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  • Trans-Pacific Partnership: Pros & Cons: Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    some 250 different items And some of it leaks out and so on and so forth They re going to come to countries like Japan later because Japan is not a Rottweiler but it s at least a Labrador or something It s a big country so it can t be ignored I m in favor of labor standards But there are lots of other places where you can negotiate them for example the ILO the International Labour Organization he said For environmental issues there s UNEP the United Nations Environment Programme or standalone arrangements like Kyoto or Copenhagen That s where you ve got to negotiate these things in appropriate agencies Here it s all shoved in whether you like it or not And there s no discussion And it s not even public which surprises me If signing on to TPP means a country has to agree to a raft of non trade conditions how do we practice open regionalism in the sense of telling Japan to come in India to come in China to come in You can t do that in my opinion Professor Bhagwati declared My proposal is that open regionalism apply to TPP and the people who are members of it right now and the potential members should say We will sign on to the trade part and Japan will have to make its adjustments on agriculture for example But that s a standard trade negotiation But we don t have to sign on to all this other rubbish which is nothing to do with trade Not in any integral way So we can have direct foreign investment which is important for trade We can have trade issues And we can negotiate them and that will move the system forward and enable people to come on board but we don t then have to sign on to all the rest Because that is U S politics A big power like Japan or India can decline and in fact India has just sent back an FTA to the EU saying take everything which is not related to trade out of it and then come back and we ll sign something So the EU is working on it Another strategy is to develop alternatives to the TPP as Japan has done with negotiations on a Japan Korea China FTA Professor Bhagwati said India and Brazil could develop an alternative Brazilian President Lula da Silva is a giant among trade union leaders but he resolutely rejects labor standards as part of an FTA It s not that he s against unions How can he be But he doesn t want it in a trade treaty Even the EU is more flexible and could do this so could South Africa The idea is to say here is another template or a lot of templates which are not necessarily the one the U S is trying to impose on the region I would do that in a quiet way

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/page/multimedia/articles/trans-pacific-partnership-pros-cons (2016-02-14)
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  • Japan & the United Nations: Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    rush so quickly to a military solution Even with the idling of most of Japan s nuclear power facilities after the March 11 triple disaster Japan has cut back severely on its oil imports from Iran he noted The Arab Spring highlights the complexity of the UN s work on human rights Young people alienated from their governments and frustrated by high unemployment levels undertake very serious personal risks because they want to be part of decision making in their own country s society And at the governmental level these movements compel an examination of how each government responds to criticism from the rest of the world and of concepts of the responsibility to protect civilians that have been part of the UN agenda for 20 years or more During the first generation of PKOs peacekeeping operations the mission was relatively simple he continued In Cyprus or the Golan Heights parties to a truce who were experiencing continued conflict invited UN troops to step in between the two sides and monitor the truce so that diplomatic efforts could continue Once the Berlin Wall fell and the Cold War ended the idea of PKO became much more complex It wasn t peacekeeping alone but peace building Again this is a kind of jargon peace building peacekeeping peace enforcing Probably almost nobody can understand the difference the ambassador pointed out But one thing is very simple When you start monitoring the truce then you have to think about others at the same time In many regimes members of the police force were drawn from the military and it was difficult for them to behave properly as policemen to be nonviolent democratized civil Japan has offered help with these problems in many areas including East Timor South Sudan and Afghanistan We have funded many programs to train policemen Ambassador Nishida explained If you have a chance to visit Japan you can easily notice in Japanese towns the big towns especially you will see a koban This is a police box This police box is in a small house or cottage and it houses a couple of policemen and they are smiling and they are working in the communities and they know everybody Hi how are you Tom How are you doing This is not only a security net this is a social net the ambassador said If Tom s dad doesn t feel well Tom will ask the policemen for help and they ll call an ambulance The police box system can be used successfully in almost in every country and is the easiest way to install very democratic policemen in the community Instead of having hostile relations between a security enforcer and the community you have policemen who are part of the community Help of this kind involves more than the transfer of money he emphasized Of course money is very important But money transfer is always and should be accompanied by knowledge expertise and people To transfer money you need only

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/page/multimedia/articles/japan-the-united-nations (2016-02-14)
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  • U.S. Perspectives on the Trans-Pacific Partnership & Japan: Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    used to call the spaghetti or noodle bowl web of agreements toward a more integrated approach in the region and frankly a more business friendly approach as we gain a better understanding of how business is actually conducted in the region The term high standards refers to comprehensive tariff elimination together with an array of nontariff measures including strong intellectual property protection and enforcement provisions and commitments on services and investment disciplines on labor the environment and other areas And furthermore it addresses pressing new issues facing our respective economies in the Asia Pacific that to date have not been addressed in a binding trade agreement The benefits for Japan of joining the TPP agreement would be wide ranging including extensive commercial benefits for Japanese businesses workers and consumers as tariff and non tariff barriers are reduced throughout the Asia Pacific region Membership would increase the competitiveness of Japan s manufacturing industries as well as its services sector and even potentially agriculture Yet having said all this the U S is not putting pressure on Japan to join TPP We have been clear from day one that this is Japan s decision Japan needs to undertake its own debate Japan needs to work through its concerns Ms Cutler continued As the third largest economy in the world Japan s GDP is greater than the other eight TPP partners excluding the U S by about two and a half times Japan already has extensive trade ties with other TPP partners And two way trade between the U S and Japan now is over 250 billion which is greater than our two way trade with the other eight TPP partners combined The U S due diligence effort aims at understanding Japan s readiness to carry out a high standards trade agreement in broad terms Ms Cutler said a process that s also going on with Canada and Mexico which expressed interest in joining TPP just after Prime Minister Noda s announcement in November The United States is also seeking to assess Japan s readiness to address specific issues and areas of concern raised by our Congress and stakeholders including concerns relating to the automotive insurance and agriculture sectors This is important because by clearing and resolving or agreeing on a path toward resolution for longstanding bilateral trade issues we can free up the negotiating agenda to focus on the other issues At the same time it demonstrates a country s determination political will and commitment to tackle thorny issues something that s absolutely needed in trade negotiations she said The process we went through with Korea in 2009 with respect to the U S Korea FTA showed us that by taking the time now and working with our stakeholders and Congress and our trading partner understanding the concerns and working through the concerns would pay off in the long run In October Congress passed the U S Korea FTA with very strong bipartisan support And the FTA as many of you know

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/page/multimedia/articles/us-perspectives-on-the-trans-pacific-partnership-and-japan (2016-02-14)
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  • The Yen's Impact on the Recovery of Japan & the World Economy: Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    extraordinary yen strength that is hard to explain based on Japanese factors alone As the crisis in the EU has eased somewhat this flow has stopped Japanese investors are starting to buy the highest quality European bonds again and that is generating some yen selling There s been better news in the U S on retail sales and payrolls In Japan the BOJ managed to surprise the market in a more dovish direction with greater than expected asset purchases and the emergence of a trade deficit has generated sort of a renewed appetite to actually sell the yen both from domestic and international participants in the market Some market professionals wonder if Japan is going to face a debt crisis similar to the United States Is that a ticking time bomb The domestic investor base can absorb the financing requirements of the next couple of years but if I do think further out into 2014 and 2015 we start to reach that tipping point Mr Nordvig said What s your one year forecast for the yen The U S shift in yields is probably temporary Mr Nordvig said so the yen which is at 83 now is probably going to spend most of the year in the low 80s Beyond that the ongoing trade deficit is going to be a gradual drag and that means that next year we are probably going to trade through 85 and hit higher from there Ms Eisen asked panelist Phoebe Donham of Morgan Stanley Tell us about the corporate response in Japan to the 3 11 disasters and the strengthening yen It s important to note that yen strength has definitely not just been a tsunami related repercussion at all This is actually something that the Japanese economy has been grappling with for four plus years with floods in Thailand also causing supply chain disruptions and weakened demand from the U S and from larger trading partners in Europe Ms Donham said Japanese corporates have entreated politicians to do something about the strong yen and in turn politicians have put pressure on the BOJ In terms of real levers however companies essentially have only one recourse which is to relocate their factories to the places where their customers live Unfortunately I do see the trend continuing at least for now she said It s one thing for nimble companies to deal with yen strength that lasts for half a year or 12 or even 18 months but longer periods demand some real fundamental changes in the way in which they are looking at their own future within Japan The 10 percent drop in the yen isn t enough the exchange rate needs to be through the high 80s through even into the mid 90s I think for corporate Japan to start to really mitigate some of the corrosive effects that the strong currency has had for the past four years How do international investors and companies view the yen s impact on doing business

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/page/multimedia/articles/the-yens-impact-on-the-recovery-of-japan-the-world-economy (2016-02-14)
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  • Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    the Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry visited Japan Society to discuss the newly unveiled Industrial Structure Vision 2010 a roadmap of the way forward for Japanese industry Read More Policy U S Health Care Reform What Employers Need to Know June 16 2010 A few weeks after the landmark health care overhaul bill was signed into law Japan Society brought together a pair of noted experts to discuss what employers need to know about U S health care reform Read More Policy United States Senator Daniel Inouye Addresses Japan Society June 14 2010 Senator Daniel Inouye visited Japan Society to discuss the military and security relationship between the U S and Japan with a focus on the controversy over the relocation of the Marine Corps Air Station at Futenma in Okinawa Read More Policy Senator Daniel K Inouye Japan Society Speech June 14 2010 Senator Daniel K Inouye addresses an audience at Japan Society New York NY Read More Business Minimizing Legal Compliance Risks Strategies for Multinational Financial Services Firms Operating in the U S May 25 2010 A distinguished panel of attorneys met at Japan Society to review current issues in corporate compliance with particular emphasis on the securities industry Read More Business Policy Celebrating 150 Years of U S Japan Trade Relations Promoting the Next 150 Years of U S Japan Business Collaboration May 19 2010 In observance of the 150th anniversary of Japan s 1860 mission to the U S Japan Society convened a group of distinguished authorities on Japanese business to discuss the history and future of trade relations between the two countries Read More Business The Japan China U S Triangle Competing Partners April 20 2010 A distinguished panel of attorneys shared their insights on the dynamic environment that confronts multinational companies doing business

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/content.cfm?page=/page/multimedia/articles&StartRow=51&SearchNum=10 (2016-02-14)
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  • Anne-Marie Slaughter on Adapting Foreign Policy in a Changing World: Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    a response to election time violence in Kenya The platform allowed people to send texts about incidents of violence or fraud that they were witnessing It s since become a global crisis mapping platform Right after the Haiti earthquake my office in the State Department reached out to Ushahidi and got them to customize their platform for use in Haiti so that people all over the country could text in what they were seeing and whether or not people needed help which was hugely important Professor Slaughter said In all these cases you are actually building from the bottom up you are doing things locally and then taking them globally Power Over Power With and the Power of Collaboration When power is seen as hierarchical you are the top of the ladder and you tell everybody below you what to do and if you are at the top you have the power to do that That is how every corporation is structured That is certainly how governments are structured Professor Slaughter commented By contrast when power is exercised in a web it is power with not power over It s the fact that you can bring so many with you that creates your power as with the social movements of the Arab Spring This is genuine power but you cannot command in a web What you do instead is to mobilize The point is to let other people know what is the problem how you might solve it It s to raise their consciousness It s also to connect others to each other and to a common purpose again social movements are a prime example Another mode of exercising power in a web is to engage in dialogue specifically dialogue with an open mind In power with you can only get others to come with you if you are willing to change your preferences If I want to persuade you of something and you figure out very quickly that I am not going to change my own mind that it is really a one way dialogue I m going to tell you what you should think but you are going to come back at me and I am not going to budge you are not going to listen to me You will only really engage in a dialogue with me if I you think I am listening to you and I am changing my thinking when I listen to you The last way to think about power comes out of power with but I think it s actually greater than that Professor Slaughter added Think about the movements in Tunisia in Egypt in Syria There is no revolutionary cell directing those movements This is not the Bolshevik Revolution There are leaders there are people who are organizers and they are in contact with each other but there are many many relatively small groups that together have an undeniable power For leadership it s not about having power it s about

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/page/multimedia/articles/anne-marie-slaughter-on-adapting-foreign-policy-in-a-changing-world (2016-02-14)
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  • Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    Japanese Architecture Past Present Future by Hiroyuki Suzuki Architectural historian Hiroyuki Suzuki discusses current plans to develop Tokyo comparing them to the rescue construction works implemented by village heads and nobles in the Edo period Read More Design The Role of Architecture in Contemporary Society A panel on contemporary architecture including Jun Aoki Jun Aoki and Associates Kazuyo Sejima Kazuyo Sejima Ryue Nishizawa SANAA Ltd and Richard Gluckman Gluckman Mayner Architects moderated by Kenneth Frampton Ware Professor of Architecture Columbia University Read More Design The Characteristics Perception of Space in Japan A discussion about how space is perceived in Japan including Sanford Kwinter design theorist and Associate Professor of Architecture Rice University and Waro Kishi Waro Kishi K Associates moderated by Ken Tadashi Oshima architectural historian Sainsbury Institute Fellow London Read More Design Craftsmanship the Use of Old New Materials A discussion of the importance of craft and materials including Kengo Kuma Kengo Kuma Associates and Terunobu Fujimori Professor Institute of Industrial Science University of Tokyo moderated by Clifford Pearson Senior Editor Architectural Record Read More Design Popular Culture Regarding Robot Cultures by Selma Sabanovic Sabanovic examines the nascent robotics culture which relies on the possibility of companionship between humans and machines and brings up not only issues of machine capabilities but of human vulnerabilities and the ways that our lives change with the use of technology Read More Art Design Yumi Kori Yumi Kori Builds with Light by Yasufumi Nakamori Using the ephemeral and transcendental qualities of light architect artist Yumi Kori affects the way we see and feel the world Her art installations and architecture challenge our conventional sense of space and the relationship of our physical self to the space around us Read More Business Design Blue LED Inventor Shuji Nakamura on Rewarding Innovators in Japan October

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/articles?lResourceFilterTopic=1325 (2016-02-14)
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  • Losing Its Edge? Evans Revere on How Japan Can Remain a Leader & America's Closest Partner in East Asia: Articles: Multimedia: Japan Society
    Korea and other partners to deal with the very real threat that North Korea poses to it as well as to others North Korean missiles will eventually be able to reach the U S but they can reach every part of Japan right now North Korea has chemical and biological weapons it s working to miniaturize a nuclear warhead it s been involved in drug running into Japanese waters All of these are challenges for Japan Who has the big ideas in Japanese society culture politics business technology Where is the intellectual center of gravity for Japan The whole concept of think tanks is still insufficiently developed in Japan Mr Revere commented Considering all that is as stake it s hard to find more than two or three organizations that can serve as Japanese counterparts to the Council of Foreign Relations the Brookings Institution and the like More such organizations will help Japan develop the big ideas it needs for the future There s a wealth of skill and experience in the bureaucracy however and the DPJ made a big mistake in throwing out the baby with the bathwater I think Prime Minister Noda understands that and I think Noda also understands that to make Japan function he s going to need to do a better job of bringing the bureaucracy into the game and making them play his game rather than not allowing it to play any game at all Questions from the audience followed If the Six Party Talks resume which you have hinted at what s different now What is going to make North Korea change There s a better than even chance that we ll be back at the table within the next several months Mr Revere replied The bad news is that I don t think the North Koreans are going to give up their nuclear capability ever Yet it s probably worth trying to do some things that fall short of the full denuclearization of North Korea such as dismantling the plutonium based reactor and getting fresh fuel rods out of the country All the parties have an interest in resuming negotiations Having North Korea at the negotiating table with the U S won t necessarily stop North Korea from committing provocative acts despite claims by some to that effect But there is this sense that if you re talking to the North Koreans it reduces the possibility By resuming talks North Korea may be able to start receiving food fuel and other benefits that are desperately needed When North Korean artillery fired on South Korea in November 2010 it could very well have started a downward spiral into another peninsular war Mr Revere concluded I m convinced we came very close to a significant conflict China knows that We know that South Koreans know that So there s a common interest in using the dialogue channel to try to prevent something like that from happening again On the ongoing Olympus scandal how big

    Original URL path: http://japansociety.org/page/multimedia/articles/losing-its-edge-evans-revere-on-how-japan-can-remain-a-leader-americas-closest-partner-in-east-asia (2016-02-14)
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