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  • The U.S.-Japan-China Triangle: Building a Path to Trilateral Cooperation: Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    Abe have visited Yasukuni To me that means that not visiting Yasukuni is the established norm by the Japanese government no matter what you have in your mind or no matter what ideological beliefs leaders may have To repeat not visiting the Yasukuni is the norm after Nakasone for the last almost 30 years I don t believe any prime minister after Abe will do the same thing I cannot imagine that Prime ministers after Abe will again stop visiting I think this is important in putting this issue somewhat in perspective Dr Soeya said In a May 2013 interview Prime Minister Abe reflecting on the use of military force Japan s role in international peacekeeping and emergency response both national and international said that even if we amended the constitution and were able to exercise the right of collective self defense we would still be in a more limited position than the Canadians Abe could have compared Japan with the U S and with China Dr Soeya pointed out but he chose Canada What did he mean I would assume he just wanted to say it s not such a big deal Every sovereign nation exercises this the Koreans Canadians Australians Swedish and everybody But Japan alone limits itself by saying We have the right but we cannot exercise this The right of collective self defense is about strengthening the alliance Naturally the U S welcomes it In my view the Koreans should welcome it because if the alliance is strengthened that helps Korean security for sure he commented The problem is that Abe s ideology is somewhat nationalistic rather than international Abe wants to break the basic constraints imposed after World War II by Article 9 of the Constitution and the U S Japan Security Treaty but these two pillars are deeply embedded in that history of war in that war of aggression As a Japanese observer I m confident that this ideology eventually breaking the postwar regime is not going to happen he said Abe s attempts to depart from the postwar regime create confusion rather than any clarity I think that s why difficult problems between Japan and China are largely psychological rather than real We may need a psychiatrist rather than a political scientist to solve this issue Alan Romberg Stimson Center Alan Romberg Director of the East Asia program at the Stimson Center confessed that at this moment it would take a real leap of faith to suggest that cooperation among the U S Japan and China is going to be possible within the foreseeable future notwithstanding the compelling logic of such cooperation China s rise has raised the living standard of vast numbers of its people so quickly and to such an extent as to be unprecedented in human history In its external relations China is not hegemonist as the Soviet Union was Yet in the past it has sponsored armed insurgencies in the region and in more recent times it has more than occasionally tended to use its growing clout to achieve its objectives whether through economic or political arm twisting or enticement or quasi military actions While people in the region including in Japan understand the importance of China not just to their economic wellbeing but to their overall security and they value that at the same time they re quite skeptical about China s political and military goals and they re unhappy about several of its methods To get Japan to sit down and talk about the Senkaku Islands issue Beijing would need to be willing to suspend its intrusions within the 12 nautical mile sea and air space around the islands I don t see Beijing willing to do that Mr Romberg said China s reaction to Abe s December 26 visit to Yasukuni last year has been provocative and unseemly a barrage of demonizing attacks by ambassadors and government spokesmen who were forced to act in ways contrary to accepted diplomatic behavior As a first step toward managing the broader relationship between China and Japan Beijing will have to cease these tactics and then after a necessary interim period find a way back to the table The U S will undoubtedly continue to seek a lowering of the heat on both sides and a resumption of steps toward at least minimal reconciliation however I see no role for the U S in actually mediating Mr Romberg said It would be helpful if Prime Minister Abe clearly signaled that he will not visit the Yasukuni Shrine again as prime minister and if he personally and directly affirmed his adherence to the Murayama and Kono statements of 1993 and 1995 respectively regarding Japan s culpability for past depredations It would also be helpful if China then indicated it would be willing to hold a summit meeting either bilaterally or trilaterally including Korea However he added I don t know how much of this is likely or possible Major concerns and core interests will not change on either side But governments have choices about how they approach their interests and maintaining a keen awareness of potential unintended consequences will be essential Mr Romberg concluded Gerald Curtis Columbia University No one wants war over the Senkaku Islands Gerald Curtis of Columbia University remarked China doesn t Japan doesn t the U S doesn t want to get the Seventh Fleet involved to defend uninhabited islands in the East China Sea that both China and Japan claim as their own There has to be a way to get the focus of Sino Japanese relations away the Senkaku Islands The basic formula for a deal is clear he added In order for both sides to back off while saving face Japan needs to modify its position that there is no legal dispute to say that it does recognize that Senkaku is a problem in Sino Japanese relations that they need to discuss and negotiate In return the Chinese would withdraw their patrol ships while

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/page/multimedia/articles/the-us-japan-china-triangle-building-a-path-to-trilateral-cooperation (2016-02-14)
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  • Unpredictable But Not Unmanageable: Ensuring that a Corporate Crisis Does Not End in Corporate Ruin: Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    in a public statement we would say we re cooperating with the authorities to the extent that they re involved I think that s very important to get that message out Reputation and U S Views on Apologies There ve been fatalities at the rig and right now Tanaka Inc is looking like a pretty bad actor What type of information are you getting out to just sort of keep the reputation appropriately out there Mr Wilkins asked The time to educate is in advance of a crisis Mr Barron replied You can educate people about your firm about the things that you do the safety measures that you take And if you do that properly that will protect you in a crisis situation Kentaro Tsuboi a senior consultant at Freshfields spoke on the importance of apologies in Japan An apology by management in Japan is very important lest the company be seen as arrogant and insincere Yet there s a way of apologizing without necessarily admitting to gross negligence or responsibility I certainly would hope that the wording of the apology if there is one is passed by me Mr Laptook said You can apologize without admitting guilt which is kind of the bottom line It s perhaps a little early for an apology at this point he added What needs to be done at this point very early in this crisis is there needs to be reach out to the families I m certainly going to advocate strongly that until we know exactly what happened and why we should hold off on the apology In the recent accident on the Metro North railroad we ve heard expressions like deeply regret the loss of life Mr Wilkins noted I don t think in the United States you would expect more than that agreed Mr Laptook There s not the same cultural undercurrent that you have in Japan for an apology Lender s Questions Lenders shareholders and regulators will ask a lot of the same questions Mr Tsuboi said Which specific legal entity is facing the crisis Is it the Tanaka Corporation itself or the U S subsidiary of Tanaka Corporation or possibly a special purpose vehicle established to raise financing for the project Which entity is the borrower Is there a guarantor If the borrower is the parent in Japan liquidity in the short run may not suffer In the longer run solvency may be an issue given the potential for hundreds of lawsuits involving hundreds of billions of dollars If the event represents a material adverse change should a lender declare the borrower in default The answer may differ if default under this loan agreement triggers default clauses under other agreements with other lenders If the loan is still disbursing should the lender extend additional credit or stop that disbursement Have financial covenants been breached If that incident is going to mean that the operation will be suspended for some time the borrower may be in violation of

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/page/multimedia/articles/unpredictable-but-not-unmanageable-ensuring-that-a-corporate-crisis-does-not-end-in-corporate-ruin (2016-02-14)
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  • A New Era for the Japanese Economy: Will Abenomics Succeed?: Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    lower transaction costs under the TPP will boost GDP by 3 2 trillion a year And there is another estimate particularly from Professor Motoshige Ito of the University of Tokyo of 10 trillion in annualized GDP growth for the following decade JPX is tasked with the crucial mission of improving the Japanese capital market environment he commented This is a subject which is indispensable to Abenomics At present we have already integrated our cash equity market in July and are working to integrate the derivatives market in March 2014 We also developed a new stock price index to remind investors of the appeal of Japanese companies encouraging attractive companies to turn public striving to broaden the domestic and overseas investor base And the entire security industry is also aggressively broadening the local retail investor base with the upcoming implementation of NISA the Japanese version of individual savings accounts Paul Sheard Cautious Skepticism The three arrows metaphor in Prime Minister Abe s description of his economic policy refers to a well known Japanese fable remarked Paul Sheard of Standard Poor s Ratings Services The moral delivered by a famous warrior to his three sons a single arrow can be bent but three arrows clasped tightly together will not give way If you think about this for a moment as an economist which I am the three arrows are actually a very conventional policy mix Dr Sheard said Abenomics is even better conceived of in simpler terms as two pillars one use macro policy monetary and fiscal policy to try to end deflation once and for all and two use supply side reforms to try to enhance the real growth potential of the economy For Dr Sheard the most significant thing about Abenomics is that Abe has owned the reflation objective In appointing Governor Kuroda to head the BOJ Abe signaled a dramatic turnaround I would say almost a 180 degree turnaround in monetary policy communication thinking and action Governor Shirakawa the incumbent head of the BOJ when Abe took office in his second stint as prime minister regarded Japan s stubborn deflation as caused by the decline in the country s real potential growth largely because of demographics Mr Kuroda does not subscribe to that theory Mr Kuroda has come in with a message which says The Bank of Japan like any other central bank in the world can control inflation After all that s our job Give me two years and I will do this How will I do it Two ways by changing the message from No we can t No we won t to Yes we can Yes we will and backing that message up with aggressive action Regarding the structural reform arrow it s easier said than done in any country Dr Sheard reflected It s a slow slog There is a reason that you need structural reform often there are vested interests in place And so there is a political process that it has to go through The key issues are how do you start to grow the labor force and make it more productive he said There s no lack of talk about building up labor force participation To achieve the Abenomics targets however Japan needs to take dramatic steps I don t think Japan will have any hope whatsoever of achieving those targets unless it gets very serious very soon and very aggressive about turning the fertility rate around so that you have both female labor force participation and the ability of working women and working families in Japan including the men to have larger families and at the same time participate in the labor force Will Abenomics work I don t really have very high expectations But the good news is I agree with Governor Kuroda the growth strategy is not actually needed for Japan to achieve success with the reflation objective Will reflation work Dr Sheard expressed somewhat cautious skepticism After 15 years of deflation getting the economy to shift away from a zero inflation expectation and attach itself to a new inflation target of 2 percent will be far from easy Moreover the Bank of Japan is playing serious catch up The BOJ balance sheet will grow by 165 percent by year end 2014 This is aggressive yes but less so when you compare the Fed s balance sheet which already has been expanded by some 330 percent and is set to rise by another 25 percent So my concern here may be that for the Bank of Japan to actually achieve its objective I think it can do it the question is will it do it it may have to embrace much more radical monetary easing than we have seen to date And I just have my doubts about whether that may be a bridge too far Doubling the consumption tax may be just not the best way to go here though not because the policy of raising the consumption tax is objectionable The question is all about the timing and the sequencing Unfortunately we have seen policy misses similar to this in the past All in all Dr Sheard said his assessment is mixed cheerleading but skeptical The moderator John Bussey of The Wall Street Journal began the Q A The markets are going sideways after a huge jump What is structural reform this third arrow that we have not yet seen implemented Dr Sheard responded Relative to the amount of I won t say hot air but the amount of policy rhetoric and piles of paper that are sort of expended on this issue it s not entirely obvious exactly what the Japanese need to do to raise their productivity True given three basic ways that an economy can grow increased labor increased capital accumulation and innovation it s pretty obvious how Japan might increase labor he added Increasing innovation could involve quite simple things Maybe what the government needs to do is just step back from some

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/page/multimedia/articles/a-new-era-for-the-japanese-economy-will-abenomics-succeed (2016-02-14)
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  • LINE’s Global Strategy: A Paradigm Shift in Social Media: Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    The way we look at it is if you have time to hold a meeting then you use that time instead to create something and get it out in the market Thus we pursue projects simultaneously in a parallel mode We don t create specification documents We get an idea of it We move things forward and make adjustments as we go What kind of corporate culture do you need in order to surpass the speed of change You can t afford to wait for someone Instead you have to work like a soccer team You keep passing the ball back and forth to reach the goal In group decision making less is more When you create something then there is a tendency for a lot of people to gather and start to debate Once you re in a situation like that things won t move forward The only thing that will come out of that is a product of compromise The solution We try not to discuss things with too many people Mr Morikawa said If you get a certain level of certainty on something then instead of debating it too much we just try and move forward with it and make breakthroughs Product Innovations at LINE Earlier smartphone apps required people to log in with their user IDs an unnecessarily burdensome process in LINE s view So LINE users are asked simply to input their phone number not something anyone is likely to have forgotten Like its competitors LINE offers free user accounts that include free messaging and free voice calls But LINE is not just a basic communications service it s also at the same time a platform Mr Morikawa emphasized The service comes with three types of stickers or oversized emoticons free paid and sponsored The sponsored stickers are free to the user and paid for by brands such as Disney and Hello Kitty over 300 different characters as of October 30 2013 are signed up as sponsors and there are sponsors of other types as well including sports teams such as Real Madrid Another source of revenue for LINE is the family application These are apps that offer games avatar services horoscopes comics and e books LINE will be adding music and ecommerce services as well Games are basically free of charge to play he explained But if you want a higher score or you want to compete and win for those people we sell items within the game and that leads to our sales There s also an official account service that users can subscribe to We charge for official accounts to sponsored companies In the beginning others thought that this was expensive whereas competitors are providing it for free But we re actually seeing it contribute to sales and showing up in our results At the same time it s giving us an overwhelming advantage in acquiring users he said Lawson uses the public accounts service to send coupons for a fried chicken

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/page/multimedia/articles/lines-global-strategy-a-paradigm-shift-in-social-media (2016-02-14)
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  • A Star Is Reborn: Mariko Mori Expands Through Inner And Outer Space: Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    bears swim for days Mori s home country will long feel the effects of the March 2011 tsunami While once Mariko Mori represented pop aesthetics and the subculture of Japan her recent work has brought her back to basics as in the beginning of it all She s going back to the roots says Tezuka Not the cultural roots of Japan like she was doing before but even farther back into a prehistoric period where there really were no cultural differences in the world Where people didn t have electricity or machines and really lived closely intimately with nature Unlike her past work the pieces in Rebirth were born from Mori s personal research often from her travels to places like Egypt Brazil and Scotland where so much ancient architecture still stands The show is full of light and shapes a pale shifting exhibition reminiscent of the sun rising over a young Earth again and again Depending on one s perspective personal associations could range from the Book of Genesis to the opening sequence of Star Wars to whatever Terrence Malick s been up to Rare will be the attendee who doesn t spot Stonehenge The centerpiece of the show is an installation called White Hole pictured above the opposite of space s terrifying black holes of childhood fascination and nightmares A domed enclosure built in the south gallery White Hole starts as a pitch dark space and gradually illuminates with the projection of swirling light Tezuka explains It s based on the theory of a white hole the antithesis of a black hole Everything that was killed by the black hole shapes together as a renewed energy and emerges from the white hole It s an astrophysics theory that Mariko has been very interested in in recent years Another celestial piece though firmly fixed to the gallery floor is Transcircle 1 1 Nine pillars made of stone and an industrial acrylic polymer synchronize with the position of the nine yes nine planets in our solar system Their individual pastel colors pulsate at speeds reflecting the planets orbits around the sun Rebirth is an ethereal picture of prehistory astronomy geology ancient religion and technology showing how they all mix in the world around us When asked how to sum up the show in a sentence Tezuka said pure and then laughed realizing she didn t need half a dozen more words to convey its Zen like ambiance A lot of things are white Mori s signature color and the basic concept is pure and simple be aware of the presence of nature Though the galleries proper are on the second floor visitors will get a taste of this pure simplicity when they are greeted by Ring hanging against the waterfall of the Society s indoor bamboo garden Mariko placed it in an environment that symbolizes nature where there s water earth plants and light from above Tezuka says The piece is a prototype for a large scale version that will

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/page/multimedia/articles/a-star-is-reborn-mariko-mori (2016-02-14)
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  • Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    s unique Otaku culture and the role Otaku plays in Japanese society today Read More Art Go Sugimoto The Exquisitely Extreme Photography of Go Sugimoto by Reiko Tomii Go Sugimoto has the exquisite eye of a painter To realize his vision in photography he sets the camera an extreme task that it is not routinely asked to perform shooting at night with scarcely any light or shooting white on white Read More Art Momoyo Torimitsu Torimitsu Confronts Global Corporate Culture by Midori Yoshimoto Primarily a sculptor and installation artist Momoyo Torimitsu has consistently addressed timely social issues in superbly executed three dimensional forms and in video Read More Art Satoru Eguchi Drawing a Home by Hiroko Ikegami An in depth review of the work of Satoru Eguchi who has created a room sized installation in which he re creates his home space as an artist his studio STUDIO includes a work desk a plant bottles of paint and stationery using common materials such as cardboard and wood Read More Art Ushio Shinohara Canal Street Cornucopia by Alexandra Munroe New York based Japanese artist Ushio Shinohara lifts tableaux from what he sees gritty East Village street scenes garish Coney Island beach bars packed Manhattan subways bright with Bubblicious ads and then compresses multiple views into a single canvas or junk art sculpture Read More Art Design Yumi Kori Yumi Kori Builds with Light by Yasufumi Nakamori Using the ephemeral and transcendental qualities of light architect artist Yumi Kori affects the way we see and feel the world Her art installations and architecture challenge our conventional sense of space and the relationship of our physical self to the space around us Read More Art Awakenings The Development of the Zen Figural Pantheon by Yukio Lippit Zen Buddhism boasts a colorful and idiosyncratic

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/articles?lResourceFilterTopic=1322 (2016-02-14)
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  • Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    2014 Read More Policy Japan s New National Security Strategy Its Impacts on Regional Stability March 23 2014 Read More Policy Recent Developments in Japan s Economy Monetary Policy March 19 2014 Read More Policy Harvard Professor Joseph Nye on America s Rebalance Towards Japan China March 12 2014 Read More Policy The U S Japan China Triangle Building a Path to Trilateral Cooperation January 22 2014 Read More Business Unpredictable But Not Unmanageable Ensuring that a Corporate Crisis Does Not End in Corporate Ruin December 4 2013 Read More Business Policy A New Era for the Japanese Economy Will Abenomics Succeed November 1 2013 Read More Business LINE s Global Strategy A Paradigm Shift in Social Media October 17 2013 Read More Art A Star Is Reborn Mariko Mori Expands Through Inner And Outer Space by Marisa Rindone A divergence from her work of centuries past well the 90s Rebirth Recent Work by Mariko Mori brings the focus on nature conveying both its power and serenity Read More 1 2 3 4 5 Calendar of Events February 2016 S M T W Th F S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/page/multimedia/articles?page=/page/multimedia/articles (2016-02-14)
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  • Give a Legacy Gift: Individuals: Support: Japan Society
    to Japan Society please contact our Individual Giving office at 212 715 1270 or If you have already included Japan Society in your estate plans thank you Please let us know so that we may include you in our Legacy Circle a special group of individuals with a passion for Japan and Japan Society who are committed to helping ensure that the Society is here for generations to come LEGACY CIRCLE SPOTLIGHT MARK GOLDFIELD It was the early 1990s Food and travel were the first introduction to Japan for long standing Japan Society supporter Mark Goldfield and his wife Mary Hatch He armed himself with a weekend Japanese language immersion course at Japan Society and a half day program on how to plan a trip to Japan in preparation for his travels Little did they know that these little tastes of Japan would lead to a life long passion for the country its culture and its language With his early retirement in 2001 Mark decided to focus his study of Japanese taking conversation grammar and most recently shodō classes The complexity of the language keeps his mind challenged and interaction with fellow students keeps him socially active He especially takes great pleasure in the fun and relaxing shodō courses finding his own artistic sensibility and creativity Currently a Benefactor member of Japan Society Mark also enjoys the cultural activities that Japan Society offers Still loving Japanese cooking he occasionally invites his Japan Society classmates to tofu making sessions at his home in Brooklyn which houses a big collection of utilitarian ceramics some of which are Japanese On the side Mary takes private lessons on koto the traditional Japanese instrument True philanthropists Mark and Mary support various non profit organizations in Brooklyn as well as larger New York City and national

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/support/individual/give (2016-02-14)
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