragraph saying we ve hit a ceiling on media use since there just aren t enough hours in the day to increase the time children spend on media But now it s up an hour The report is based on a survey of more than 2 000 students in grades 3 to 12 that was conducted from October 2008 to May 2009 On average young people spend about two hours a day consuming media on a mobile device the study found They spend almost another hour on old content like television or music delivered through newer pathways like the Web site Hulu or iTunes Youths now spend more time listening to or watching media on their cellphones or playing games than talking on them I use it as my alarm clock because it has an annoying ringtone that doesn t stop until you turn it off Francisco Sepulveda said of his phone At night I can text or watch something on YouTube until I fall asleep It lets me talk on the phone and watch a video at the same time or listen to music while I send text messages Francisco s mother Janet Sepulveda bought his phone a Sidekick LX a year ago when the computer was not working to ensure that he had Internet access for school But schoolwork has not been the issue I d say he uses it about 2 percent for homework and 98 percent for other stuff she said At the beginning I would take the phone at 10 p m and tell him he couldn t use it anymore Now he knows that if he s not complying with what I want I can suspend his service for a week or two That s happened The Kaiser study found that more than 7 in 10 youths have a TV in their bedroom and about a

    Original URL path: http://www.intelligentcommunity.org/index.php?src=news&submenu=Research&srctype=detail&category=Facts%20%26%20Figures%20Library%20-%20Culture%20of%20Use&refno=431 (2016-02-13)
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